electrical_safety

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Presentation Transcript

Electrical Safety:

Electrical Safety Unsafe condition

Electricity - The Dangers:

Electricity - The Dangers About 5 workers are electrocuted every week Causes 12% of young worker workplace deaths Takes very little electricity to cause harm Significant risk of causing fires

What primarily causes electrocution?:

What primarily causes electrocution? Contact with overhead power lines Contact with live circuits in panels Poorly maintained cords and tools Lightning strikes Trained electrician servicing an electrical panel.

Four Main Types of Electrical Injuries:

Four Main Types of Electrical Injuries Shock Burns Falls due to contact with electricity Electrocution (death) Aftermath from contact with power lines

Working With Electricity At Heights :

Working With Electricity At Heights Many falls are caused by accidental contact with electricity Be aware! Maintain safe working distances Unsafe condition

Electrical Shock:

Electrical Shock An electrical shock is received when electrical current passes through the body . You will get an electrical shock if a part of your body completes an electrical circuit by… Touching a live wire and an electrical ground, or Touching a live wire and another wire at a different voltage.

Shock Severity:

Shock Severity Severity of the shock depends on: Path of current through the body Amount of current flowing through the body (amps) Duration of the shocking current through the body , LOW VOLTAGE DOES NOT MEAN LOW HAZARD

Burns:

Burns Most common shock-related injury Occurs when you touch electrical wiring or equipment that is improperly used or maintained Typically occurs on hands Very serious injury that needs immediate attention

Hazard – Exposed Electrical Parts:

Hazard – Exposed Electrical Parts Cover removed from wiring or breaker box

Control – Isolate Electrical Parts:

Control – Isolate Electrical Parts Use guards or barriers Replace covers Guard live parts of electric equipment operating at 50 volts or more against accidental contact

Control – Isolate Electrical Parts - Cabinets, Boxes & Fittings:

Control – Isolate Electrical Parts - Cabinets, Boxes & Fittings Conductors going into them must be protected, and unused openings must be closed

Control – Close Openings:

Control – Close Openings Junction boxes, pull boxes and fittings must have approved covers Unused openings in cabinets, boxes and fittings must be closed (no missing knockouts) Photo shows violations of these two requirements

Overhead Power Lines:

Overhead Power Lines The #1 Killer

Why do overhead power lines pose a major problem? :

Why do overhead power lines pose a major problem? Overhead lines are typically not insulated. Any covering is generally a weather protection, not insulation. Over 90 percent of the contacts occur on overhead distribution lines Operators are normally safe if they stay on the equipment Ground personnel are over 8 times more likely to be killed

How do I protect myself from overhead power lines?:

How do I protect myself from overhead power lines? All equipment – ladders, scaffolds, cranes, trucks, forklifts, etc. – MUST maintain a minimum 10 foot clearance from 50 kV or less, including service entrance cable (unless insulated) Add 4 inches for every kV over 50 kV

The Ground May Be Energized!:

The Ground May Be Energized! Electricity decreases with the resistance of the ground As potential drops, fields develop around the electrified machine If you step across a line of unequal potential, you could be electrocuted

What do you do if contact with lines occurs?:

What do you do if contact with lines occurs? Stay on the machine if possible Warn all others to stay away Notify power company immediately Attempt to move away but assure line is not “connected”

Get away safely!:

Get away safely! If you must get out, jump with your feet together Do not touch the machine or outriggers Hop or shuffle out of the area

Underground power lines present constant danger:

Underground power lines present constant danger Look for evidence of underground utilities Call Dig-Safe, the utility company, or equivalent If contact occurs, follow same procedures as for overhead lines Exposed power lines

Overhead power lines:

Overhead power lines Photo courtesy of Robert Carr

Hazard – Defective Cords & Wires:

Hazard – Defective Cords & Wires Plastic or rubber covering is missing Damaged extension cords & tools

Hazard – Damaged Cords:

Hazard – Damaged Cords Cords can be damaged by: Aging Door or window edges Staples or fastenings Abrasion from adjacent materials Activity in the area Improper use can cause shocks, burns or fire Unsafe condition

Grounding:

Grounding Grounding creates a low-resistance path from a tool to the earth to disperse unwanted current. When a short or lightning occurs, energy flows to the ground, protecting you from electrical shock, injury and death.

