BLOOM’S TAXONOMY OF INSTRUCTIONAL OBJECTIVES

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BLOOM’S TAXONOMY OF INSTRUCTIONAL OBJECTIVES:

BLOOM’S TAXONOMY OF INSTRUCTIONAL OBJECTIVES

Benjamin S.Bloom has classified instructional objectives under 3 domains.:

Benjamin S.Bloom has classified instructional objectives under 3 domains. Cognitive Domain Affective Domain Psycho-Motor Domain

Cognitive Domain :

Cognitive Domain (Head) The recall or recognition of knowledge and the development of intellectual abilities and application

Affective Domain:

Affective Domain (Heart ) Changes in interests, values and the development of attitudes

Psycho-Motor Domain:

Psycho-Motor Domain Development of manipulative or motor skills

  These 3 domains are interrelated and so are the objectives, but to make a teachers job easy, the objectives are separately classified.:

These 3 domains are interrelated and so are the objectives, but to make a teachers job easy, the objectives are separately classified.

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Cognitive Affective Psycho motor THE THREE DOMAINS OF BLOOM’s TAXONOMY

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The instructional objectives under cognitive Domain are 1 . knowledge 2.Comprehension or understanding 3. Application 4.Synthesis 5. Analysis 6.Evaluation

ACTION VERBS:

ACTION VERBS The action verbs (performing words/indicator words) associated with different objectives are known as specifications. The action verbs for different objectives are listed below. These help in forming specification for writing lesson plans or writing test-items for a question paper.

1) Objective- knowledge:

1) Objective- knowledge Action verbs 1. Recalls 2 . Recognizes.

2) Objective- Comprehension or Understanding Action Verbs :

2) Objective- Comprehension or Understanding Action Verbs Distinguish/Discriminate/Differentiate Observe Compare Classify Generalize translate Explain Describe Illustrate Identify (See the relationship) Detect errors Summarize Verify Select

3)Objective-Application Action verbs :

3)Objective- Application Action verbs 1.Analyse 2.Collect 3.Judge 4.Solve 5.Give reasons 6.Interpret 7.Find causes 8.Predict 9.Discover 10.Modify 11.Organize 13.Infer/Conclude 14.Prepare/Construct/Make 15.Demonstrate 16.Comprehend 17.Formulate hypothesis 18.Suggest 19.Ooperate/use 20.Discuss 21.Synthesis

The instructional objectives under Psychomotor domain deals with the objective:

The instructional objectives under Psychomotor domain deals with the objective Skills

1)Objective –skills Action verbs:

1)Objective –skills Action verbs 1.Measures 2.Performs 3.Draws 4.Calculates 5.Labels 6.Records 7.reports 8.Observes 9.Locating information 10.Preserves 11.Dissects 12.Collects 13.Prepares 14.Checks

The Affective Domain deals with development of interest, appreciation, attitude, values and character formation. :

The Affective Domain deals with development of interest, appreciation, attitude, values and character formation.

Objective- Interest Action verbs :

Objective- Interest Action verbs 1.reads 2.Visits 3.Prepares 4.Participates 5.Writes 6.Collects 8.Organizes 9. Cultivates

Objective- Appreciation Action verbs:

Objective- Appreciation Action verbs 1. Recognizes the role/contribution 2.Expresses appreciation 3.Enjoys 4.Satisfies

Objective - Scientific attitude Action verbs:

Objective - Scientific attitude Action verbs 1.Evaluation 2.Believes in cause and effect 3.Accepts scientific facts with evidence 4.Open mindedness 5.Critical thinking(Thins critically) 6.Critical observation(observes critically) 7.Solves problems scientifically 8. Be curious 9. Does not consider the conclusions as ultimate 10. arrives at conclusion 11. Is honest 12. Respects 13.Cooprates 14.Shows readiness 15.Believes facts 16.Gives healthy criticism

Assessment of Learning outcomes:

Assessment of Learning outcomes The learning outcomes of the students after completion of the lesson can be assessed by direct (asking questions, exams) or indirect methods(observation , interviews , asking them to fill some forms, check lists etc.) Assessment of learning outcomes is possible only when students demonstrate the abilities as prescribed by the ‘action verbs’

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H DOMAINS COGNITIVE PSYCHO_MOTOR AFFECTIVE 6. Evaluation 5 .Synthesis 4. Analysis 3 .Application 2 .Comprehension 1. Knowledge . 5. Characterization 4. Organization of values 3. Valuing 2. Responding 1. Receiving OBJECTIVES 1. Imitation 2. Manipulation 3. Precision 4. Articulation 5. Naturalization OBJECTIVES UNDER 3 DOMAINS