logging in or signing up Social media use & disasters, 9-2013 wukich Download Post to : URL : Related Presentations : Let's Connect Share Add to Flag Embed Email Send to Blogs and Networks Add to Channel Copy embed code: Embed: Flash iPad Dynamic Copy Does not support media & animations Automatically changes to Flash or non-Flash embed WordPress Embed Customize Embed URL: Copy Thumbnail: Copy The presentation is successfully added In Your Favorites. Views: 72 Category: Entertainment License: All Rights Reserved Like it (0) Dislike it (0) Added: October 06, 2013 This Presentation is Public Favorites: 0 Presentation Description No description available. Comments Posting comment... Premium member Presentation Transcript Nonprofit & Public Sector Participation in Self-organizing Information Networks: Twitter Hashtag and Trending Topic Use during Disasters: Nonprofit & Public Sector Participation in Self-organizing Information Networks : Twitter Hashtag and Trending Topic Use during Disasters Clayton Wukich & Alan Steinberg Sam Houston State University Prepared for the Southeastern Conference for Public Administration ( SECoPA ) Charlotte , North Carolina * September 25-28, 2013 Policy Problem: Policy Problem 2 Intro Theory Design Findings Conclusion Social Media: Social M edia “Internet-based applications that enable people to communicate and share resources and information” (Lindsay 2011: 1) Examples: Blogs , discussion forums, chat rooms, wikis, YouTube Channels, LinkedIn, Facebook, and Twitter During disasters , social media provide sources of information for multiple actors Response agencies can… Monitor platforms for situational awareness Disseminate public information Directly interact/communicate with individuals 3 Intro Theory Design Findings Conclusion Research Questions: Research Questions What types of Twitter information networks are formed during disasters? What roles do nonprofit and government agencies play in the formation and maintenance of these networks ? 4 Intro Theory Design Findings Conclusion Hypotheses: Hypotheses H1: Government and nonprofit actors will play an important but limited role within these communication networks H2: Media actors will still be paramount in distributing information H3: Network actors will not be limited to local jurisdictions 5 Intro Theory Design Findings Conclusion Twitter and Self-Organization: Twitter and Self-Organization Hashtags Ad-hoc groupings of messages # secopa Accessible platform through which multiple actors, who might have no previous connection, can share and respond to information Trending topics Identify ‘trending,’ popular hashtags Promote/amplify hashtag s 6 Intro Theory Design Findings Conclusion Social Media and Self-Organization: Social Media and Self-Organization 7 Intro Theory Design Findings Conclusion Cases: Cases 8 Boston Marathon Bombing Terrorism 4-15-2013 Photo: theguardian.com # bostonstrong Peoria, IL Flooding Natural Disaster 4-16-2013 (onset) Photo: wunderground.com # peoria Cases (cont.): Cases (cont.) 9 West, Texas Fertilizer Plant Explosion Technical Disaster 4-17-2013 Photo: abcnews.go.com # westexplosion Moore, Oklahoma Tornado Natural Disaster 5-20-2013 Photo: abcnews.go.com # prayforok Data Collection & Analysis: Data Collection & Analysis NodeXL used to… Import network data All users who employed specific hashtag Disaster onset plus 7 days Facilitate content analysis Assigned attributes (e.g., entity type & location) manually Created cross tabulations via SPSS Calculate network statistics (e.g., in-degree centrality) UCINET used to… Generate network diagrams 10 Intro Theory Design Findings Conclusion PowerPoint Presentation: 11 Intro Theory Design Findings Conclusion Celebrity-centered # bostonstrong Citizen-centered, Location-based # peoria Media-centered # westexplosion Citizen-centered, Faith-based # prayforok Findings – # Networks: Findings – # Networks Limited levels of involvement Government agencies failed to use #s to penetrate otherwise disparate groups of constituents This lack of interaction represents missed opportunities for self-organization N onprofits contributions = small, but substantive American Red Cross Salvation Army Participants are not limited to local areas but rather span jurisdictions 12 Intro Theory Design Findings Conclusion PowerPoint Presentation: Government Nonprofit Commercial Private Citizens Media Hashtag Information Network Connections & Structural Holes Findings – Outside # Networks: Findings – Outside # Networks Several agencies tweeting, just not in the identified # streams In smaller municipalities, nonprofits and government agencies were less likely to have twitter accounts than in Boston When it comes to #s , use seems rather sporadic Many national level organizations use #s, but they did not to make much use of the ones identified here 14 Intro Theory Design Findings Conclusion Impact of Response Agencies: Impact of Response Agencies 15 Intro Theory Design Findings Conclusion Questions: Questions Thank you very much 16 Intro Theory Design Findings Conclusion You do not have the permission to view this presentation. In order to view it, please contact the author of the presentation.