why donate blood

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BLOOD DONATION:

BLOOD DONATION The Gift Of Life By Umakanth Siromani, Vellore, Tamilnadu, India

What is Blood Composed of? :

What is Blood Composed of? CELLS Red cells White cells Platelets FLUID Plasma

Functions of Blood:

Functions of Blood WBCs defense RBCs carry oxygen Platelets stop bleeding

Functions of blood … :

Functions of blood … Plasma helps to carry nutrients clotting factors proteins

Where is blood made?:

Where is blood made? BONE MARROW “ BLOOD FACTORY ”

How much of blood do we have?:

How much of blood do we have? Male 76 & Female 66 ml per kg Approx volume = 5 to 6 litres Circulating Volume = 4.5 - 5 litres One is in reserve

What is a blood bank?:

What is a blood bank?

BLOOD BANKING:

BLOOD BANKING Sourcing of safe blood Appropriate processing Safe storage Allocation of appropriate blood

Slide 9:

History of Blood Donation in India Paid Donors (Infectious risk) Banned in 1998 Family/Friend Replacement Donors (Conceal deferrable risk factors/ hidden paid system/pressure/ ethical code?)* Voluntary Non-remunerated blood Donors (Safest way) *From Pereira 2002

Slide 10:

Blood as a Scarce Resource in the World 75 million units of blood are donated each year 500,000 women who die from complication of pregnancy each year 150,000 die because of lack of blood. 80% of the worldwide population has access to only 20% of safe blood. Only 16% of blood supply is donated by voluntary/ non-remunerated blood donors in the world because of only family/replacement do in most of developing countries. WHO Information Sheets, 2005

Slide 11:

Blood Donation in India Tamilnadu has higher % of Voluntary (85.60%) VBD: 51% in 2005 VBD: 45% in 2002 Source: Gift of blood, No: 92, July 2008, AVBD, West Bengal West Bengal had been able to attain up to 85.70 % blood donation by voluntary donors, VBD: 55.1% in 2007

Blood Donation in India:

Blood Donation in India States % West Bengal 85.70 Tamilnadu 85.60 Tripura 80.30 Chandigarh 76.98 Maharastra 68.60 Gujarat 68.60 Orissa 67.21 Mizoram 62.71 Source: Gift of blood, No: 92, July 2008, AVBD, West Bengal

Slide 13:

Demand and Supply of Blood Donation Annual Requirement (Million Donors) Annual Supply in 2005 (Unit) Worldwide 150 million donors 75 million units India 8 million donors 5 million units From NACO 2006

Sources of blood :

Sources of blood Professional donors people who donate primarily for money

Sources of blood: PROFESSIONAL DONORS:

Sources of blood: PROFESSIONAL DONORS Regular Known blood groups Low haemoglobin Safety not assured Can spread infections Done primarily for money Banned in India

Sources of blood… REPLACEMENT DONORS (relatives / friends):

Sources of blood… REPLACEMENT DONORS (relatives / friends) Better quality Less chances of infection Higher haemoglobin Donation often made under pressure Still can be paid donors

VOLUNTARY BLOOD DONORS:

VOLUNTARY BLOOD DONORS

VOLUNTARY DONORS:

VOLUNTARY DONORS MOTIVE: ALTRUISTIC WILLING TO DONATE HER/HIS BLOOD FOR ABSOLUTELY NO MATERIAL BENEFITS

VOLUNTARY DONORS:

VOLUNTARY DONORS DONORS : HEALTHY QUALITY : BEST SAFTEY : HIGHEST BLOOD : USEFUL

INDIAN SCENARIO :

INDIAN SCENARIO About 2200 blood banks Annual requirements 12 million 8 million units collected annually 45% of donation from volunteers and remaining from replacement donors Scarcity 4 Million Total Population - 1020 Million

Slide 21:

Donors Developed countries- 50 per 1000 Developing countries – 10 per 1000 India – 5 per 1000

Slide 22:

Why ? In spite of 1020 million population, h alf of the population in our Country is medically fit to donate. W hy do we still face 4 million shortage of donors?

