nutrition and healthy lifestyle

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nutrition and daily lifestyles of adolescents is focused on the nutritional lifestyles of todays adolescents and how to make improvements on them

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Nutrition and Healthy Lifestyle of Adolescents : 

Nutrition and Healthy Lifestyle of Adolescents Nutrition Month National Nutrition Council July 2007

2007 Nutrition Month Theme : 

2007 Nutrition Month Theme Healthy lifestyle ng kabataan, landas sa kinabukasan!

Adolescence : 

Adolescence period of transition between childhood and adulthood, ages 10-19 (WHO) often referred to as puberty

Changes adolescents undergo : 

Changes adolescents undergo Fast growth and physical maturation Reaches the peak of weight and height Development of secondary characteristics, i.e. deeper voice in voice in males, development of breasts in girls Changes in physical, social, emotional and mental state start to appear

Adolescence : 

Adolescence Period of exploration and learning Good time to establish proper health and nutrition practices and behaviors Expanding relationship and friendships Influence lifestyles and behaviors

Nutritional Status of Filipino Adolescents : 

Nutritional Status of Filipino Adolescents Among adolescents, 11-12 years old: 49 in every 100 have normal weights for their height 26 in every 100 are underweight 20 in every 100 are mildly underweight 4 in every 100 are overweight Source: 6th National Nutrition Survey, DOST-FNRI

Nutritional Status of Filipino Adolescents : 

Nutritional Status of Filipino Adolescents Among adolescents, 13-19 years old: 68 in every 100 have normal weights for their height 12 in every 100 are underweight 17 in every 100 are mildly underweight 3 in every 100 are overweight Source: 6th National Nutrition Survey, DOST-FNRI

Nutritional Status of Adolescents, 11-19 years old, using Body Mass Index. NNS 2003, FNRI-DOST. : 

Nutritional Status of Adolescents, 11-19 years old, using Body Mass Index. NNS 2003, FNRI-DOST.

Trends in the prevalence of underweight and overweight among adolescents using Body Mass Index: Philippines, 1993-2003. : 

Trends in the prevalence of underweight and overweight among adolescents using Body Mass Index: Philippines, 1993-2003. Source: Philippine Nutrition Facts and Figures 2003, FNRI-DOST. October 2006.

Slide 10: 

Slow growth and development Sluggishness Easy fatigability Poor school performance Delay in the onset of secondary sex characteristics Unhappy Poor nutrition in adulthood Poor nutrition among adolescents Consequences of poor nutrition among adolescents

Why are adolescents undernourished? : 

Why are adolescents undernourished? Not enough food to eat Access to empty calorie, less nutritious foods Poor eating habits Unhealthy lifestyle practices

Nutrient needs of adolescents : 

Nutrient needs of adolescents Source: Recommended Energy and Nutrient Intakes. Philippines, 2002 Edition. Food and Nutrition Research Institute-Department of Science and Technology.

Nutrient needs of adolescents : 

Nutrient needs of adolescents * α-tocopherol Source: Recommended Energy and Nutrient Intakes. Philippines, 2002 Edition. Food and Nutrition Research Institute-Department of Science and Technology.

Nutrient needs of adolescents : 

Nutrient needs of adolescents Source: Recommended Energy and Nutrient Intakes. Philippines, 2002 Edition. Food and Nutrition Research Institute-Department of Science and Technology.

Nutrient needs of adolescents : 

Nutrient needs of adolescents Source: Recommended Energy and Nutrient Intakes. Philippines, 2002 Edition. Food and Nutrition Research Institute-Department of Science and Technology.

Nutrient needs of adolescents : 

Nutrient needs of adolescents Source: Recommended Energy and Nutrient Intakes. Philippines, 2002 Edition. Food and Nutrition Research Institute-Department of Science and Technology.

Nutrient needs of adolescents : 

Nutrient needs of adolescents Males have higher needs than females for energy, protein, vitamin C, thiamin, riboflavin, niacin, vitamin K, magnesium, zinc, fluoride, manganese Females have higher needs for iron Energy and nutrient needs generally higher during early adolescence

Important nutrients for adolescents : 

Important nutrients for adolescents Protein To support rapid growth and development Calcium For bone development and calcium stores for peak bone mass Sources are milk and dairy foods, fish with edible bones, green leafy vegetables

Important nutrients for adolescents : 

Important nutrients for adolescents Iron For growth spurts For iron stores to prevent anemia Compensate for blood loss during menstruation among females

Important nutrients for adolescents : 

Important nutrients for adolescents Phosphorus and Magnesium Works in coordination with calcium for bone development Zinc To support growth and development of secondary sex characteristics

Slide 21: 

Promotes Feeding the adolescent . . . what to eat?

