Mexican -American War

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Mexican American War : 

Mexican American War April 25, 1846 V

Slide 2: 

War …???

James K. Polk : 

James K. Polk

Causes of the War : 

Causes of the War Desire for US to expand across the North American continent to the Pacific Ocean (Manifest Destiny) Texas War of Independence and the annexation of the area to the United States

Slide 5: 

The Lingering Question of Texas Territorial disputes between the United States and Mexico began in 1803, when the U.S. claimed Texas as part of the Louisiana Purchase.  The idea of Manifest Destiny and of gaining Mexican territory had strong popular support.  President John Tyler wanted to bring Texas into the Union.  Texas, however, was certain to be a slave state.

Slide 6: 

Antislavery leaders in Congress opposed the annexation of Texas. Moreover, Mexico still did not recognize Texas’s independence. The Lingering Question of Texas

Slide 7: 

The Push Westward

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Many Northerners thought that annexation was a pro-slavery plot. James K. Polk, a former Congressman and governor of Tennessee, was the Democratic candidate in the 1844 election. He promised to annex Texas and the Oregon territory and buy California from Mexico. He won the election. Texas and Oregon Enter the Union In early 1844, Congress voted against annexation of Texas.

Slide 10: 

In public, President Polk said that the United States had a right to Oregon. Those who supported this stand on Oregon used the slogan “Fifty-four Forty or Fight.” In private, Polk agreed to split the territory with Great Britain. In June 1846, the two countries agreed that the United States would acquire most of Oregon south of 49° north latitude. 54-40 or Fight Texas and Oregon Enter the Union

Slide 11: 

Before Polk took office, President Tyler had pushed a resolution through Congress that annexed Texas. Mexico broke diplomatic relations with the United States government. Mexico and the U.S. government disputed the location of Texas’s southwestern border. In November 1845, John Slidell was sent to Mexico City as a special envoy, or representative, to purchase California. Texas and Oregon Enter the Union

Slide 12: 

The War With Mexico After Mexico refused to discuss the U.S. purchase of California, President Polk ordered troops led by General Zachary Taylor to cross the Nueces River. Mexicans saw this as an invasion of their country. A Mexican force attacked Taylor’s men. Polk declared war with Mexico.

Slide 13: 

War of Expansion

“OLD ROUGH & READY “ : 

“OLD ROUGH & READY “ I look like I could teach honors English !

Fighting Begins : 

Fighting Begins Polk orders Zachary Taylor to move his army to the mouth of the Rio Grande and to prepare to defend Texas from invasion

Palo Alto : 

Palo Alto First major battle US had 9 killed, 43 injured Mexico 200 killed, more than 125 injured

Monterrey and the Texas Rangers : 

Monterrey and the Texas Rangers

New Mexico : 

New Mexico General Stephen Watts Kearney ordered to occupy New Mexico and California Mexican governor was unable to rally any resistance and Kearney entered Santa Fe unopposed on Aug. 18, 1846

California : 

California Kearney set out for California on September 25 with only 300 men Bear Flag revolt- settlers had revolted against Mexican rule and declared California an independent republic. After several other battles troops led by Kearney the US defeated Mexican troops in Jan 1847 in San Gabriel near Los Angeles

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Even before Polk signed the declaration of war, Taylor’s troops defeated Mexican general Santa Anna and his troops in two fights. Taylor and his troops continued south and defeated the Mexican army on two more occasions. In northern California, settlers led by General John C. Frémont had little trouble overcoming the Mexican presence there. The War With Mexico

Slide 21: 

President Polk replaced Taylor with General Winfield Scott and sent him and his troops to capture Mexico City. The city was captured on September 14, 1847. On February 2, 1848, the leaders signed the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo. In this treaty, Mexico ceded, or gave up, more than 500,000 square miles of land to the U.S. The War With Mexico

THE CAPTURE OF MEXICO CITY : 

THE CAPTURE OF MEXICO CITY

Slide 25: 

Geography and History

Slide 26: 

MANIFEST DESTINY

Slide 28: 

1850`s

Map: The Compromise of 1850 : 

Map: The Compromise of 1850 The Compromise of 1850…Wilmot Proviso The Compromise of 1850 admitted California as a free state. Utah and New Mexico were left open to slavery or freedom on the principle of popular sovereignty. No slave trade in Washington D.C. No interference with internal slave trade.Strong fugitive slave law .

Uncle Tom`s Cabin : 

Uncle Tom`s Cabin

Slide 31: 

Uncle Tom`s Cabin

Map: The Kansas-Nebraska Act, 1854 : 

Map: The Kansas-Nebraska Act, 1854 The Kansas-Nebraska Act, 1854 The vote on the Kansas-Nebraska Act in the House of Representatives demonstrates the sectionalization of American politics due to the slavery question. Stephan A. Douglas, popular sovereignty.

Slide 33: 

Dred Scott Decision

Slide 34: 

Lincoln - Douglas Debates

Slide 35: 

A House Divided

Slide 36: 

Lincoln Elected

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