Food Security

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about food security in India

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Welcome

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Done by : v.Venkatesh Jnv maddirala X - class

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Agriculture & Food Security

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Objectives In this Project we will Discuss about Agriculture Crops Food Security Crop Holiday

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Agriculture

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Introduction India is an agriculturally important country. 2/3 of its population is engaged in agricultural activities. Agriculture is a primary activity, which produces most of the food that we consume. Besides food grains, it also produces raw material of various industries.

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Commercial Crops Crops Food Crops

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Paddy Barlie Oats Wheat

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Commercial Crops

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Cotton Jute Chillies Tobbaco

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Food Security

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Now a days in India we need “Food Security”. Because most of the people cultivating Commercial Crops. Most of the Commercial crops are cultivating for business, to export to other countries. Due to this we are getting less Food Crops. This is the one of the important cause for Food Security. In coming days the percentage of food crops will be decrease. We have to think about this.

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Projected Requirement of Food grains

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How can India achieve food security? The quick answers -- allowing genetically modified crops, greater investment in irrigation, better economics in farming and greater government attention to agriculture -- all offer short term relief, but, unless more sustainable food systems are introduced, none will succeed in the long term. Food security has been a major developmental objective in India since the beginning of planning. India achieved self-sufficiency in food grains in the 1970’s and has sustained it since then. But the achievement of food grain security at the national level did not percolate down to households and the level of chronic food insecurity is still high. Over 225 million Indians remain chronically under nourished.

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Time for a second Green Revolution in India? So, farming is flagging, other industries are rapidly passing it by, and, without upgrades -- technological and methodological -- it isn't attracting a new generation of farmers to the land. Some feel that the solution is similar, in theory, at least, to the one employed a half-century ago. It's time for a second Green Revolution. "The increase in yields in the past decades have been insignificant. India sorely needs another Green Revolution," says Kushagra Nayan Bajaj, joint managing director of Bajaj Hinduthan, India's top sugar producer, which is importing raw sugar after a drought ravaged the domestic cane crop. But it will require a whole new set of tools, this time around.

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The growth in food grain production has stagnated during recent past while the consumption need of the growing population is increasing. To meet the growing foodgrain demand, National Development Council in its 53rd meeting adopted a resolution to enhance the production of rice, wheat and pulses by 10, 8 and 2 million tons respectively by 2011. The proposed Centrally Sponsored Scheme ‘National Food Security Mission (NFSM) is to operationalize the resolution of NDC and enhance the production of rice, wheat and pulses. NEED FOOD SECURITY MISSION ?

OBJECTIVES OF THE MISSION:

OBJECTIVES OF THE MISSION Increasing production of rice, wheat and pulses through area expansion and productivity enhancement in a sustainable manner; Restoring soil fertility and productivity at individual farm level; Enhancing farm level economy (i.e. farm profits) to restore confidence of farmers of targeted districts

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AREA OF OPERATION NFSM – Rice : Total States:12 Andhra Pradesh, Assam, Bihar, Chattisgarh, Jharkhand, Karnataka, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Orissa, Tamil Nadu, Uttar Pradesh and West Bengal. Total identified districts: 133 NFSM – Wheat : Total States: 9 Bihar, Gujarat, Haryana, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashta, Punjab, Rajasthan, Uttar Pradesh and West Bengal. Total identified districts: 138 NFSM – Pulses:Total States:14 Andhra Pradesh, Bihar, Chattisgarh, Gujarat, Haryana, Karnataka, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Orissa, Punjab, Rajasthan, Tamil Nadu, Uttar Pradesh and West Bengal Total identified districts:168 Total States under NFSM: 16 Total identified districts under NFSM: 305

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Crop Holiday

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What is Crop Holiday? Here we will discuss about What is Crop Holiday? Crop Holiday means Formers had Fertile Land, Sufficient Water Facility and Financial Support. But they didn't cultivate their crops. Why, Because the reasons are First is that the cost of production Second is that the huge pile of food grain stocks

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Already it is started with 500 farmers in Achanta, a village in Andhra Pradesh’s West Godavari district, covering around 4,500 acres of land. The farmers decided to declare a ‘crop holiday’, the agricultural equivalent of a manufacturing shutdown.A crop holiday might affect the anti-inflation fight and put the proposed Food Security Bill in trouble. The crop holiday has now spread to 300,000 acres in Andhra Pradesh alone, which would result in a loss of 1.5 million tonnes of rice for the year. This quantity is 5 lakh tonnes more than the government’s export quota for the year.If the movement catches on in other states, Achanta could set off a new power struggle to change the terms of trade between industry and agriculture, urban and rural areas. This small village was a testing ground for the green revolution in the mid-1960s.

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There are two main reasons for the farmers to ‘revolt’ in such a manner. The first is that the cost of production, after NREGA (National Rural Employment Guarantee Act) pushed up costs all-around. Even if the crop is sold at the minimum support price (MSP), farmers say they are making losses. This is because the data used to calculate the MSP of rice is based on 2007-08 numbers. A Business Line report explains how the economics of farming has swung against the farmer in recent times. The difference between the wages of agriculture and non-agriculture workers has increased from 1:1.8 in 1950s to 1:5.2 in 2010; in other words, a person deciding to stay back in his village and work will be paid one-fifth of what he will get if he decides to work in a manufacturing sector.

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The second reason is the huge pile of foodgrain stocks. Farmers in Andhra Pradesh still have over 30 percent of their stock from the previous season. Taking advantage of the stock pile, millers in the area are procuring the produce at a huge discount to the MSP (Rs 6.5-7 per kg as compared to Rs 10.80 per kg of MSP). The government’s decision to allow exports of rice came five months after it knew that the country would have a bumper crop. The only people who will benefit from this export quota are traders and millers who have the financial muscle to hold the inventory and take advantage of higher prices and such sudden quota releases. The bigger problem is, such attitude of the government at a time when it is contemplating to introduce and implement the Food Security Bill, will be very dangerous for the agriculture sector. If the bill is enacted, grain procurement would increase to 60 million tonnes as compared to around 40 million tonnes currently. The MSP has to be properly calculated and implemented if the government is expecting success for the bill.

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Please Once Think about this. If situation is like this we will face many problems. Try to increase the Fertile land. Cultivate the Food Grains more than the commercial crops. Give a Correct Price which support formers to live.