Integrated fish farming

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bec©keTsciBwa©mRtI:

bec©keTsciBwa©mRtI 1> esckþIepþIm 2> ehtuGVI)anCaeyIgcaM)ac;ciBa©wmRtI 3> plRbeyaCn_énkarciBa©wmRtIEbbRbBn§½cMruH 4> rdUvkalciBa©wmRtI 5> RbePTRtIEdlniymciBa©wm 6> TItaMgnigTMhMRsH 7> dMeNIkarerobcMRsH 8> KuNPaBTwk 9> kardwkCBa¢Ún karElgRtI 10> pþl;cMNIbEnßm nigkarRKb;RKg 11> viFIkarBar Büa)al nigkarRbmUlpl

esckþIepþIm:

esckþIepþIm karciBa©wmRtIRtUv)anksikrCaeRcInenAelIBiPBelakmankareBjniymcUlcitþ)anGnuvtþn_CayUrNas;mkehIy nig)ankMBugbnþskmµPaBrhUtmkdl;bc©úb,nñCaBiess enAbNþarRbeTsGasIiu . sac;RtICaRbPBmððÚbGaharmanCIv Catix<s;EdlRbUetGIunCYydl;karlUtlas;srIragÁkaymnusS nigstVd¾éTeTot . bc©úb,nñenH plRtIkñúgFmµCati)an fycuHCalMdab;kñúgxN³EdlmnusSekIneLIg\tQb;Qr ehIymankarKMramkMEhgBImnusSdUcCakareRbIfñaMBul CIKImI karbgðÚrkaksMNl;BIeragcRk karkMBb;eRbg kareRbIes,ag)aøasÞIk nigkarensaTxusc,ab;d¾éTeTot . sBVéf¶enHRbCaCnkmçúCamñak;²enHhUbRtIEdlmanbrimaN 20>09 KILÚRkamkñúg1 qñaMCamFüm . dUcenHedIm,I begáInplitplRtI nigR)ak;cMNUl eyIgTaMgGs;KñacUlrYmciBa©wmRtIedayman lkçN³bec©keTs bTBiesaFn_elIkar ciBa©wmRtI . CaBiesseTotenaHkarciBa©wmRtIkñúgfg;)aøsÞIkCalkçN³RKYsark¾mankarrIkcMerInKY[kt;sMKal;eday ksikrmincaM)ac;cMNayTuneRcInelIkarCIkRsH cMNI gayRsYlEfrkSa nigRKb;RKg .

ehtuGVI)anCaeyIgcaM)ac;ciBa©wmRtI ? :

ehtuGVI ) anCaeyIgcaM ) ac;ciBa©wmRtI ? -sac;RtIeFVICamðÚbGahar -begáInR)ak;cMNUlkñúgCIvPaBRKYsar -kat;bnßykarensaTRtIkñúgFmµCati -begáItkargar[smaCikkñúgRKYsar -eRbIR)as;kaksMNl;pÞH)ay Edle)aHecalmkeFVICacMNIRtI -EfrkSalMnwgbrisßan -mincaM)ac;cMNayeBlevlaeRcIneTaTijenATIpSa -TwkRsHGacykmkeRsacdMNaMepSg² -RsþImankarcUlrYmciBa©wmRtI -cUlrYmcMENkkñúgkarksagCati edaysarmankarKMramkMEhgBImnusSnigkarERbRbYlFmµCativaeFVI[plsþúkRtIFmµCatimankarfycuHCalMdab; ehtuenHehIyeTIbeyIggakmkrkkarciBa©wmRtIedaysarRtIciBa©wmenHnaMmknUvplRbeyaCn_CaeRcIn dUcCa³

plRbeyaCn_énkarciBa©wmRtIEbbRbB½n§ciBa©wmcMruH:

plRbeyaCn_énkarciBa©wmRtIEbbRbB½n§ciBa©wmcMruH RbB½n§ ciBa©wmcMruHRtICamYyRCUk ¬ eFVIRTugRCUkenAelIRsH ¦ - RCUkmanPaBRtCak;qab;FMFat ; - RCUkminsUvmanCMgW - kat;bnßyTIkEnøgciBa©wmRCUk - cMNIRCUkEdlkMBb;RtUv ) anRtIsIu - lamkEdlenAesssl;BIkarRbmUlRtUvFøak;kñúgTwkkøayCaCIFmµCatibegáIt ) annUvBBYkbøg;tugEdlCacMNIRtI - kat;bnßykarcMNayelIcMNIRtI - TwkRsHGacdYsmklagRCUk - RtIqab;FM nigRCUkqab;FM

