TurkeyEUObservatory2 006WorkingGroupsResu lts 1

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Turkey’s EU Observatory Working Groups: 

Turkey’s EU Observatory Working Groups June 5th 2006 Istanbul, Turkey

Turkey’s EU Membership Observatory: 

Turkey’s EU Membership Observatory Sixth Annual Meeting, held at Conrad Hotel in Istanbul, 26 May 2006 President of Observatory: Professor Ahmet Evin, Istanbul Policy Center, Sabanci University Working Groups coordinated by Professor Benjamin Broome, Arizona State University, Visiting Faculty Sabanci University Working Groups facilitated by MA students in Sabanci University’s Conflict Analysis and Resolution Program

Working Group Process: 

Working Group Process Observatory participants were assigned to one of five working groups Each group generated a list of suggested topics for consideration by the Observatory in future meetings Each group selected the top five issues from their list Each group proposed activities that would be appropriate for addressing these issues

Working Group 1: 

Working Group 1

Working Group 1 – Key Issues: 

Working Group 1 – Key Issues Scepticism within the EU public opinion about Turkey. Scepticism within Turkish public opinion about EU. Implication of ESDP on Turkish Foreign and Security policies. Turkey’s role in Neighborhood issues. Turkey’s role in Justice and Home Affairs (Internal security).

Working Group 1 - Proposed Activities: 

Working Group 1 - Proposed Activities Skepticism Issue Conducting and funding public opinion surveys / polls. Using existing ones. Moderated discussion between elites from each side. Structures of EU member states to deal with scepticism. Security Issue Bringing retired military officers in the observatory. (Cooperating with Turkish think tanks where retired officers serve) Increased Turkish participation in CFSP related official meetings. Collaboration with institutions in EU and TR. (Policy papers on security issues) Using the internet to make the process more visible.

Working Group 1 - Participants: 

Working Group 1 - Participants H.E. Carlos Fernandez Arias, Foreign Affairs Ministry of Spain, Madrid Ambassador Temel İskit (ret.), Senior Associate, Istanbul Policy Center, Istanbul Ambassador Henrik Lilijegren (ret.), Senior Associate, Istanbul Policy Center, Istanbul Former Swedish Ambassador to Turkey Mr. Krzysztof Bobinski, The Polish Institute of International Affairs, Warsaw Mr. Alan Dukes, Director General, Institute of European Affairs, Dublin Prof. Atila Eralp, Center for European Studies, Middle East Technical University, Ankara

Working Group 2: 

Working Group 2

Working Group 2 – Key Issues: 

Working Group 2 – Key Issues The judical system in TR is critical both to meeting political criteria and to attracting FDI etc. How does the functioning of the judical system compare with EU norms. & ADR methods? Migration and prospects of TR’s EU membership What role can EU and European experiences play in addressing TR’s west-east development gap? Which experiences from other unitary EU states with administrative dcentracisation are relevant? Reading history and how this affects the present The Kurdish question and EU accession process Public perceptions of Turkey’s membership in EU both in the EU(difficult) and in Turkey (more feasible). How have public perceptions in Turkey changed? Why is TR’s public diplomacy in EU member states so weak? What can be learned from Romanian, Polish or other efforts to improve initially negative images?

Working Group 2 - Proposed Activities: 

Working Group 2 - Proposed Activities Setting up small groups within the context of a big conference Separate meetings in addition to the annual meeting Invite judicial professionals top sociologists of Law. Cooperate with another institution. Inviting quasi officials. Invite sociologists working with qualitative and quantitative methods Topic and location arrangement Observatory maps out other initiatives. It has to use existing knowledge. Continuation from one conference to the next. Identify a core group for the observatory

Working Group 2 - Participants: 

Working Group 2 - Participants Mr. Gerald Knaus, President of the Executive Board, European Stability Initiative, Berlin and Istanbul Prof. Udo Steinbach, Director, German Institute for Middle East Studies, Hamburg Dr. Othon Anastasakis, Director, South East European Studies Program, Oxford Prof. Ali Karaosmanoğlu, Chair, Institute of Economics and Social Sciences, Bilkent University, Ankara Prof. Refik Erzan, Economist, Boğaziçi University, Istanbul Prof. Carl Baudenbacher, President, Court of Justice of the European Free Trade Association, Luxembourg Mr. Gareth Jenkins, Journalist, Istanbul Ms. Aydan Piker, AB Consult

Working Group 3: 

Working Group 3

Working Group 3 – Key Issues: 

Working Group 3 – Key Issues Role of religion in society Dealing with history Open up beyond elites/capitals. Civil military relations Intergrating migrants

Working Group 3 - Proposed Activities: 

Working Group 3 - Proposed Activities Create a closed internet dialogue/ discussion Space. Involving students, young opinion leaders, civil organizations Getting out to the Turkish & European provinces More representative spread (e.g., bring in nationalists)

Working Group 3 - Participants: 

