ELEMENTS OF PERIODIC TABLE

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ELEMENTS OF PERIODIC TABLE : 

ELEMENTS OF PERIODIC TABLE MADE BY: SARTHAK X-B 37

PERIODIC TABLE : 

PERIODIC TABLE THE ARRANGEMENT OF ALL ELEMENTS IN A PARICULAR TABLE BASED ON THEIR CHEMICAL AND PHYSICAL PROPERTIES IS THE PEREIODIC TABLE IT IS A TABLE IN WHICH IN TOTAL 103 ELEMENTS ARE GROUPED ON BASIS OF THEIR SIMILAR AND NON SIMILAR CHARACTERSTICS. THE PERIODIC TABLE HELPS TO DEAL WITH ALL ELEMENTS IN A VERY GOOD WAY.HENCE IS VERY USEFUL IN PRESENT DAY CHEMISTRY.

Slide 4: 

Name: Hydrogen Symbol: H Atomic Number: 1 Atomic Mass: 1.00794 amu Melting Point: -259.14 °C (14.009985 °K, -434.45203 °F) Boiling Point: -252.87 °C (20.280005 °K, -423.166 °F) USES Manufacture of ammonia; Hydrogenation of vegetable oils;Rocket fuels HYDROGEN

USES AND PROPERTIES : 

USES AND PROPERTIES USES OF HYDROGEN PROPERTIES OF HYDROGEN It is used as a fuel. It is used for the manufacturing of fertilizers. It is used in the preparation of vegetable ghee. It is used in the preparation of ammonia (NH3) and methanol (CH3OH). It is used in the preparation of oxy-hydrogen flame which is used in welding due to production of high temperature. It is used in filling weather balloons. It is used to prepare tungsten filament. It is a colorless, tasteless and odorless gas.It is the lightest gas.It is insoluble in water.It is highly inflammable and burns with blue flame forming water.Liquefication temperature of hydrogen is -252oC. Bond energy of H-H is 431 Kj/mole.Electro negativity of hydrogen is 2.1.

Slide 6: 

Name: Nitrogen Symbol: N Atomic Number: 7 Atomic Mass: 14.00674 amu Melting Point: -209.9 °C (63.250008 °K, -345.81998 °F) Boiling Point: -195.8 °C (77.35 °K, -320.44 °F) USES To freeze foods and biological specimens; In industry as a blanketing gas; In making ammonia NITROGEN

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Name: Oxygen Symbol: O Atomic Number: 8 Atomic Mass: 15.9994 amu Melting Point: -218.4 °C (54.750008 °K, -361.12 °F) Boiling Point: -183.0 °C (90.15 °K, -297.4 °F) USES LIFE GIVING GAS AS A MOLECULE. USED TO CARRY OUT OXIDATION. IMPOTANT PART OF WATER. USED ON A LARGE SCALE IN VARIOUS INDUSTRIES. OXYGEN

USES AND PROPERTIES : 

USES AND PROPERTIES PROPERTIES OF OXYGEN OXYGEN IS ONE OF MOST ABUNDANT ELEMENT. IT IS FOUND IN NATURE IN MOLECULAR FORM. OXYGEN IS HAVING LOW BOILING AND MELTING POINT AND IS FOUND IUN GASEOUS STATE AT ROOM TEMPERATURE. OXYGEN IS A REACTIVE ELEMENT HENCE IT IS USED IN OXIDATION OF MANY ELEMENTS USES OF OXYGEN AN IMPORTANT COMPONENT OF CARBON NITROGEN CYCLE. LARGE QUANTITIES ARE USED IN SYNTHESIS OF AMMONIA ,ETHYLENE OXIDE. USED AS A BLEACH FOR OXIDISING OILS. IT IS USED FOR DETERMINING CARBON CONTENT OF STEEL AND ORGANIC COMPOUNDS. IT IS AN IMPORTANT COMPONENT OF WATER. OXYGEN IS USED AS OXIDISING AGENT TO PURIFY METALS.

