intro to 20th century

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background of 29th century trends

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Road to the 20th Century : 

Road to the 20th Century

Slide 2: 

What Happened to Paradise ?

Slide 3: 

Dawn of the 20th Century In a Galaxy very close to home the U.S. was about to become a world superpower . Business was the business of America .Giant corporations dotted the landscape. Captains of industry were the new heroes. With growth came problems. Corruption, greed ,poor working conditions, along with the flow of immigrants, caught the attention of reformers and some politicians.As changes in the relationship between the people, government and big business took hold , America and the world were distracted by WW I. The world would never be the same

END OF THE CIVIL WAR : 

END OF THE CIVIL WAR WAR ALWAYS SPURS ON INDUSTRIAL GROWTH INDUSTRY`S NEEDS DOMINATE OVER THE NEEDS OF GOV`T. $$$ CAME FROM GOV`T. PEOPLE HAD $$$ AND A DEMAND FOR GOODS LABOR SAVING DEVICES

HAYES - GARFIELD - ARTHUR – HARRISON -CLEVELAND - “WHO ?” : 

HAYES - GARFIELD - ARTHUR – HARRISON -CLEVELAND - “WHO ?” THE FORGETTABLE PRESIDENTS

GOV`T. POLICIES : 

GOV`T. POLICIES LAND AND $$$ TO R.R. BUILDERS HIGH TARIFFS NAT`L BANKING SYSTEM =`s STABLE CURRENCY LAISSEZ FAIRE

Slide 7: 

CONSEQUENCES

NEW TYPES OF BUSINESSES : 

NEW TYPES OF BUSINESSES RISE OF THE CORP. MONOPOLY POOLS TRUSTS HOLDING CO. INTERLOCKING DIRECTORATE MERGER $$$$$$$$$$

A “NEW” AMERICAN PIONEER … THE WAGE EARNER : 

A “NEW” AMERICAN PIONEER … THE WAGE EARNER WHAT PROBLEMS DID THEY FACE ?

Plight of The Farmer : 

Plight of The Farmer Falling % of the Population Deep Economic problems ignored by Gov`t.

Populist Party Founded : 

Populist Party Founded 1892…” Less corn & more HELL” Platform… Gov`t owned R.R….Income Tax…Secret Ballot…Direct election of Senators

MAJOR ISSUES : 

MAJOR ISSUES REFORM IMMIGRATION TARIFF MILITARY PENSIONS JIM CROW LAWS CIVIL SERVICE POLITICAL MACHINES

Election of 1896 : 

Election of 1896 Bryan v. McKinley end of populist party

CAPTAINS OF INDUSTRY or ROBBER BARRONS ??? : 

CAPTAINS OF INDUSTRY or ROBBER BARRONS ??? OIL … ROCKFELLAR STEEL … CARNEGIE FINANCE … J.P.MORGAN MEAT … SWIFT & ARMOUR FLOUR … PILLSBURY R.R. … VANDERBILT

PLESSY V. FERGUSON : 

PLESSY V. FERGUSON “SEPARATE BUT EQUAL”

Period of Reform : 

Not a single movement united by a single goal Concern over industrialization was not new-, Populists Progressivism differs from Populism it was an urban movement... Populists= rural crowded cities, gap between rich and poor- graduated income tax Period of Reform

Slide 17: 


THE SPARK OCCURS IN YUGOSLAVIA : 

THE SPARK OCCURS IN YUGOSLAVIA 5 BLACK HAND

Slide 19: 

WW I ALLIANCES

Slide 20: 

WESTERN FRONT

UN RESTRICTED SUBMARINE WARFARE… U-BOATS : 

UN RESTRICTED SUBMARINE WARFARE… U-BOATS

Slide 22: 

To make the world safe for Democracy

Slide 23: 

The War to end all Wars

11TH HOUR OF THE 11TH DAY OF THE 11 MONTH : 

11TH HOUR OF THE 11TH DAY OF THE 11 MONTH ARMISTICE

THE COST OF WWI : 

THE COST OF WWI

TREATY OF VERSAILLES : 

TREATY OF VERSAILLES A TREATY TO END ONE WAR LEADS TO ANOTHER “MORE TERRIBLE WAR” VERSAILLES

The Big 4 : 

The Big 4 Wilson = USA Lloyd-George = England Clemenceau = France Orlando = Italy Henry Cabot Lodge (Strong Reservationists) fight against the Treaty in the USA The Treaty of Versailles never passes in the US

Slide 29: 

Seeds of WW II

14 POINTS … THE LEAGUE OF NATIONS : 

14 POINTS … THE LEAGUE OF NATIONS WHERE’S WALDO ?

RESULTS OF THE WAR : 

RESULTS OF THE WAR Map of Europe re-drawn: New Boundaries Communism in U.S.S.R. Dynasties collapse in Russia, Germany, Austria-Hungary European landscape destroyed European population decreased

RESULTS OF THE WAR : 

RESULTS OF THE WAR Economic Depression Anger & Hatred in Germany USA becomes the most powerful nation in the world US women get suffrage

A VICTORS PEACE : 

A VICTORS PEACE WAR GUILT CLAUSE SELF DETERMINATION OF NATIONS 4

Slide 35: 

Failure of Diplomacy

RETURN TO ISOLATIONISM : 

RETURN TO ISOLATIONISM 5

ELECTION OF 1920 : 

ELECTION OF 1920

Slide 38: 

CRIPPLED LEAGUE

Slide 39: 

ROAD TO WW II

NEXT UP : 

NEXT UP The Roaring 20`s