Slide 22: 

GROW Eat a variety of foods every day!

Proper Diet: GO foods : 

Proper Diet: GO foods Source: Nutritional Guidelines for Filipinos. Revised Edition 2000. Food and Nutrition Research Institute-Department of Science and Technology.

Proper Diet: GO foods : 

Proper Diet: GO foods Source: Nutritional Guidelines for Filipinos. Revised Edition 2000. Food and Nutrition Research Institute-Department of Science and Technology.

Proper Diet: GROW foods : 

Proper Diet: GROW foods Source: Nutritional Guidelines for Filipinos. Revised Edition 2000. Food and Nutrition Research Institute-Department of Science and Technology.

Proper Diet: GROW foods : 

Proper Diet: GROW foods Source: Nutritional Guidelines for Filipinos. Revised Edition 2000. Food and Nutrition Research Institute-Department of Science and Technology.

Proper Diet: GLOW foods : 

Proper Diet: GLOW foods Source: Nutritional Guidelines for Filipinos. Revised Edition 2000. Food and Nutrition Research Institute-Department of Science and Technology.

Proper Diet: GLOW foods : 

Proper Diet: GLOW foods Source: Nutritional Guidelines for Filipinos. Revised Edition 2000. Food and Nutrition Research Institute-Department of Science and Technology.

Nutrition and health concerns of adolescents : 

Nutrition and health concerns of adolescents

a. Skipping meals : 

a. Skipping meals Reasons for skipping breakfast: Lack of time Lack of appetite Preference for sleep Spending more time for personal appearance

a. Skipping meals : 

a. Skipping meals Reasons for skipping breakfast: No one to eat with Acceptance of no-breakfast habit among peer group Lack of prepared breakfast at home

Other reasons for skipping meals : 

Other reasons for skipping meals Commitments in school Tiredness

Prevent skipping meals : 

Prevent skipping meals Encourage adolescents to make time for a good meal maintains concentration in school, prepare the body for work and sports and keeps one healthy. Good meal

Prevent skipping breakfast : 

Prevent skipping breakfast Encourage adolescent to eat breakfast to prevent bingeing or overeating or frequent nibbling Remind adolescents that skipping breakfast will not make one lose weight

Prevent skipping breakfast : 

Prevent skipping breakfast Encourage adolescents to sleep early and wake up early so they have time for breakfast. Ensure that breakfast is ready before adolescents and family members leave the home.

Prevent skipping breakfast : 

Prevent skipping breakfast Join the adolescent in their meals When eating breakfast is not possible, pack nutritious breakfast or snacks for family members

b. Poor meals/lunch : 

b. Poor meals/lunch Poor food choices Eating hurried lunches to catch up with classes Eating less for fear of becoming overweight

b. Poor meals/lunch : 

b. Poor meals/lunch Belief that some foods can cause pimples or acne Absence of a companion to eat with Not enough money to buy nutritious meals

c. Poor snacking : 

c. Poor snacking Preference for: fast foods Preferences for street foods such as “kwek-kwek,” fish balls Consumption of carbonated drinks, salty chips, sweets and sugary drinks

d. Practice of fad diets : 

d. Practice of fad diets Experiment with different diets for weight loss or improve build Own “diet” e.g. replace meals with crackers and water Popular diets promoted by media or celebrities

e. Eating disorders : 

e. Eating disorders Anorexia nervosa loss of appetite due to psychological fear of being fat energy intake is reduced and energy output is increased by excessive exercise result to severe nutritional deficiency, cessation of menstruation, and even death

e. Eating disorders : 

Bulimia Person binges or eats a lot of food in a short time and purges or induces vomiting to get rid of food Individuals with bulimia have low self-esteem and sense of control e. Eating disorders

e. Eating disorders : 

e. Eating disorders irregular heart beat weakened heart muscle heart failure low blood pressure and pulse rate sore throat irritated esophagus dehydration irregular bowel movement or constipation irregular or absent monthly period 2. Bulimia Negative effects are:

Addressing eating disorders : 

Addressing eating disorders More than just eating disorders – it is psychological Consult with dietitian, psychologist or medical doctor to come up with an effective treatment plan

Addressing eating disorders : 

Addressing eating disorders Parents should give comfort and support during treatment Give love, compassion, appreciation and quality time

f. Substance abuse : 

f. Substance abuse Consumption of alcohol, drugs, cigarettes Aside from physical effects, these also reduce absorption of nutrients

Healthy Lifestyle for Adolescents : 

Healthy Lifestyle for Adolescents

What is healthy lifestyle? : 

What is healthy lifestyle? Way of life that promotes and protects health and well-being — Department of Health

Why is a healthy lifestyle important? : 

Why is a healthy lifestyle important? Prevents dreaded chronic diseases Heart disease Diabetes Cancers Respiratory ailments Prevents early death

How can adolescents achieve a healthy lifestyle? : 

How can adolescents achieve a healthy lifestyle? Have a good diet.

