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DISTRICT 3060 Course Content : Course Content Introduction Geographic Location Culturally Rich Inventions Indians around the globe History of India Facts and Statistics Cultural Diversity- Art Cultural Diversity Festivals Indian Holidays Indian Traditions Indian Economy Indian Exports India’s Key IT Features India’s Infrastructure Tourism India Natural India Current leaders Snap Shots of India Introduction : Introduction It is impossible not to be astonished by India. Nowhere on Earth does humanity present itself in such a dizzying, creative burst of cultures and religions, races and tongues. Every aspect of the country presents itself on a massive, exaggerated scale, worthy in comparison only to the superlative mountains that overshadow it. Perhaps the only thing more difficult than to be indifferent to India would be to describe or understand India completely. Here is what some literates have to say… Quote- Unquote : Quote- Unquote "So far as I am able to judge, nothing has been left undone, either by man or nature, to make India the most extraordinary country that the sun visits on his rounds. Nothing seems to have been forgotten, nothing overlooked." --Mark Twain, from Following the Equator "India is the cradle of the human race, the birthplace of human speech, the mother of history, the grandmother of legend, and the great grand mother of tradition. Our most valuable and most astrictive materials in the history of man are treasured up in India only!" --Mark Twain Quote- Unquote : Quote- Unquote Albert Einstein once said: “We owe a lot to the Indians, who taught us to count, without which no worthwhile scientific discovery could have been made.” Geographic Location : Geographic Location Geography : Geography From the eternal snows of the Himalayas to the cultivated peninsula of far South, from the deserts of the West to the humid deltas of the East, from the dry heat and cold of the Central Plateau to the cool forest foothills, Indian lifestyles clearly glorify the geography. India : India India : India But, Three of the 20 most riches people in the world are from India. The top Three Indians are Laxmi Mittal Mukesh Ambani Anil Ambani Culturally Rich Inventions : Culturally Rich Inventions The digit zero and the numbering system Chess Algebra, Trigonometry, and Calculus The decimal system The game of Snakes and Ladders The value of “pi” Noble prizes in Literature, Physics, Economics, Peace and Medicine Culturally Rich Inventions : Culturally Rich Inventions Ayurveda is the earliest literature of medicine known to mankind. The father of medicine, Charaka, practiced medicine 2500 years ago. Until 1896, India was the only source for diamonds to the world India never invaded any country in her 10,000 years of history Hinduism, Buddhism, Jainism, and Sikhism borne in India and followed by 25% of the world's population Achievement made by Indian Engineers in the Silicon Valley include: : Achievement made by Indian Engineers in the Silicon Valley include: Vinod Khosla Founder of Sun Microsystems Vinod Dham Invented Pentium Microprocessor Sabeer Bhatia created and founded Hotmail Indians around the globe : There are 3.22 millions Indians in USA (1.5% of population), but they constitute 38% of doctors 12% scientists 36% of NASA scientists 34% of Microsoft employees 28% of IBM employees 17% of INTEL scientists 13% of XEROX employees Indians around the globe History of India : History of India History of India : History of India Divided in 7 Periods 1. Original Indians (1700BC – 3300BC) Indus Valley Civilization: Mohenja-daro and Harappa People 2. Aryans (2500BC – 322BC) India’s Root Culture 3. The Mauryan Empire (322BC – 188BC) Spread of Buddhism 4.Gupta Period (320AD – 480AD) Golden Age of India 5. Muslim Period (1175AD – 1800AD) Turks and Mughals 6. European Rule (1800AD – 1947AD) Portuguese, French, Dutch, and English 7. Independence and Democratic India Facts and Statistics : Facts and Statistics India is one of the ten nuclear state in the world has a labor force of over 509 million, 60% of which is employed in agriculture and related industries. India is the second most populous country, and the most populous democracy in the world. It is the world’s 4th largest economy in terms of purchasing power. Facts and Statistics : Facts and Statistics India's median age is 24.9, and the population growth rate of 1.38% per annum. Hindi is the national language. There are 21 other languages that are either spoken or have classical status. The number of dialects in India is as high as 1,652. Over 800 million Indians, or about 80.5% of the country's population, are Hindu Other religious groups include Christians (2.3%), Sikhs (1.9%), Buddhists (0.8%), Jains (0.4%) And minorities include Jews, Zoroastrians, Bahá'ís and aboriginals Facts and Statistics : Facts and Statistics The national gender ratio is 944 females per 1,000 males. Major industries include automobiles, cement, chemicals, consumer electronics, food