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RbB½n§ciBa©wmcMruHRtICamYyTa RsHRtImanGuksIuEsnRKb;RKan; TaRtUvkarTWkedIm,IEhl ¬CaFmµCati¦ TamanBgeRcIn TaGaccab;cMNIdUcCakMBis rWkUnkþamEdlcUlRsH kUnRtIRtUv)anTakarBarstVEdlcuHsIukUnRtI lamkTabegáIt)anCaBBYkbøg;tugEdlCacMNIRtI RbB½n§ciBa©wmcMruHRtICamYyeKa dYsTwkkñúgRsHykmklageKaedaybgðÚrTwkcUlRsHvij stVl¥itEdlenATMeKaRtUv)anFøak;cUlRsHCacMNIRtI lamkeKaCaCIeFVI[TwksMbUrBBYkbøg;tug BBYkesµAeKamYycMnYnCacMNIRtIEdr

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RbB½n§ciBa©wmcMruHRtIkñúgERs kat;bnßyfvikarsRmab;TijfñaMKImIsmøab;stVl¥itcéRgedaysarRtIsuIstVTaMgenaH mincMNaykMlaMgBlkmµsMGatesµAkñúgERsedaysarRtIsIuesµA lamkRtICaCId¾l¥dl;karlUtlas;rbs;RsUv enAeBldak;CIdl;RsUvenaHkan;EteFVI[sMbUrEfmeTotnUvcMNIFmµCatidl;RtI páa nigRKab;RsUvEdlRCuHeTAkñúgERsKWCacMNIrbs;RtI CYykat;bnßykarcMNayelIcMNIRtI TinñplRsUvekIneLIgCagmun dIERsminhab;eFVI[RsUvEbkKum< GñkEdlKµandICIkRsHk¾GacciBa©wmRtI)an

rdUvkalciBa©wmRtI :

rdUvkalciBa©wmRtI CaTUeTAenARbeTskm<úCaksikrcab;epþImciBa©wmRtIenArdUvvsSaeBlmanePøógFøak;RKb; RKan;lµmsmRsbeTAnwgRsHEdlmanTwk rIÉERsk¾manTwkdk; . niyayCarYmenAeBl manRbPBTwkRKb;RKan; EdlGacElgkUnRtIcUlERseRkayeBlEdlsnÞÚg)ansÞÚgrYcry³ eBl10-15 éf¶rWeRkayeBlEdlsnÞÚgEbkKum<enAéf¶TI 20-25edIm,IeCosvagkUnRtI sIuBnøkRsUveTIbsÞÚg . edayELkkarciBa©wmRtIkñúgfg;)aøsÞIkvamincaM)ac;nUvrdUvkaleT eRBaHvaGaerbITWkGNþÚg RsH rWTwkTenø EdlmancMNuHtic . RbePTRtIEdldak;ciBa©wmPaKeRcIneKciBa©wmRtIGENþg eRBaHvars;enAkñúgdg;sIuetx<s; .

RbePTRtIEdlniymciBa©wm:

RbePTRtIEdlniymciBa©wm RtIrs;enAkñúgTwkmanRbePTCaeRcInehIymanlkçN³rs;enA criksIucMNI dg;sIuetxus²Kña . RtIEdleKcUlcitþciBa©wmmandUcCa³ RtIkabs kabsamBaØ kabk,alFM kab\NÐa kabsIuesµA TILaBüa q<in R)a GENþg kaEh r:s; eqþar . l. RtIkabs (Silver Carp) - CaRbePTRtIeRkARsukEdlmanRbPBmkBIRbeTscin rs;enA rksIucMNIenAépÞxagelI nigkNþalénépÞTwk sIurukçCatiCaGarhar CaBiesssIubøg;tugrukçCati karlUtlas;elOn ¬RtIjIFMCagRtIeQµal ¦ minFn; gayrgeRKaHenAeBlRsHrak;Cag 7 twk qab;BuleBlxVHGuksIuEsn dg;sIuetrs;smRsbkñúgRsHciBa©wmKW 5 k,alkñúg1 Em:RtRkla CaRbePTRtIBglicGENþttanTwkhUr ciBa©wm1 qñaM )anTMgn;7 xaMeTA1 Kk kñúg1 k,al

