2012Jan06 - Professional Ethics and Dilemmas

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This is a presentation made before the Teaching Faculty of an Engineering College, CBIT, in Hyderabad.

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Professional Ethics and Dilemmas:

Professional Ethics and Dilemmas Facilitator: Prof. V. Viswanadham

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Why bother ?

Why bother ?:

Why bother ? We are all different. Our values are different. Hence, our behaviours . [ HENCE, THE CONSEQUENCES ]

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Would You Lie?

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Divine Human Animal

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Values are needed to move towards DIVINITY Values are shaped by our nature-nurture influences

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Morals are determined within a broad context of a culture or society Our morals affect our interactions with others in all aspects of our life

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Ethics help in orienting our own behaviour and helps to interpret the behaviour of others

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Ethics is a study of good conduct, character, & motives and is concerned with determining what is good or valuable for all people

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Individual and Society Individual gain Vs. Social good

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Professional Ethics implies and assumes responsibility and accountability for whatever you are doing

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Morals define personal character, while ethics stress a social system in which those morals are applied.

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‘ Act in such a way that you always treat humanity, whether in your own person or in the person of any other, never simply as a means, but always at the same time as an end.’ Does the action you propose result in USING someone?

ACCOUNTABILITY:

ACCOUNTABILITY Being answerable for one’s own actions. Accountable to self, the profession, the employer, and society

What is a Dilemma?:

What is a Dilemma? A difficult problem seemingly incapable of a satisfactory solution. A situation involving choice between equally unsatisfactory alternatives.

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Ethi cal dilemmas are situations involving conflicting morals claims, and give rise in such questions as : What is ought to be done ? What harm and benefit result from this decision or actions ? What is good [virtue] or what is duty [right] ?

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Professional Ethics Codes of conduct established by professionals to govern ethical behavior within that profession.

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Teaching and Ethics - Teaching is by nature an ethical act [attempting to promote human development]

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The answer to the question “what must I do in X case?” should be based on ethical values, as well as, on professional knowledge.

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ETHICS seeks to answer questions about morality; that is about concepts like good and bad, right and wrong, justice, virtue, etc. MORALS means a set of beliefs distinguishing right and wrong behaviours. VALUES show something’s degree of importance with the aim of determining what action or life is best to do or live.

QUESTIONS TO ASK:

QUESTIONS TO ASK Is it the right thing to do? Will this stand the test of public? If something terrible were to happen, could I defend my actions? Is it balanced and fair? [contd]

QUESTIONS TO ASK [contd]:

How will it make me feel about myself? Does this choice lead to the greatest good for the greatest number of people? And the most important one for self judgement : Would I do this in front of my family? QUESTIONS TO ASK [contd]

DISCUSSING ETHICAL DILEMMAS:

DISCUSSING ETHICAL DILEMMAS What values come into play for you personally in resolving this situation? What consequences might your decision have on the others involved? Could you personally live with this decision?

Certain other issues : ETHICAL DILEMMAS:

Certain other issues : ETHICAL DILEMMAS Money earning attitude – taking up private coaching, working in Tutorial Colleges, etc. Personal Life – habits, hobbies, leisure-time activities – life beyond college working hours The need to be a Role Model

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Why do people act in unethical ways? ○ Self-deception – people have different personalities when working, and when not working. Often the quote, “everyone else was doing it” is commonly thought of under this category. ○ Self-indulgence – “it was done on behalf of someone else” ○ Self-protection – lying to try and fix a problem, or stop a problem from occurring, may result working in an unethical way. ○ Self-righteous – one view is right, and no other view matters.

For in the same way you judge others, you will be judged, and with the measure you use, it will be measured to you. :

For in the same way you judge others, you will be judged, and with the measure you use, it will be measured to you.

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16-Jan-12 28 POLITICS PRINCIPLES SCIENCE HUMANITY COMMERCE MORALITY WEALTH WORK WORSHIP COMPASSION PLEASURE CONSCIENCE EDUCATION CHARACTER 7 WITH OR WITHOUT

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16-Jan-12 29 PURUSHARTHAS & ASHRAMAS DHARMA ARTHA KAMA MOKSHA BRAHMACHARYA GRUHASTHA VANAPRASTHA SANYASA 4

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In DARKNESS , you cannot see. In DARKNESS – you can THINK . Whether in LIGHT or in DARKNESS we can THINK – What type of THOUGHTS we are getting ?

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16 January 2012 31 YOU ARE YOUR ........ THOUGHTS BE AWARE OF . . . & BE CAREFUL ABOUT . . .

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16-Jan-12 32 W. A. T. C. H. W = WORDS A = ACTIONS T = THOUGHTS C = CHARACTER H = HEAD & HEART

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16-Jan-12 33 LOVE FOR GOD FEAR OF SIN SOCIAL MORALITY

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16-Jan-12 34 IN UNDERSTANDING LOVE – the most basic human value in speech in action in thought in understanding TRUTH RIGHTEOUSNESS PEACE NON- VIOLENCE with love in your heart

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16-Jan-12 35 START THE DAY WITH L O V E SPEND THE DAY WITH L O V E FILL THE DAY WITH L O V E END THE DAY WITH L O V E ~ that is the way to practice V A L U E S

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Give your Honest Best, Always, and ADD LOVE to whatever you are doing.

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How was this Session ? Did something touch your HEART ?

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Is there any I M P A C T ?

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Please see my other presentations also

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Please visit: www.archive.org and search for POOLABATA to read freely 5 publications in Telugu and 2 publications in English relating to Personality Development

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16 January 2012 42 16-Jan-12 Viswam-2009 42 For the sake of record As on 5 th Jan 2012 Prof. V. Viswanadham has uploaded live recordings of more than 600 of his speeches to www.archive.org . ‘Communication Skills’ - was downloaded, 2,587 times. About 200 Power Point Presentations, [ slides ] can be freely viewed at: www.scribd.com So far, 1,15,459 have viewed. www.slideshare.net/viswanadham - One of the presentations, titled Communication Skills , was viewed 12,283 times, & downloaded 1,586 times. Thank you dear friends for helping me to reach many more.

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16 January 2012 43 In case YOU liked this speech and presentation ~ for listening to more speeches and for viewing more presentations , Please Visit : Visit: http:// www.archive.org [ please search for CBIT and/ or 2012Jan06 ] and Search for Prof. V. Viswanadham ~ please download and then kindly listen. Thank you

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16 January 2012 44 In case YOU liked this presentation ~ for viewing more presentations, on various topics, Please Visit: [ Please download and view ] In case YOU want to give some feedback / contact me : Prof. V. Viswanadham viswam.vangapally@gmail.com ~ [040 – 2722 3383] A BIG THANK YOU FOR YOUR PATIENT LISTENING Please visit : www.scribd.com and search for Viswam.vangapally4581 and / or www.slideshare.net/viswanadham

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16 January 2012 45 Thank you once again