Working Group 3 - Participants H.E. Willem van Hasselt, Ministry of Foreign Affaris, The Hague Mr. Alain Servantie, Head of Unit of the Information, Communication and Inter-Institutional Relations, European Commission DG Enlargement, Brussels Ms. Paulina Lampsa, International Secretary, Pan-Hellenic Socialist Movement, Athens Dr. Anders Mellbourn, Former Director, Swedish Institute of International Affairs, Stockholm Ms. Katinka Barysch, Chief Economist, Center for European Reform, London Prof. Giacomo Luciani, Co-Director, Mediterranean Program, Robert Schuman Center of Advanced Studies, European University Institute, Florence Prof. Kemal Kirişçi, Chair, Department of International Relations, Boğaziçi University, Istanbul Dr. Norbert Kostka, E.ON Energie AG, Germany Mr. Paul Taylor, European Affairs Editor, Reuters, Brussels Dr. Cengiz Aktar, President, European Office at Bahçeşehir University, Istanbul

Working Group 4: 

Working Group 4

Working Group 4 – Key Issues: 

Working Group 4 – Key Issues Turkey’s administrative capacity: Adopt legislation (Parlimentary Commitees, Consensus) Prepare for negotiations of individual chapters Absorb and manage EU funds (i.e. Staff, training, planning) EU Budget (CAP, Cohesion Policy, Own Resources)

Working Group 4 – Key Issues (Continued): 

Working Group 4 – Key Issues (Continued) Target Problems: Countries (France, Austria) Issues (Islam, Size, Human Rights) Media Coverage/Public opinion in TR and the EU Increase in-depth academic exchange Convince those hostile to Turkish membership to actively participate

Working Group 4 - Proposed Activities: 

Working Group 4 - Proposed Activities Look for Partners (academia, business, Think-tanks, NGOs) to bring and disseminate inter-disciplinary approaches to the debate Lobbying focusing on the target groups Meetings in the countries that will hold the presidency (in the year before) Attract the attention of the media to the observatory activities To bring continuity to the observatory, making permanent contributions (internet, web-page for the observatory)

Working Group 4 - Participants: 

Working Group 4 - Participants Ambassador Michael Lake (ret.), Former European Union Ambassador to Turkey and to Hungary Ambassador İlter Türkmen (ret.), Former Minister of Foreign Affairs, Istanbul Ms. Helena Olivan, Euro-Mediterranean Relations Director, European Institute of the Mediterranean, Barcelona, Prof. Peter Balazs, International Relations Department (IRES), CEU and Director of the Center for EU Enlargement Studies (CENS) Mr. Bülent Mutlu, E.ON Energie AG, Germany Dr. Isik Ozel, University of Washington Mr. Norbert Walter, Chief Economist, Deutsche Bank

Working Group 5: 

Working Group 5

Working Group 5 – Key Issues: 

Working Group 5 – Key Issues Monitoring the negotiation process and making policy recommendations Process of Democratization and Consolidation in Turkey and EU: Threats and Opportunities History, cultural heritage and change Demography and migration (High and Low growth alternatives) Regional and Domestic Developments: How do they affect the accession process?

Working Group 5 - Proposed Activities: 

Working Group 5 - Proposed Activities More frequent single-issue meetings in order to produce policy papers to send to the EU commission Small workshops with specific participants to develop reports Produce publications Meeting in Brussels Choose the contemporary issues

Working Group 5 - Participants: 

Working Group 5 - Participants Sir David Logan, Director, Centre for Studies in Security and Diplomacy, University of Birmingham, and former British Ambassador to Turkey Prof. Ersin Kalaycıoğlu, Rector, Isık University, Istanbul Prof. Ferenc Miszlivetz, Director, Institute for Social and European Studies, Szombathely Mr. Philippos Savvides, Research Fellow, Institute for Strategic and Development Studies, Athens Prof. Giorgio Dominese, Coordinator, Central and Eastern European University Network, Transition Studies World Applied Research; Professor of Economy, Finance and Policy of Transitions, State University of Udine Prof. Robert Picht, Vice-Rector, European Advanced Interdisciplinary Studies & Director, European General Studies Department, College of Europe, Warsaw Prof. Ahmet Evin, Istanbul Policy Center, Sabancı University, Istanbul Ms. Mayte Peters, PhD Student, University of St. Gallen, St. Gallen Mr. Vincent Boland, Ankara Bureau Chief, Financial Times, Ankara

Facilitation Team: 

Facilitation Team

Facilitation Teams: 

Facilitation Teams Working Group 1: Ibrahim Aytac Anli & Seda Cinar Working Group 2: Andreas Kotelis, Katharina Ploss & Zeliha Tuzun, Working Group 3: Nurhayat Bilge, Jens Ronn, & Gul Ceylan, Working Group 4: Alexandru Balas & Isil Ismet Working Group 5: Kayhan Yildirim, Aysegul Keskin, Athina Giannaki M.A. Students in the Conflict Analysis & Resolution Program, Sabanci University, Istanbul Professors: Nimet Beriker, Betul Celik, Esra Cuhadar Gurkaynak, Benjamin Broome (Arizona State University, Visiting Faculty)

Conference Team: 

Conference Team Conference Coordinator: Christina Bache Logistics Coordinator: Zeynep Okan Conference Assistants: Nilden Kireçtepe, Ebru Kutlualp, Ezgi Sayan Report of Working Groups: Benjamin Broome

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