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Premium member Presentation Transcript COMMUNITY NUTRITION PROGRAMMES: COMMUNITY NUTRITION PROGRAMMESDEFINITION OF NUTRITION : DEFINITION OF NUTRITION Combination of dynamic process by which the consumed food is utilized for nourishment and structural and functional efficiency of every cell of the body. (American heritage dictionary ) The science or study that deals with food and nourishment, especially in humans.(biology)MAJOR NUTRITIONAL PROBLEMS IN INDIA: MAJOR NUTRITIONAL PROBLEMS IN INDIAMAJOR NUTRITIONAL PROBLEMS IN INDIA: MAJOR NUTRITIONAL PROBLEMS IN INDIA PROTEIN ENERGY MALNUTRITION LOW BIRTH WEIGHT XEROPHTHALMIA(DRY EYE) NUTRITIONAL ANEMIA IODINE DEFICIENCY DISORDERSCont…: Cont… CANCER LATHYRISM OBESITY CARDIO VASCULAR DISEASES FLUROSISTHE NATIONAL NUTRITION MONITORING BUREAU: THE NATIONAL NUTRITION MONITORING BUREAU11TH FIVEYEAR PLAN : 11 TH FIVEYEAR PLANCHALLENGES IDENTIFIED : CHALLENGES IDENTIFIEDCHALLENGES IDENTIFIED : CHALLENGES IDENTIFIED Nutritional concerns in policies and programmes Tribal areas, food scarce districts, chronically drought prone rural and tribal inadequate access to nutrition and health services. Nutrition Education and Awareness Generation is weak. .Coverage of vitamin ‘A’ prophylaxis programme is low. Iron and Folic Acid is inadequate .Cont…: Cont… • Availability of iodized salt declined after the lifting of the ban on sale of non-iodized salt in October 2000. Micronutrient malnutrition is not being addressed in a comprehensive manner. Food Fortification programmes are negligible. Supplementation, dietary diversification and horticultural interventions are inadequate. Optimal infant and young child feeding practices need aggressive promotion .NATIONAL NUTRITION GOALS : NATIONAL NUTRITION GOALSNATIONAL NUTRITION GOALS : NATIONAL NUTRITION GOALS Reduce the prevalence of underweight in children under 5 years to 20%. • Eradicate the prevalence of severe undernutrition in children under five years. • First hour breastfeeding rates to increase to 80%. • Exclusive breastfeeding rates to increase to 90%. • Complementary feeding rate at six months to increase to 90%.Cont…: Cont… • Reduce prevalence of anaemia in high risk groups (infants, pre-school children, adolescent girls, pregnant and lactating women) to 25%. • Eliminate vitamin A deficiency in children under 5 years as a public health problem and reduce sub-clinical deficiency of vitamin A in children by 50%. • Reduce prevalence of Iodine Deficiency Disorders to less than 5%.STRATEGIC RECOMMENDATIONS FOR THE XI FIVE YEAR PLAN : STRATEGIC RECOMMENDATIONS FOR THE XI FIVE YEAR PLAN Articulating malnutrition as number one public health problem in the country Greater emphasis on Nutrition Action by Health Sector at all levels Training Programmes for Health PersonnelCont…: Cont… Primary Health Care to include Nutrition as important service Clinic/beds for severely malnourished children at PHC, CHC and district hospitals Establishing Nutrition Information System in the countryNATIONAL NUTRITIONAL POLICY(1993): NATIONAL NUTRITIONAL POLICY(1993 ) Short term interventions Nutrition Intervention for specially vulnerable groups fortification of Essential Foods Popularlsation of Low Cost Nutritious Food Control of Micro-Nutrient Deficient amongst vulnerable GroCont….: Cont…. Longterm interventions Food Security Improvement of DIetary pattern through Production and Demonstration Health & Family Welfare Basic Health and Nutrition Knowledge Prevention of Food adulterationHISTORY OF NUTRITIONAL PROGRAMMES IN INDIA: HISTORY OF NUTRITIONAL PROGRAMMES IN INDIAHISTORY OF NUTRITIONAL PROGRAMMES IN INDIA: HISTORY OF NUTRITIONAL PROGRAMMES IN INDIA SPECIAL NUTRITION PROGRAMME FOR PRE-SCHOOL CHILDREN AND EXPECTANT AND NURSING MOTHERS.1970-71 BALWADI NUTRITION PROGRAM(1970 ) APPLIED NUTRITION PROGRAMME(1963)Cont…: Cont… NATIONAL GOITER CONTROL PROGRAMME (NGCP)1986 NATIONAL WATER SUPPLY AND SANITATION PROGRAMME (1954) MINIMUM NEEDS PROGRAMME(1974)Cont…: Cont… 20 POINT PROGRAMME 1975 NATIONAL DIARRHOEAL DISEASES CONTROL PROGRAMME(1981)Cont…: Cont… TAMIL NADU INTEGRATED NUTRITION PROGRAMME ( 1980 ) WHEAT BASED SUPPLEMENTARY NUTRITION PROGRAMME (1986)PRESENT NUTRITIONAL PROGRAMMES: PRESENT NUTRITIONAL PROGRAMMESINTEGRATED CHILD DEVELOPMENT SERVICES (ICDS) SCHEME 1975 : INTEGRATED CHILD DEVELOPMENT SERVICES (ICDS) SCHEME 1975THE