ALTERNATIVE MEDICINE I

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SHREYAS COLLEGE OF PG NURSING:

SHREYAS COLLEGE OF PG NURSING GUIDED BY: SIR MR.A.JACOB LECTURER M.Sc. PRESENTED BY: MRS.NEETU CHOUBEY M.Sc. 1 st YEAR 1 CLASS PRESENTATION ON ALTERNATIVE SYSTEMS OF MEDICINE IN MENTAL HEALTH-I

INTRODUCTION:

INTRODUCTION An alternative approach to mental health care is one that emphasizes the interrelationship between mind, body, & spirit. Although some alternative approaches have a long history. The national center for complementary & alternative medicine at the National Institutes of Health was created in 1992 to help evaluate alternative method of treatment and to integrate those that are effective into mainstream healthcare practice. 2

DEFINITION:

DEFINITION “Alternative medicine includes all such practices and ideas which are outside the domain of conventional medicine in several countries and defined by its users as preventing or treating illness or promoting health and wellbeing.” www.enwikipedia.org . 3

OBJECTIVES:

OBJECTIVES To establish, organize and render comprehensive community healthcare systems including preventive, curative and primitive aspects of healthcare for the benefit of one and all specially women and children in rural and tribal communities. To work for the eradication and prevention of diseases like AIDS, Hepatitis, Cancer through all streams of medicine. Also to associate with foreign institutions, hospitals to promote research and development in India. 4

PRINCIPLES:

PRINCIPLES I. THE HEALING POWER OF NATURE: Alternative medicines are founded on a deep belief in the healing power of nature. Alternative medical providers accept that within us is a natural ability to heal. II. PATIENT CENTERED RATHER THAN PHYSICIAN CENTERED: Alternative medicine is patient centered in which the feelings, beliefs and the opinions of the patient are essential elements in the treatment and decision making process. III. RESULTS GENERALLY TAKE LONGER: One primary goal of alternative medicine is to stimulate the body`s natural healing response & to let nature take its course. Due to this reason the rate of healing is slower. CONTD… 5

CONTD…:

CONTD… IV.USE OF NATURAL AND WHOLE SUBSTANCES: Many alternative treatments use natural substances i.e. Herbs, Botanicals, Homeopathies, Nutritional Supplements, And Whole Foods. V. HIGHER STANDARD OF HEALTH: Other factors ranging from the strength of a person`s vital energy to how happy the persons is in his or her personal and professional life are also considered. Even a person`s religious and spiritual concerns are all carefully addressed when assessing health & wellbeing. 6

TYPES 1.HERBAL:

TYPES 1.HERBAL 7 The use of plants to heal is probably as old as human kind. Virtually every culture in the world has relied on herbs & plants to treat illness. Many people are seeking a return to herbal remedies because they perceive these remedies as being less potent than prescription drugs and as being free of adverse side effects. Several organizations have been established to attempt regulation & control of the herbal industry like The `American Herbal Association` and the `American Botanical Council`. Herbal remedies come from plants. Plants remedies are not always safer, All of them can have side effects and interact with other medicines.

USES IN MENTAL HEALTH:

USES IN MENTAL HEALTH Dementia Anxiety Sleep disorder Depression Bipolar disorder Psychotic state Addictions 8

EXAMPLES:

EXAMPLES 1. SAGE: - Sage produces oils which are used in aromatherapy. It is use to improve concentration and memory & has been suggested as a treatment of depression and anxiety. HOW DOES IT WORK? It may: Increase some brain transmitters. Have antioxidant, anti-inflammatory. HOW GOOD IS IT? There is some evidence for improved memory of volunteers. One study found that it improved mood alertness, and calmness. It may help concentration in people with dementia. CONTD… 9

CONTD…:

CONTD… SIDE EFFECTS: Although safe when used in amounts. Some types when taken orally can cause convulsions. Sage may also lower blood sugar, it should not be used in pregnancy and breast feeding. DRUG INERACTIONS WITH: Drugs for diabetics. Drugs for epilepsy. Sedatives. CONTD… 10

CONTD…:

CONTD… 2. PASSION FLOWER: - It is used to treat anxiety; it has also been suggested as a treatment in alcohol craving & opiate withdrawal. HOW GOOD IS IT? Very few studies have been conducted one trial found it to be as conventional tranquilizers. SIDE EFFECTS: Isolated reports of severe toxicity even at normal doses. It can cause dizziness, confusion, heart problems, and inflammation of blood vessels. Toxicity may depend on the preparation. DRUG INTERACTION WITH: A. Wafarin; B. Heparin. 11

2. SIDDHA :

2. SIDDHA It is one of the oldest systems of medicines in India. The term siddha means achievements and siddhars were saintly persons who achieved results in medicine. Eighteen siddhars were said to have contributed towards the development of this medical system. Siddha literature is in Tamil & it is practiced largely in Tamil speaking part of India & abroad. The siddha system is largely therapeutic in nature. This system believes that all objects in the universe including human body are composed of 5 basic elements namely Earth, Water, Air, Fire, And Sky. 12

ABNORMAL BEHAVIOUR & ITS REMEDIES :

ABNORMAL BEHAVIOUR & ITS REMEDIES Siddha medicines defined physical disease as ‘Pinni’ as well as psychological disease as ‘Noi’. The ‘Kirukai No.164’ of Agasthiar note worthy book of siddha medicine. Kirukai No.1 describes about 18 psychiatric diseases. The siddhars accept the abnormal behavior of the human beings as the modern psychologists. PPTAD: REP PHYSIO : CONTRART 13

SYMPTOMS OF ABNORMAL BEHAVIORS :

SYMPTOMS OF ABNORMAL BEHAVIORS Standing with upper limbs, restlessness, singing meaninglessly, dancing, laughing, changing postures, sleeplessness, embracing others, loose talking, murmuring, spitting on others, sexual aggression, rolling on the floors, standing naked, removal of the clothes. PPTAD: REP PHYSIO : CONTRART 14

REASON OF THE ABNORMAL BEHAVIOR :

REASON OF THE ABNORMAL BEHAVIOR Siddhars believed that the root causes of the abnormal behaviors are: - evil desires, disordered thoughts, passions, morbid imaginations, excessive fear, envy, anger, and immoral activities. Chronic disease are mainly caused by the man`s previous actions. The law of ‘karma’ describes that a man`s sin actions. Sin actions of man are the root cause of the present life. Present life is guided by our karma. Siddhars believe that the mental abnormalities are caused by the evil karma of the man or his/her ancestor’s karma. 15

REMEDIES IN SIDDHARS :

REMEDIES IN SIDDHARS They recommend several medicines for mental abnormalities. They prescribed ‘Aviztham’ (medicines) as well as ‘Manthiram’ (psychotherapy). Common medicines: Vedivuppu (Potassium nitrate) Rasam (Mercury) Navcharam (Ammonium chloride. In ‘CONCLUSION’ the modern psychiatrical theory has been developed only in the last 2 centuries. But our siddha medicines system is the one of the oldest system of medicine. 16

Slide 17:

PPTAD: REP PHYSIO : CONTRART 17 Thank you

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