Surveys and Questionnaires

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Surveys and Questionnaires R. Bromley Junior ICT Introduction Beverly Glen Jr. P.S. 2008

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Surveys and Questionnaires Name:____________________ Class:____________________ Date:____________________ Instructions: Print this page if it has not already been printed for you. As you read through the pages of this presentation, answer the questions below. When you have completed all of the answers, hand this sheet in to Ms. Bromley. Slide # 3 – Important Words Use one of those awesome words in a sentence. ____________________________________________________________________ Slide # 4 – What is a Survey? Explain the word ‘sample’. ____________________________________________________________________ Slide # 5 – What is a Questionnaire? What four ways are questionnaires usually filled out? ____________________________________________________________________ Slide # 6 – How do Online Questionnaires Work? How do respondents get to the online questionnaire? ____________________________________________________________________ Slide # 7 – How is the Data Collected? What collects the data? ____________________________________________________________________ Slide # 8 – How is the Data Organized? I want to make a pictogram. How do I do it? ____________________________________________________________________ Slide # 9 – How is the Data Presented? Why do researchers use charts and graphs? ____________________________________________________________________ Slide # 10 – Advantages and Disadvantages Do you think questionnaires are useful? Why or why not? ____________________________________________________________________

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Important Words Bar Graph: A diagram using bars whose lengths stand for a set of data. Data: Raw facts about people, objects, and events. Data is collected through research. Questionnaire: A set of questions to which people respond. Line Graph: A diagram using lines whose lengths stand for a set of data. Pictogram: A diagram using pictures whose lengths or numbers stand for a set of data. Pie Graph: A graph used to show percentages. It is circular and looks like a cut up pie. Population: The entire group being studied, for example, French Immersion junior students in Toronto. Respondent: A person who answers, or responds to a survey. Sample: A small section of a population, for example, French Immersion junior students at Beverly Glen. Sample Size: The number of respondents in a sample, for example, there are about 50 French Immersion junior students at Beverly Glen. Survey: An inspection of data.

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What is a Survey? The word survey means "to inspect". It is used most often to describe a way of getting information from a sample of individuals. This sample is usually just a fraction of the population being studied. The most common types of survey are the interview and the questionnaire.

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What is a Questionnaire? A very important type of survey is the questionnaire. A questionnaire is a set of questions that people respond to. The answers are collected by a researcher who organizes the data and reports on the results. Not only do questionnaires have a wide variety of purposes, they also can be done in many ways - including over the telephone, by mail, in person, or online.

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How do Online Questionnaires Work? An online questionnaire is a group of questions published on the Web by a researcher. The respondent (or, person who responds to the questions) does not need to use any special software or plugins. Once the researcher writes the survey in an online survey writer (like surveymonkey.com), their questionnaire is given a URL (or, Web address). The researcher gives the URL to any respondent who wants to fill out the questionnaire.

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How is the Data Collected? As respondents post their answers, the online survey writing program collects the data and creates summary reports. This information is stored in the researcher’s personal online account.

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How is the Data Organized? After the data has been collected, but before it is presented, a researcher must organize it so that it makes sense. Using a spreadsheet program (like Excel), the data is entered as a chart. The graph tool is selected, and the researcher chooses the best graph for the data. (Sadly, Excel does not create pictograms. You’d have to draw your own by hand or in a graphics program). The graph is created, and may be copied to a document program (like Word), a presentation program (like Powerpoint), or any other program.

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How is the Data Presented? Researchers often find that their data is most easily understood when they present it in numbers, pictures, and words. Survey data is often presented in person (during a lecture, or speech) or in writing (in a magazine or newspaper article). The charts and graphs that the researcher created are often used in the presentation of survey data. Charts and graphs help the audience make sense of the data.

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Advantages Surveys collect opinions and facts that help researchers understand the population that they are studying. Surveys help researchers collect information from large numbers of people. This information can usually be collected very quickly and for very little (or no) money. Surveys can be done in many different ways: In person (orally or on paper), or from a distance (by mail, over the phone, or on the Internet) People don’t mind doing surveys because it makes them feel like their opinions are important. For this reason, they are usually honest in their answers. Advantages and Disadvantages Disadvantages Once respondents start taking the survey, the researcher cannot change the questions (even if some of the questions are poorly written). If a question was changed during the survey, it would be impossible to compare all of the answers properly. Many respondents have to complete the same survey so that the data can be organized. Sometimes it is hard for researchers to find enough respondents to answer their questions. For this reason, sometimes researchers offer a small gift to people who complete their surveys. This adds to the cost of creating the survey. Surveys don’t consider how respondents are feeling while they answer the questions. If a respondent is very happy or very grumpy, their mood may effect their answers.

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About this Presentation This is part one of a six part introductory series meant to teach students (grades 4-6) software basics. The focus of this lesson is the creation of charts and graphs in Microsoft Excel. First, students read through this presentation (and answer the attached questions). Then, students complete an online survey about their technological opinions and usage. Once all of the students have completed the questionnaire, they will view the data in my Survey Monkey account, transfer it to Excel, and make some graphs. Next, they will present their findings to their peers, and write reflections on the survey process. About the Author Roxy Bromley is an elementary teacher in Toronto, Canada. She enjoys tacos, beetles, and memorizing the digits of Pi. www.the-brom.blogspot.com roxy.bromley@tel.tdsb.on.ca