Slide 1: PRESENTATION OF HANDLING NETWORK OPERATING SYSTEM Presented To Presented By Mr. Gaurav Agnihotri Jyoti
Ruchi Slide 2: TOPIC WINDOW NT PROTOCOLS Slide 3: INTRODUCTION Protocols are the rules and procedure which creates a communication among various computers on any network. Without protocols computers can neither be communicate with another one. C1 C6 C5 C4 C3 C2 There are three types of protocols in WINDOW NT : There are three types of protocols in WINDOW NT NetBEUI.
TCP/IP. There are three types of protocols in WINDOW NT NetBEUI.
TCP/IP. Slide 5: NetBEUI The full form of NetBEUI protocol is NetBIOS Extended User Interface : The full form of NetBEUI protocol is NetBIOS Extended User Interface It is started by the IBM in 1985 and is pronounced as “Net-BOO-ee”. It is mainly used in “LAN”. It is a non-routable protocol therefore there is no need of network addresses for routing. It is also called 2 layer protocol. It is used for data transportation.
The main difference between NetBIOS & NetBEUI is NetBIOS access files & printers by using TCP/IP whereas NetBEUI uses Ethernet For accessing files & printers. Slide 7: 1983 1985 1985 1986 1987 NetBIOS NBX NetBEUI NBT HISTORY OF NetBEUI Slide 8: Session Management Protocol Name Management Protocol User Datagram Protocol Frames NCB Packet Transfer Protocol Remote Access Protocol PICTURE OF NetBEUI Services Nodes Slide 9: Small memory overheads.
It is a faster protocol.
Speed is high.
Easy to implement It is not suitable for large scale of network.
There is no use of routers.
Small packets are present. ADVANTAGES DISADVANTAGES Slide 10: NWLink IPX/SPX The full form of NWLink IPX/SPX protocol isINTERNETWORK PACKET EXCHANGE SEQUENCE PACKET EXCHANGE : The full form of NWLink IPX/SPX protocol isINTERNETWORK PACKET EXCHANGE SEQUENCE PACKET EXCHANGE It is derived from the “XEROX NETWORK SYSTEM". It is also called as ¾ layer protocol. It is a routable protocol. It is used for both “LAN” as well as “WAN”. It also use the concept of “Bob Kahn” and “Vint Cerf”. Slide 12: XEROX NETWORK SYSTEM PEP SPP IPX SPX IP TCP HISTORY OF NWLink IPX/SPX Similar Derived Protocols Slide 13: Error Check (16) Packet Length (16) Transport
Control (8) Type (8) Destination Network
(16) Destination Network
(16) Destination Node
(16) Destination Node
(32) Source Node
(16) Source Node
(16) Source Network
(16) Source Node
(32) PICTURE OF NWLink IPX/SPX Slide 14: It is a routable protocol.
It is used both in “LAN” as well as in “WAN”.
It is connection oriented.
There is no need of “ARP” Sharing can not take place.
Implementation is in complex way.
Speed is slow ADVANTAGES DISADVANTAGES Slide 15: TCP/IP The full form of TCP/IP is TRANSMISSIOM CONTROL PROTOCOL/INTERNET PROTOCOL : The full form of TCP/IP is TRANSMISSIOM CONTROL PROTOCOL/INTERNET PROTOCOL It is develop by the “DOD” over “ARPA”. The objective of this agency is to connect more & more computers. It is a routable protocol as well as connection oriented protocol. Moreover it is the best service provider protocol. Slide 17: HTTP FTP DHCP DHCP DNS UDP NBT ICMP
ARP PICTURE OF TCP/IP Slide 18: DOD ARPA MAINFRAME BEST
SERVICE HISTORY OF TCP/IP Objective Success Slide 19: It is a routable protocol.
Larger packets are send. Speed is slow.
Large overheads. ADVANTAGES DISADVANTAGES Slide 20: DIFFERENCES Slide 21: It is routable protocol.
Larger packets are send.
Sending speed is low.
Large overheads. It is a non routable protocol.
Smaller packets are send.
Sending speed is high.
Less overheads. TCP/IP NetBEUI Slide 22: It is a routable protocol.
It is ¾ layer protocol.
Speed is slow.
Error checking is done. It is non routable protocol.
It is 2 layer protocol.
Speed is fast.
Error checking is not done. IPX/SPX NetBEUI Slide 23: THANKS