WW 2 lecture

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Dictators threaten world peace:

Dictators threaten world peace Student Objective: Students will be able to trace the rise of dictators in Europe and Asia and how this led to WW II

Please watch this short video on the biography of Adolfo Hitler:

Please watch this short video on the biography of Adolfo Hitler

Vocabulary:

Vocabulary Totalitarian: Benito Mussolini Fascism Adolf Hitler Nazism Axis powers

The Rise of Hitler and Nazi Germany:

The Rise of Hitler and Nazi Germany In the early 1930’s, the mood in Germany was grim. The worldwide economic depression had hit the country hard, and millions of people had no jobs.. Still fresh in the minds of German citizens was the humiliating defeat of WW I. Germans lacked confidence in their weak government, known as Weimar Republic. Because of the terrible conditions in Germany, this provided a perfect opportunity for a new leader to rise, Adolf Hitler and National Socialist German Workers’ party (Nazi) Hitler was a powerful speaker who attracted a big crowd of German followers, who were desperate for change. The party's rise to power was rapid. Hitler was appointed chancellor of Germany on Jan. 30, 1933, bringing an end to German democracy.

The Rise of Hitler and Nazi Germany, cont.:

The Rise of Hitler and Nazi Germany, cont. Hitler wrote a book Mein Kampf (My struggle), where he set for his beliefs of Nazism that became the plan of action for the Nazi party. After Hitler came to power in 1933, he moved quickly to turn Germany in a one-party dictatorship. German citizens lost the right of privacy. Hitler relied on terror to achieve his goals.

Pause and Reflect:

Pause and Reflect What were the key ideas and goals that Hitler presented in Mein Kampf ?

Italy enters War:

Italy enters War Fascism took root in Italy after 1918 and can be traced directly to that nation’s experiences in the first World War and at the subsequent peace talks. Under Mussolini’s leadership the Fascists claimed to be a dynamic force which would invigorate the nation, bring international prestige and hold off the threat of Communism. May 1939 Mussolini signed an agreement, termed “Pact of Steel” by which he promised military aid to Germany in the event of war. Italy enters the war on June 10, 1940 and invaded southern France on June 21. Dissatisfied with what Italy received at the armistice negotiations, Benito Mussolini attacked Greece in 1940. The Italians also attacked British forces in Egypt in Oct. 1940 Both these adventures resulted in military defeat and required the intervention of Germany.

Pause and Reflect:

Pause and Reflect Explain the reasons why Italy signed a Pact agreement with Germany. What factors led to the rise of Fascism in Italy?

Japan and its involvement :

Japan and its involvement At the opening of the European war in Sept. 1939 the Japanese army was already fighting in the Far East. This conflict with China had begun in Manchuria in 1931. Expansion, Territory and prestige, prompted by two factors: 1. The nation viewed itself traditionally as a pure, superior race with a divine mission to govern and lead others. 2. Economic; Islands of Japan had few natural resources and the drive to obtain these propelled the nations policy after the 1900s, finally leading to the second World War. Japan felt it was their destiny to become Asia’s leading power. They intended to exercise the type of authority in Eastern Asia that Germany was seeking to establish in Eastern Europe.

The Faces of Totalitarianism:

The Faces of Totalitarianism Fascist Italy Nazi Germany Extreme Nationalism Militaristic expansionism Charismatic leader Private property with strong government controls Anticommunist Extreme nationalism and racism Militaristic expansionism Forceful leader Private property with strong government controls Anticommunist Isoroku Yamamoto

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