Child Labour_utsu

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CHILD LABOUR Submitted By: Utsuka Patel Class: SYBBA(ITM) Roll no: 49 Exam no:

Introduction :

Introduction Child has become an important social issue in a developing country like India

Child Labour:

Child Labour Child labour is defined as all economic activity for children less than 12 years Any work for those ages 12-14 of sufficient hours per week to undermine their health or education, and all “hazardous work” which could threaten the health of children under 18 Child labour hampers the normal, physical, intellectual, emotional and moral development of a child

Some Disheartening Facts:

Some Disheartening Facts An estimated 218 million children aged 5-17 are engaged in child labour, excluding child domestic labour 126 million of these children are believed to be engaged in hazardous situations or conditions, such as working in mines, working with chemicals and pesticides in agriculture or working with dangerous machinery, which Is otherwise described as the “worst forms of child labour”. Mostly children are sent to work by compulsion and not by their choice. 1 out of 3 children(5-14 years) don’t have access to primary education. Approximately fifteen million children work as bonded labourers in India.

Factors Behind Child Labour:

Factors Behind Child Labour Poverty Poor Quality of Education Can be easily lured and dominated Lack awareness The major reason for exploitation is the fragile situation of children in India-if they don’t work they will starve

Children’s rights:

Children’s rights In 1989, the UN General assembly adopted the convention on the rights of the Child (CRC) Article 32 asserts the right that children should not be engaged in work deemed to be “hazardous or to interfere with the child’s education, or to be harmful to the child’s health” International Labour Organization (ILO) has allied its mission with the cause The ILO aims to achieve this objective by 2016 with clear plans in place by 2008 Universally recognized children’s rights are however insufficient means of combating child labour

The Government’s stance:

The Government’s stance The child labour (Prohibition & Regulation) Act was enacted in 1986 The Act prohibits employment of children in certain specified hazardous occupations and processes and regulates the working conditions in others In consonance with the above approach, a National Policy on child labor NCLP was formulated in 1987 The Policy seeks to adopt a gradual & sequential approach with a focus on rehabilitation of children working in hazardous occupations & processes in the instance. THE IMPLEMENTATION OF NCLP AND INDUS SCHEMES IS BEING CLOSELY MONITORED THROUGH PERIODICAL REPORTS, FREQUENT VISITS AND MEETINGS WITH THE DISTRICT AND STATE GOVERNMENT OFFICIALS. THE GOVERNMENT IS COMMITTED TO ELIMINATE CHILD LABOUR IN ALL ITS FORMS AND IS MOVING IN THIS DIRECTION IN A TARGETED MANNER.

Eliminating child labour…:

Eliminating child labour… Eliminate poverty Ensure free and suitable education, ensure skills training for children release from worst form of child labour By keeping children in schools, children are less vulnerable to child labour. Withdraw child labour and put them back to schools. There is a need to improve the system/education model which can be used to withdraw children from work force Good quality human resources and enough source of funding Partnership with education stakeholders

Conclusion :

Conclusion Even though we have given a contingency plan with which we think this social issue could slowly be eradicated, the road ahead is stormy Awareness programs with change in government policies and free education is a must to get rid of this social evil that still exists in our society today Organizations like CRY, ACTION AID INDIA, BUTTERFLIES AND PRAYAS are working 24/7 for the rights of these children. It is our duty to support these causes and raise our voices against this injustice that is happening around us.

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