processing, machinery, mining, petroleum, pharmaceuticals, steel, transportation equipment, and textiles. Almost 70% of Indians reside in rural areas. Facts and Statistics : Facts and Statistics India's largest cities are Mumbai (formerly Bombay), Kolkata (formerly Calcutta), Delhi, Chennai (formerly Madras), Bengaluru (formerly Bangalore) , Hyderabad and Ahmedabad It is the largest democracy in the world Facts and Statistics : Facts and Statistics India’s Cultural Diversity- Art : India’s Cultural Diversity- Art India’s Cultural Diversity- Festivals : India’s Cultural Diversity- Festivals India’s Cultural Diversity- Festivals : India’s Cultural Diversity- Festivals India’s Cultural Diversity- Festivals : India’s Cultural Diversity- Festivals India’s Cultural Diversity- Festivals : India’s Cultural Diversity- Festivals India’s Cultural Diversity- Festivals : India’s Cultural Diversity- Festivals Public Holidays in India : Public Holidays in India Public Holidays in India : Public Holidays in India Public Holidays in India : Public Holidays in India Indian Traditions : Indian Traditions India, in the past, witnessed successive waves of migration from various foreign forces like the Persians, Arabs, British and Turks. Though, with time, all of them retreated, they left behind their indelible mark which is still reflected in the culture and traditions of India. From one state to another, there is huge variation in the language, attire, beliefs and other demographic aspects of the denizens that it is simply mind-boggling.However, there are some very prominent features that bind all Indians to the brand 'Hindustani'. These traditions range from the aarti done to welcome the guests to touching the feet of the elders. The cultural traditions of India have been passed on from generation to generation and are deeply rooted in the Indian way of living. Etiquette : Etiquette India is a vibrant amalgamation of varied ethnic groups, climate, cultures, regions and traditions. As such, many people visiting the country for the first time find it uniquely different. On one hand, you will find many conservatively dressed Indian women flocking the temple entrance. On the other, there are others who have no qualms walking the fashion ramp in the skimpiest of clothes. While there are millions of illiterates in the Indian subcontinent, there are also those who are the driving force behind the booming IT industry in India. Dressing Etiquette : Dressing Etiquette Majority of the Indians, especially in the rural areas, small towns and cities, are a conservative. Short, revealing clothes, especially for women, is a strict taboo. As such, it's expected that you dress up according to the situation. E.G. when you go out for sight-seeing, you can wear knee length Bermudas, tee shirts, long or quarter length skirts, capris and jeans. However, at high-end restaurants, bars and discos, you can dress in a more relaxed manner, without worrying much about the dress codes. Customs on usage of Shoes : Customs on usage of Shoes Indian temple etiquette stipulates that you take off your shoes before entering the premises. The same applies to even certain churches in India. Usually, there will be people stationed outside most temples and gurdwaras, who will keep your shoes safely for a nominal sum. You will be expected to follow the same protocol when you visit a person's home in some of the cities of India. Indian Proximity : Indian Proximity Indian culture and tradition forbids unnecessary touching or any form of physical contact, especially between a man and a woman, in public. Kissing in public is a not advisable. You can shake hands with people, or better still stick, to the traditional Namaste, the popular Indian style greeting. For this, you need to press your hands together with all fingers pointing towards the sky in front of your chest and politely say Namaste, while looking at the person you are saying it to. Generic Attitude : Generic Attitude Indian manners and etiquette also comprise of not speaking ill about or criticizing the country or its people openly. The natives are bound to take great offence to it. At the same time, never address the elderly by their first name, unless they allow you to. It's advisable for you to call them sir or ma’am instead. With youngsters, you can choose to be informal. It is also considered disrespectful in India to use loud and foul language words publicly. Joint Family System : Joint Family System A majority of the people in India prefer to live in a joint family, which could comprise anywhere between a group of two or more members to even over 20 members sometimes. As per the Indian way of living, the commanding position in a family is held by the eldest earning male member. He consults other adult members on important issues, but it is his decision that ultimately prevails. However, a lot of importance is also given to the advice of the eldest retired members of the family. Women as Homemaker : Women as Homemaker As per the lifestyle