Windows NT Protocol

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PRESENTATION OF HANDLING NETWORK OPERATING SYSTEM Presented To Presented By Mr. Gaurav Agnihotri Jyoti Ruchi

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TOPIC WINDOW NT PROTOCOLS

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INTRODUCTION Protocols are the rules and procedure which creates a communication among various computers on any network. Without protocols computers can neither be communicate with another one. C1 C6 C5 C4 C3 C2

There are three types of protocols in WINDOW NT : 

There are three types of protocols in WINDOW NT NetBEUI. NWLink IPX/SPX. TCP/IP. There are three types of protocols in WINDOW NT NetBEUI. NWLink IPX/SPX. TCP/IP.

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NetBEUI

The full form of NetBEUI protocol is NetBIOS Extended User Interface : 

The full form of NetBEUI protocol is NetBIOS Extended User Interface It is started by the IBM in 1985 and is pronounced as “Net-BOO-ee”. It is mainly used in “LAN”. It is a non-routable protocol therefore there is no need of network addresses for routing. It is also called 2 layer protocol. It is used for data transportation. The main difference between NetBIOS & NetBEUI is NetBIOS access files & printers by using TCP/IP whereas NetBEUI uses Ethernet For accessing files & printers.

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1983 1985 1985 1986 1987 NetBIOS NBX NetBEUI NBT HISTORY OF NetBEUI

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Session Management Protocol Name Management Protocol User Datagram Protocol Frames NCB Packet Transfer Protocol Remote Access Protocol PICTURE OF NetBEUI Services Nodes

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Small memory overheads. It is a faster protocol. Speed is high. Easy to implement It is not suitable for large scale of network. There is no use of routers. Small packets are present. ADVANTAGES DISADVANTAGES

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NWLink IPX/SPX

The full form of NWLink IPX/SPX protocol isINTERNETWORK PACKET EXCHANGE SEQUENCE PACKET EXCHANGE : 

The full form of NWLink IPX/SPX protocol isINTERNETWORK PACKET EXCHANGE SEQUENCE PACKET EXCHANGE It is derived from the “XEROX NETWORK SYSTEM". It is also called as ¾ layer protocol. It is a routable protocol. It is used for both “LAN” as well as “WAN”. It also use the concept of “Bob Kahn” and “Vint Cerf”.

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XEROX NETWORK SYSTEM PEP SPP IPX SPX IP TCP HISTORY OF NWLink IPX/SPX Similar Derived Protocols

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Error Check (16) Packet Length (16) Transport Control (8) Type (8) Destination Network (16) Destination Network (16) Destination Node (16) Destination Node (32) Source Node (16) Source Node (16) Source Network (16) Source Node (32) PICTURE OF NWLink IPX/SPX

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It is a routable protocol. It is used both in “LAN” as well as in “WAN”. It is connection oriented. There is no need of “ARP” Sharing can not take place. Implementation is in complex way. Speed is slow ADVANTAGES DISADVANTAGES

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TCP/IP

The full form of TCP/IP is TRANSMISSIOM CONTROL PROTOCOL/INTERNET PROTOCOL : 

The full form of TCP/IP is TRANSMISSIOM CONTROL PROTOCOL/INTERNET PROTOCOL It is develop by the “DOD” over “ARPA”. The objective of this agency is to connect more & more computers. It is a routable protocol as well as connection oriented protocol. Moreover it is the best service provider protocol.

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HTTP FTP DHCP DHCP DNS UDP NBT ICMP ARP PICTURE OF TCP/IP

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DOD ARPA MAINFRAME BEST SERVICE HISTORY OF TCP/IP Objective Success

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It is a routable protocol. High security. Larger packets are send. Speed is slow. Large overheads. ADVANTAGES DISADVANTAGES

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DIFFERENCES

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It is routable protocol. Larger packets are send. Sending speed is low. Large overheads. It is a non routable protocol. Smaller packets are send. Sending speed is high. Less overheads. TCP/IP NetBEUI

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It is a routable protocol. It is ¾ layer protocol. Speed is slow. Error checking is done. It is non routable protocol. It is 2 layer protocol. Speed is fast. Error checking is not done. IPX/SPX NetBEUI

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THANKS