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Premium member Presentation Transcript Intrapersonal Communication: Intrapersonal Communication www.humanikaconsulting.com “Whether you think you can or think you can’t, you are right.” - Henry Ford-: “Whether you think you can or think you can’t, you are right.” - Henry Ford - Analyze yourself as a communicator: Analyze yourself as a communicator Intrapersonal communication Perceptions Self concepts Needs Communication with others OBJECTIVES: OBJECTIVES Reflect upon the values or significance of self-introspection; Establish the connection between self-concept and intrapersonal communication; and Arrive at a keener understanding of one’s self-communication prior to acquiring interpersonal communication skills Intrapersonal communication: Intrapersonal communication PowerPoint Presentation: Communicating with oneself Thinking Self-talk PowerPoint Presentation: In one word describe yourself. In three words describe yourself. In ten words describe yourself. Was one word hard? Yes, because we’re complex people. PowerPoint Presentation: “How do I see myself?” “Do I like or not what I see?” “How do I wish to see myself?” “How do I present myself to others?” “Who do others say I am?” “What do I imagine others say about me?” “How does this affect me?” Intrapersonal Definition: Intrapersonal Definition Intrapersonal person is a highly developed self-knowledge, involving accurate knowledge or goals, strength, limitations, moods, anxieties desires and motivations. PowerPoint Presentation: This takes place within the individual. Sender = Our relevant organ. Receiver = Our brain. Feed back by brain. Intrapersonal Communication: Intrapersonal Communication Figure 1-3 Intrapersonal Communication PowerPoint Presentation: Think things through Interpret events Interpret messages of others Respond to your own experiences Respond to your interactions with others Self-talk is the inner speech that includes the questions and comments you make to yourself. It is a powerful influence. You use it when you: PowerPoint Presentation: If you believe you cannot do something, your brain will tell your body and it will shut down. Research has show than positive self talk increases focus, concentration and performance. When you stay encouraged and positive, your body will also respond in a positive way. PowerPoint Presentation: “ In order to successfully communicate with others you must first learn to communicate with yourself. Intrapersonal communication is the most basic level of communication. You must understand who you are and what you think of yourself. ” Three steps involved in Perception: Three steps involved in Perception 1. Sensory perception – the physical process of taking in data through the senses. How do you know when to go to school? How do you know if you need to wear a jacket? Three steps involved in Perception: Three steps involved in Perception 2. Selective perception – the mental process of choosing which data or stimuli to focus on from all that are available to you at any given time. This means we have to make decisions on which things we focus on or ignore. Perception Process: Perception Process The process you use to assign meaning to data about yourself or the world around you is called perception . People seldom share precisely the same perceptions because we are unique . The following can influence you perception choices:: The following can influence you perception choices: Intensity – the more intense or dramatic the stimulus, the more likely we are to notice it. Example: someone screaming all of a sudden Repetition – the more we are bombarded with messages – the more it sinks in and we believe it. Advertising messages Uniqueness – things that are new, unusual, unexpected & unique are often noticed. Relevance – noticing things that mirror our own interests, needs & motiviations . To manage selective perception you should:: To manage selective perception you should: 1. Stay alert 2. Make conscious choices about what is important data. 3. Screen out distractions & noise that may interfere with concentration. 4. Monitor the way you select data and improve your weaknesses. Third step in perception process: Third step in perception process 3. Personal perception – your own understanding of reality. It becomes the basis for your judgments and decisions you make. It also determines appropriateness of your communication choices. How you talk or express yourself (dress, act, perform, etc.) are choices you make based on your perceptions. Factors that influence personal perception: Factors that influence personal perception Values – reflect your priorities and what you think is important. Beliefs – what one believes to be true that often helps you decide what to accept or reject Culture – family, community, or organizations to which you belong Bias – consistent attitude, viewpoint or pattern of perception. Prejudice – preconceived judgment (to pre-judge on opinion rather than facts) Attitudes – powerful influences that can be positive or negative. Expectations – basing a judgment on what is expected rather than what actually happened. Knowledge – what you know influences how your organize & interpret information. Communication skills – if you are lacking in part of the communication process, you may have difficulty in understanding and being understood. Analyzing Perceptions: Analyzing Perceptions Two people in the same room can have completely different perceptions of the same event. Varying perceptions can cause conflict and misunderstandings . To overcome this you must continuallly check your own perceptions and make sure they are accurate. PowerPoint Presentation: Perception check – are questions that help you determine the accuracy and validity of your perceptions. Key – Never assume that what you perceive as the truth is the