Poultry Breeds(All species)

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POULTRY Breed Dr D N HATKAR : 

POULTRY Breed Dr D N HATKAR

Body parts : 

Body parts

Desi Fowl : 

Desi Fowl Faverolla Punjab brown Brown desi Ankaleshwar Bursa Frizzle fowl Naked nake Kadaknath Aseel Kalasthi Ghagus Tellichery Haringhata black Daothigir Miri Chittong or malay Nikobari Teni Titri

Faverolla: 

Faverolla Origin Kashmir Feathered comb Faverolla are a medium sized breed and fairly loosely feathered, giving them a rather large appearance. They also have a fifth toe on each foot and while chiefly ornamental.

Punjab brown : 

Punjab brown Origin - Punjab, Hariana Utility of this breed is meat Plumage colour is mostly brown and the pattern is usually solid but is sometimes spotted or striped.

Conti……..: 

Conti…….. Males in particular have black spots/stripes on their neck, wings and tail. The comb is red, of single type and erect in position. Average Weight: Cock: 2.15 kg Hen: 1.57 kg.

Conti..……..: 

Conti..…….. Average age at first laying cycle: 5 – 6 months. Annual egg production : 60 - 80. Average egg weight: 46.0 gms. Egg shell colour is mostly light brown.

Brown Desi : 

Brown Desi Origin of this breed is UP Layer type Single comb

Ankaleshwar : 

Ankaleshwar Origin- Gujarat Single comb Poor egg production

Conti.: 

Conti. Average Flock Size: 5 – 10 birds. Comb shape is single, rose-coloured. Annual egg production : 81 Average age at first laying cycle: 181 days. Average egg weight: 34.3 gms. Fertility: 91.3%. Hatchability of Fertile Eggs: 92.4%.

Bursa : 

Bursa Native Tract: Navapur, Sakri Taluk of Nandurbar and Dhule districts of Maharashtra ,

Conti………: 

Conti……… Average Flock Size: 9 birds. Plumage is mostly white mixed with black feathers on the neck, back, tail, and reddish brown feathers on shoulders and wings.

Conti…….: 

Conti……. Comb is red, single, small to medium in size, stands erect. Beak is yellow and wattles are red, with a yellow shank. Standard Weight: Cocks: 0.85 to 1.25 kgs Hens: 0.8 to 1.2 kgs. Average age at first laying cycle: 5-7 months. Annual egg production: 40-55. Hatchability of eggs: 60-85%. Eggs are small weighing about 28 – 38 gms. The shell colour is primarily light brown.

Frizzle fowl : 

Frizzle fowl Origin - hot humid costal region and north east region Curved feather Better heat dissipation and adaptability in arid region

Naked nake: 

Naked nake Origin - hot humid costal region and north east region Nake naked which make them well adopted to high temperature due to heat dissipation

Kadaknath or kalamasi : 

Kadaknath or kalamasi Black pigmentation on external and internal surface The original name of the breed seems to be Kalamasi, meaning a fowl with black flesh. However, it is popularly known as Karaknath.

Conti……..: 

Conti…….. The eggs are light brown. The day-old chicks are bluish to black with irregular dark stripes over the the back. The adult plumage varies from silver and gold-spangled to bluish-black without any spangling. The skin, beak, shanks, toes and soles of feet are slate like in colour.

Conti………: 

Conti……… The black pigment has been due to deposition of melanin, The flesh although repulsive to look at, is delicious. A medium layer, lays about 80 eggs per year. The bird is resistant to diseases in its natural habitat in free The comb, wattles and tongue are purple.

Aseel : 

Aseel Game bird with fighting quality and biggest in size among native breeds Aseel is noted for its high stamina, majestic gait and dogged fighting qualities. Origin- Andhra Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh and Rajasthan.

Conti………: 

Conti……… The most popular varieties are Peela (golden red), yarkin (black and red), Nurie 89(white), kagar (black), chitta (black and white silver), Teekar (brown) and Reza (light red). Although poor in productivity, the birds of this breed are well-known for their meat qualities. Broodiness in most common and the hen is a good sitter and efficient mother. They possess pea combs which are small  but firmly set on head.

Conti…….: 

Conti……. Wattles and ear lobes are bright red, and the beak is hart. The face is long and slender, and not covered with feather. The eyes are compact, well set and present bold looks. The neck is long, uniformly thick but no fleshy. Standard weight (kg): Cocks 4 to 5; hen 3 to 4; cockerels 3.5 to 4.5; pullets 2.5  to 3.5.

DENKI : 

DENKI Native Tract Distributed in the Vijay nagar district (Bobli region) and adjoining parts of Srika kulam district of Andhra Pradesh bordering Orissa. Male Cock good fighter with long neck and legs Plumage colour mainly brown followed by black Cocks have shining bluish black feathers on wings, breast, tail and thighs. Wattles are absent .

