ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE Show

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ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE:

ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE Compiled by- Ved Uttam 9-A Explore

F.A.Q. What Is Artificial Intelligence? Branch of computer science that deals with intelligent behaviour, learning, and adaptation in machines.  Who was the one behind AI.? The man behind A.I. was John McCarthy.:

F.A.Q. What Is Artificial Intelligence? Branch of computer science that deals with intelligent behaviour, learning, and adaptation in machines. Who was the one behind AI.? The man behind A.I. was John McCarthy. Next

Introduction An intelligence System that- 1. thinks like “Human” 2. thinks “Rationally” 3. acts like “Humans” 4. acts “Rationally” :

Introduction An intelligence System that- 1. thinks like “ Human ” 2. thinks “ Rationally ” 3. acts like “ Humans ” 4. acts “ Rationally ” Next Click on the links above to know more about Artificial Intelligence

System that thinks like Humans   System that thinks like Humans How do Human think ? This part is concern to the Scientific theory of internal Brain and its Activity, as Level of Abstraction, Knowledge and Circuitry. Cognitive Science. Cognitive Neuroscience.:

System that thinks like Humans System that thinks like Humans How do Human think ? This part is concern to the Scientific theory of internal Brain and its Activity, as Level of Abstraction, Knowledge and Circuitry. Cognitive Science. Cognitive Neuroscience. Introduction

System that Thinks Rationally   System that thinks Rationally Capturing the Laws of Thought Aristotle:- Identifying “Correct Argument” and “Thought Processes”. Correctness depends upon irrefutability of reasoning process. Concern study initiates the fields of Logic. The Log cist tradition in AI tries to create “Intelligent Systems Using Logic Programming”.:

System that Thinks Rationally System that thinks Rationally Capturing the Laws of Thought Aristotle:- Identifying “Correct Argument” and “Thought Processes”. Correctness depends upon irrefutability of reasoning process. Concern study initiates the fields of Logic. The Log cist tradition in AI tries to create “Intelligent Systems Using Logic Programming”. Introduction

System that acts like Humans A few test that satisfies System’s Behaviour as “Intelligence” Operation Test for Intelligence i.e. Computer Games Turing Computing Machinery and Intelligence. Test for Relevance or Relativity Tests. Collaborative Test of major Components as Expert Systems, Knowledge Base Systems, Logical Reasoning Algorithms, Linguistic Intelligence etc. Integrative Tests of Major Application as Neutral Language Processing, Speech Recognition, Text To Voice Converter, Multigame Logistic, Image Recognition, Facial Sensing.:

System that acts like Humans A few test that satisfies System’s Behaviour as “Intelligence” Operation Test for Intelligence i.e. Computer Games Turing Computing Machinery and Intelligence. Test for Relevance or Relativity Tests. Collaborative Test of major Components as Expert Systems, Knowledge Base Systems, Logical Reasoning Algorithms, Linguistic Intelligence etc. Integrative Tests of Major Application as Neutral Language Processing, Speech Recognition, Text To Voice Converter, Multigame Logistic, Image Recognition, Facial Sensing. Introduction

System that acts Rationally   Rational Behaviour Doing the “Right Thing”, is defined as the maximum global achievement on the basis of Information available. Can include thinking in support of “Reverse Action” or “Reflex Actions”. Here Programming comes in role. This Programming Approach basically supports the logical Concern on behalf of available information and can be done in different languages like LISP, PROLOG, C/C++ etc.:

System that acts Rationally Rational Behaviour Doing the “Right Thing”, is defined as the maximum global achievement on the basis of Information available. Can include thinking in support of “Reverse Action” or “Reflex Actions”. Here Programming comes in role. This Programming Approach basically supports the logical Concern on behalf of available information and can be done in different languages like LISP, PROLOG, C/C++ etc. Introduction

SPECIALIZED LANGUAGES  IPL - Information Processing Language , combined elements of IPL with the lambda calculus produces the programming language LISP. LISP - Programming language that was designed for easy manipulation of data strings. PROLOG - A general purpose language often associated with artificial intelligence and computational linguistics. :

SPECIALIZED LANGUAGES IPL - Information Processing Language , combined elements of IPL with the lambda calculus produces the programming language LISP. LISP - Programming language that was designed for easy manipulation of data strings. PROLOG - A general purpose language often associated with artificial intelligence and computational linguistics. next