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RtIkabsamBaØ (Common Carp) - CaRbePTRtIeRkARsukEdlmanRbPBmkBIRbeTscin rs;enA rksIucMNIenATwkRsTab;kNþal nig)at sIucMNIenARsTab;)atdUcCa Cenøn kUnxügex©A stVl¥itenA)atRsH . ekABienHvasIucMNIbEnßmdUcCa rukçCati knÞk; emSAsENþk RsUvbNþúH ck)aYTa ckBgTwk CaGahar karlUtlas;elOnCaBiessciBa©wmenARsHcas; qab;BuleBlxVHGuksIuEsn CaRbePTRtIBgetag dg;sIuetrs;smRsbkñúgRsHciBa©wmKW 5 k,alkñúg1 Em:RtRkla ciBa©wm1 qñaM )anTMgn; 5 xaMeTA1 Kk kñúg1 k,al RtIkabk,alFM (Bighead Carp) - CaRbePTRtIeRkARsukEdlmanRbPBmkBIRbeTscin nigevotNam rs;enA rksIucMNIenAépÞxagelI nigkNþalénépÞTwk sIurukçCatiCaGarhar CaBiesssIubøg;tugrukçCati karlUtlas;elOn ¬RtIjIFMCagRtIeQµal ¦ minFn; gayrgeRKaHenAeBlRsHrak;Cag 7 twk qab;BuleBlxVHGuksIuEsn ciBa©wm1 qñaM )anTMgn;7 xaMeTA1 Kk kñúg1 k,al

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RtIkab\NÐa (India Carp) - CaRbePTRtIeRkARsukEdlmanRbPBmkBIRbeTs\NÐa rs;enA rksIucMNIenARsTab;elI nigRsTab;)aténTwk lUtlas;yWtenAqñaM TI1 niglUtlas;elOnenAqñaMTI2 sIurukçCati knÞk; eBat ck)ayTa rukçCatirlYyenA)atRsH nigkaksMNl;pÞH)ayCaGahar Fn;nwgkEnøgrs;enA CaRbePTRtIBglicGENþttamTwkhUr ciBa©wm1 qñaM )anTMgn; BI 5 eTA 7 xaMkñúg1 k,al RtITILaBüa (Tilapia) - CaRbePTRtIeRkARsukEdlmanRbPBmkBITenønIl rs;enA rksIucMNIenARsTab;elI kNþal nigRsTab;)aténTwk lUtlas;yWtenAqñaM TI1 niglUtlas;elOnenAqñaMTI2 sIucMNIcMruHdUcCa knÞk; eBat ck)ayTa rukçCatirlYyenA)atRsH nigkaksMNl;pÞH)ayCaGahar stVl¥it Fn;nwgkEnøgrs;enA CaRbePTRtIBgkac;sMbukenA)atRsH ebIsßanPaBPaBsmRsb cMNIRKb;RKan; vaGacBg)an 7dg kñúg1 qñaM ciBa©wm1 qñaM )anTMgn; BI 3 eTA 6xaM kñúg1 k,al

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RtIkn§r (Snakeskin Gourami) - CaRbePTRtIkñúgRsuk rs;enA rksIucMNIenARsTab;elI kNþal nigRsTab;)aténTwk cUlcitþsIusarFaturlYyenA)atRsH rukçCatirlYykñúgRsH ehIyvasIucMNIbEnßmdUcCa knÞk; eBat kakasMNl;pÞH)ay Fn;nwgkEnøgrs;enAminsUvmanekItCMgW gayciBa©wmkñúgRsH ERs Rblay CaRbePTRtIBgGENþt ciBa©wm1 qñaM )anTMgn; BI 1 eTA 2 xaMkñúg1 k,al RtIq<in (Silver Barb) - CaRbePTRtIkñúgRsukEdlmanRbPBenATenøemKgÁ nigbwgTenøsab rs;enA rksIucMNIenARsTab;elI nigkNþalénTwk sIurukçCatidUcCaés< RtkYn ck)ayTa søwkkn§Meft CnÞl;PñM saray knÞk; eBat ck)ayTa rukçCatirlYyenA)atRsH nigkaksMNl;pÞH)ayCaGahar Fn;nwgkEnøgrs;enA CaRbePTRtIBglicGENþttamTwkhUr ciBa©wm1 qñaM )anTMgn; BI 3 eTA 5 xaMkñúg1 k,al