Slide 23:

Still not equivalent to blood in terms efficiency. Not cost effective Not available for clinical use Artificial Blood?

Slide 24:

Can Blood donation be made compulsory? No It is eventually a voluntary act May lead to hatred towards blood donation May lead to a negative out come Will not solve the problem any more

Reasons for not donating:

Fear of pain Fear of future weakness Fear of possible ill effects Objection from the elders Medical excuses Has never been asked personally Reasons for not donating

Slide 26:

Reasons for not donating Not approached to do so They may think that it would not make any difference if they do not donate Lack of awareness Fear of injection / communicable diseases

Slide 27:

What could be the remedy? Educate the community about the importance of blood donation Make them realize that we could help others not only by donating money but donating blood also Only we can help our fellow human beings

Slide 28:

Motivate more students at college level Students comprise a significant proportion of our population Suitable site for intervention Message could be passed easily among them Willing to share information What could be the remedy?

OUR AIM:

OUR AIM TO ESTABLISH A BLOOD BANK BASED SOLELY ON VOLUNTEER DONORS IN ORDER TO ASSURE SAFE AND HEALTHY BLOOD FOR PATIENTS

Need for blood:

Need for blood One unit every 2 seconds

Slide 31:

Do you know there are thousands of patients are losing their life because of in adequate supply of blood in time?

Myths – Blood Donation :

Myths – Blood Donation Bachelors and spinsters I am getting married Only non – vegetarian can donate People who does hard work I am lean and unhealthy I need all my blood

Common Excuses:

Common Excuses I am scared of being infected with any blood borne viral disease while giving blood I am worried that giving blood causes physical weakness or infertility I cant give blood because I think I am anaemic I hate needles Its too inconvenient and I am too busy

WHO CAN BE A DONOR?:

WHO CAN BE A DONOR? Anyone who is Above 18 years & less than 60 years In good health Has a haemoglobin concentration of more than 12.5 gm% Willing to donate Not at risk for sexually transmitted diseases Not taking any medication Not addicted to any drugs

DONOR SAFTEY:

DONOR SAFTEY Screening by LAB TESTS Screening by TECHNOLOGIST Screening by DOCTOR Use of STERILISED disposable sets.

PATIENT SAFTEY:

PATIENT SAFTEY Screening of samples for diseases Correct grouping & typing Cross matching (Compatibility)

What diseases can be given thro’ blood?:

What diseases can be given thro’ blood? HIV AIDS HEPATITIS B, C SYPHILIS MALARIA FILARIA

HOW TO PREVENT THIS ?:

HOW TO PREVENT THIS ? By screening of blood donors and their blood History Lab tests

Who benefits by your donation?:

Who benefits by your donation? ANOTHER HUMAN BEING

Who benefits….?:

Who benefits….? Different types of patients: Emergency patients: Accident victims Ladies for delivery Patients with bleeding problems

Who benefits…?:

Who benefits…? Heart surgery patients Kidney transplant patients Liver transplant patients

Slide 42:

Your blood donation makes a difference between life and death for this patients

What do Volunteers get…:

What do Volunteers get… Blood donor card Blood group Tests for blood-borne viral diseases When you need it ….. We give it.

YOUR BLOOD…:

YOUR BLOOD… 350 / 450 ml only ONCE in three months 1 unit useful to 3 persons ½ hour of your routine work

WHY SHOULD :

WHY SHOULD WHY SHOULD YOU DONATE ?

WHY …?:

WHY …? You are helping your fellow human being Blood is a gift only you can give You are saving a life !! That is our social responsibility Make them to realize that “helping others” is one of our responsibility. “we can’t afford to donate money for the needy but giving blood is our way of helping others which makes one feel good about our self”

Slide 47:

Blood donation is a Divine act Blood donation is as Helping God – Mother Teresa Blood donors – Ambassadors of Goodwill and Universal Brotherhood

Slide 48:

Donate from 18- 60years About 168 donations Almost 504 lives saved If you want to save somebody you need not to be a doctor but if you donate blood, your blood can save three lives not just one

DONATE BLOOD:

DONATE BLOOD THE GIFT OF LIFE Thank you