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THE MUSLIM LEAGUE The Muslim League was founded on December 30, 1906. Muslim League, original name All India Muslim League ,  political group that led the movement calling for a separate Muslim nation to be created at the time of the partition of British India (1947). The Muslim League was founded in 1906 to safeguard the rights of Indian Muslims. At first the league was encouraged by the British and was generally favorable to their rule, but the organization adopted self-government for India as its goal in 1913. For several decades the league and its leaders, notably Mohammed Ali Jinnah, called for Hindu-Muslim unity in a united and independent India .


CONGRESS BEFORE MUSLIM LEAGUE Congress was made in 1885. The Congress enjoyed a prominent place in Indian politics, ruling the country for 48 of the 60 years since independence in 1947. The Congress was the biggest party in India.Mahatama Gandhi,Jawahar Lal Nehru, , Dadabhai Naoroji, Dinshaw Wacha,Womesh Chandra Bonnerjee, Monomohun Ghose, were the prominent leaders of this party. Later Quaid-E-Azam joined it. Quaid-E-Azam joined it because he wanted to make an independent country for the Muslims, but no one listened his idea. and ignored to listen and solve the problems of the Muslims. Then Quaid-E-Azam thought to make a separate party for the Muslims and then he formed a party called the Muslim League. Then all the Muslims came together and made a new country pakistan.While they were making Pakistan Congress were trying to stop them but they couldn't do so.


EARLY YEARS Sir Sultan Muhammad Shah  was appointed the first Honorary President of the Muslim League. The headquarters were established at Lucknow There were also six vice-presidents, a secretary and two joint secretaries initially appointed for a three-years term, proportionately from different provinces. The principles of the League were espoused in the "Green Book," which included the organization's constitution, written by Maulana Mohammad Ali. Its goals at this stage did not include establishing an independent Muslim state, but rather concentrated on protecting Muslim liberties and rights, promoting understanding between the Muslim community and other Indians, educating the Muslim and Indian community at large on the actions of the government, and discouraging violence. During World War II the Congress was banned, but the League, which supported the British war effort, was allowed to function and gained strength. It won nearly all of the Muslim vote in the elections of 1946.

Communalism Grows :

Communalism Grows Muhammad Ali Jinnah became disillusioned with politics after the failure of his attempt to form a Hindu-Muslim alliance, and he spent most of the 1920s in Britain. The leadership of the League was taken over by Sir Muhammad Iqbal, who in 1930 first put forward the demand for a separate Muslim state in India. The "Two-Nation Theory", the belief that Hindus and Muslims were two different nations who could not live in one country, gained popularity among Muslims. The two-state solution was rejected by the Congress leaders, who favored a united India based on composite national identity. Congress at all times rejected "communalism"—that is, basing politics on religious identity. Iqbal's policy of uniting the North-West Frontier Province, Baluchistan, Punjab, and Sindh into a new Muslim majority state united the many factions of the League.


CONCEPTION OF PAKISTAN On December 29, 1930 Sir Muhammad Iqbal delivered his monumental presidential address to the All India Muslim League annual session. He said: “ I would like to see Punjab, North-West Frontier Province (Now Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Sindh and Balochistan amalgamated into a single state. Self government within the British Empire or without the British Empire, the formation of a consolidated North-West Indian Muslim state appears to me to be the final destiny of the Muslims, at least of North-West India. ”


