logging in or signing up HEALTH AND MEDICINE vedant.sitoke Download Post to : URL : Related Presentations : Share Add to Flag Embed Email Send to Blogs and Networks Add to Channel Uploaded from authorPOINT lite Insert YouTube videos in PowerPont slides with aS Desktop Copy embed code: Embed: Flash iPad Dynamic Copy Does not support media & animations Automatically changes to Flash or non-Flash embed WordPress Embed Customize Embed URL: Copy Thumbnail: Copy The presentation is successfully added In Your Favorites. Views: 3778 Category: Education License: All Rights Reserved Like it (6) Dislike it (1) Added: September 13, 2010 This Presentation is Public Favorites: 7 Presentation Description No description available. Comments Posting comment... Premium member Presentation Transcript HEALTH AND MEDICINE : HEALTH AND MEDICINE Health is the general condition of a person in all aspects. It is also a level of functional and/or metabolic efficiency of an organism, often implicitly human.health was defined as being "a state of complete physical, mental, and social well-being and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity". : HEALTH Health is the general condition of a person in all aspects. It is also a level of functional and/or metabolic efficiency of an organism, often implicitly human.health was defined as being "a state of complete physical, mental, and social well-being and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity". Medicine is the science and artof healing humans. It includes a variety of health care practices evolved to maintain and restore health by the prevention and treatment of illness. : Medicine is the science and artof healing humans. It includes a variety of health care practices evolved to maintain and restore health by the prevention and treatment of illness. Health Problems : Health Problems Heart Attack : Heart Attack A heart attack occurs when the supply of blood and oxygen to an area of heart muscle is blocked, usually by a clot in a coronary artery. Sudden death from heart attack is most often due to an arrhythmia (irregular heartbeat or rhythm) called ventricular fibrillation. If a person survives a heart attack, the injured area of the heart muscle is replaced by scar tissue. This weakens the pumping action of the heart and can lead to heart failure and other complications. Stroke : Stroke A stroke is the rapidly developing loss of brain function(s) due to a disturbance in the blood supply to the brain. This can be due to ischemia (lack of blood supply) caused by thrombosis or embolism or due to a hemorrhage. As a result, the affected area of the brain is unable to function, leading to inability to move one or more limbs on one side of the body, inability to understand or formulate speech or inability to see one side of the visual field. Kidney Failure : Kidney Failure The main function of the kidneys is to get rid of waste products from our body that are created by the body's constant metabolism. They filter all the natural toxins as impure blood passes through them, sending these toxins combined with excess water to the bladder for storage until urinated. Kidney failure occurs when both the kidneys fail to function as desired and are not able to rid the body of these harmful toxins and excess fluid. The toxic blood and excess water in turn will cause many other complications, leading to severe ailments, at times fatal. Cancer : Cancer Cancer is a class of diseases in which a group of cells display uncontrolled growth (division beyond the normal limits), invasion (intrusion on and destruction of adjacent tissues), and sometimes metastasis (spread to other locations in the body via lymph or blood). These three malignant properties of cancers differentiate them from benign tumors, which are self-limited, and do not invade or metastasize. Most cancers form a tumor but some, like leukemia, do not. The branch of medicine concerned with the study, diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of cancer is oncology. TREATMENT OF THESE PROBLEMSHEART ATTACK : How Is a Heart Attack Treated? Early treatment can prevent or limit damage to the heart muscle. Acting fast, at the first symptoms of heart attack, can save your life. Medical personnel can begin diagnosis and treatment even before you get to the hospital. Certain treatments are usually started right away if a heart attack is suspected, even before the diagnosis is confirmed. These include: Oxygen Aspirin to prevent further blood clotting Nitroglycerin, to reduce the workload on the heart and improve blood flow through the coronary arteries Treatment for chest pain Once the diagnosis of heart attack is confirmed or strongly suspected, treatments to try to restore blood flow to the heart are started as soon as possible. Treatments include medicines and medical procedures. TREATMENT OF THESE PROBLEMSHEART ATTACK STROKE : A stroke is a medical emergency. Immediate treatment can save lives and reduce disability. Call 911 or your local emergency number or seek immediate medical care at the first signs of a stroke. It is important to get the person to the emergency room immediately to determine if the stroke is due to bleeding or a blood clot so appropriate treatment can be started within 3 hours of when the stroke began . Treatment depends on the severity and cause of the stroke. A hospital stay is