Dental health education

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Dental health education

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Dental health education Prof. Dr. Nevine Waly Prof. of Pediatric Dentistry & Dental Public Health, Faculty of Dentistry, Cairo University: 

Dental health education Prof. Dr . Nevine Waly Prof. of Pediatric Dentistry & Dental Public Health, Faculty of Dentistry, Cairo University

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Definition: Provision of heath information to people in such a way that they apply it in everyday living. i.e. translation of knowledge into action.

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Objectives of dental heath education: To develop desirable dental health attitudes and habits. To influence dental health attitudes and habits of future generations. To teach reliable dental heath information.

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Dental heath education involves 3 main processes:

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1- Motivation process: It is the role of dental heath professional to create an environment where the patient becomes self-motivated. (Nature of the disease, causes of the disease, importance of oral heath).

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2- Communication process: Transferring information from one person to Another person A group of persons Or, to community.

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It consists of 4 parts: 1- Source which sends the message. 2 - The message transmitted by source to receiver. 3- The channel through which the message is transmitted from source to receiver. One way channel when message is sent from source to receiver with no feedback. Two way channel when the receiver responds to the message. 4- The receiver either individual or group or population.

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Communication could be done in 2 ways: A- Verbal way: Spoken or written words. B- Non verbal way: Facial expressions and body movements. i.e. tapes to teach toothbrushing

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3- Learning process: STEPS: 1-Unawareness: Individual may have Incomplete information Inaccurate information (very difficult to change). 2- Awareness: Individual obtains correct information.

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3- Self interest : By motivation. 4- Attitude: When individual is aware and self interested. 5- Belief: By repetition. 6- Commitment: When his behavior becomes a part of his daily life. 7- Action: When the change becomes permanent.

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Types of learning: 1- cognitive learning: Includes knowledge about heath and disease. 2- Motor learning: To develop physical skills necessary to preserve oral heath e.g. teaching tooth brushing and flossing. 3- Affective learning: To develop positive attitude towards oral heath.

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Thank you