Applications:

Applications Robotics Computers Space Military Hospitals Disaster Areas next

Robotics A robot is a mechanical or virtual intelligent agent that can perform tasks automatically or with guidance, typically by remote control. In practice, a robot is usually an electro-mechanical machine that is guided by computer and electronic programming. Robots can be autonomous, semi-autonomous or remotely controlled. Robots range from humanoids such as ASIMO and TOPIO to Nano robots, Swarm robots, Industrial robots, military robots, mobile and servicing robots. :

Robotics A robot is a mechanical or virtual intelligent agent that can perform tasks automatically or with guidance, typically by remote control. In practice, a robot is usually an electro-mechanical machine that is guided by computer and electronic programming. Robots can be autonomous, semi-autonomous or remotely controlled. Robots range from humanoids such as ASIMO and TOPIO to Nano robots, Swarm robots, Industrial robots, military robots, mobile and servicing robots. Applications

Computers Speech recognition Facial recognition Handwriting recognition :

Computers Speech recognition Facial recognition Handwriting recognition Click on the links above to know more Applications

Speech Recognition   Artificial intelligence (AI) for speech recognition involves two basic ideas. First, it involves studying the thought processes of human beings. Second, it deals with representing those processes via machines (like computers, robots, etc).AI is behaviour of a machine, which, if performed by a human being, would be called intelligence. It makes machines smarter and more useful, and is less expensive than natural intelligence. The main objective of a NLP program is to understand input and initiate action. The input words are scanned and matched against internally stored known words and some action is taken. In this way, one can communicate with the computer in one's language. :

Speech Recognition Artificial intelligence (AI) for speech recognition involves two basic ideas. First, it involves studying the thought processes of human beings. Second, it deals with representing those processes via machines (like computers, robots, etc).AI is behaviour of a machine, which, if performed by a human being, would be called intelligence. It makes machines smarter and more useful, and is less expensive than natural intelligence. The main objective of a NLP program is to understand input and initiate action. The input words are scanned and matched against internally stored known words and some action is taken. In this way, one can communicate with the computer in one's language. Computers

Facial Recognition A facial recognition system is a computer application for automatically identifying or verifying a person from a digital image or a video frame from a video source. One of the ways to do this is by comparing selected facial features from the image and a facial database. Recognition algorithms can be divided into two main approaches, geometric, which looks at distinguishing features, or photometric, which is a statistical approach that distils an image into values and compares the values with templates to eliminate variances. :

Facial Recognition A facial recognition system is a computer application for automatically identifying or verifying a person from a digital image or a video frame from a video source. One of the ways to do this is by comparing selected facial features from the image and a facial database. Recognition algorithms can be divided into two main approaches, geometric, which looks at distinguishing features, or photometric, which is a statistical approach that distils an image into values and compares the values with templates to eliminate variances. Computers

Handwriting Recognition Handwriting recognition (or HWR) is the ability of a computer to receive and interpret intelligible handwritten input from sources such as paper documents, photographs, touch-screens and other devices. The image of the written text may be sensed "off line" from a piece of paper by optical scanning (optical character recognition) or intelligent word recognition. Alternatively, the movements of the pen tip may be sensed "on line", for example by a pen-based computer screen surface. :

Handwriting Recognition Handwriting recognition (or HWR) is the ability of a computer to receive and interpret intelligible handwritten input from sources such as paper documents, photographs, touch-screens and other devices. The image of the written text may be sensed "off line" from a piece of paper by optical scanning (optical character recognition) or intelligent word recognition. Alternatively, the movements of the pen tip may be sensed "on line", for example by a pen-based computer screen surface. Computers

Space Scout Robots Robonauts Robotic Arms Robotic Airplanes :

Space Scout Robots Robonauts Robotic Arms Robotic Airplanes Applications

Scout Robots Robots also can be used as scouts to check out new areas to be explored. Scout robots can take photographs and measure the terrain. This helps scientists and engineers make better plans for exploring. Scout robots can be used to look for dangers and to find the best places to walk, drive or stop. This helps astronauts work more safely and quickly. Having humans and robots work together makes it easier to study other worlds.  :