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RtIRBlUg (Mad Barb) - CaRbePTRtIkñúgRsuk rs;enA rksIucMNIenARsTab;elI nigkNþalénépÞTwk sIurukçCatieRcInCagsac;dUcCa EpøRtEbk BuRT§a Rtsk; és< salad pÞI RtkYn ck knÞk; eBat ck)ayTa nigkaksMNl;pÞH)ayCaGahar Fn;nwgkEnøgrs;enA CaRbePTRtIBglicGENþttamTwkhUr ciBa©wm1 qñaM )anTMgn; BI 4 eTA 6 xaMkñúg1 k,al RtIR)a (Iridescent shark-catfish) - CaRbePTRtIkñúgRsuk rs;enA rksIucMNIenARsTab;kNþal nigRsTab;)aténTwk sIucMruH sac; nigrukçCati knÞk; eBat ck)ayTa nigkaksMNl;pÞH)ayCaGahar Fn;nwgkEnøgrs;enA Fn;nwgCMgW dg;sIuetrs;enAsmRsbKW 25 k,al kñúg 1 Em:RtRkla CaRbePTRtIBglicGENþttamTwkhUr ciBa©wm1 qñaM )anTMgn; BI 8 xaM eTA 1>2 Kk kñúg1 k,al

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RtIGENþg (Catfish) - CaRbePTRtIkñúgRsuk rs;enA rksIucMNIenARsTab;)aténTwk sIucMruH sac; mandUcCa kUnkMBis kþam xüg ex©A kUnRtItUc² . cMeBaHrukçCatimandUcCa knÞk; eBat ck)ayTa nigkaksMNl;pÞH)ayCaGahar vasIusac;PaKeRcInedIm,IbegáInkarlUtlas;rh½s CaBiessCenøn kUnxüg kEgáb Fn;nwgkEnøgrs;enA Fn;nwgCMgW CeRmATwkrs;enAsmRsbKW 0>5 eTA 1>5 Em:Rt dg;sIuetrs;enAsmRsbKW 50 k,al kñúg 1 Em:RtRkla ciBa©wm 6 Ex )anTMgn; BI 2 eTA 5 xaM kñúg1 k,al

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- kaereobcMRsHFmµta³ TMhMRsHFMrWtUcvaGaRs½yeTAnwgsßanPaBRKYsarksikrnimYy²EdlGacmanlT§PaB eFVIeTA)an EtRsHEdlsm RsbKWmanbeNþay20 Em:RtKuNnwgTTwg15 Em:Rt CMerA2-2>5Em:Rt . ehIykarCIk enHRtUvmaneCIgeTrnig)at RsH[ep¥ógmYycMehoggayRsYlRbmUlpl . cMeBaHPøWRsHRtUvdaMdMNaMrYmpSMepSg²nigeCIgeTdaMesµAedIm,IkMu[)ak; dIcUlRsH nigeFVI[Twkføa . eBlCIkrYcehIyRtUvhal)atRsH2-3 éf¶ eday)ackMe)arscMnYn 10 KILÚRkam . bBa©ÚlTwk [CIteBjmat;RsHrYcyklamkstV cMeBaHlamkeKa RtUvdak;cMnYn 60-80 KILÚRkam ebIlamkman; rWTaRtUvdak;cMnYn 10-15 KILÚRkam nigedImTRnÞanExRt sENþkGERg savmavéRBmkcgCadMudak;cUlkñúgRsHcMnYn 4 dMu edaykñúg1 dMu manTMhM 5 KILURkam . - ry³eBl 5 -7 éf¶TwkkñúgRsHERbCaBN_ébtg mann½yfavamnacMNIFmµCatieBlenHeyIgGacRBELgRtIcUl RsH)an .

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RsHmanBIrRbePTKWRsHFmµta nigRsHfg;)aøsÞIkdUcenHkarerobcMRsHmanlkçN³xus²Kña - karerobcMRsHfg;)øasÞIk³ CakUnRsHtUcEdlsmRsbsMrab;ciBa©wmtIGENþgkUnkat;edayCIkbeNþay3 EMm:RtTTwg2EMm:RtnigCMerA 0> 7 EMm:Rt ehIyRkal fg;)øasÞIksMrab;Kt;Twk[Kg; . EtGacmincaM)ac;CIkRKan; EtelIkPøW[ x<s;0>7 Em:RtB½T§CMuvijedaydak;TueyaenA ekonRsHedIm,IbgðÚrTwkecj . dMeNIkarerobcMRsH karerobcMRsHfg;)aøsÞIk