Ensuring nutritious meals : 

Ensuring nutritious meals Eat a variety of foods everyday Increase consumption of vegetables to at least 2-3 servings a day, e.g. leafy like alugbati, saluyot, malunggay, kamote tops, kangkong and yellow like squash Eat at least 2-3 servings of fruits everyday WHO recommends 400 grams/day = 9 servings of fruits and vegetables

Ensuring nutritious meals : 

Ensuring nutritious meals Choose diet: With plenty of grain products Low in fat, saturated fats and cholesterol Moderate in sugars and salt Rich in calcium and iron

Ensuring nutritious meals : 

Ensuring nutritious meals Buy nutritious snacks foods Remind adolescent to choose food wisely when eating out Bring packed nutritious meals/snacks

Ensuring nutritious meals : 

Ensuring nutritious meals Prepare nutritious and appetizing foods at home

Ensuring nutritious meals : 

Ensuring nutritious meals Teach adolescents of negative consequences of fad diets to their health Misinformation may pose health risk to adolescents More prone to develop chronic diseases such as diabetes, hypertension and heart diseases, even become more overweight

How can adolescents achieve a healthy lifestyle? : 

How can adolescents achieve a healthy lifestyle? Balance the amount of food eaten with physical activity to maintain weight.

Maintain energy balance : 

Maintain energy balance The Energy Balance INPUT Calories from food OUTPUT Calories used during PA Energy balance: Energy from food = energy used for physical activity If energy from food > energy used = weight gain If energy from food < energy used = weight loss

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Do moderate-intensity physical activity 10 minutes at a time for 30 minutes a day at least 5 days a week Source: Philippine Association for the Study of Overweight and Obesity (PASOO) 3. Exercise regularly.

How can adolescents achieve a healthy lifestyle? : 

How can adolescents achieve a healthy lifestyle? Do not smoke. The best rule is never to start smoking because once the habit is established; giving up smoking will not be easy.

How can adolescents achieve a healthy lifestyle? : 

How can adolescents achieve a healthy lifestyle? Avoid alcohol 1 drink 1 ½ oz distilled beverage e.g. gin 12 oz or 1 bottle beer 4 oz of ½ glass wine 1 oz or 1 jigger of 100 proof whiskey

How can adolescents achieve a healthy lifestyle? : 

How can adolescents achieve a healthy lifestyle? Manage stress avoid excess caffeine intake – reduce feelings of anxiety and agitation, learn relaxation exercises like abdominal breathing and muscle relaxation techniques

How can adolescents achieve a healthy lifestyle? : 

How can adolescents achieve a healthy lifestyle? Manage stress have a positive outlook take a break from stressful situations like doing things that you love most

How can adolescents achieve a healthy lifestyle? : 

How can adolescents achieve a healthy lifestyle? Manage stress learn practical coping skills like breaking large tasks into smaller and more feasible tasks seek friends who can help them cope in a positive way

The pregnant adolescent : 

The pregnant adolescent Increases risk of undernutrition and anemia because of demand of pregnancy and physical development Brings physical and psychological stress

Taking care of the pregnant adolescent : 

Taking care of the pregnant adolescent Plan her diet carefully to consider increased energy and nutrient needs Micronutrient supplementation especially iron and calcium Increase food intake

Taking care of the pregnant adolescent : 

Taking care of the pregnant adolescent Family should be supportive and more sympathetic Ensure prenatal and postnatal care

Health and nutrition programs for adolescents : 

Health and nutrition programs for adolescents Reproductive health Adolescent and Youth Health Program and Development (DOH) Includes awareness on adolescent’s sexuality and reproductive health Advocacy on sexual awareness through education and value formation (NGOs like Foundation for Adolescent Development)

Health and nutrition programs for adolescents : 

Health and nutrition programs for adolescents 2. Nutrition education Integrated in health and nutrition subjects or in Technology and Livelihood Education (DepED) Fora and seminars are also conducted during Nutrition Month celebration

Health and nutrition programs for adolescents : 

Health and nutrition programs for adolescents 3. Promotion of healthy lifestyle Program on healthy eating places Promotion of exercise Promotion of “No Smoking” Sports development

Health and nutrition programs for adolescents : 

Health and nutrition programs for adolescents 4. Policies for the youth The Medium Term Youth Development Plan (MTYDP) as the national framework for youth development (National Youth Commission) Youth development in education, skills development, reproductive health and control of substance abuse, etc.