Scout Robots Robots also can be used as scouts to check out new areas to be explored. Scout robots can take photographs and measure the terrain. This helps scientists and engineers make better plans for exploring. Scout robots can be used to look for dangers and to find the best places to walk, drive or stop. This helps astronauts work more safely and quickly. Having humans and robots work together makes it easier to study other worlds. Space

Robonauts NASA is developing new robots to help people in space. One of these ideas is called Robonaut. Robonaut looks like the upper body of a person. It has a chest, head and arms. Robonaut could work outside a spacecraft. It could do work like an astronaut on a spacewalk. With wheels or another way of moving, Robonaut could work on another world. Robonaut could help astronauts on the moon or Mars.  :

Robonauts NASA is developing new robots to help people in space. One of these ideas is called Robonaut. Robonaut looks like the upper body of a person. It has a chest, head and arms. Robonaut could work outside a spacecraft. It could do work like an astronaut on a spacewalk. With wheels or another way of moving, Robonaut could work on another world. Robonaut could help astronauts on the moon or Mars. Space

Robotic Arms NASA uses robotic arms to move large objects in space. The "Canadarm" robotic arm is on the space shuttle. The International Space Station has the larger Canadarm2. The Canadarm can release or recover satellites. Astronauts have used it to grab the Hubble Space Telescope. This let them fix the Hubble. The shuttle and space station arms work together to help build the station. The robotic arms have added new parts to the space station. The arms also can move astronauts around on spacewalks. The space station’s arm can move to different parts of the station. It moves along the outside of the station like an inchworm, attached at one end at a time. It has a robotic "hand" named Dextre that can do smaller jobs.:

Robotic Arms NASA uses robotic arms to move large objects in space. The " Canadarm " robotic arm is on the space shuttle. The International Space Station has the larger Canadarm2. The Canadarm can release or recover satellites. Astronauts have used it to grab the Hubble Space Telescope. This let them fix the Hubble. The shuttle and space station arms work together to help build the station. The robotic arms have added new parts to the space station. The arms also can move astronauts around on spacewalks. The space station’s arm can move to different parts of the station. It moves along the outside of the station like an inchworm, attached at one end at a time. It has a robotic "hand" named Dextre that can do smaller jobs. Space

Robotic Airplanes NASA uses many airplanes that do not carry pilots aboard. Some of these airplanes are flown by remote control. Others can fly themselves, with only simple directions. Robotic planes help in many ways. They can study dangerous places. For example, they might be used to take pictures of a volcano. They let NASA try new ideas for aircraft. These planes can fly for a long time without the need to land. They also can be smaller than a plane. They may not have room for a person to be on board. :

Robotic Airplanes NASA uses many airplanes that do not carry pilots aboard. Some of these airplanes are flown by remote control. Others can fly themselves, with only simple directions. Robotic planes help in many ways. They can study dangerous places. For example, they might be used to take pictures of a volcano. They let NASA try new ideas for aircraft. These planes can fly for a long time without the need to land. They also can be smaller than a plane. They may not have room for a person to be on board. Space

Military Military robotics are revolutionizing warfare today through the use of advanced technologies that help the military on the battlefield and create a better, more flexible and cost efficient military . Military Robotics can be used to help in the diffusing of bombs for example, or unmanned aerial vehicles can provide a "birds-eye-view" of territories for military troops. In the future, military robotics will include such things as medical robots to help carry wounded soldiers off the battlefield and will be used as prosthetics for injured troops who have had limbs amputated. :

Military Military robotics are revolutionizing warfare today through the use of advanced technologies that help the military on the battlefield and create a better, more flexible and cost efficient military . Military Robotics can be used to help in the diffusing of bombs for example, or unmanned aerial vehicles can provide a "birds-eye-view" of territories for military troops. In the future, military robotics will include such things as medical robots to help carry wounded soldiers off the battlefield and will be used as prosthetics for injured troops who have had limbs amputated. Applications

Hospitals Robots are increasingly making their mark in the operating room, too. Originally approved for general abdominal procedures like gallbladder removal, robotic surgery—the surgeon manipulates computer controls rather than a scalpel—is now used for heart and prostate cancer surgery, gynaecologic procedures, and bariatric surgery, among others. With the help of a tiny camera inserted through an incision "port," a surgeon can see the surgical field onscreen as he sits at a console in the operating room, from which he guides the robot's instruments, also inserted through ports. Someday, the doctor guiding the robot could be sitting at a console literally across the world from the patient. If remote surgery eventually becomes commercially available, many lives might be saved in hard-to-reach locations, from remote islands to battlefields. :

