520-12 Urban Spirituality

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How does the spirituality of the city cause our spirituality? What kind of spirituality do we need to live out the Kingdom against the domination of urban culture? What is that like for workers in the slums, in a postmodern Western city or for business people? A video presentation and notes of this is available on https://vimeo.com/vivgrigg/powers .

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Urban Spirituality:

Urban Spirituality SpIrituality AMONG the MARGINALIZEd of the Post-modern City Viv Grigg 2017

1. Urban Contexts Determine Spirituality:

1. Urban Contexts Determine Spirituality 1. Sub-Culture ( R edfield) 1.1 Cultural/ Ethnic Enclave 1.2 Urban Poor Enclave 2. City Culture 2.1 The Integration of Modern Urbanism Secularism , Individualism, Materialism, Progress 2.2 The Vacuum of Postmodernism Loss of Integration, New World Order, Fragmentation of Identity, Evolutionary Determinism, Death of Rational Materialism

2. The context is a spiriTuality:

2. The context is a spiriTuality Each city has it own spirit: Paris of haut couture, New York as financial center, Kolkata , the city of Kali, Goddess of death. This emerges from the history, the culture, the covenants of that city (Dawson). Part of analyzing this is to examine the culture of the city and the covenants at its foundation or at major turning points.

The context is a spiriTuality:

The context is a spiriTuality Part of analyzing this is to examine the culture of the city and the covenants at its foundation or at major turning points ( Waymire ).

INTERPRETING The context AS spiriTuality:

INTERPRETING The context AS spiriTuality From spiritual powers: Wagner popularized a theory of Sprit’s of the city based on the idea of a hierarchy of spirit powers with assigned territories globally. This is based on the passage in Daniel about the Prince of the Kingdom of Persia. It may apply to some cities such as Kolkata or Bangkok, both cities dedicated to godesses .

INTERPRETING The context As spiriTuality:

INTERPRETING The context As spiriTuality From spiritual powers: Wagner popularized a theory of Sprit’s of the city based on the idea of a hierarchy of spirit powers with assigned territories globally. This is based on the passage in Daniel about the Prince of the Kingdom of Persia. It may apply to some cities such as Kolkata or Bangkok, both cities dedicated to godesses . From the collective human spirit: Paul Hiebert , from an urban anthropology view, believed that rather the spirit of the city emerged from the collective culture of the humanity of the city.

3. Surviving the Context requires a Spirituality:

3. Surviving the Context requires a Spirituality Spirituality has to respond to Nature of Cities The generic soul of all cities have some of the following: The Culture of Urbanism – the humanity of cities includes some of the following Connectivity Anonymity - We form Urban Communities or churches Anomie – we create supportive cells Identity – we build communal identities within the context of the city Sense of belonging – we engage in roles within institutions and communities that give us dignity and hope.

Surviving the Context requires us to Develop a Spirituality:

Surviving the Context requires us to Develop a Spirituality Fundamentalism and Pentecostalism as a retreat from reality (Harvey Cox), enabling people to cope with the pain of oppression, ocasionally coming out to do evangelism . This leads to a spirituality of worship and the Presence of the Spirit in that isolated worship, the Spirit of comfort and healing of the pains of oppression. An alternative theology is of evangelical Social engagement as a spirituality of engagement Based on Jesus teaching of Salt and Light this leads to walking with the Spirit of anointing and Justice, walking in the authority and power of God as we engage the Power structures. This may be in opposition to the evil of the structures or an engagement in seeking to form those structures . Thus: URBAN SPIRITUALITY does Justice, fights for justice, or forms just structures . .

Urban Poor Orders Spirituality:

Urban Poor Orders Spirituality A cluster of apostolic orders has developed over the last decades: Servants to Asia’s Urban Poor Companions to the Poor Servant-Partners Move In Inner Change UNOH The Urban Trek with Intervarsity has fed into these. These share some common value systems. These you have seen in the Lifestyle and Values of Servants. Each group has tweaked them in different ways. There a number of books that these movements have published together.