actual, absolute truth. Intrapersonal perception check: Question your sensory perception Question your selective perception Question you personal perception Interpersonal perception check: Clarify your perception of others messages. Analyze others’ points of view Take responsibility for your own communication. PowerPoint Presentation: SELF-CONCEPT SELF-CONCEPT FORMATION: SELF-CONCEPT FORMATION Reflected Appraisals a. Direct Reflections b. Perceived Self c. Generalized other 2. Social comparisons 3. Self-attribution 4. Self-values Direct Reflections Thorstein Veblen, 1934: Direct Reflections Thorstein Veblen, 1934 The self-concept is largely shaped by the responses of others. You are deeply influenced by people’s attitudes towards you. You are a social being who wants and needs to be with people. You come to view your “self” as you are viewed by others. Direct Reflections Thorstein Veblen, 1934: Direct Reflections Thorstein Veblen, 1934 According to Veblen, the usual basis of self-respect is the respect by one’s neighbors or fellows. Only individuals with dysfunctional temperaments can in the long run retain their self-esteem in the face of disesteem of their neighbors or colleagues. Direct Reflections Thorstein Veblen, 1934: Direct Reflections Thorstein Veblen, 1934 “Because it is difficult to arrive at self-knowledge, how others view us is of tremendous importance. We need a consensus from others in order to validate our own self-concepts.” Our own self-evaluation is affected by others’ evaluation of us. Perceived Self - Cooley, 1912: Perceived Self - Cooley, 1912 It came from the concept of the “looking-glass” self wherein we imagine our appearance to the other person and imagine his judgment of that appearance, as well as some self-feeling, such as pride or regret. The crucial question is NOT “What is the other person’s attitude towards me?” but “What do I perceive to be his attitude towards me?” Generalized Other - Mead: Generalized Other - Mead The self arises out of social experience, particularly social interaction. The process of communication requires the individual to adopt the attitude of the other toward the self and to see himself from their perspective or standpoint. All the others’ particular attitudes are crystallized in the “me,” in the process giving rise to a single standpoint or attitude called the “generalized other.” Your individual self-concept is shaped by applying to your “self” the attitudes of the society as a whole. SOCIAL COMPARISONS: SOCIAL COMPARISONS Pettigrew (1967): “Human beings learn about themselves by comparing themselves to others.” The process of self-evaluation leads to self-ratings that may be positive, neutral, or negative in relation to the standards set by the individuals employed for comparison. SELF-ATTRIBUTION: SELF-ATTRIBUTION Simply accepting things as they are is not helpful. SELF-VALUES: What is important to an individual would relate to one’s global self-esteem. SELF-VALUES WISEMAN and BARKER MODEL: WISEMAN and BARKER MODEL Intrapersonal communication is the “creating, functioning, and evaluation of symbolic processes which operate within the originating or responding communicator.” (1974) WISEMAN and BARKER MODEL: WISEMAN and BARKER MODEL Symbol Decoding Regrouping Discrimination Symbol Encoding Incubation Ideation Reception Life Orientation Transmission External Stimuli Internal Stimuli Internal Self-Feedback External Self-Feedback Life Orientation: Life Orientation It plays a vital, underlying function because it affects the various stages as we evaluate and respond to stimuli. It determines how the messages are sent to and received by ourselves. The “result of the sum total of social, hereditary, and personal factors which have influenced your development as an individual.” Stimuli: Stimuli Internal stimuli are nerve impulses that are received by the brain. External stimuli, on the other hand, comes from outside your body, from your immediate or proximate environment. There are two types of external stimuli: overt and covert. Reception: Reception Happens when the body first receives stimuli. Receiving can take place singly or in combination of any of the five senses: sight, sound, smell, touch, and taste. External and internal receptors in the five sensory organs receive stimuli which are transformed into nerve impulses and subsequently transmitted to the brain. External receptors are found on or near the surface of the body. These receptors react to physical, chemical, and mechanical stimuli. Internal receptors such as nerve endings provide information about your internal state such as an empty stomach or an itchy throat. Discrimination and Regrouping: Discrimination and Regrouping Discrimination determines what stimuli are allowed to stimulate thought. It screens out the less significant or weaker stimuli. In regrouping, the strongest and most important stimuli previously selected are arranged in a meaningful sequence. Although screened previously, the diverse stimuli have not been ranked. Ideation: Ideation Ideation is the stage where the messages are thought out, planned and organized. This stage draws mainly on the individual’s storehouse of knowledge and experience which may include previous associations with the topic, readings, observation, and conversation. The length of time depends on the availability of material. Incubation and Symbol Encoding: Incubation and Symbol Encoding Incubation is the process of allowing your ideas to grow and develop further. Often referred to as the “jelling or hatching period.” Allows you time to weigh, evaluate, reorganize and reflect on your messages. In Symbol Encoding, the symbols of thought are transformed into words and gestures or actions. Transmission and Feedback: Transmission and Feedback The destination is the communicator himself. The origin or point of initiation is likewise himself. The self-communicator’s message is composed of words and gestures are thus transmitted via air or light waves. Feedback in intrapersonal communication is called self-feedback. External is the self-communicator’s response through airwaves. Internal self-feedback is felt through bone conduction and muscular movement. 