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Name: Sodium Symbol: Na Atomic Number: 11 Atomic Mass: 22.98977 amu Melting Point: 97.8 °C (370.95 °K, 208.04001 °F) Boiling Point: 552.9 °C (826.05005 °K, 1027.2201 °F) USES Moderator in nuclear reactors; In light-measuring devices; Numerous uses for its compounds SODIUM

USES AND PROPERTIES : 

USES AND PROPERTIES PROPERTIES OF SODIUM USES OF SODIUM SODIUM IS THE ONE OF MOST REACTIVE METALS. IT IS SHINY AND LSTUROUS. BECAUSE OF HIGH REACTIVITY IT NEEDS TO BE KEPT DIPPED IN KEROSENE. IT HAVE A DENSITY LOWER THAN WATER AND HENCE FLOATS ON THE SURFACE OF WATER. SODIUM CHLORIDE IS IMPORTANT PART OF ANIMAL NUTRITION. ITS USED IN MAKING OF GLASS, SOAPS,PAPER,PETROLEUM. USED IN PREPARING TETRAETHYL LEAD. IT IS USED TO IMPLY STRUCTURES TO ALLOY. ALLOYS OF SODIUM AND POTASSIUM ARE USED IN ELECTRICAL APPLIANCES. USED IN REDUCTION OF ORGANIC ESTERS.

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Name: Magnesium Symbol: Mg Atomic Number: 12 Atomic Mass: 24.305 amu Melting Point: 650.0 °C (923.15 °K, 1202.0 °F) UBoiling Point: 1107.0 °C (1380.15 °K, 2024.6 °F) USES Alloy with aluminum in manufacturing; In flash bulbs; In pharmaceuticals MAGNESIUM

USES AND PROPERTIES : 

USES AND PROPERTIES PROPERTIES OF MAGNESIUM MAGNESIUM IS WHITE LIGHT WEIGHT METAL. ITS FAIRLY TOUGH METAL. IT TARNISHES SLIGHTLY IN AIR. IT HAS MANY USES WHEN ALLOYED WITH OTHER ELEMENTS. MAGNESIUM BURNS WHEN HEATED WITH A DAZZLING WHITE FLAME. IT IS LUSTUROUS AND SONOROUS. IT IS A GOOD CONDUCTOR USES OF MAGNESIUM USES INCLUDE FLASHLIGHT,PHOTOGRAPHY. USED IN MAKING AOR PLANES WHEN ALLOYED. USED AS A REDUCING AGENT IN PRODUCTION OF URANIUM. MILK OF MAGNESIA,CHLORIDE,SULPHATE AND CIGRATE OF MAGNESIUMORE USED IN MEDICINES.

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Name: Aluminum Symbol: Al Atomic Number: 13 Atomic Mass: 26.981539 amu Melting Point: 660.37 °C (933.52 °K, 1220.666 °F) Boiling Point: 2467.0 °C (2740.15 °K, 4472.6 °F) USES In high-voltage transmission lines: In various reflectors; In airplane wings; In alloys ALUMINUM

USES AND PROPERTIES : 

USES AND PROPERTIES PROPERTIES OF ALUMINUM ALUMINUM IS THE MOST ABUNDANT METAL IN THE EARTHS CRUST. ALUMINUM IS A METAL WITH HIGH CONDUCTIVITY. IT IS A MALLEBLE AND DUCTILE METAL. IT IS A BIT LESS REACTIVE THAN SODIUM AND POTASSIUM. IT IS A LIGHT WEIGHT METAL. USES OF ALUMINUM ALUMINUM IS WIDELY USED IN MAKING OF WIRES AND CABLES. ALUM IS USED IN CURE OF SOME DISEASES. IT IS USED IN INDUSTRIAL APPLIANCES. ALLOYS OF IT ARE USED IN MAKING AIRCRAFTS AND ROCKETS. REFLECTIVE ALUMINUM COATING ARE USED IN MIRRORS.

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Name: Chlorine Symbol: Cl Atomic Number: 17 Atomic Mass: 35.4527 amu Melting Point: -100.98 °C (172.17 °K, -149.764 °F) Boiling Point: -34.6 °C (238.55 °K, -30.279997 °F) USES For bleaching; In manufactur of polymers As a gas to carry out reactions. Purification of water. CHLORINE

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Name: Potassium Symbol: K Atomic Number: 19 Atomic Mass: 39.0983 amu Melting Point: 63.65 °C (336.8 °K, 146.57 °F) Boiling Point: 774.0 °C (1047.15 °K, 1425.2 °F) USES For plant fertilizers; In storage batteries; As a preservative. As a reactive agent in industries. POTASSIUM

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Name: Calcium Symbol: Ca Atomic Number: 20 Atomic Mass: 40.078 amu Melting Point: 839.0 °C (1112.15 °K, 1542.2 °F) Boiling Point: 1484.0 °C (1757.15 °K, 2703.2 °F) USES In mortar, concrete, and gypsum; In production of iron; Marble structures CALCIUM

Slide 18: 

Name: Iron Symbol: Fe Atomic Number: 26 Atomic Mass: 55.845 amu Melting Point: 1535.0 °C (1808.15 °K, 2795.0 °F) Boiling Point: 2750.0 °C (3023.15 °K, 4982.0 °F) USES As a structural component; In making steel; Magnets. Widely used in all kinds of industries for makins goods. IRON