SPIRITUALITY & THE URBAN ENVIRONMENT:

SPIRITUALITY & THE URBAN ENVIRONMENT In the Beginning God created Does he continue to create, or does what he set in motion create further creation – including cities. URBAN SPIRITUALITY will be involved in his CREATION OF URBAN ENVIRONMENTS

Coping with the Stress of Urban Ministry:

Coping with the Stress of Urban Ministry Theology of rest - the ebb and flow of ministry seasons. Cities: Intensifiers of Stress: The mental stresses of the city require a response from the church. For example the stress of life in Hong Kong has resulted in 1 in 10 developing mental problems. The social dislocation of migration leaves long term social problems. The pressure of commuting, of economics, of education create stress. Stimulus overload results from constant noise, people and events. We can only absorb so much. Hence we develop several stages of adjustment: Cutting off stimuli Being selective about movements Splitting society into sectors Find space away from the people over whom we have no control.

The Need for a Spiritual Advisor/ Supervisor :

The Need for a Spiritual Advisor/ Supervisor Human beings are limited and need other counselors to help. Who do you meet with monthly to mentor you with spiritual issues? What are the qualities of a mentor? Spiritual director? What are the dynamics of a mentorship relationship?

Reflect on the Following Urban Issues and How theY Affect SPiritualIty:

Reflect on the Following Urban Issues and How theY Affect SPiritualIty

NEGATIVE FACTORS ON URBAN SPIRITUALITY :

NEGATIVE FACTORS ON URBAN SPIRITUALITY Group A: DYSFUNCTIONAL URBAN STRUCTURE OVERCROWDING Modern cities may show little evidence of thoughtful planning and expand at an enormous rate.  The subsequent overcrowding makes privacy a luxury for most people except privileged elite who can afford more spacious accommodation.  LONG HOURS OF WORK AND TRAVEL URBAN UGLINESS – Concrete, litter, graffiti etc .

Group B: TECHNOLOGICAL SOCIETY (ELLul):

Group B: TECHNOLOGICAL SOCIETY ( ELLul ) TECHNOLOGY defines IDENTITY MATERIALISM – as a basis for Status COMPETITION for children to obtain education

Group C: ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT ON URBAN SPIRITUALITY:

Group C: ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT ON URBAN SPIRITUALITY PHYSICAL INERTIA ECONOMIC HARDSHIP POLLUTION Pollution can have a long term impact on the health of the population.  There is a direct relationship between respiratory illnesses and pollution. 

Group D: Social IMPACT ON SPIRITUALITY:

Group D: Social IMPACT ON SPIRITUALITY HUMAN NEED OVERLOAD MULTI-CULTURAL / LINGUAL SOCIETY CRIMINALITY / CORRUPTION SUPERFICIALITY ABSENCE OF COMMUNITY

SPIRITUALITY and the POST-MODERN MEGALOPOLIS:

SPIRITUALITY and the POST-MODERN MEGALOPOLIS The following chart identifies elements of postmodernism, and Kingdom responses. Each of these is developed in Spirit of Christ and the Postmodern City. The subsequent pages take one sector of the city and reflect on what kind of spirituality would be appropriate for that sector.

BUSINESS SPIRITUALITY:

BUSINESS SPIRITUALITY Business Conversation Themes The Businesspeople’s Biblical Conversation Themes Their Biblical Sources Parallel Kingdom Themes Creativity Releasing full potential, human dignity Gen 1 Kingdom and humanness Kingdom and mustard seed and yeast (Matt 13:31-34) Productivity God made it fruitful Hard work God of blessing Tithing releases blessing Gen 1; John 15:7,16 Kingdom economic principles (Matt 18:23-35: 20:1-16; 21:28-31; 21:33-44) Parable of the sower of the seed of the Kingdom (Matt 13:1-23) Parable of sheep and goats - caring for poor (Matt 25:31-46) Rich man and the Kingdom (Matt 19:23-26) People-centred management Loving relationships Management in different societal spheres Harmonious work environment Pastoral care I Cor 13, I John 4:7-21   I John 1:-10 Kingdom social principles Love as great commandment (Matt 22:32-40) Kingdom theology of work