TItaMg nigTMhMRsH:

TItaMg nigTMhMRsH kareRCIserIsRsHsMrab;CIkciBa©wmRtI edIm,IerobcMkarciBa©wmRtI[)anpll¥ksikrRtUvecHeRCIserIskEnøg[)ansmRsbdUcCa³ - dITMenrenACitpÞH KWvaeFVI[eyIgRKb;RKg)anl¥ CaBiesskarpþl;cMNI EfrkSa nigkt;RtaB½t’manBIlkçN³bMEr bMrYlRtI niglkçN³TwkRsH . emIldIGacKt;TwkedayCIkknøHEm:RtehIydak;layTwkRcbl;[sBVeTIbe)aHeLIgeTAelI¬RbsinebIdIminexÞc hµt; KWdIKt;TwkGacCIkRsH)an - CitRbPBTwk ¬GagemTwk RsHFM GNþÚg RbLay sÞwg Tenø .l. manmøb;mYyPaKbwénRsHciBa©wmsRmab;bnßykMedA sßitenAkñúgtMbn;EdlmankarplitkUnRtICakarRbesIr CakEnøgminlicTwkenArdUvvsSakan;EtRbesIr Pk;enA)atRsHmin[elIsBI0>2 Em:Rt

KuNPaBTwk :

KuNPaBTwk karciBa©wmRtIRtUvkarTwkCacaM)ac; EtTwkenaHk¾RtUvmanKuNPaBpgEdr dUcenHeyIgCaGñkciBa©wmRtI RtwmRtUveTAtamlkçN³bec©keTsetagecHdwgnUvBN’ køin nigrsCatiénTwk¬KuNPaB¦ eRBaHfaebITwk mankøins¥úy rW BN’Rkem:A rW CatiCUKWeKminGacdak;ciBa©wm)anPøameTRtUvEkERbTwkenaHkMu[mankøins¥úy BN_ébtgføa nigkMu[manCatiPøav b¤CUr)an . rebobBinitüKuNPaBTwkmanlkçN³eRcIny:agKW³ RClk;cg¥uúléd³ ykcg¥úlédRClk;kñúgTwkRsHfg;)aøsÞIkrYcliT§ebIsinCamanCatiCU KWminGac RBElgkUnRtI)aneT eRBaHvamanCatiGasIutkarlUtlas;rbs;RtIyWt nigeFVI[manCMgW RBmTaMgBi)ak begáItcMNIFmµCati .

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esþaHTwkmat;møÚcUlkñúgTwkRsHciBa©wmRtI³ esþaHTwkmat;mÚøcUlkñúgRsH ebIsinCaTwkmat; enAEtmanBN’RkhmdEdlKWTwkRsHGacciBa©wmRtI)an . EtpÞúymkvij ebITwkmat;enaH manBN’exµAKWminGacciBa©wm)aneT eRBaHTwkmanCatiCU rWGasIut . eRbIsab‘‘UemS:Ae)akexaGav³ ykTwkkñúgRsHdak;cUlkñúgFug rYccak;sab‘UcUlehIyyk édkUr[EbkBBuH . ebIsineXIjmanBBuHeRcInehIyqab;Gs;BBuHenaHbBa¢ak;faTwkmanCati )as ¬kMe)areRcIn¦ KWminRtUvElgkUnRtIcUleT . EtebITwkenaHmanBBuHticvijmann½yfa TwkenaHmanCatiCUreyIgk¾minGacElgRtIcUlkñúgRsH)anEdr .

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BinitüemIltam]bkrN_vas; eb:has;Twk pH ¬bec©keTs eRbIsRmab;CaksidæanciBa©wmRtI¦ ]bkrN_vas;enHmanBIry:agKW³ vas;edayeRbIRkdas pH KWykRkdasenaHeTA RClk;kñúgTwk RsHciBa©wmry³eBl30 vinaTIeTIbykmkemIlepÞógpÞat;CamYyrUb sMKal; Edlmanelxerog1 dl; elx9 eFVI[)aneRcIncMnuc . eRkABIeRbIRkdaseKGac eRbIm:asIun vas; pH eBlEdleKykvaeTA RClk;kñúgTwkRsHvanwgecjelxbgðajBICati )as NWt nigCatiGasIut EtkareeRbIenHKWyk[)an eRcIncMnucedIm,IrkmFümPaKrbs;va. BinitüemIledayEPñk³ - ebITwkmanBN’ébtg³ KWvasMbUrbøg;tugstV nigrukçCatiEdlCacMNIRtIRKb;RKan;kñúgkar ciBa©wmRt I

