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Buddhism: Theravada:

Buddhism: Theravada

Buddhism: theravada:

Buddhism: theravada Widely recognized as the classic introduction to the branch of Buddhism found in Sri Lanka and parts of South East Asia . The most conservative form of Buddhism It is consider as the religion that has Three Jewels namely: The Buddha, the Dharma and Sangha . Pali Canon - collected teachings of the oldest recorded texts of Buddhist texts that become its central precept.

The three Jewels:

The three Jewels It is also called as the Three Refuges. BUDDHA - The first jewel which means “To take refuge, to align their selves with the ability to become a Buddha. This first jewel serves as a reminder to find their own Buddha nature. DHARMA - The teaching of the Buddha and is based on the Four Noble Truths. This second jewel teaches compassion and serves as a path embracing the teaching of the Buddha and applying that understanding to everyday life.


SANGHA - Interaction with others who are on the path as being essential for practice. It refers only to the monks, nuns, as well as those of the general community. Sangha is the third precious jewel.


THE THREE CHARACTERISTICS Annica (Impermanence) - All conditioned phenomena are subjected to change including physical characteristics, qualities, assumptions, theories, knowledge, etc. Nothing is permanent since all causes are recursively bound together, there can be no ultimate unchanging cause. Dukkha (Suffering )- Labeling things in terms of like and dislike creates suffering. If one succeeds in giving up the tendency to label things and freeing himself from the instincts that drive him towards attaining what he himself labels collectively as “liking” he attains the ultimate freedom. Anatta (not self)- A practitioner should, develop and refine his or her mind to a state so as to see through his phenomenon.


TEACHINGS AND MAIN DOCTRINES Theravada promotes the concept of Vibhajjavada “teaching of analysis” that says insight must come from the aspirant’s experience, application of knowledge and critical reasoning. PALI CANON FOUR NOBLE TRUTHS THE NOBLE EIGHTFOLD MIDDLE PATH MEDITATION HINDRANCES TO ENLIGHTENMENT LEVELS OF ENLIGHTENMENT

Sacred scriptures:

Sacred scriptures Pali Canon or the Tipitaka /Tripitaka - Preserved in the Pali language, this standard collection of scriptures of Theravada Buddhists is the first known, the most conservative, and the most complete extant early canon of Buddhist writings . It also divided into three divisions namely: The Vinaya Pitaka , Sutra Pitaka and Abhidharma Pitaka . VINAYA PITAKA (Discipline Basket)- It deals with rules and regulations for the monastic community (the sangha ) including 227 rules for monks, for nuns and guidelines for the interaction between sangha and the laity. Most of these rules derived from the Buddha’s responses to specific situations in the community.


SUTRA PITAKA (Discourse Basket)- It contains the Buddha’s teachings on doctrine and behavior, focusing especially on meditation techniques. ABHIDHARMA PITAKA (Higher Knowledge or Special Teachings Basket)- It is essentially a collection of miscellaneous writings including songs, poetry, and stories of the Buddha and his past.

The four noble truths:

The four noble truths Dukkha (Suffering )- Broadly classified into three categories: The first class of suffering is called “Inherent suffering” or the suffering one undergoes in all the worldly activities what one suffers in day-to-day life: Birth, aging, diseases, sadness, death and so on. The second class of suffering is called “Suffering due to Changes” implies that things suffer because of attaching themselves to a momentary state which is held to be “good” when the state is changed, things are subjected to suffering. The third term of suffering is called “ Sankhara Dukkha ”. Beings suffer simply by not realizing that they’re mere aggregates with no indefinite, unchanging identity.


Dukkha Samudaya (Cause of Suffering)- Craving which leads to Attachment and Bondage, is the cause of suffering. This is formally called as “ Tanha ” and are classified into three instinctive drives. Kama Tanha is the C raving for any pleasurable sense object (which involves sight, sound, touch, taste, smell, and mental perspectives). Bhava Tanha is the Craving for attachment to an ongoing process which appears in various forms including the longing for existence. Vibhava Tanha is the Craving for detachment from a process, which includes non-existence and causes the longing for self annihilation. Dukkha Nirodha (cessation of suffering)- This implies that elimination of the cause (craving) eliminates the result of suffering. Dukkha Nirodha Gamini Patipada (Pathway to freedom from suffering)- This is the Eightfold Pathway towards freedom or Nirvana which means as the right view, right intention, right speech, right actions, right livelihood, right effort, right mindfulness and right concentration.


HINDRANCES TO ENLIGHTENMENT 1. The belief in a permanent personality, ego. 2. Doubt, extreme skepticism 3. Attachment to rites, rituals and ceremonies. 4. Attachment to sense desires. 5. Craving for existence in the form world (heavenly) 6. Ill-will anger. 7. Craving for formless world (heavenly realm) 8. Conceit


9. Restlessness 10. Ignorance


LEVELS OF ATTAINMENT Anagami (non-returner)- A person that has completely eradicated the first five hindrances and never returns to earth or any other world system. Sakadagami (once-returner) - Has eradicated the first three hindrances and greatly weakened the fourth and fifth attachment to sense desires and ill-will Sotapama (stream entrant)- Has eradicated the first three hindrances and will be reborn no more than seven times and rebirth will either be a human or deva in a heavenly realm.


MEDITATION Theravada Buddhist meditation practices fall into two broad categories: Samatha and Vipassana SAMATHA- Means “ to make skillful ” and has other renderings among which are tranquilizing, calming, visualizing and achieving VIPASSANA- “Insight” or “abstract” understanding and meditation. It also emphasizes discipline, self observation of body and thoughts and how they interconnect.

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