BUSINESS SPIRITUALITY:

BUSINESS SPIRITUALITY Ethics in business Integrity, financial honesty God of faithfulness Ten commandments Fruit of the Spirit Exodus20:2-17 Gal 5: 22, 23 The King as supreme sustainer Kingdom & faithfulness (Matt 25:1-13; 25:14-30) Kingdom and social order (Matt 22:2-14) Struggle against business ups and downs Spiritual warfare Sovereignty of God Life of faith Eph 6:10-20 Kingdoms in conflict (Matt 16:19) Kingdom and mustard seed and yeast (Matt 13:31-34) Handling power plays Sovereignty of God Trust in God’s purposes Psalms Kingdom leadership (Matt18:1-4: 20:1-16, 21; 23:1-14) Positive mental attitude Problems as opportunities for faith and prayer Spirituality heightening the intellectual integration of logic, intuition, emotions     I Cor 1:20-25 Kingdom and mustard seed and yeast (Matt 13:31-34) The Spirit and the Kingdom

BUSINESS SPIRITUALITY:

BUSINESS SPIRITUALITY Career commitment Business as a vocation   Kingdom and hiring workers (Matt 20: 1-16) Mentoring excellence Discipleship Holiness, search for perfection II Tim 2:2-6 Discipleship as response to King Responsible economic policy and structures Prophetic voice to the economic powers Eph 6:10-20 Kingdom economics Kingdom conflict

Engaging the SOul of the City:

Engaging the SOul of the City Our personal and communal spirituality Is significant in releasing the Power of the Holy Spirit, so he transforms the very core of the culture of the city. What would happen if the love of eh Holy Spirit fell on the city council: c ivility, service, love, seeking the best, creating public space for dialogue, creating economies that enable people to floursh … Our spirituality is to impact the city spirituality, transforming the soul of the city.

SOME REFERENCES:

SOME REFERENCES Bessenecker , S. (2006). The New Friars: The Emerging Movement Serving the World's Poor . Downers Grove, IL: IVP . Dawson, J. (1989). Taking Our Cities for God . Lake Mary, FL: Creation House. Dear, M. (2010). L.A. as Postmodern Urbanism . Los Angeles . Ellul , J. (1964). The Technological Society . NY: Random House, Vintage Books . Grigg, V. (1986). SERVANTS: A Protestant Missionary Order With Vows of Simplicity and Non-Destitute Poverty . Auckland: Urban Leadership Foundation. ----. (1985). The Lifestyle and Values of Servants . Auckland: Urban Leadership Foundation.

SOME REFERENCES:

SOME REFERENCES Grigg, V. (1995). Spiritual Warfare and the Poor in the Gateway Cities. In M. Wilson (Ed.), Praying Through the 100 Gateway Cities . Seattle: YWAM Publishing. ---- . (2009). The Spirit of Christ and the Postmodern City: Transformative Revival Among Auckland's Evangelicals and Pentecostals . Lexington, KY: Emeth Press and Auckland: Urban Leadership Foundation . Gulick , J. (1989). The Humanity of Cities: An Introduction to Urban Societies .  Westport, Connecticut: Bergin and Garvey . McAlpine, T. H. (2003). Facing the Powers: What Are the Options? Wipf & Stock Publishers . Wagner , C. P. (1993). Breaking Strongholds in Your City . Ventura: Regal . Waymire , B., & Townsend, C. (2000). Discovering Your City : Bringing Light to the Task of Community Transformation . Light International .

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