Conti……: 

Conti…… Comb is red, pea type and compressed. Spur is long and sharp in cocks and small in hens. Average Weight: Cocks: 3.12 kg Hens: 2.22 kg. Average age at first laying cycle: 6-8 months. Number of eggs laid in one egg laying cycle of 15-20 days: 8 - 12. Annual egg production: 25 - 35. Average egg weight: 46.16 gms.

Kalasthi : 

Kalasthi Native Tract These are native to the Chittoor district, and adjoining regions of Nellore district in Andhra Pradesh. The common plumage colour is bluish black but brown birds are also noticed. Legs are proportionately longer. Wings are dorsally set revealing thighs enveloped with smooth feathers.

Conti…: 

Conti… Wattles are absent. Comb is red, pea type and compressed. Spur is small in size. Average adult weight: Cock is 2.48 Hen is 1.85 Average age at first laying cycle: 6-8 months. Number of eggs laid in one egg laying cycle of 15-25 days: 9-14. Annual egg production: 30-40. Average egg weight: 42.91 gms.

Ghagus : 

Ghagus Native Tract: Found in the Kolar district, and adjoining locations of Karnataka and Andhra Pradesh. The plumage colour is mainly brown, followed by black. The colour pattern is usually patchy in males and spotted in females. The neck is covered with golden feathers. Wattles are absent.

Conti…..: 

Conti….. Comb is red and pea or single type. Spur is short in cocks. Average adult body weight Cock: 2.16 kg, Hens: 1.43 kg. Average age at first laying cycle: 5–7 months. Annual egg production: 45–60. Average egg weight: 40.25 ± 2.39gms.

Tellichery: 

Tellichery Native Tract, Found mainly in the Calicut district but also in the surrounding areas in Kannur and Malappuram districts of Kerala. Plumage color is black with a shining bluish tinge on hackle, back and tail feathers. Comb is red, single and large in size.

Conti………: 

Conti……… Average weight: Cock: 1.62 ±0.16 kg Hen: 1.24±0.10 kg. Eggs are tinted. Annual egg production: 60 – 80. Average egg weight: 40.02 gms.

Haringhata black: 

Haringhata black Reared throughout West Bengal. Jet black in colour with red comb and wattles while the shanks are white in colour. Average weight: -Cock: 1.5 kg -Hen: 1.2 kg. Annual average egg production: 130.

Daothigir : 

Daothigir Native Tract: Found in the districts of Kokrajhar, Chirang, Udalguri and Baska in Assam. Comb is red, single, erect and large in size. Average weight Cock: 1.79 kg Hen: 1.63 kg. Annual egg production: 60 – 70. Average egg weight: 44.42 gms.

Miri : 

Miri Native Tract: Assam, and Dhimaji, Lakhimpur and Upper Assam regions. The body weight : 5 months: 0.7 to 0.8 kg 10 months: 1.0 to 1.3 kg. Average age at first laying cycle: 168 days. Number of eggs laid in one egg laying cycle: 11 - 15. Annual egg production: 60 - 70. Average egg weight: 38.91 ± 1.94 gms.

Chittong or malay: 

Chittong or malay Native Tract: Found in the North Eastern states of India bordering Bangladesh Average weight: Cock: 3.5 – 4.5 kg Hen: 3 - 4 kg. good game bird long mane and tail, high headset when in action, and low tail set.

Nikobari: 

Nikobari Native Tract: As the name suggests, the bird is native to the Nicobar islands. Brownish matte in colour. Comparatively a smaller sized, short legged bird, somewhat round and compact in appearance with a stout neck. Annual egg production in backyard system and deep liter system 151.5 and 162.1

Crossbreed Poultry Evolved from ICAR: 

Crossbreed Poultry Evolved from ICAR Vanraja GramPriya CariGold Giriraj Krishna- J Yamuna Kalinga Brown Gram Lakshmi Nandanam Cari – Nirbhik Cari- Shyam Upcari Hitcari

Vanraja: 

Vanraja

Exotic Poultry Breed : 

Exotic Poultry Breed Exotics Poultry breeds are classified in to following groups American : New Hampshire, white Plymouth Rock, Rhode Island Red, Wyandote II. English : Australorp, Cornish, Sussex, Orphington Mediterranean : Leghorn, Minorca, Ancona Asiatic :Brahaman, cochin , langshan

New Hamphsire : 

New Hamphsire Skin Color - Yellow Egg Color - Brown Origin - Massachusetts Characteristics- 1. Rapid growth 2. Early maturing 3. Fast Feathering

White PlyMouth Rock : 

White PlyMouth Rock Skin Color - Yellow Egg Color - Brown Origin - America Characteristics 1. Docile 2. Deep full breast 3. Docile, Popular birds

Rhode Island Reds: 