USES AND PROPERTIES : 

USES AND PROPERTIES PROPERTIES OF IRON IRON IS A HEAVY METAL. IT IS A CORROSIVE METAL WHICH REACTS WITH HUMIDITY. IS IS A GOOD CONDUCTOR. IT IS HIGHLY MALLEBLE AND DUCTILE. IT IS LUSTUROUS AND SONOROUS. IT HAS HIGH BOILING AND MWLTING POINT. ALLOYS OF IRON ARE VERY USEFUL IN DAY TO DAY LIVES. USES OF IRON IRON IS VITAL FOR PLANTS AND ANIMALS. IN HUMANS HAEMOGLOBIN IS MADE OF IRON. MANY ALLOYS ARE PRODUCED OF IRON INCLUDING STEEL. IRON IS WIDELY USED AS A RAW MATERIAL IN INDUSTRIES. IT IS USED IN PRODUCTION OF GOODS FOR OUR DAILY LIVES AS IT IS A CHEAP AND ABUNDANT METAL.

Slide 20: 

Name: Copper Symbol: Cu Atomic Number: 29 Atomic Mass: 63.546 amu Melting Point: 1083.0 °C (1356.15 °K, 1981.4 °F) Boiling Point: 2567.0 °C (2840.15 °K, 4652.6 °F) USES In plumbing, electrical wires, and coins; Component of alloys. Used in making goods as it is available at cheap and abundant quantity. COPPER

Slide 21: 

Name: Zinc Symbol: Zn Atomic Number: 30 Atomic Mass: 65.39 amu Melting Point: 419.58 °C (692.73 °K, 787.24396 °F) Boiling Point: 907.0 °C (1180.15 °K, 1664.6 °F) USES Galvanization of steel; In dry-cell batteries and coins. In production of alloys. Used for galvanisation to protect other metals frim corrosion. ZINC

Slide 22: 

Name: Silver Symbol: Ag Atomic Number: 47 Atomic Mass: 107.8682 amu Melting Point: 961.93 °C (1235.08 °K, 1763.474 °F) Boiling Point: 2212.0 °C (2485.15 °K, 4013.6 °F) USES In making wires, jewellery, and eating utensils; In electronics and dentistry; In photography film and coins SILVER

USES AND PROPERTIES : 

USES AND PROPERTIES PROPERTIES OF SILVER SIULVER IS A HIGLY LUSTUROUS ELEMENT. IT IS HAVING HIGH BOILING AND MELTING POINT. IT IS VERY LESS REACTIVE. IT IS HIGHLY MALLEBLE AND DUCTIL. IT IS A GOOD CONDUCTOR OF HEAT AND ELECRICITY. IT IS A NOBLE METAL HENCE IS FOUND DIRECLY IN EARTHS SURFACE. USES OF SILVER SILVER BEING UNREACTIVE IS VERY COSTLY AND IS USED IN MAKINGTOF JEWELLERIES. SILVER IS A GOOD CONDUCTOR HENCE IS USED IN MAKING ELECTRICAL JOINTS IN HUGE ELECTRICAL APPLIANCES. COATING OF SILVER IS USED IN MIRRORS. SILVER WAS ALSOI USED EARLIER IN MANUFACTURING COINS. IT IS USED IN PHOTOGRAPHY.

Slide 24: 

Name: Iodine Symbol: I Atomic Number: 53 Atomic Mass: 126.90447 amu Melting Point: 113.5 °C (386.65 °K, 236.3 °F) Boiling Point: 184.0 °C (457.15 °K, 363.2 °F) USES Antiseptic solution; Additive for table salt; In photographic film and paper; In prostrate cancer treatment; Detection of starch IODINE

Slide 25: 

Name: Gold Symbol: Au Atomic Number: 79 Atomic Mass: 196.96655 amu Melting Point: 1064.43 °C (1337.5801 °K, 1947.9741 °F) Boiling Point: 2807.0 °C (3080.15 °K, 5084.6 °F) USES For coins; On space vehicles; In dentistry and electronics; In jewellery GOLD

CONCLUSION : 

CONCLUSION FROM MY ANALYSIS AND STUDY I CONCLUDED THAT ELEMENTS ARE AN INTEGRAL PART OF OUR LIVES.EVERY THING WE DEALS WITH IS SOMEHOW RELATED TO AN ELEMENT.SO THERE IS A NEED TO STUDY THESE ELEMENTS, TO FULFILL THIS NEED PERIODIC TABLE IS AN ESSENTISL REQUIREMENT…… THE END….

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