management and evolution of management

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MANAGEMENT AND EVOLUTION OF MANAGEMENT

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10. Yogita 22. Sagar 30. Gunjan 45. Poonam 51. Varun 59. Sonali 64. Shreya 68. Rahul PRESENTED BY

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According to Mary Parker Follet ”Management is an art of getting things done through people.” DEFINITION

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WHAT IS MANAGEMENT ?

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Continuous process Getting things done through people A group and not an individual activity All pervasive Result oriented Aided but cannot be replaced by computers Both an art as well as science Management is intangible Adopts professional approach Need not be ownership Dynamic in nature MANAGEMENT FEATURES

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PLANNING ORGANISING STAFFING DIRECTING CO-ORDINATING CONTROLLING FUNCTIONS

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FREDERICK W. TAYLOR( 1856-1915) was known as the father of scientific management. Reorganization of supervision Standardization Scientific Selection and Training Economy SCIENTIFIC MANAGEMENT FEATURES

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Henri Fayol (1841-1925) was known as the father of administrative theory. Division of work Unity of Command Team spirit Line of Authority Centralization Unity in direction Equity Order Initiative Discipline Remuneration Stability of tenure General interest over individual management Authority and responsibility ADMINISTRATIVE THEORY

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The Theory X and Theory Y was propounded by Douglas McGregor. Douglas THEORY X AND THEORY Y Theory X: Assumes the average worker is lazy, dislikes work and will do as little as possible. Managers must closely supervise and control through reward and punishment. Theory Y: Assumes workers are not lazy, want to do a good job and the job itself will determine if the worker likes the work. Managers should allow the worker great latitude, and create an organization to stimulate the worker BEHAVIORAL MANAGEMENT

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Contingency theory is a behavioural theory that claims that there is no single best way to design organizational structures. The best way of organizing e.g. a company, is, however, contingent upon the internal and external situation of the company. CONTIBUTUIONS OF CONTINGENCY THEORY Diversification Influence solutions Managers viewpoint CONTINGENCY MANAGEMENT

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CONCLUSION

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