Development of HRM in India

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Development of Human Resource Management in India


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Historical development 0f HRM In India:

Historical development 0f HRM In India Vaishnav Kumar MBA 2 nd Semester


AGENDA: Introduction Definition: HR Functions HR in a nutshell Role of HR department HR Function and their concern HR History: India HR past and present Evolution of HR in India HR future Conclusion 5/25/2012 2


DEFINITION: HR FUNCTIONS HR functions refer to task performed in an organization to provide for and coordinate human resources. HRM: The design of formal systems in an organization to ensure the effective and efficient use of human talent to accomplish the organizational goals. 5/25/2012 3


HR FUNCTION AND THEIR CONCERN: Equal employment opportunities for all Carrying out job analysis Forecasting the human resource requirement Recruitment and Selection Orientation and training of the employees Designing and implementing management and organizational development programmes Performance appraisal Training and development Career management Managing employee relationship Managing employee welfare and social security Managing change and developing organization 5/25/2012 4


HR IN A NUTSHELL: 5/25/2012 5

In Past:

In Past In 50’s – Employees were recruited not to question ‘WHY’ but only ‘To do’. In 60’s – Terms like manpower, staff and personnel came to used. In Late 70’s – People realized that beyond a point, productivity depended on people.

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Evolution Of HR in India Period Development status Emphasis Role 1920s-1930s Beginning Welfare clerical stroke disciplinary ,dismissal of workers] 1940s-1960s Struggling for Recognition Introduction to HR techniques and IR Administrative [leave, bonus, retirement etc] 1970s-1980s Strong industrial relations and disputes,Regulatory Managerial [housing, medical leave etc] 1990s Promising Human values, productivity through people Executive [formulating policies, T&D programs, MDPs etc ] and managerial role

Starting of hrm in india :

Starting of hrm in india The world’s first management book, titled ‘Arlhashastra’, written three millennium before Christ, codified many aspects of human resource practices in Ancient India. John Patterson, the president of the company, formed a personnel department to manage the griefs of workers after a bitter union strike in 1901.


Continued… The first Factories Act was adopted in 1881 . The Factory Commission was appointed in 1885 . The Factories Act, 1948 (Amended On 1987). In 1929 – Royal commission of labour in India . In 1931 – J . H . Whitely recommended the abolition of ‘ JOBBER SYSTEM ’ and the appointment of labour officers in industrial enterprises .


Continued… The scope of the function of labour officer was widened during the second world war such facilities as housing, medical etc. Labour officer <=> Welfare Officer Under the Industrial Disputes Act, 1946. Formulating policies on human resource planning, recruitment and selection , training and development etc.. Welfare Officer <=> Personnel officer Under section 49 of factories Act, 1948.

Two professional bodies were found:

Two professional bodies were found In 1948 - Indian Institute Of Personal Management (IIPM) at Kolkata In 1950 - The National Institute Of Labour Management (NILM) at Mumbai In 1980 – These two professional bodies merged together and formed ‘ National Institute Of Personnel Management ’ (NIPM) headquartered at Kolkata In 1990 – Milestone was achieved by renaming of ‘American Society For Personnel Administration ’ (ASPA) as the ‘ Society For Human Resource Management’ (SHRM)


LIST OF AMENDING ACTS AND ADAPTATION ORDERS The Indian Independence (Adaptation of Central Acts and Ordinances) Order, 1948. The Adaptation of Laws Order, 1950. The Part B States (Laws) Act, 1951 (3 of 1951). The Industrial Disputes (Amendment and Miscellaneous Provisions) Act, 1956 (36 of 1956).


ContinueD … The Industrial Employment (Standing Orders) Amendment Act, 1961 (16 of 1961) . The Industrial Employment (Standing Orders) Amendment Act, 1963 (39 of 1963). The Central Labour Laws (Extension to Jammu and Kashmir) Act, 1970 (51 of 1970). The Industrial Employment (Standing Orders) Amendment Act, 1982 (18 of 1982).


HR PAST AND PRESENT: 5/25/2012 14

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