ICDS TEAM : THE ICDS TEAM , Child Development Project Officers (CDPOs) District Programme Officers (DPOs) Anganwadi Workers ,Anganwadi Helpers Auxiliary Nurse Midwife (ANM) Accredited Social Health Activist (ASHA)ICDS SERVICES: ICDS SERVICES supplementary nutrition immunization health check-up referral services pre-school non-formal education and nutrition & health educationNUTRIOTIONAL NORM : NUTRIOTIONAL NORMICDS PROGRAMMES IN KERALA : ICDS PROGRAMMES IN KERALA Amrutham food supplement Take home ration [THR ] Kudumbasree National Nutrition Mission (NNM) (2003)ICDS PROGRAMMES IN KERALA: ICDS PROGRAMMES IN KERALAVILLAGE GRAIN BANK SCHEME(2004)-Ministry of Tribal Affairs : VILLAGE GRAIN BANK SCHEME(2004)-Ministry of Tribal AffairsWHEAT BASED NUTRITION PROGRAMME (WBNP)-ministry of Women &Child Development: WHEAT BASED NUTRITION PROGRAMME (WBNP)-ministry of Women &Child DevelopmentEMERGENCY FEEDING PROGRAMME(2001): EMERGENCY FEEDING PROGRAMME( 2001)ANNAPURNA SCHEME(2000-01)-Ministry of Rural Development : ANNAPURNA SCHEME(2000-01)-Ministry of Rural DevelopmentSCHEME FOR SUPPLY OF FOODGRAINS TO WELFARE INSTITUTIONS(2002-03): SCHEME FOR SUPPLY OF FOODGRAINS TO WELFARE INSTITUTIONS(2002-03)RAJIV GANDHI SCHEME FOR EMPOWERMENT OF ADOLESCENT GIRLS (RGSEAG) – SABLA(2010)- ministry of Women &Child Development: RAJIV GANDHI SCHEME FOR EMPOWERMENT OF ADOLESCENT GIRLS (RGSEAG) – SABLA(2010)- ministry of Women &Child DevelopmentSC/ST/OBC HOSTELS -1994- ministry of consumer affairs : SC/ST/OBC HOSTELS - 1994- ministry of consumer affairs'NATIONAL FOOD SECURITY MISSION'- 2007-08- Ministry of Agriculture: 'NATIONAL FOOD SECURITY MISSION'- 2007-08- Ministry of AgricultureAKSHAYA PATRA AND PRIVATE SECTOR PARTICIPATION IN MID-DAY MEALS : 2001: AKSHAYA PATRA AND PRIVATE SECTOR PARTICIPATION IN MID-DAY MEALS : 2001NATIONAL PROGRAMME FOR NUTRITION SUPPORT TO PRIMARY EDUCATION :- 2001: NATIONAL PROGRAMME FOR NUTRITION SUPPORT TO PRIMARY EDUCATION :- 2001NATIONAL FOOD FOR WORK PROGRAMME : 2004 : NATIONAL FOOD FOR WORK PROGRAMME : 2004THE SAMPOORNA GRAMEEN ROZGAR YOJANA-2001: THE SAMPOORNA GRAMEEN ROZGAR YOJANA-2001NATIONAL RURAL HEALTH MISSION-2005-2012 : NATIONAL RURAL HEALTH MISSION-2005-2012MID DAY MEAL PROGRAMME(1961) : MID DAY MEAL PROGRAMME(1961)Principles of Mid Day Meal programme: Principles of Mid Day Meal programme The meal should be supplement and not a substitute to home diet. supply at least one third of the total energy requirement and half of the protein needed cost of meal should be reasonably low prepared easily in schools, no complicating cooking procedures involved Locally available foods should be used The menu should be frequently changedMID-DAY MEAL SCHEME (1995) : MID-DAY MEAL SCHEME (1995)NATIONAL NUTRITIONAL ANAEMIA PROPHYLAXIS PROGRAMME(1970) : NATIONAL NUTRITIONAL ANAEMIA PROPHYLAXIS PROGRAMME(1970)STRATEGIES : STRATEGIES promoting consumption of iron rich food promoting consumption of iron and follc acid supplements Pregnant Women Lactating women and iud acceptors Treatment for severe anaemia Preschool children (1<5years)NATIONAL PROGRAMME FOR CONTROL OF BLINDNESS(1970) : NATIONAL PROGRAMME FOR CONTROL OF BLINDNESS(1970)VITAMIN A PROPHYLAXIS PROGRAMME(1970): VITAMIN A PROPHYLAXIS PROGRAMME(1970)IODINE DEFICIENCY DISORDER CONTROL PROGRAMME(1992): IODINE DEFICIENCY DISORDER CONTROL PROGRAMME(1992)WORLD FOOD PROGRAMME IN INDIA : WORLD FOOD PROGRAMME IN INDIAGOVERNMENT ROLE IN NUTRITIONAL PROGRAMMES: GOVERNMENT ROLE IN NUTRITIONAL PROGRAMMESCont…: Cont… Ministry of Health and Family Welfare Ministry of Social Welfare Ministry of Education and Culture Department of Food in the Ministry of Food and Agriculture Ministry of Rural ReconstructionNATIONAL FOOD SECURITY BILL, 2011 : NATIONAL FOOD SECURITY BILL, 2011NATIONAL FOOD SECURITY BILL, 2011: NATIONAL FOOD SECURITY BILL, 2011 Right To Access Of Food Security Entitlements of Pregnant and Lactating Women Entitlements of children at the age group of 0 – 6yrs Midday meal to Children Prevention and Treatment of Child MalnutritionCont…: Cont… Entitlement of Destitute persons Entitlement of Homeless Persons Emergency and Disaster Affected Persons Right of persons living in starvation Constitution of National Food CommissionROLE OF COMMUNITY HEALTH NURSE : ROLE OF COMMUNITY HEALTH NURSE You do not have the permission to view this presentation. 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