indian space missions

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INDIAN SPACE MISSIONS (after independence):


Slide 2:

““ A civilian program with focus on with application of space technology as tool for socio economic development of the country” Dr. VikaramSarabhi ( Founder of the Indian Space Program )


INTRODUCTION There is little development in standard of our country after our independence The developments are happen in the field of industries, medicines, etc … Here I am going to explain about the development of our country in the field of space research

Organizational chart of department of space(india):

Organizational chart of department of space( india )

Major space centers in india:

Major space centers in india

Satellite systems:

Satellite systems ISRO has established two major space systems. First one is INSAT (Indian National Satellite System) series for communication, television broadcasting and meteorological services Then Indian Remote Sensing Satellites (IRS) system for resources monitoring and management

Available satellite launchers:

Available satellite launchers ISRO has successfully developed a complete array of launch vehicles launchers like SLV-3 (Satellite Launch Vehicle ), ASLV (Augmented Satellite Launch Vehicle ), PSLV (Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle) GSLV (Geo-synchronous Satellite Launch Vehicle)

Achievements in First Two Decades…. (1960-80):

Achievements in First Two Decades…. (1960-80) 1962- Indian National Committee for Space Research (INCOSPAR) formed by the Department of Atomic Energy and work on establishing Thumba Equatorial Rocket Launching Station (TERLS) started. 1963- First sounding rocket launched from TERLS (November 21, 1963). 1967- Satellite Telecommunication Earth Station set up at Ahmedabad . 1965 Space Science & Technology Centre (SSTC) established in Thumba . 1968- TERLS dedicated to the United Nations (February 2, 1968). 1969- Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO) formed under Department of Atomic Energy (August 15, 1969). 1975- ISRO First Indian Satellite, Aryabhata , launched (April 19, 1975). 1980- Second Experimental launch of SLV-3, Rohini satellite successfully placed in orbit. (July 18, 1980).

A Decade of Consolidation (Mid 80s to 90s):

A Decade of Consolidation ( Mid 80s to 90s) 1981 - APPLE, an experimental geo-stationary communication satellite successfully launched (June 19, 1981). 1984 - Indo-Soviet manned space mission (April 1984). 1988 - Launch of first operational Indian Remote Sensing Satellite, IRS-1A (March 17, 1988). 1991 - Second operational Remote Sensing satellite, IRS-1B, launched (August 29, 1991 ). 1992 - INSAT-2A , the first satellite of the indigenously-built second-generation INSAT series, launched (July 10, 1992 ). 1994 - Second developmental launch of PSLV with IRS-P2 on board (October 15, 1994). Satellite successfully placed in polar sun synchronous orbit. 1997 - First operational launch of PSLV with IRS-1D on board (September 29, 1997). Satellite placed in orbit. 1999 - INSAT-2E , the last satellite in the multipurpose INSAT-2 series, launched by Ariane from Kourou French Guyana, (April 3, 1999).

The last Decade (2000-2010):

The last Decade ( 2000-2010) 2000 - INSAT-3B, the first satellite in the third generation INSAT-3 series, launched by Ariane from Kourou French Guyana, (March 22, 2000). 2001 - ISRO's Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle, PSLV-C3, successfully launched three satellites (October 22, 2001). 2002 ISRO's Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle, PSLV-C4, successfully launched KALPANA-1 satellite from Sriharikota (September 12, 2002). Successful launch of INSAT-3C by Ariane from Kourou French Guyana, (January 24, 2002). 2003 ISRO's Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle, PSLV-C5, successfully launched RESOURCESAT-1 (IRS-P6) satellite from Sriharikota (October 17, 2003). Successful launch of INSAT-3E by Ariane from Kourou French Guyana, (September 28, 2003). The Second developmental launch of GSLV-D2 with GSAT-2 on board from Sriharikota (May 8, 2003). Successful launch of INSAT-3A by Ariane from Kourou French Guyana, (April 10, 2003).

The last Decade (2000-2010)[continuous]:

The last Decade ( 2000-2010 )[continuous] 2005 Successful launch of INSAT-4A by Ariane from Kourou French Guyana, (December 22, 2005). ISRO's Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle, PSLV-C6, successfully launched CARTOSAT-1 and HAMSAT satellites from Sriharikota (May 5, 2005). 2004 The first operational flight of GSLV (GSLV-F01) successfully launched EDUSAT from SDSC SHAR, Sriharikota (September 20, 2004) 2006 Second operational flight of GSLV (GSLV-F02) from SDSC SHAR with INSAT-4C on board. (July 10, 2006). Satellite could not be placed in orbit. 2007 Successful launch of GSLV (GSLV-F04) with INSAT-4CR on board from SDSC SHAR (September 2, 2007). ISRO's Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle, PSLV-C8, successfully launched Italian astronomical satellite, AGILE from Sriharikota (April 23, 2007). Successful launch of INSAT-4B by Ariane-5 from Kourou French Guyana, (March 12, 2007).

The last Decade (2000-2010)[continuous]:

The last Decade ( 2000-2010 )[continuous] 2007 Successful recovery of SRE-1 after maneuvering it to reenter the earth’s atmosphere and descend over the Bay of Bengal about 140 km east of Sriharikota (January 22, 2007). ISRO's Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle, PSLV-C7 successfully launches four satellites - India’s CARTOSAT-2 and Space Capsule Recovery Experiment (SRE-1) and Indonesia’s LAPAN-TUBSAT and Argentina’s PEHUENSAT-1 (January 10, 2007). 2008 PSLV-C9 successfully launches CARTOSAT-2A, IMS-1 and 8 foreign nano satellites from Sriharikota (April 28, 2008). PSLV-C10 successfully launches TECSAR satellite under a commercial contract with Antrix Corporation (January 21, 2008).



PSLV-C11(in the picture) was used to launch Chandrayaan-1.:

PSLV-C11(in the picture) was used to launch Chandrayaan-1.

Achievements of chandrayaan-1 :

Achievements of chandrayaan-1 While Helium-3 is rare on Earth, it is believed to be fairly abundant on the moon, trapped in the mineral Titanite . The mineral was an “indirect finding” by the Moon Mineralogy Mapper and the Hyperspectral Imager on board Chandrayaan-1


FAILURE OF CHANDRAYAAN-1 On August 29. 2009 the Indian Deep Space Network in Byalalu near Bangalore, completely lost contact with Chandrayaan-1. In order to protect the craft from the thermal issues and radiation it experienced at an altitude of 100 km above the Moon, its orbit was raised to 200 km. At 1:30 AM on August 29, the base station, which guided Chandrayaan-1 through its orbit, lost radio contact The system failures point to the inadequacy in a thermal vacuum test conducted before launching. From this analysis they calculated the temperature that the spacecraft would experience at 100 km from the Moon’s surface to be around 75°C whereas in the actual environment around the Moon it was more than 75°C . This led to the failure of the star sensors which play a pivotal role in controlling the position of the craft in space.


FUTURE SPACE AMBITIONS OF INDIA Human Exploration - In 2008, Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO) plans to ask the Indian government to approve a human spaceflight mission by 2014-15 at a projected cost of USD 2.5 billion. Robotic Exploration- I ndian scientists are also planning a robotic mission to Mars by 2013. Reusable Space Capsule Reusable Launch Vehicle – In the near future, the most technologically innovative of ISRO's projects is its scramjet Reusable Launch Vehicle (RLV) RLV, named Avatar

Slide 20:

"Twenty years from now, when space travel is likely to become mundane like airline travel today, we don't want to be buying travel tickets on other people's space vehicles." - Dr. G. Madhavan Nair , Chairman, ISRO , (2 May 2008)



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