Hospitals Robots are increasingly making their mark in the operating room, too. Originally approved for general abdominal procedures like gallbladder removal, robotic surgery—the surgeon manipulates computer controls rather than a scalpel—is now used for heart and prostate cancer surgery, gynaecologic procedures, and bariatric surgery, among others. With the help of a tiny camera inserted through an incision "port," a surgeon can see the surgical field onscreen as he sits at a console in the operating room, from which he guides the robot's instruments, also inserted through ports. Someday, the doctor guiding the robot could be sitting at a console literally across the world from the patient. If remote surgery eventually becomes commercially available, many lives might be saved in hard-to-reach locations, from remote islands to battlefields. Applications

Disaster Areas. There is a growing social interest for disaster relief robots including firefighting robots due to the recent severe earthquakes in Japan. In this, we would like to present the current status of disaster relief robots in and outside the country as well as the related policies. To start, disaster relief robots in our country have partially been developed with indoor-outdoor firefighting robots and lifesaving robots as the government's R&D project. From the year 2010, firefighting robots for extinguishing and lifesaving in confined space are under development. However, there has yet been a case where these disaster relief robots have been put to use in real life situations, and as to the already developed firefighting robots, there were cases where they participated in comprehensive training exercises to publicize the performance of firefighting robots. :

Disaster Areas. T here is a growing social interest for disaster relief robots including firefighting robots due to the recent severe earthquakes in Japan. In this, we would like to present the current status of disaster relief robots in and outside the country as well as the related policies. To start, disaster relief robots in our country have partially been developed with indoor-outdoor firefighting robots and lifesaving robots as the government's R&D project. From the year 2010, firefighting robots for extinguishing and lifesaving in confined space are under development. However, there has yet been a case where these disaster relief robots have been put to use in real life situations, and as to the already developed firefighting robots, there were cases where they participated in comprehensive training exercises to publicize the performance of firefighting robots. Applications

Entertainment An entertainment robot is, as the name indicates, a robot that is not made for utilitarian use, as in production or domestic services, but for the sole subjective pleasure of the human it serves, usually the owner or his housemates, guests or clients. Robotics technologies are applied in many areas of culture and entertainment. Expensive robotics are applied to the creation of narrative environments in commercial venues where servo motors, pneumatics and hydraulic actuators are used to create movement with often pre-programmed responsive behaviours such as in Disneyland's haunted house ride. :

Entertainment An entertainment robot is, as the name indicates, a robot that is not made for utilitarian use, as in production or domestic services, but for the sole subjective pleasure of the human it serves, usually the owner or his housemates, guests or clients. Robotics technologies are applied in many areas of culture and entertainment. Expensive robotics are applied to the creation of narrative environments in commercial venues where servo motors, pneumatics and hydraulic actuators are used to create movement with often pre-programmed responsive behaviours such as in Disneyland's haunted house ride. Applications

The Future One would assume that the robots of the future would become closer and closer to the decision-making ability of humans and also more independent. It will be a long time until we're having conversations with androids and have them do all our housework. the human skeletal and muscular systems are complicated for many reasons. For now, robots will most likely be manufactured for a limited number of distinct tasks such as painting, welding or lifting. Presumably, once robots have the ability perform a much wider array of tasks, and voice recognition software improves such that computers can interpret complicated sentences in varying accents, we may in fact see robots doing our housework and carrying out other tasks in the physical world. Its long when all the robots would make decisions on their own and would be synonymous with humans. :

The Future One would assume that the robots of the future would become closer and closer to the decision-making ability of humans and also more independent. It will be a long time until we're having conversations with androids and have them do all our housework. the human skeletal and muscular systems are complicated for many reasons. For now, robots will most likely be manufactured for a limited number of distinct tasks such as painting, welding or lifting. Presumably, once robots have the ability perform a much wider array of tasks, and voice recognition software improves such that computers can interpret complicated sentences in varying accents, we may in fact see robots doing our housework and carrying out other tasks in the physical world. Its long when all the robots would make decisions on their own and would be synonymous with humans. Next

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