Albert Einstein & Martin Luther King Jr

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Albert Einstein & Martin Luther King Jr. : 

Albert Einstein & Martin Luther King Jr. Vanessa DaCosta Morais

Albert Einstein : 

Albert Einstein

Slide 3: 

Albert Einstein was Born  March 14, 1879, in Ulm, Germany and died April 18, 1955, Princeton, New Jersey, U.S. Einstein's parents were middle-class Jews. His father, Hermann Einstein, was originally a featherbed salesman and later ran an electrochemical factory with moderate success. His mother, the former Pauline Koch, ran the family household. He had one sister, Maja, born two years after Albert. http://www.biography.com/people/albert-einstein-9285408

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He was educated at Munich, Aarau and Zurich. He disapproved of German militarism so, he took Swiss nationality in 1901 and the following year was appointed examiner at the Swiss Patent Office. While in this post he began publishing original papers on the theoretical aspects of problems in physics.  When Adolf Hitler came to power in 1933 Einstein was in California. His house was immediately attacked by the Sturm Abteilung (SA). After being told what had happened, Einstein decided not to return home. Instead he toured Europe making speeches explaining what was taking place in Nazi Germany. http://www.spartacus.schoolnet.co.uk/USAeinstein.htm

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In 1934 Einstein emigrated to the United States where he became a professor of mathematics at Princeton. He was no longer a pacifist and argued that democratic nations needed to rearm in order to defend itself against the aggressive foreign policy of Adolf Hitler and Nazi Germany. In 1939 Einstein warned President Franklin D. Roosevelt that German scientists were in a position to develop an atomic bomb. This encouraged Roosevelt to establish the Manhattan Project. http://www.spartacus.schoolnet.co.uk/USAeinstein.htm

Martin Luther King Jr. : 

Martin Luther King Jr.

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Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. was born on Jan. 15, 1929, Atlanta, Georgia, U.S.—died April 4, 1968, Memphis, Tennessee. When Martin was 12 years old when is grandmother, Jennie, died of a heart attack. The event was traumatic for Martin, more so because he was out watching a parade against his parents’ wishes when she died. Distraught at the news, young Martin attempted suicide by leaping from a second story window at the family home. http://www.biography.com/people/martin-luther-king-jr-9365086

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In the eleven-year period between 1957 and 1968, King traveled over six million miles and spoke over twenty-five hundred times, appearing wherever there was injustice, protest, and action. Meanwhile he wrote five books and many articles. In these years, he led a massive protest in Birmingham, Alabama, that caught the attention of the entire world. He directed the peaceful march on Washington, D.C., of 250,000 people to whom he delivered his address, "l Have a Dream", he discussed with President John F. Kennedy and campaigned for President Lyndon B. Johnson. He was arrested about twenty times and assaulted at least four times. He was awarded five honorary degrees, was named Man of the Year by Time magazine in 1963, and became not only the symbolic leader of American blacks but also a world figure. http://www.nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/peace/laureates/1964/king-bio.html

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At the age of thirty-five, Martin Luther King, Jr. was the youngest man to have received the Nobel Peace Prize. When notified of his selection, he announced that he would turn over the prize money of $54,123 to the furtherance of the civil rights movement.On April 4, 1968, while standing on the balcony of his motel room in Memphis, Tennessee, where he was to lead a protest march in sympathy with striking garbage workers of that city, he was assassinated. http://www.nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/peace/laureates/1964/king-bio.html

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