Rhode Island Reds Skin Color - Yellow Egg Color - Brown Origin - New England Characteristics - 1. Dual Purpose 2. Egg Production 3. Meat Production

White Wyandottes: 

White Wyandottes Skin Color - Yellow Egg Color - Brown Origin - America Characteristics - 1. Medium weight 2. Good disposition 3. Narrow back & poor hatches

Orphington : 

Orphington Skin Color - White Egg Color -Brown Origin - England Characteristics- 1. Heavily feathered bird- handle cold 2. Good mothers

Australorp : 

Australorp Origin: The Australorp was developed in Australia from Black Orpington stock. Variety: Black. Standard Weights: Cock-8.5 pounds; hen-6.5 pounds; cockerel-7.5 pounds; pullet-5.5 pounds. Skin Color: White. Egg Shell Color: Brown. Use: Generally a very good egg producer with a fairly meaty body of intermediate size.

Conti…….: 

Conti……. Characteristics Australorps have intense beetle-green sheen on the black birds, dark eyes, deep bodies and are very active. They are one of the best dual-purpose fowls. This cross of Australorp x White Leghorn became the successor to purebred breeds on many Midwestern farms. Broodiness was a problem with the cross and some markets discounted the tinted eggs they laid. Therefore, it soon fell victim to the inbred hybrid crosses of "Hyline" and "DeKalb." Australorps are good egg producers and hold the world's record for egg production with one hen having laid 364 eggs in 365 days under official Australian trapnest testing

Sussex : 

Sussex Origin: Sussex originated in the county of Sussex, Sussex is one of the oldest Standard Weights: Cock-9 pounds; hen-7 pounds; cockerel-7.5 pounds; pullet-6 pounds. Skin Color: White. Egg Shell Color: Brown. Use: purpose of this breed is for producing meat and eggs.

Conti………: 

Conti……… Breeds that is still with us today in fair numbers. Characteristics: Sussex are alert, attractive and good foragers. They have rectangular bodies; Sussex go broody and make good mothers.

Leghorn: 

Leghorn Skin Color - Yellow Egg Color - White Origin - Italy Characteristics- 1. Great foragers 2. Capable of flight 3. Noted for egg production

Ancona : 

Ancona he Ancona originated near the city of Ancona, Italy, Anconas were originally known as Black Leghorns because of their color, which is black with evenly white-tipped feathers. As with Leghorns, Anconas are known primarily for egg-laying and produce large numbers of white eggs.

Ancona : 

Ancona Active and busy birds, they are good foragers and said to be indifferent to climate. Varieties: Single Comb, Rose Comb. Standard Weights: Cock - 6 pounds; hen - 4.5 pounds; cockerel - 5 pounds; pullet - 4 pounds.

Araucana : 

Araucana These fowls were discovered in South America. The trait of laying blue or greenish eggs Some of the Araucanas were rumpless and possessed some interesting ear tufts.

Araucana : 

Araucana Probably at some time in the future, these fowls will be developed into an interesting breed with both economic and ornamental attributes.

Cornish: 

Cornish Skin Color - Yellow Egg Color - Brown Origin - England Characteristics: 1. Ultimate meat bird 2. Excellent carcass 3. Very active birds

Minorca: 

Minorca Skin Color - White Egg Color - White Origin - Spain Characteristics- 1. Large combs-waddles. 2. Good egg producer

Brahma: 

Brahma Skin Color- Yellow Egg Color- Brown Origin - China Characteristics: 1. Large, gentle nature 2. Well feathered - can withstand cold temps. 3. Fairly good mothers

Langshan: 

Langshan Skin Color - White Egg Color - Brown Origin - China Characteristics- 1. Long Tails 2. Good mothers 3. Long legs

Cochins: 

Cochins Skin Color-Yellow Egg Color-Brown Origin- China Characteristics: 1. Big fluffy balls of feathers. 2. Feathers on feet - good for confinement

Ducks : 

Ducks The age at first egg is about 150 days Indian breed Nageswari,Synthetemete and Indian runner and others are as follows

Call : 

Call There are two varieties of Call ducks, the Gray and the White. They are bantams in the duck family, and are bred for smallness of size. They should have short legs, an upright, almost horizontal carriage of body, slender neck, and comparatively short, well rounded body.

Cayuga : 

Cayuga The Black Cayuga is of American origin, and takes its name from Cayuag county, New York state. It carries the blood of the wild black duck, the Black East India, and probably some Rouen blood was introduced for the purpose of somewhat larger size. The Cayuga should be bred to the meat type. Desired weights are: Adult drake, 8 lbs.; adult duck, 7 lbs.; young duck, 6 lbs. Some Cayugas fail to attain these weights, and specimens of decidedly deficient size should not be bred.