CAMPAIGN FOR PAKISTAN At a League conference in Lahore in 1940, Jinnah said: "Hindus and the Muslims belong to two different religions, philosophies, social customs and literature.... It is quite clear that Hindus and Muslims derive their inspiration from different sources of history. They have different epics, different heroes and different episodes.... To yoke together two such nations under a single state, one as a numerical minority and the other as a majority, must lead to growing discontent and final destruction of any fabric that may be so built up for the government of such a state.' ALL INDIA JAMHUR MUSLIM LEAGUE' was formed to counter the move of Md. Ali Jinnah on two Nation theory and creation of separate Pakistan. Raja of Mahmoodabad was elected its President and Dr. Maghfoor Ahmad Ajazi General Secretary. Perhaps it was the first split of Muslim League on ideological ground.[ref. South Asian History and Culture vol.2 no.1 pp 16-36,Taylor and Francis Group] This party however merged with Congress latter on to strengthen its views on partition. In the 1940s, Jinnah emerged as a leader of the Indian Muslims and was popularly known as Quaid-e-Azam (Great Leader). In the Constituent Assembly elections of 1946, the League won 425 out of 496 seats reserved for Muslims (and about 89.2% of Muslim votes) on a policy of creating an independent state of Pakistan, and with an implied threat of secession if this was not granted. Congress, led by Gandhi and Nehru remained adamantly opposed to dividing India. However, 1947 saw violent and bloody battles caused due to the communal clashes between the two communities in India. Millions of people migrated from India to Pakistan and vice-versa. The situation continued to be tense even after the governments of the two nations were formed.


FOUNDATION The formation of a Muslim political party on national level was seen as essential by 1901. The first stage of its formation was the meeting held at Lucknow in September 1906, with participation of representatives from all over India. The decision for re-consideration to form the all Indian Muslim political party was taken and further proceedings were adjourned until the next meeting of All India Muhammadan Educational Conference. The Simla Deputation reconsidered the issue in October 1906 and decided to frame the objectives of the party on the occasion of the annual meeting of Educational Conference; that was later, scheduled to be held at Dhaka. Meanwhile Nawab Salimullah Khan published a detailed scheme through which he suggested the party to be named All India Muslim Confederacy. Pursuant upon the decisions taken earlier in Lukhnow meeting and later in Simla; the annual meeting of All India Muhammadan Educational Conference was held at Dhaka that continued from 27 December, until 30 December 1906. that was headed by both Nawab Waqar-ul-Mulk and Nawab Muhasan-ul-Mulk (the Secretary of the Muhammadeen Educational Conference); in which he explained its objectives and stressed the unity of the Muslims under the banner of an association. [ It was formally proposed by Nawab Salimullah Khan and supported by Hakim Ajmal Khan, Maulana Muhammad Ali Jauhar, Zafar Ali Khan and several others. The Founding meeting was hosted by Nawab Sir Khwaja Salimullah and attended by three thousand delegates, while Ameer Ali, Sir Mian Muhammad Shafi were also the founding fathers who attended this meeting. The name "All India Muslim League" was proposed by Sir Agha Khan III who was appointed its first President. The League's constitution was framed in 1907 in Karachi."

Impact on the future courses of India and Pakistan :

Impact on the future courses of India and Pakistan The Muslim League not only played a major role in the National Movement, but also after India obtained freedom and Pakistan seceded from the former. We could see that the struggle for a separate Islamic state did not end up in anticlimax after all. On July 18, 1947, the British Parliament passed the Indian Independence Act that finalized the partition agreement. The 562 princely states were given a choice to choose between Hindustan and Pakistan.


FACTS Leader:Aga Khan (first Honorary President) Maulana Mohammad Ali Muhammad Ali Jinnah Liaquat Ali Khan Founded: December 30, 1906 Dacca, Bengal Presidency, British India Dissolved: August 14, 1947, became: Muslim League Headquarters: Lucknow (first headquarters) Newspaper:Dawn Ideology: Political rights for Muslims, Two-Nation Theory Colors: Green

Pictures of Muslim League:

Pictures of Muslim League This is the symbol of elections This is the working committee

Members of Muslim League:

Members of Muslim League Some famous members are: Quaid-E-Azam Nawab Waqar-Ul-Mulk Nawab Saleem-Ul-Mulk Liaquat Ali Khan Molana Mohammad Ali Johar Molana Shoukat Ali Johar Choudhary Rehmat Ali Mian Mohammad Shafi Allama Mohammad Iqbal


Timeline Muslim League Congress Before Muslim League Early Years Communalism Grows Conception of Pakistan Campaign For Pakistan Foundation Impact On the Future Courses of Pakistan Facts Pictures Of Muslim League Members Of Muslim League Timeline

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