Taking a Slave People to Become the People of God: Taking a Slave People to Become the People of God Reflections from Exodus on Nation Building Play Song by clicking here Hermeneutic Approach: Hermeneutic Approach How do we connect the Transformational Conversation? Utilize the Biblical to serve nation-building aims? Utilize the Biblical to critique nation-building aims? Utilize the Biblical to seek to determine a Biblical approach to nation Building? All of the above The Biblical Story: The Biblical Story Hermeneutic Approach: The Biblical Story The story itself Then the principles Follow Bruce Graham’s model and diagrams and tell the story of the key elements of the story of liberation from Egypt and entering the promised land in 5 minutes. Click to Next Slide When Done Telling Story Conversation between the Exodus and Nation Builders: Conversation between the Exodus and Nation Builders Oppression: Oppression Review Hanks article. What did you learn about the Biblical perspective on oppression? Is it a major Biblical theology theme? Or is it this simply an imposition of Latin categories on the scriptures? How does reading the Bible with the eyes of being one of the oppressed affect how we read? Oppression in the Scriptures (Hanks): Oppression in the Scriptures (Hanks) Oppression meaning injustice – ‘ ashak Oppression enslaves – yanah Oppression animalizes – nagas The pain that the oppressed feel – lahats Oppression crushes – ratsats Oppression kills- daka ’ Oppression humiliates –’ anah Oppression expresses enmity – tsar, tsarar Oppression impoverishes – ‘tsar, ‘ tsarah Oppression besieges - tsuq Liberation: Liberation Is liberation a key Biblical theme? Reflect on the following: The Exodus Luke 4:18 Leviticus 23 II Cor 3: 17 Liberation theology is a cluster ofCatholic theologies that introduced Marxist analytical tools into theology, and Marxist political economy categories of solutions to issues of oppression. Is the Biblical view of liberation the same as that of Liberation Theology? What is the meaning of history? Is the Kingdom of God on earth the same as the rule of the proletariat over a classless egalitarian society? Does an overarching single analysis of society as class conflict apply in complex multicultural mega-cities? Determinism: is life determined by political economy or spirituality? Creating a People of God from a Slave People: Creating a People of God from a Slave People The Nature of Our People oppressed harassed downtrodden bowed down A Model: Lilok Urban Poor Pastor’s Training in Manila From destitution to dignity From nonentity to identity Releasing people from small boxes to creativity Identifying giftedness And today?: And today? When Dr. Martin Luther King was in court appealing against racial discrimination in the United States in the early 1960's, a Supreme Court decision was handed to the magistrate who announced to the court that bus segregation was illegal. A black man, stood up and shouted,“God Almighty has spoken from Washington D.C.!” There was no doubt in his mind that God had rescued them! In the celebration that followed huge crowds of blacks sang, “Free at last, free at last! Praise God Almighty, we are free at last!” The Focus of the Leader Changing the Spirit and Mindset: The Focus of the Leader Changing the Spirit and Mindset The Church is Context of Social Change Mazeways of the Mind: Alternative cultural enclaves within the Culture of Poverty In the course of the history of their struggle, the Indian Dalits (outcastes) raised four domination issues: Izat – dignity Rajsatta – power Mazduri – wages Zamin - land Community Organization: Community Organization Community organizing is a discipline developed by Saul Alinsky , a secular Jew who utilized the book of Nehemiah in helping the poor of Chicago to match the power of the people against the power of oppression. Linthicum has sought to bring this into evangelical thinking and action. Review Linthicum’s summary How does the church empower the poor? Or how to be proximately with the church of the poor? Church to, for or with the community. The people have to empower themselves. The church can join with them in this process Is this approach in line with the Biblical models? Click to next slide when done 5 Steps of Community Organizing: 5 Steps of Community Organizing Networking Coalition building Reflection-Action Cycle Leadership Empowerment Birth of Community References: References Bellingham, G. R. (1987). The Exodus Event: Liberation Then and Now . A Biblical Approach to Social Transformation. Philadelphia, Eastern Baptist Seminary Dyrness, W. (1998). Let the earth rejoice! A Biblical theology of holistic mission . Pasadena: Wipf and Stock. Chaps 5,6. Glasser , A., Charles van Engen , et al. (2003). God Rules Over Egypt and Covenants with God’s People. Announcing the Kingdom . Grand Rapids, MI, Baker Academic. Chap 5 Glasser , A., Charles van Engen , et al. (2003). God forms a nation of people belonging to God. Announcing the Kingdom . Grand Rapids, MI, Baker Academic. Chap 6. Graham, Bruce. Becoming a Participant in God’s Story Among the Nations:– I Will Be Your God–the Exodus Liberation Model Hanks, Thomas. (1984). Basic Old Testament vocabulary of oppression . God so loved the third world. Maryknoll , Orbis Books. Linthicum, R. C. (1991). Empowerment Through Community Organization Empowering the Poor . Monrovia, CA. MARC: 21-30.