TEEN AGE PREGNANCY

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TEEN AGE PREGNANCY :

TEEN AGE PREGNANCY

INTRODUCTION:

INTRODUCTION Child marriages are still prevalent today in India the results of which are girls becoming mothers in their teens. In addition to that, the recent spate of incidents of rape on minors and the rising levels of promiscuity among teenagers are also a cause of great concern as they lead to teenage pregnancies. Average age of menarche (first menstrual period) is 12 years.

OTHER NAME:

OTHER NAME Also known as adolescent pregnancy.

DEFINITION:

DEFINITION Teenage pregnancy is one that occurs from puberty to the age of 19 . Teenage pregnancy is defined as a teenaged or underaged girl (usually within the ages of 13–19) becoming pregnant .

RISK FACTORS :

RISK FACTORS lower educational levels higher rates of poverty

INCIDENCE :

INCIDENCE Save the Children found that, annually, 13 million children are born to women under age 20 worldwide, more than 90% in developing countries. Complications of pregnancy and childbirth are the leading cause of mortality among women between the ages of 15 and 19 in such areas

CAUSES :

CAUSES The lack of education on safe sex peer pressure drugs and alcohol unprotected intercourse. A sexually active teenager who does not use contraception has a 90% chance of becoming pregnant within one year. Potential behaviour patterns for a teenage girl becoming pregnant include: * early dating behaviour * high-risk behaviours (smoking, alcohol and substance abuse) * lack of a support group or few friends * Unhealthy environment at home * stress and depression * delinquency / criminal behaviour * living in a community where early childbearing is common and viewed as the norm rather than as a cause for concern * exposure to domestic or sexual violence * and most important, financial constraints Poverty is associated with increased rates of teenage pregnancy.

SYMPTOMS OF PREGNANCY :

SYMPTOMS OF PREGNANCY The symptoms of a teenage pregnancy are not different from a normal pregnancy. They include: * Missed period * Fatigue * Nausea/vomiting * Breast enlargement and breast tenderness * Irregular vaginal spotting or bleeding * Stomach cramping * Increased drowsiness and moodiness

DIAGNOSIS :

DIAGNOSIS Any teenage girl who experiences irregular or absent periods or any of the symptoms is advised to undergo a pregnancy test. Weight gain Weight loss if nausea and vomiting is present Pelvic examination by a gynaecologist may reveal bluish or purple coloration of vaginal walls, bluish or purple coloration and softening of the cervix, and softening and enlargement of the uterus. Finally, an ultrasound may be done to confirm the presence and current status of the pregnancy

SOCIAL EFFECTS OF TEEN PREGNANCY IN INDIA :

SOCIAL EFFECTS OF TEEN PREGNANCY IN INDIA They experience isolation guilt Stress depression, low self esteem resulting in lack of interest in studies limited job prospects and Lack of a support group or few friends to name just a few.

HEALTH EFFECTS OF TEEN PREGNANCY IN INDIA :

HEALTH EFFECTS OF TEEN PREGNANCY IN INDIA Higher risk for anemia, Pregnancy-induced hypertension Lower genital tract infections (which may lead to premature labor and delivery) Caesarean section because of pre-maturity, large baby within a small pelvis, foetal distress and sudden infant death syndrome. The major complications in young mothers are thought to be High blood pressure Iron deficiency anemia low birth weight babies

EFFECTS OF TEEN MOTHERS BABY:

EFFECTS OF TEEN MOTHERS BABY Similarly, infants born to such teenage mothers are at higher risk of complications of pre-maturity, low weight, accidental trauma poisoning minor acute infections lack of immunization or vaccinations and developmental delays.

IMPACT OF TEENAGE PREGNANCY ON THE CHILD :

IMPACT OF TEENAGE PREGNANCY ON THE CHILD Early motherhood can affect the psychosocial development of the infant developmental disabilities behavioral issues is increased in children born to teen mothers . Poor academic performance

IMPACT OF TEEN AGE PREGNANCY ON THE MOTHER :

IMPACT OF TEEN AGE PREGNANCY ON THE MOTHER affect one's education drop out of high school employment and social class .

EFFECTS OF TEEN AGE MARRIAGE:

EFFECTS OF TEEN AGE MARRIAGE In the non-pregnant state, there is quite a high possibility of getting sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) chronic pelvic pain cervical cancer human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection and acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS). Many pregnant teens are subject to nutritional deficiencies from poor eating habits common in adolescence, including attempts to lose weight through dieting , skipping meals , food faddism , snacking , and consumption of fast food .

Prevention:

Prevention Parents , schools and healthcare professionals can have open, honest, and educational talks with teenagers and preteens. Provide advice to teenagers about how to prevent unwanted teenage pregnancies. Contraceptive counseling

AGENCIES FOR LOWERING HIGH PREGNANCY RATES IN THE UNITED STATES :

AGENCIES FOR LOWERING HIGH PREGNANCY RATES IN THE UNITED STATES National Campaign to Prevent Teen and Unplanned Pregnancy was formed. They are dedicated to solving the issue of teen pregnancy in the United States . Every year since 2002, this campaign celebrates the National Day to Prevent Teen Pregnancy on the first Wednesday of May. President Barack Obama has publicly supported this day

CONCLUSION :

CONCLUSION The pregnant teen mother and the child born are likely to suffer health, social, emotional and economic problems. It is high time teenagers are educated on their sexual behaviour

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