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- ebITwkmanBN_ébtgcas; KWvasMbUbøg;tugeRcIn dUcenHRtUvbnßykardak;lamkstV CIrukçCati nig GacdUrTwkecjcMnYn10-20 PaKryénbrimaNTwkkñúgRsHfg;)aøsÞIk . -ebITwkmansPaBl¥k;³ KWdImankarhUr)ak;cUl CaBiesseBlmanePøógFøak; -ebIsPaBTwkf ø a³ KWmann½yfaminsUvsMbUrcMNIFmµCati dUcenHeKRtUvEtbEnßmnUvcMNI FmµCatidUcCa TRnÞagExRt lamkeKa man;CaedIm -ebITwkmanBN_TwkEt³ KWRsHmanswøkeQIRCuHcUl ehIyTTYlBnWøéf¶minRKb;RKan; CaehtueFVI[kgVH GuksIuEsnRtIqab;Bul naM[mankarlUtlas;yWt -kMritf ø aénTwkRsHciBa©wm³ ykKRmbqñaMgcgnwgExSrYcTMlak;vacUlkñúgTwkRsHRbsinebIeyIg emIlva eXIjrhUtdl; 20-30 s>m enaHRsHmanlkçN³smrmükñúgkarciBa©wmRtI .

kardwkCBa¢Ún nigkarRBElgRtI:

kardwkCBa¢Ún nigkarRBElgRtI kardwkCBa¢ÚnkUnRtI CaTUeTAkUnRtIBUCRtUv)anTijmkBItamsßanIy_rdæ b¤ksidæanplitkUnRtIBUCÉkCnnana . munnwgdwkCBa¢Ún kUnRtI eKKb,IekoredayGYndak;kñúgha)a: rYcbg¥t;cMNIkUnRtImYyéf¶munedIm,I[kUnRtIecHbnSaMxøÜneTAnwgPaBceg¥ót nig eCosvagkUnRtIbeBa©jlamkkñúges,ageBldwkCBa¢ÚnEdleFVI[RtIBul EdleFVI[vaGn;KuNPaBnigGacgab;enAeBl dwkCBa¢Ún . kardwkCBa¢ÚnkUnRtImaneRcInrebob³ dUcCakardak;kUn RtIcUlkñúg es,ag)aøsÞIkedaybBa©Úl GuksIuEsn kñúgTwk ¬sRmab;ry³eBlEvg rhUtdl;6em:ag¦ nigdak;RtIedayeRbI Fug kaFun b¤es,ag)aøsÞIkRKvImat;fg;eday[ xül;FmµCaticUlkñúges,agrYccgekAs‘UeFVIEbbenH ¬sRmab;ry³eBlxøI cab;BI1 em:ag eTA 1 em:agknøHbu:eNÑaH ¦.

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kardwkCBa¢ÚnkUnRtIedayeRbIfg;)aøsÞIk2Can;EdlmankMBs; 1 Em:Rt nigmuxkat; 0>6 Em:Rt edaydak;Twks¥at cMNuHRtwmEt1PaK3énes,agehIycab;rab;kUnRtIbBa©Úles,agedayeRbIcan cgáiHdYsrab; rYc Rckkñúgkar:ugmYyCan;eTot eCosvagb:HrEhkFøay rYcbBa¢ÚlGuksIuEsn bnÞab; mkeKcg nwgekA s‘UkgtamlkçN³bec©keTs . kareFVIrebobenHKWeKGacdwkva)anry³eBl6-7 em:ag ebIelIsBI enH RtUvbEnßmGuksIuEsnedIm,IbnþkardwkCBa¢Ún kñúgenaHes,agmYydak;kUnRtI Edlman TMhM 3-4 h‘un cMnYn 2 KILÚRkam EdlesµInwg 700 - 800 k,al . eBldwkCBa¢ÚnkUnRtIeTAkEnøgq¶ay KWkarBarkMu[RtUvkMedAéf¶ dUcenHeKKb,Idak;kMe)aøkrW)av RClk;TwkedIm,I[vaRtCak; ehIykardwkCBa¢ÚnRtUveFVIenAeBlRBwk nigeBll¶ac .