required for most strokes. STROKE KIDNEY FAILURE : Prevention is always the goal with kidney failure. Chronic diseases such as hypertension and diabetes are devastating because of the damage that they can do to kidneys and other organs. Lifelong diligence is important in keeping blood sugar and blood pressure within normal limits. Specific treatments are dependent upon the underlying diseases. Once kidney failure is present, the goal is to prevent further deterioration of renal function. If ignored, the kidneys will progress to complete failure, but if underlying illnesses are addressed and treated aggressively, kidney function can be preserved, though not always improved. KIDNEY FAILURE CANCER : Biologic therapies help the immune system to function better by using substances that occur naturally in your body. The therapy may stimulate your body to make more of the substance, or the therapy may be a man-made version of that natural substance itself. Other types of therapies use cells from the patient's body, which are then altered in a laboratory and given back to the patient. Alternative names for biologic therapies include biologic agents, biological, biological response modifiers (BRMs), or immunotherapy. The body's immune system helps to prevent disease, but it also plays a role in preventing cancer from developing or spreading. The goal of biologic therapy is to enhance this natural defense and its ability to fight cancer. Doctors do not completely understand how these therapies work to fight cancer, but the treatments are thought to stop or slow the growth of cancer cells, to make it easier for the immune system to destroy these cells, and to prevent cancer from spreading to other parts of the body. CANCER OBESITY : OBESITY Obesity is a medical condition in which excess body fat has accumulated to the extent that it may have an adverse effect on health, leading to reduced life expectancy and/or increased health problems. body mass index (BMI), a measurement which compares weight and height, defines people as overweight (pre-obese) when their BMI is between 25 kg/m2 and 30 kg/m2, and obese when it is greater than 30 kg/m2. REASONS FOR OBESITY : Obesity increases the likelihood of various diseases, particularly heart disease, type 2 diabetes, breathing difficulties during sleep, certain types of cancer, and osteoarthritis. Obesity is most commonly caused by a combination of excessive dietary calories, lack of physical activity, and genetic susceptibility, although a few cases are caused primarily by genes, endocrine disorders, medications or psychiatric illness. REASONS FOR OBESITY Slide 15: Evidence to support the view that some obese people eat little yet gain weight due to a slow metabolism is limited; on average obese people have a greater energy expenditure than their thin counterparts due to the energy required to maintain an increased body mass. The primary treatment for obesity is dieting and physical exercise. To supplement this, or in case of failure, anti-obesity drugs may be taken to reduce appetite or inhibit fat absorption. In severe cases, surgery is performed or an intragastric balloon is placed to reduce stomach volume and/or bowel length, leading to earlier satiation and reduced ability to absorb nutrients from food Slide 16: Obesity is a leading preventable cause of death worldwide, with increasing prevalence in adults and children, and authorities view it as one of the most serious public health problems of the 21st century. Obesity is stigmatized in much of the modern world (particularly in the Western world), though it was widely perceived as a symbol of wealth and fertility at other times in history, and still is in some parts of the world OBESITY IN CHILDHOOD : OBESITY IN CHILDHOOD OBESITY IN CHILDHOOD AND EFFECTS : Childhood obesity is a condition where excess body fat negatively affects a child's health or wellbeing. Problems occur in obese children are usually emotional or psychological. Childhood obesity however can also lead to life-threatening conditions including diabetes, high blood pressure, heart disease, sleep problems, cancer, and other disorders. OBESITY IN CHILDHOOD AND EFFECTS MAJOR PROBLEM OBESITY : MAJOR PROBLEM OBESITY YOGA : YOGA Yoga a way to lead a better health CAUSES OF OBESITY : CAUSES OF OBESITY WORLDS MOST OBESE PERSON WALTER HUDSON(1944–1991), : WORLDS MOST OBESE PERSON WALTER HUDSON(1944–1991), INDIA'S FIRST MEDICAL TRAINLIFE LINE EXPRESS : INDIA'S FIRST MEDICAL TRAINLIFE LINE EXPRESS Slide 25: The Lifeline Express or Jeevan Rekha Express is a mobile hospital train run by the Impact India Foundation. It was developed in collaboration with the Indian Railways and Health Ministry and has been funded by Impact UK, international charitable sources, Indian corporate houses and individuals. It started on 16 July 1991; so far the service has benefitted 400,000 Indians in the remotest rural parts of the country over the course of approximately ninety-three projects. Slide 26: GOOD HEALTH LEADS TO A BETTER LIFE Slide 27: Thanks MADE BY:- : MADE BY:- 1061-’B” ABHIMANYU 1062-’B’ ADWAIT 1063-’B’ AKARSHIT 1064-’B’ AYUSH 1065-’B’ LUBNA 1066-’B’ NIPUN 1067-’B’ PRANZAL 1068-’B’ PRAVEEN 1069-’B’ SAKSHI 1070-’B’ RAGVENDRA 1071-’B’ VEDANT You do not have the permission to view this presentation. In order to view it, please contact the author of the presentation.