COSMETICS

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PREPARATION AND QUALITY MANAGEMENT OF COSMETICS Sachin R Mali 1

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CONTENT Introduction. 2) Preparations. Face powder. Cold Cream. Vanishing Cream. Moisturizing Cream. Foundation Cream. 3) Oral Hygiene Products. Dentifrices. Mouthwashes. 4) Quality Control Testing. 5) Conclusion. 6) References. 2

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INTRODUCTION COSMETICS:- It means any articles intended to be rubbed, poured, sprinkled, or sprayed on or introduced in to or applied to any part of the human body, for cleaning, beautifying, promoting-attractiveness or altering the appearance & Includes any articles intended for use as a component of cosmetics. e.g. Cosmetics Products includes; Creams, Emulsions, lotions, Gels, Oils, for skin, hand, feet.etc…… 3

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CLASSIFICATION OF COSMETICS Cosmetics are categories as follow. Cosmetics according to their use . 4 SKIN- e.g. Creams, Powders, lotions etc NAIL- e.g. Nail polish, TEETH- e.g. Dentifrices. EYE- e.g. Eye creams, Eye lotion etc… HAIR - e.g. Shampoo, Hair remover, etc….

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2) Cosmetics according to their function . l 5 CURATIVE - e.g. Antiperspirant. PROTECTIVE- e.g. Face powder. CORRECTIVE - e.g. . Face powder. DECORATIVE - e.g. Liptics,Nail polish.

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3) Cosmetics according to their physical nature : 6 AEROSOLS- e.g. Hair perfumes CAKES - e.g. Makeup compact EMULSION - e.g. Cold & Vanishing creams. PASTE- e.g. Tooth paste. POWDER - e.g. Face & Tooth powder. SOLUTION- e.g. Aftershave & hand Lotion. OILS - e.g. hair oils. STICKS- e.g. lipsticks

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FACE POWDER :- Face powder is a cosmetic preparation meant for improvement of overall attractiveness of the face. It is applied on the face by means of a powder puff & provides visual covering to the skin. FORMULATION Formula:- Talcum powder 75.0g Kaolin 50.0g Chalk precipitated 5.0g Zink oxide 10.0g Zinc stearate 5.0g Perfumes & Color Q.S. 7 PREPARATIONS

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General Method of Preparation of face powder:- All the sold ingredients are powdered & pass through sieve number 120. 2) Mix them thoroughly, incorporate the required quantity of perfumes & packed in powder box. QUALITY CONTROL TEST FOR POWDER: Dispersion of Color. Pay off. Pressure Testing . Breaking Test. Flow property. Particle size and abrasiveness. Moisture content. Physical parameter of powder. 8

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2) COLD CREAM:- Cold cream is an emulsion, which when applied on the skin, a cooling effect is produced due to slow evaporation of water present in the emulsion. FORMULATION: Formula Bees wax 5.0g liquid paraffin 45.0g White soft paraffin 10.0g Hard paraffin 7.0g Borax 0.2g Water 32.8ml Perfumes & Preservative Q.S. 9

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General Method of Preparation of Cold Cream : Melt the wax, white soft paraffin, hard paraffin on a water bath. Add liquid paraffin & heat the mixture to 70 0 C. Dissolve the borax in water at 75 0 & melt fats with continuous stirring. Cool with stirring to 40 0 C. 5) Add the required quantity of preservative & perfumes . 6) Transfer the cream to the container while hot. 10

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3) VANISHING CREAM: These are the Oil in Water emulsion which when applied to the skin leave an almost invisible layer on it. hence; they are called as vanishing cream. FORMULATION : Formula Stearic acid 18.0g Glycerin 3.0g lanolin 2.0g Triethalonamine 1.0g Water 80.0ml Preservative 1.0g Perfumes Q.S. 11

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Methods of Preparation of Vanishing Cream . Melt stearic acid & lanolin, mix water, glycerin & triethalonamine & warm to same temperature as that of melted stearic acid & lanolin. Mix the to with continuous stirring. Mix them thoroughly in order to obtained a uniform product. 12

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QUALITY CONTROL TEST FOR CREAMS . Microbial Examination. Test for Thermal Stability. 3) PH Test. 4) Water content in cream. Determination of total fatty content 13

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PREPARATIONS FOR ORAL HYGIENE DENTRIFICES: Dentifrices are the preparations meant to be applied to the teeth with a tooth brush for the purpose of cleaning the accessible surface of the teeth. Dentifrices are used in the following cases. Cleansing of tooth. Polishing of the tooth root. Removal of the stain from the teeth. Reduction of mouth bad odour . 14

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The common dentifrices are available in the form of Tooth Powder Tooth paste. Liquid Preparation. TOOTH POWDER FORMULATION : Formula Hard soap in fine powder 50.0g Precipitated calcium carbonate 935.0g Saccharin Sodium 2.0g Peppermint oil 4.0g Cinnamon oil 2.0g Methyl salicylate 80.g 15

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METHOD OF PREPARATION OF TOOTH POWDER Triturate the saccharine sodium, the oil & methyl salicylate with one of the half of the precipitated Calcium carbonate. 2) Mix the soap with remaining portion of the precipitated calcium carbonate . Mix the two powder thoroughly. Pass it through fine sieve. 16

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MOUTH WASHES These are the aqueous solution with a pleasant taste & odour used to make clean & deodorize the buccal cavity. FORMULATION: Formula:- Compound Sodium chloride mouth wash B.P.C. Sodium Chloride 15.0g Sodium bicarbonate 10.0g Peppermint water to produce 1000 ml 17

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METHO OF PREPARATION OF MOUTH WASHES Dissolve the weighed quantity of sodium chloride & sodium bicarbonate in 3/4 th of peppermint water. Add more peppermint water to produced required volume. Transfer to a bottle and dispense. 18

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CONCLUSION The aspects of the cosmetics preparation and quality testing is ensure the product safety, reliability, ingredient information which all compiles the integrity of the finished product as well as the marketed value of the company and the product. 19

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REFERENCES 1) Pharmaceutics II by “ R.M. Mehta” Vallabh Prakashan , Page no 193-221 2)Textbook of Cosmetics by “ M.Vimaladevi ” , C.B.S. Publication. Page no.3-6 & 128- 130. 3) www. google .com. 20