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karRBElgkUnRtIcUlRsH kUnRtIEdldwkCBa¢Únmkdl;RtUvykes,agenaHmkRtMakñúgTwkRsHciBa©wmenaH10-15naTI eday[kUnRtIEdlht;enOykñúgkardwkCBa¢ÚnenaHmanPaBRbesIreLIgvij nigeFVI[kMedAkñúges,ag manPaBRbhak;RbEhlKñaeTAnwgTwkkñúgRsH . bnÞab;BIRtaMrYceKlarmat;es,agenaHeday)acTwk cUltic² EdlCa karbnSúaMmYyeTAnwgkMedATwknig[sÁal;TwkfµI ehIy[RtIEhlecjedayxÜønva eTAkñúgRsHfg;)aøsÞIk RbsinebIemXkMBugEtePøógRtUvrg;caM b¤GacykédkUTwkRsH enaHmundak; kUnRtIcUlkñúgRsHfg;)aøsÞIkenaH eRBaHeBlePøógTwkRsTab;elIsMbUrCatiGasIuteRcIneRkayBIElg kUnRtIRsHPamminRtUv[vasIucMNIeTTukrhUtdl; 24 em:ag . karRBElgRtIenHKYrKitBIkardwkCBa¢ÚneFVIy:agNa[mkdl;RsHciBa©wmenAem:ag 9RBwk b¤em:ag 6 l¶ac CakarRbesIr.

karpþl;cMNIbEnßm nigkarRKb;RKg:

karpþl;cMNIbEnßm nigkarRKb;RKg 1> karpþl;cMNI RbePTcMNInimYy²mansar³sMxan;kñúgkarlUtlas;rbs;RtI cMNIFmµCaticMruH³ RtUvdak;CIlamkstVenAeBlmundak;kUnRtIkñúgRsHfg;)aøsÞIk[TwkmansPaBBN’ébtgx©I edIm,IbegáIn cMNIFmµCatisRmab;[kUnRtIsIudMbUg . cMNICarukçCati³ KYrpþl;cMNIbEnßm[RtIsIuCaerogral;éf¶ . smasFatucMNIsMxan;²rYmmanbEnøepSg² knÞk; søwkdMLÚg RtkYn søwkés< saLat; kaksENþkesog . l. cMNICasac;³ cMNIBBYksac;mandUcCaRtIhal Cenøn keNþor xüg ex©A elos RKM stVl¥it kUnkMBis kEgáb CaedIm .

karpþl;cMNIbEnßm nigkarRKb;RKg ¬t¦:

karpþl;cMNIbEnßm nigkarRKb;RKg ¬t¦ TMgn;RtI brimaNcMNI[ RtIsIuCaPaKry KNnabrimaNTMgn;RtIdak;ciBa©wm ]TahrN_ KNnabrimaNcMNIsRmab;RtIciBa©wm 50-100 Rkam ¼k,al 5 PaKry 500k,al x 50Rkam=25>000Rkam 250>000 x 5¼100=1>250Rkam 100-300 Rkam ¼k,al 4 PaKry 500k,al x 200Rkam=100>000Rkam 100>000 x 4¼100=4>000 Rkam cab;BI300 Rkam ¼k,al 3 PaKry 500k,al 300Rkam=150>000Rkam 150000 x 3¼100=6>000Rkam taragbrimaNcMNIpþl;[RtIsIukñúg1éf¶KitCaPaKryénTMgn;xÜønRtIsrub cMNIEdlRtUv)anpþl;[RtIRtUvcMGinCamunsineRBaHRtIvacUlcitþsIu nigmankarFMFat;elOnrh½s brimaNcMNI[sIuKWGaRs½yeTAtamTMgn;xøÜnrbs;RtIdak;ciBa©wm . edIm,I[RtIqab;FMKWRtUvpþl;[nUvRtIhales¶arCamYyknÞk;em:SAK bEnø rWkaksMNl;pÞH)ay GMbil edaydak; brimaN srub 1K>k kñúgenaHknÞk;50 PaKry emS:aK20 PaKry RtIhal rWkUnkþam10 PaKry bEnø 18 PaKry nigGMbil 2 PaKry .

