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See all Premium member Presentation Transcript Slide 1: on way to raising the dead? PRIYADARSHINI COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING & TECHNOLOGY NELLORE By J.SUDHEER KUMAR REDDY & CH.VARNA KUMAR REDDY Slide 2: INDTRODUCTION TO NANO TECHONLOGY &CRYONICS ORIGIN OF CRYONICS WHAT IS CRYONICS? HOW REANIMATION IS POSSIBLE? VITRIFICATION PROCESS WHY ONLY NANOTECHNOLOGY IS USED IN CRYONICS? FUTURE ENHANCEMENTS CRYONICS FINANCIAL ASPECTS CONCLUSION REFERENCES NANOTECHNOLOGY : NANOTECHNOLOGY It is a technology which uses atoms with a view to create a desired product The term nanotechnology is a combination of two terms:”nano” and “technology. The term Nano is derived from a Greek word “Nanos” which means “dwarf”. A Nanotechnology is having a wide range of applications, cryonics is one among them. The most important application of Nanotechnology is CRYONICS. “Cryo” is a Greek root meaning "cold" Cryonics is the science and practice of preserving the recently deceased in hope of future revival CRYONICS Origin of Cryonics:- : Origin of Cryonics:- HOW A PERSON IS SAID TO BE DEAD?... : HOW A PERSON IS SAID TO BE DEAD?... A declaration of legal death does not mean that life has suddenly ended—death is a gradual process, not a sudden event. A person is said to be legally dead ,if his brain is still working but the heart beat stops. A person is said to be totally dead ,if both of his brain and heart stops functioning. Slide 6: Yes we can! Here is a cheat code to cheat science i.e cryonics What is Cryonics? : What is Cryonics? Cryonics is practice of preserving human body in extremely cold temperatures. The person can be "Frozen” then revived in the future when a cure has been discovered Using COLD to PRESERVE the life of a person no longer able to be supported by ordinary medicine -(Cryopreservation) Goal: REANIMATION- Carry person forward for however long until preservation process can be reversed and the patient restored to full health. How is reanimationPossible? : How is reanimationPossible? Vitrification Replacement of over 60% of water in the human body with cryoprotectants to reduce cellular destruction at extremely low temperatures. Nanotechnology Technology on the scale of billionths (nano) of a meter, Allowing manipulation of atoms to create molecules by design to repair freezing damage in cryonics patients. Vitrification Process : Vitrification Process Immerse patient in ice. Minimize blood coagulation and post ischemic injury. Provide oxygen via CPS Move patient to suitable location. Wash out blood and replace it with a preservation solution. Transport patient to vitrification operating location. VitrificationPreventing Preservation Injury : VitrificationPreventing Preservation Injury Replace over 60% of water in body with Cryoprotectants. Monitor brain temperature and check for swelling or shrinking. Adjust cryoprotectants accordingly. Check for cracking in brain via crackphone Check exterior of patient’s entire body to confirm cryprotectant absorption. At -110 degrees Celsius place body in cool down dewar. Dewar Slide 11: Following vitrification, patients are placed in individual aluminum containers. This container is designed to hold four whole body patients and six neuropatients immersed in liquid nitrogen at -196 degrees Celsius. Liquid nitrogen is added periodically to replace the small amount that evaporates Slide 12: The oldest patient currently still being held in cryopreservation is Dr.JamesBedford, who was suspended in 1967. Slide 13: Why only nanotechnology is used in cryonics? Cryonics basically deals with cells, these cells are in the order of nanometers. A nanometre is equivalent to the width of six bonded carbon items. A DNA molecule is 2.5nm wide. At present there is no other technology which deals with such minute cells. In theory, a nano cell ‘ sentinel’ could make our body immune to any present or future infectious disease. . If advanced nanotechnology is available for patient recovery, then fracturing probably causes little information loss. Slide 14: FUTURE ENHANCEMENTS With the knowledge of cryonics, cryonists are preserving the brains of humans. We now that each person alive today was once a single cell and a complete human being can be grown in the natural state. Thus they believe that genetic programming of a single cell on the surface of that brain begins a process of growth and development that perhaps appends to the brain a complete young adult body. Slide 15: $$$Cryonics Financial Aspects: Membership & Preservation $$$$ Alcor: Cryonics Institute: American Cryonics Society: Annual Membership $500 Neuropreservation $80,000 Whole Body $150,000 One Time Membership Fee $1,250 Whole Body Preservation $28,000 (First Response Not Included) Whole Body California Procedure $155,000 Annual Membership $330 Whole Body with ACS reanimation $53,000 Whole Body with CI reanimation $33,000 Slide 16: Cryonics Is really about preserving Information, not appearances,& cryonics in all forms Requires distant future technology to succeed . You Hold the Keys to Your Future! : Go Open New Doors! You Hold the Keys to Your Future! References : References "Cryonics." Merriam-Webster's Collegiate Dictionary. 10th ed. 2001. Iserson, K.V. Death To Dust: What Happens To Dead Bodies? 2nd ed. Tucson: Galen Press, 2001. Iserson, K.V. "RE: Cryonics article." E-mail to the author. 11 November 2002. "Frequently Asked Questions." Alcor Life Extension Foundation. 12 November 2002 http://www.alcor.org/FAQs/index.htm Slide 19: WE HUMBLY INVITE YOUR QUERIES You do not have the permission to view this presentation. In order to view it, please contact the author of the presentation.