Crested : 

Crested The Crested White ducks are probably of Pekin and Aylesbury breeding, the tuft of feathers on the head. which occasionally appears, having been recognized as a point of attraction, selected and bred for. The breed has not been extensively bred. The best specimens usually run about 1 lb lighter in weight than the best Pekin . In type they follow the Pekin .

Khaki Campbell: 

Khaki Campbell Heavy egg producers - often over 300 eggs per year. Hardy, excellent foragers Usually not raised for meat, make lean roasters. Khaki Cambel

Muscovy : 

Muscovy Originated in Brazil Domestic duck derived from Mallard stock. Mainly black & white but may be other colors Feet have strong claws

Orpington : 

Orpington The Buff Orpington duck, sometimes called the Buff duck, is of English origin. The color should be buff or it is sometimes described as seal brown or rich fawn. These ducks should follow the Pekin in size and shape.

Pekin : 

Pekin Popular market duck Color - white -creamy Bill - Rich Yellow Long, broad, deep and full breasted type bird Meaty duck Origin - China Came to America in 1873

Pommeranian Duck : 

Pommeranian Duck Origin: From various European countries. They were named after the main breeding area, Pommerania, and have been bred since 1920 in Switzerland. The Pommeranian Duck has a weight of approx. 2.3 to 2.7 kg; The drakes reach on average 3 kg. They are tireless snail hunters and despite their size not plump. Besides a good laying ability, approx. 150 eggs (70g) per year, the young ducks are very secure in all weather and at eight to ten weeks ready for butchering. Even perennial ducks perform well and often reliably raise a brood before the beginning of moulting in summer.

Rouen: 

Rouen Mallard duck is ancestor-have similar markings. Larger in size Developed in France Calm Excellent foragers Lean Meat bird

Runner : 

Runner This breed originated in India, was introduces into England as early perhaps as 1830, but was little known in the United States prior to 1900. The Indian Runner produces a small to medium size carcass, but one of good quality. The ducks are practically non-sitters and are popular because of their prolific egg production which rivals the 200 egg stains of chickens. The Runner ducks are the Leghorns of the duck family. They are prolific layers. Three hundred egg Indian Runner ducks were described and illustrated in the poultry press of 1912 to 14, and preceded the future for 300 egg hens which came later. In England, duck egg laying contests are carried on.

Runner: 

Runner There are three varieties of Indian Runners, the Fawn and White, the White, and the Penciled. The breed has a distinctive type, the long, flat, straight head and long, slender neck forming, in shape, and umbrella handle and stem; the back should be long, straight and carried upright, and with the body should take on almost horizontal bearing. The type should be clean cut, there being little indication of a keel. The entire bearing should be upright and racey. The desired weights are: Adult drake, 4 1/2 lbs.; adult duck, 4 lbs.; young drake, 4 lbs.; young duck, 3 1/2 lbs.

Turkeys : 

Turkeys Turkeys Black Bourbon Bronze Narragansett Royal Palm Slate White

Black Turkeys: 

Black Turkeys The Black turkey should have a lustrous greenish black plumage. in Europe is considered one of the finest turkeys for table qualities, The French Blacks are pure, rich black, while the Norfolk Blacks in England are dull black, with brown and even white tips showing.

Black Turkeys: 

Black Turkeys The French blacks are the hardiest. In middle Europe the Black turkeys are smaller in size. The desired weights for the variety in America are: Adult cock, 27 lbs.; yearling cock, 22 lbs.; cockerel, 18 lbs.; hen, 18 lbs.; pullet, 12 lbs.

Bourbon and Narangasette: 

Bourbon and Narangasette

Slate : 

Slate The Slate turkey never attained any standing as a popular variety and is now practically extinct. The color should be an ashy blue, sometimes dotted with black. Its size should be the same as that of the Black Turkey.

Royal palm and white turkeys : 

Royal palm and white turkeys

OTHERS : 

OTHERS

Guinea fowl : 

Guinea fowl Native france Diferent name in different region titri in northern plains, chitra in western parts, Chinha in cheena and murgi in south and eastern parts.

Guinea fowl: 

Guinea fowl It is not easy to distinguish the sex of Guineas. The male has slightly larger head appendages. The female seldom screeches like the male. The chicks when hatched are very active, with bright eyes.

Black Swan: 

Black Swan

Japanese Quail: 

Japanese Quail The Japanese quail , also known as coturnix quail , Coturnix japonica , is a species of Old World Quail found in East Asia . The Japanese quail are used mainly for table and egg production, and is a good dual purpose bird.

Domestic Pigeon: 

Domestic Pigeon The Domestic Pigeon ( Columba livia domestica ) was derived from the Rock Pigeon . The Rock Pigeon is the world's oldest domesticated bird.

Big birds : 

Big birds One of the world’s largest species of bird is on the brink of extinction according to the 2011 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species™ for birds, just released by BirdLife International, an IUCN Red List partner.

Big Birds : 

Big Birds