Hazard – Improper Grounding:

Hazard – Improper Grounding Tools plugged into improperly grounded circuits may become energized Broken wire or plug on extension cord Some of the most frequently violated OSHA standards Unsafe condition

Control - Electrical Protective Devices:

Control - Electrical Protective Devices Automatically opens circuit if excess current from overload or ground-fault is detected – shutting off electricity Includes GFCI’s, fuses, and circuit breakers Fuses and circuit breakers are overcurrent devices. When too much current: Fuses melt Circuit breakers trip open

Power Tool Requirements:

Power Tool Requirements Have a three-wire cord with ground plugged into a grounded receptacle, or Be double insulated, or Be powered by a low-voltage isolation transformer

Preventing Electrical Hazards - Tools:

Preventing Electrical Hazards - Tools Inspect tools before use Use the right tool correctly Protect your tools Use double insulated tools Double Insulated marking

Clues that Electrical Hazards Exist :

Clues that Electrical Hazards Exist Tripped circuit breakers or blown fuses Warm tools, wires, cords, connections, or junction boxes GFCI that shuts off a circuit Worn or frayed insulation around wire or connection Unsafe condition

Lockout and Tagging of Circuits:

Lockout and Tagging of Circuits Apply locks to power source after de-energizing Tag deactivated controls Tag de-energized equipment and circuits at all points where they can be energized Tags must identify equipment or circuits being worked on

Preventing Electrical Hazards - Planning:

Preventing Electrical Hazards - Planning Plan your work with others Plan to avoid falls Plan to lock-out and tag-out equipment Remove jewelry Avoid wet conditions and overhead power lines

Avoid Wet Conditions:

Avoid Wet Conditions If you touch a live wire or other electrical component while standing in even a small puddle of water you’ll get a shock. Damaged insulation, equipment, or tools can expose you to live electrical parts. Unsafe condition

Avoid Wet Conditions:

Avoid Wet Conditions Improperly grounded metal switch plates & ceiling lights are especially hazardous in wet conditions. Wet clothing, high humidity, and perspiration increase your chances of being electrocuted. Unsafe condition

What if I work in wet conditions with electricity? :

What if I work in wet conditions with electricity? Avoid working in wet conditions, whenever possible Use approved electrical equipment for wet conditions Do not stand in wet areas and operate electrical equipment How many unsafe acts can you identify?

Preventing Electrical Hazards - PPE:

Preventing Electrical Hazards - PPE Proper foot protection (not tennis shoes) Rubber insulating gloves, hoods, sleeves, matting, and blankets Hard hat (insulated - nonconductive)

Preventing Electrical Hazards – Proper Wiring and Connectors:

Preventing Electrical Hazards – Proper Wiring and Connectors Use and test GFCI’s Check switches and insulation Use three prong plugs Use extension cords only when necessary & assure in proper condition and right type for job Use correct connectors

Training:

Training Deenergize electric equipment before inspecting or repairing Using cords, cables, and electric tools that are in good repair Lockout / Tagout recognition and procedures Use appropriate protective equipment Train employees working with electric equipment in safe work practices,

What if someone gets electrocuted? :

What if someone gets electrocuted? Look first, but don't touch Turn off the source of electricity if possible. If not, move the source away from you and the affected person using a non-conducting object Get Emergency Medical Services there Try not to touch burns If qualified, start basic first aid and CPR as necessary until EMS arrives

PowerPoint Presentation:

Thank You Vikash Kumar

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