Slavery in america

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Slide 1: 

The Peculiar Institution

MAJOR TRADING HOUSES : 

MAJOR TRADING HOUSES RHODE ISLAND & MASS.

Slide 3: 

Transatlantic Trade

THE WORKINGS OF THE INSTITUTION : : 

THE WORKINGS OF THE INSTITUTION : TRADING WITH COASTAL KINGS RESISTANCE

THE MIDDLE PASSAGE : 

THE MIDDLE PASSAGE 2 DECK SHIPS 9 - 10 MILLION SHIPPED THIS WAY 50% OF THE “ CARGO “ DIED

Slide 6: 

THE HORROR

Slide 7: 

Voyage of the Damned

Slide 8: 

THE LAW

American Anti-Slavery Almanac, 1840 : 

American Anti-Slavery Almanac, 1840 Northern antislavery propagandists indicted the southern way of life, not just slavery. These illustrations depict the South as a region of lynchings, duels, cockfights, and everyday brawls. Even northerners who opposed the abolition of slavery resolved to keep slaveholders out of the western territories. (Library of Congress) American Anti-Slavery Almanac, 1840 Copyright © Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.

Slide 10: 

FOR THE $$$

Armed antislavery men with John Doy : 

Armed antislavery men with John Doy Though no one would deny that their cause was noble, many of the men who flocked to Kansas to resist the expansion of slavery were no less violent than their proslavery adversaries. This photograph, taken in 1859, shows a gang of armed antislavery men who had just broken an accomplice (John Doy, seated) out of jail in neighboring St. Joseph, Missouri. Like proslavery "Border Ruffians," many of these men also served in guerrilla bands during the Civil War and some went on to careers as famous outlaws after the war was over. Armed antislavery men with John Doy

Slide 12: 

THE GROWTH OF SLAVERY

Map: Westward Expansion, 1800-1860 : 

Map: Westward Expansion, 1800-1860 Westward Expansion, 1800-1860 Through exploration, purchase, war, and treaty, the United States became a continental nation, stretching from the Atlantic to the Pacific.

Map: The Mexican War : 

Map: The Mexican War The Mexican War This map shows the territory disputed between the United States and Mexico. After U.S. gains in northeastern Mexico and in New Mexico and California, General Winfield Scott captured Mexico City in the decisive campaign of the war.

Map: The Compromise of 1850 : 

Map: The Compromise of 1850 The Compromise of 1850 The Compromise of 1850 admitted California as a free state. Utah and New Mexico were left open to slavery or freedom on the principle of popular sovereignty.

Map: The Kansas-Nebraska Act, 1854 : 

Map: The Kansas-Nebraska Act, 1854 The Kansas-Nebraska Act, 1854 The vote on the Kansas-Nebraska Act in the House of Representatives demonstrates the sectionalization of American politics due to the slavery question.

Cotton is King : 

Cotton is King Slaves- unprofitable to necessity Eli Whitney’s cotton gin(1793)- 50 times as much cotton in single day Production of cotton soars- 730,000 in 1830 to 5,387,000 in 1859 (slaves 1.5 to 4 million) Cotton replaces tobacco, sugar and rice as new cash crop After 1840 cotton represents value of more than half of American exports Cotton-king, gin-throne, blacks

Map: Cotton Agriculture and Slave Population : 

Map: Cotton Agriculture and Slave Population Cotton Agriculture and Slave Population Between 1820 and 1860, the expansion of cotton agriculture and the extension of slavery went hand in hand. As these maps show, cotton production was an isolated activity in 1820, and slavery remained isolated as well. By 1860, both had extended westward.