4 words to know of self: 4 words to know of self self-awareness : the ability to reflect on and monitor one’s own behavior self-concept : everything one thinks and feels about oneself self-image : the sort of person one perceives oneself to be self-esteem : how well one likes and values oneself PowerPoint Presentation: Self-Concept is the self-perception or view you have of yourself. It is the person you think you are, formed in your beliefs and attitudes . It is influence by how others see you, how you were in your past , are today , and would like to be in the future. Real self – your “core” self; who you really are. Perceived self – who you see yourself to be. Ideal self – who you want to be now or in the future. Public self – the self you freely disclose to others or in public situations. Private self – the self you do not share with others; who you are in private. Professional self – who you are in your job or profession. Social self – who you are when you interact with other individuals, groups, in society or social situations. Intellectual self – who you are as a student and a learner; the part of you that acquires and uses knowledge. Emotional self – the part of you that processes feelings. Physical self – who you are physically; including the concept of your own body, athletic ability, gracefulness and coordination, level of attractiveness, physical health and well being. Artistic self – the part of you that is creative or artistic. PowerPoint Presentation: Factors that influence your self-concept: How you perceive that you are seen and treated by others. Your own expectations and the standards that you set for yourself How you compare yourself to others Self-concept lays the foundation for your communication with others one to one, in groups, or one-to-group. PowerPoint Presentation: Building a positive self-concept… Can give you confidence you need to communicate effectively Must draw from your strengths Must know where you need to improve Set goals for change PowerPoint Presentation: Self-fulfilling prophecy – a prediction or expectation of an event that shapes your behavior, making the outcome more likely to occur. It comes from your own self-concept and the expectations you establish for yourself. It also come from what you think others expect of you. Self-disclosure – is the deliberate revelation of a significant information about yourself that is not readily apparent to others. It can be tricky because it can either be appropriate or inappropriate for a particular time, place or circumstance. Must know what facts, opinions, or feelings are appropriate to reveal under the circumstances. Consider the purpose of self-disclosure and your communication goals. PowerPoint Presentation: 1 Open It is called open because many of a person’s behaviors, motivations, feelings, likes and dislikes are openly communicated to others. 2 Blind You are blind to what others perceive about you. Feedback can make you aware of this information, but you may or may not decide to adapt or change. 3 Hidden It represents the things you know or believe about yourself but that you do not choose to share with others. 4 Unknown Things that neither you nor others know or acknowledge. It could be subconscious fears or things you do not remember. Known to self Not known to self Known to self Not known to self Known to others Known to others Not Known to others Not Known to others PowerPoint Presentation: Factors that influence our self-presentation: the other, situation or interaction environment, and motivation. Others determine the way we present ourselves. “A man has as many different social selves as there are distinct groups of persons about whose opinion he cares.” (William James, 1892) Different situations or environment bring about shifts in identity primarily because they offer cues for maximization of reward. Motives of the self in undertaking a relationship determine self-presentation. 3 Ways self-concept affects intrapersonal communication: 3 Ways self-concept affects intra personal communication Problem solving and decision making Behavior Processing of feedback Need: Need William Schutz’s three basic Interpersonal needs: The need to give or receive affection The need to include other or be included in relationships. The need to control others or relinquish control to them . William Schutz’s three basic Interpersonal needs Communicating With Others: Communicating With Others Communication with others Affect on attitude for communicating with others: Communication with others Affect on attitude for communicating with others 2 types of people Extroverted Social individuals who are relationship orientated people Introverted People who are more focused on themselves rather than on the needs of others. How we make predictions about others based on first impressions: How we make predictions about others based on first impressions Physical characteristics Social traits Emotional states Stereotyping Confirming Perceptions : Confirming Perceptions Checking perception Seek more information to verify perceptions Recognize that even if your original perceptions were accurate, people can change over time Talk with people about whom you are forming perceptions Check perceptions verbally Perception check Verbal statement that reflects your understanding Keep on SPIRIT for … Better 1ndONEsia: Keep on SPIRIT for … Better 1nd ONE sia You do not have the permission to view this presentation. In order to view it, please contact the author of the presentation.