of the Indian people, it is the duty of a woman to take care of her home. As such, from her childhood, a girl child is taught to rustle up mouth-watering dishes by her mother and other ladies in her family. She is also taught to attend to guests and strangers politely and elegantly because it is thought to greatly reflect upon her upbringing. Places of Worship - Customs : Places of Worship - Customs Worshipping is an important part of the daily life of Indian people. You will find the holy basil tulsi planted in maximum houses, which people water as well as worship everyday religiously. Many Indians are associated to various religious sects and attend weekly gatherings to listen to the sermons. Apart from temples, mosques and gurdwaras, there will also invariably be a personal place for worship, and pictures of Gods and Goddesses, in every house in India Respecting Elders : Respecting Elders One common trait you will find amongst Indians is that children show utmost respect to their elders. Now this is one habit all Indian parents deliberately inculcate in their children, since beginning. It is an unsaid rule in India that a person cannot rudely respond to elders. It is deemed disrespectful in India to refer to an elder by his / her name. Instead people prefer calling them uncle and aunt, especially if the person is very elderly. It is also customary in India for the youngsters to touch the feet of their elders as a way of greeting as well as on important occasions. Hospitality : Hospitality Perhaps, the one thing that is going to take you by surprise and also deeply touch you on your India tour is the warm hospitality of Indians. A ready smile on the face, always willing to go out of the way to help somebody, exuding genuine happiness upon meeting a person - these are some of the common traits you will find in maximum Indians. The Sanskrit adage, "Atithi Devo Bhava," meaning the guest is truly your god dictates the respect granted to guests in India. Welcoming Guests- Traditions : Welcoming Guests- Traditions Playing the perfect host is an integral part of the Indian culture and tradition. As such, Indian people go to great lengths to make their guests feel welcome. Garlanding, aarti and applying tilak, or a red vermillion mark, on the forehead of the guest is, thus, an important part of the reception ritual. There are basically two reasons behind the garlanding tradition of India. Firstly, it showcases one's happiness at receiving the particular guest and secondly, it is a form of publicly acknowledging the guest's importance. Indian Family Value System : Indian Family Value System Examples of Indian family values are - a young person should always touch the feet of his elders; he should never speak in a high or rude tone to those who are older to him; he should always give respect to elders and refer to them as 'aap'; he should not consume alcohol and tobacco or smoke cigarettes; he should respect women; he should always speak truth and try to engage in non-violent behavior; and so on. Most of the values that the parents impart to their children in India, as a part of the family value system, are similar in nature. Some other values that are part of India's cultural heritage are: Living peacefully and respecting each other's rights. Never ever compromising on integrity for the purpose of prosperity. Maintain strong bonds with the family members as well as relatives. Being hospitable to everyone who comes to your home, irrespective of his caste, creed, financial position or status. Treating guest as God i.e. 'Atithi Devo Bhava'. Remembering and bowing to God first thing in the morning. Indulging in yoga and meditation. Always taking the advice of elders in case of any important decision Facts on Indian Economy : Facts on Indian Economy Facts on Indian Economy : Facts on Indian Economy Indian’s Economy 2008 : Indian’s Economy 2008 Indian’s Economy 2006-07 and 2007-08 : Indian’s Economy 2006-07 and 2007-08 Indian Economy : Indian Economy India’s Exports : India’s Exports India- Key IT Features : India- Key IT Features Indian Infrastructure Highlights : Indian Infrastructure Highlights India’s Infrastructure : India’s Infrastructure India’s Infrastructure : India’s Infrastructure Tourism- India : Tourism- India India- Natural Therapies : India- Natural Therapies Current leaders : Current leaders Bush visits India : Bush visits India US President George W Bush examines some baskets and hats made from simple waste material such as palm and banana leaves during a visit to Acharya NG Ranga Agricultural University in Hyderabad on Friday, March 3, 2006. Snapshots of India : Snapshots of India Snapshots of India : Snapshots of India Snapshots of India : Snapshots of India Reference Material : Reference Material http://www.culturopedia.com/ Slide 68: MÈRCI BEAUCOUP!!! MADE BY: SIDDHARTH JINDAL.. INDIA(ROTARY CLUB OF BARODA METRO) You do not have the permission to view this presentation. In order to view it, please contact the author of the presentation.