Health and nutrition programs for adolescents : 

Health and nutrition programs for adolescents 4. Policies for the youth Child 21 or the Philippine National Strategic Framework for Plan Development for Children provides framework to promote and safeguard the rights of Filipino children education information freedom of expression thought conscience religion association right to privacy

Actions to promote healthy lifestyle of adolescents : 

Actions to promote healthy lifestyle of adolescents Provide a supportive family environment Ensure nutritious meals are available with special attention to nutritious breakfast. Parents as role models of good nutrition. Engage in physical activities among family members.

Actions to promote healthy lifestyle of adolescents : 

Actions to promote healthy lifestyle of adolescents Foster nutrition-friendly schools School canteens and cafeterias to provide a variety of options of nutritious but affordable meals and snacks. Promote the sale of safe and nutritious foods among vendors in the vicinity of the school. Integrate nutrition in the secondary education curriculum.

Actions to promote healthy lifestyle of adolescents : 

Actions to promote healthy lifestyle of adolescents Foster nutrition-friendly schools Conduct nutrition assessment. Ensure that students have enough time for snacks in the morning and afternoon.

Actions to promote healthy lifestyle of adolescents : 

Actions to promote healthy lifestyle of adolescents Foster nutrition-friendly schools Conduct forum, discussions, seminars on nutrition and healthy lifestyles to increase awareness and to clarify misconceptions about nutrition. an opportunity for adolescents to express their opinions.

Actions to promote healthy lifestyle of adolescents : 

Actions to promote healthy lifestyle of adolescents Community and local government support for adolescent nutrition and healthy lifestyle Conduct community assemblies on proper nutrition and healthy lifestyles. The Sangguniang Kabataan can conduct nutrition assessment among the youth in coordination with municipal/city nutrition office.

Actions to promote healthy lifestyle of adolescents : 

Actions to promote healthy lifestyle of adolescents Community and local government support for adolescent nutrition and healthy lifestyle Provide iron supplements especially for female adolescents. Promote sport activities.

Actions to promote healthy lifestyle of adolescents : 

Actions to promote healthy lifestyle of adolescents Community and local government support for adolescent nutrition and healthy lifestyle Enforce an ordinance banning children from purchasing cigarettes and alcoholic beverages and or regulating the sale of junk foods.

Actions to promote healthy lifestyle of adolescents : 

Actions to promote healthy lifestyle of adolescents Community and local government support for adolescent nutrition and healthy lifestyle Engage adolescents in community nutrition programs such as Operation Timbang, nutrition education, food production programs and participate in decision-making.

Actions to promote healthy lifestyle of adolescents : 

Actions to promote healthy lifestyle of adolescents Community and local government support for adolescent nutrition and healthy lifestyle Sangguniang Kabataan to allocate a portion of the SK fund for nutrition program for adolescents.

Actions to promote healthy lifestyle of adolescents : 

Actions to promote healthy lifestyle of adolescents Community and local government support for adolescent nutrition and healthy lifestyle Organize adolescent counseling programs to address psychological and social aspects of adolescent stresses. Provide reproductive health services especially to avoid teenage pregnancies

Actions to promote healthy lifestyle of adolescents : 

Actions to promote healthy lifestyle of adolescents Media and civil society Promote a healthy body image of adolescents as not being too thin but that of having normal weight. Promote nutrition by providing correct information especially about fad diets which adolescents are likely to experiment with.

In summary. . . : 

In summary. . . 1. The adolescent needs proper nutrition to support rapid growth and development. 2. About 37% of adolescents do not have normal nutritional states.

In summary. . . : 

In summary. . . 3. Nutrient needs are not met because of lack of food, poor food choices and unhealthy lifestyle. 4. Promote and support adolescents to practice healthy lifestyle to address various health and nutrition concerns.

In summary. . . : 

In summary. . . 5. Nutrition programs for adolescents are limited and these should be assessed and strengthened to improve nutritional status of adolescents in preparation for adult life.

Slide 86: 

Thank you!

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