karpþl;cMNIbEnßm nigkarRKb;RKg ¬t¦:

karpþl;cMNIbEnßm nigkarRKb;RKg ¬t¦ kar[cMNIKW 1éf¶ 2dgenAeBl RBwkem:ag 9-10nigeBll¶acem:agBI 4-5erogral;éf¶ nigenAkEnøg dEdl edIm,I[RtIcaMkEnøg . sMKal; 1KILÚRkam =1000Rkam=10xaM sBaØa ¼ KW sBaØaelxEck sarFatucMNIrbs;RtI PaKry KNnasmasFatupSMCaKILÚRkam¬K>k¦ knÞk; 50 50 ¼100=0>5 K>k emS:AK 20 20 ¼ 100=0>2 K>k RtIhal rW kUnkþam xüg elos kMBis 10 10 ¼ 100=0>1 K>k bEnø rW kaksMNl;pÞH)ay 18 18 ¼ 100=0>18 K>k GMbil 2 2 ¼ 100=0>02 K>k srub 100 1 K>k TahrN_taragénkar[cMNIRtIsIukñúg1 éf¶1KILÚRkamRTUvKNnadUcxageRkam

karpþl;cMNIbEnßm nigkarRKb;RKg ¬t¦:

karpþl;cMNIbEnßm nigkarRKb;RKg ¬t¦ 2> karRKb;RKg - RtUv]sSah_tamdanemIlRtIenAeBlRBwkRBlwmebIeXIjfaRtIehIbmat;eRcInRtUvcuHeTAkUTwkrWeKaH Twk[EbksMeBagedIm,I[TwkmanGuksIuEsnRKb;RKan;sRmab;RtIdkdegðIm . emIlesµAdaMenAeCIgRsH [cMNIeTogTat;nigenAkEnøgdEdl²eedIm,I[RtIcaMkEnøg ebIeXIjRtIgab;RtUverIsykmkTukedIm,Irab; gayRsYlviPaKesdækic© eRbIhVIlvIedGUcgB½T§CMuvijenAelIRsHedIm,IeCosvagstVbkSImksIuRtIdUcCaccat kdbCaedIm ebImankøinminl¥RtUvbþÚrTwkecjtamcMnYndUcCa 20-30 PaKry rW 50 PaKrytamlkçN³Cak;Esþg tamdankarlUtlas;rbs;RtI sPaBCMgW karsIucMNIr

viFIkarBar Büa)alCMgW nigkarRbmUlpl:

viFIkarBar Büa)alCMgW nigkarRbmUlpl viFIkarBar³ RtICastVrs;enAkñúgTwkdUcenHebIvamanCMgWtictYcKWeKBi)akkñúgkarBinitüCagstVrs;enAelIeKak lkçN³enHKWeyIgCaGñkbec©keTsRtUvkarBarvaCamuneTIbRbesIrdUcCa³ - TwkRsHmanKuNPaBl¥ - dg;sIuetRtwmRtUvtambec©keTs - pþl;cMNItamsmamaRtTMgn; eCosvageFVI[vasl; nigxVH - RtYtBinitüKuNPaBkUnRtICamun - dwkCBa¢ÚnmanlkçN³smRsbeTAtamdg;sIuet eBlevla - karRBElgkUnRtIenAeBlRBwk rWeBll¶ac - tamdanRtICaRbcaMedIm,IdwgfavaRtUvkarGVI

viFIkarBar Büa)alCMgW nigkarRbmUlpl ¬t¦:

viFIkarBar Büa)alCMgW nigkarRbmUlpl ¬t¦ viFIBüa )al³ - CMgWdMe ) ArlakEs,k rn§RcmuH RBuyknÞúy eFVI [ vamankiøns¥úy Ehlvilvl;mineTAmux lkçN³ enHRtUvyk GMbil0>5 K>k layCamYyTwk 10 lIRt )aceTAelIépÞRsH10 Em:RtRkla . - BBYk )a:ra:sit RtIGENþgmanenAelIEs,keBlmanCMgWrlak KWeyIgRtUvciRBa©MsøwkesþA 0>5 K>k dak;kñúges,agedayecaHrn§rYcdak;kñúgRsHBnøicTwk karRbmUlpl³ CaTUeTAkarRbmUlplRtIGENþgKWeFVIbnÞab;BIkardak;ciBa©wm )anry³eBl 2 Ex knøHeTA3knøHGaRs½yeTAtamtRmÚvkarTIpSa b¤Gac cab; lk;beNþIr²ebIRtUvkar EtvaminsUvl¥eT eRBaHeFVI [vaP½y minsIuMcMNInaM [ RtIsÁm . EtkarRbmUlplRtUvRby½tñekAs‘U) asÞIkeFVIy:agNa kMu [ rEhkeRBaHvaGac eRbI )anry³eBl5 dg .

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