Southern Comfort : 

Southern Comfort Booms in export markets drove cotton growers to move further west By the 1850’s cotton belt stretched from central and western North Carolina to eastern Texas Upper South- numerous slaves would be sold to Lower South Industrialization and urbanization developed more slowly in the South than in the North- 15 percent of manufacturing centers, discouraged immigrants

Southern society : 

Southern society Only one in four southern whites owned slaves headed by the “planter aristocracy” 1850- 1,733 families owned more than 100 slaves each richest planters lived elegantly in beautiful tree-shaded mansions job was to manage the plantation majority of slave owning whites known as farmers style resembled more farmers of north

Southern society : 

Southern society Beneath slave owners great body of whites who owned no slaves at all riches of cotton kingdom a distinct dream- staunch advocates of slavery Mountain whites-Appalachian 250,000 free blacks in South- third race-forbidden against testifying against whites in court, 250,000 in North Northerners want slavery not to spread At bottom of southern society four million slaves

Map: The Internal Slave Trade, 1810-1860 : 

Map: The Internal Slave Trade, 1810-1860 The Internal Slave Trade, 1810-1860 An internal slave trade developed after the slave trade with Africa ended in 1808. With the growth of cotton production, farmers in the Upper South found it profitable to sell their slaves to planters in the Lower South.

Life of a slave : 

Life of a slave 75 percent of them worked on southern plantations field hands worked 18 to 20 hours a day overseers-larger plantations drivers-assistants from among the slaves- gang labor dangerous work- Irish immigrants- slave as investment slave trade- demeaning and broke up families

Slaves ginning cotton : 

Slaves ginning cotton The invention of the cotton gin and the spread of cotton agriculture throughout the American south created an enormous new demand for slave workers and changed the nature of their work. A handful of slaves could process large amounts of fiber using the revolutionary new machine, but it took armies of field workers to produce the raw cotton. Slaves ginning cotton

Treatment of slaves : 

Treatment of slaves Varied from plantation to plantation most common form of punishment was the whip mortality rate high among slaves four year period approaching 1860 up to 30 percent of slave population in America died slave codes- slaves legally powerless- leave plantation without a pass, whites could ask for papers slave damaged- physically and psychologically.

Torture Mask, woodcut, 1807 : 

Torture Mask, woodcut, 1807 The laws of southern states had long stipulated that masters could use whatever means they deemed necessary to prevent slave runaways and insolence. In the early 1800s, some planters adopted this so-called restraining mask to punish slaves. Torture Mask, woodcut, 1807

The Land of the Free and the Home of the Brave by Henry Byam Martin, 1833 : 

The Land of the Free and the Home of the Brave by Henry Byam Martin, 1833 White southerners could not escape the fact that much of the Western world loathed their "peculiar institution." In 1833, when a Canadian sketched this Charleston slave auction, Britain abolished slavery in the West Indies. (National Archives of Canada) The Land of the Free and the Home of the Brave by Henry Byam Martin, 1833

Slide 28: 

SLAVE REVOLTS Slave Revolts

“General Gabriel” : 

Inspired by Slave Revolts in Haiti organized a Slave Revolt in Richmond ( 1800 ) Problem- It never happened 35 including Prosser were executed “General Gabriel”

Denmark Vessey : 

Denmark Vessey Actually a FREE MAN Plotted to seize Charleston Problem - Authorities found out 2000-3000 possible supporters was arrested and executed

Denmark and Gabriel Fail? : 

Denmark and Gabriel Fail? Too many people knew His own people ratted him out Weather? Officials acted quickly

Slide 32: 

Nat Turner

Who was Nat Tuner? : 

Who was Nat Tuner? Slave in Virginia Self Educated and Very Sprirtual Divine Origin Thought God had a greater plan for him

What Actually Happened? : 

What Actually Happened? Led a slave revolt in in Southhampton County August 22, 1831- band of slaves struck Ravaged through the county Armed with Shovels, Axes and Hatchets Were eventually stopped military force

Slide 35: 

Nat Turner

Results : 

Results 60 Southern Whites brutally murdered Over 100 slaves and free blacks were killed Nat Turner was hung on November 11, 1831 Captured because his own people turned him in

Impact : 

Impact Bloodiest Slave Revolt in American History Shocked the South and its foundations Profound Impact on southern Whites and Blacks Pointed in the direction of Civil War 30 years early

Slide 38: 

Amistad

Slide 39: 

Revolt

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