Role of financial institution in india

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Role of Specialized Financial Institutions:

Role of Specialized Financial Institutions GEETA UDAPIKAR


CONTENT Introduction to Financial Institutions in India which provide financial skims for project management. 1. Commercial bank 2. Industrial Finance Corporations of India (I.F.C.I.) 3. Industrial Development Bank of India (IDBI) 4. Industrial credit and Investment corporation of India (ICICI) 5. Small Industries Development Bank of India(SIDBI) 6. State Financial Corporations (SFCs) 7.Venture capital funding 8. Angle capitalist

1.Commercial bank.:

1.Commercial bank. Commercial Banks are banking institutions that accept deposits and grant short-term loans and Advances to their customers. In addition to giving short-term loans, commercial banks also give Medium-term and long-term loan to business enterprises. Now-a-days some of the commercial Banks are also providing housing loan on a long-term basis to individuals. There are also many Other functions of commercial banks.

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The Banking products/function of commercial banks are of two types. (A) Primary functions; and (B) Secondary functions. (A) Primary functions The primary functions of a commercial bank include a) Accepting deposits; and b) Granting loans and advances.

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Secondary functions a. Issuing letters of credit, travelers cheque, etc. b. Undertaking safe custody of valuables, important document and securities by providing safe deposit vaults or lockers. c. Providing customers with facilities of foreign exchange dealings. d. Transferring money from one account to another; and from one branch to another branch of the bank through cheque, pay order, demand draft.

Types of commercial bank:

Types of commercial bank Public Sector Banks : These are banks where majority stake is held by the Government of India or Reserve Bank of India. Examples of public sector banks are: State Bank of India, Nationalized banks Name Allahabad Bank Andhra Bank Bank of Baroda Bank of India Bank of Maharashtra Canara Bank Central Bank of India Corporation Bank Dena Bank Indian Bank Indian Overseas Bank Oriental Bank of Commerce Punjab & Sind Bank Punjab National Bank State Bank of India State Bank of Mysore State Bank of Patiala State Bank of Travancore Syndicate Bank UCO Bank Union Bank of India United Bank of India Vijaya Bank

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Private sectors Banks: In case of private sector banks majority of share capital of the Bank is held by private individuals. These banks are registered as companies with limited Liability. 1. Bank of Punjab Ltd. (since merged with Centurian Bank) 2. Centurian Bank of Punjab (since merged with HDFC Bank) 3. Development Credit Bank Ltd. 4. HDFC Bank Ltd. 5. ICICI Bank Ltd. 6. IndusInd Bank Ltd. 7. Kotak Mahindra Bank Ltd. 8. Axis Bank (earlier UTI Bank) 9. Yes Bank Ltd.

Industrial Finance Corporations of India (I.F.C.I.):

Industrial Finance Corporations of India (I.F.C.I.) IFCI was established as a statutory corporation on 1st July 1948 by special Act of Parliament, IFCI Act, 1948. It was converted into a public limited company on July 1, 1993. Its main object is to provide medium and long term credit to eligible industrial concerns in corporate sectors of the economy, particularly to those industries to which banking facilities are not available.

Objectives :

Objectives The primary role of IFCI is to provide ‘direct financial assistance’ on medium and long term basis to industrial projects in the corporate and co-operative sectors. The objectives of the corporation are stated below. (a) To provide long and medium-term credit to industrial concerns engaged in manufacturing, mining, shipping and electricity generation and distribution.

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(b) The period of credit can be as long as 25 years and should not exceed that period; (c) To grant credit to a single concern up to a maximum amount of rupees one crore. This limit can be exceeded with the permission of the government under certain circumstances; (d) guarantee loans and deferred payments ;

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(e) underwrite and directly subscribe to shares and debentures issued by companies; (f) assist in setting up new projects as well as in modernization of existing industrial concerns in medium and large scale sector; (g) assist projects under co-operatives and in backward areas.

Functions :

Functions The main functions of I.F.C.I. are as under:- i ) Granting loans and advances for the establishment, expansion, diversification and modernization of industries in corporate and co-operative sectors. ii) Guaranteeing loans raised by industrial concerns in the capital market, both in rupees and foreign currencies. iii) Subscribing or underwriting the issue of shares and debentures by industries. Such investment can be held up to 7 years.

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iv) Guaranteeing credit purchase of capital goods, imported as well as purchased within the country. v) Providing assistance, under the soft loans scheme, to selected industries such as cement, cotton textiles, jute, engineering goods,etc. vi) Providing technical, legal, marketing and administrative assistance to any industrial concern for the promotion, management and expansion of the industrial concern.

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vii) Providing equipment (imported or indigenous) to the existing industrial concerns on lease under its ‘equipment leasing scheme’. viii) Procuring and reselling equipment to eligible existing industrial concerns in corporate or co-operative sectors. ix) Rendering merchant banking services to industrial concerns.

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In 1995-96, 67% of the total financial assistance distributed by IFCI was in the form of rupee term loans, while foreign currency loans accounted for approximately 17% of total financial assistance. Thus the two types of assistance accounted for a total of 84% of the total financial assistance by IFCI. The remaining 16% of financial assistance, was in the form of underwriting, direct subscription, guarantees and equipment leasing.

Industrial Development Bank of India (IDBI):

Industrial Development Bank of India (IDBI) The Industrial Development Bank of India was set up in July 1964 as a wholly owned subsidiary of the Reserve Bank of India. The purpose was to enable the new institution to benefit from the financial support and experience of RBI. After a decade of its working, it was delinked from RBI in 1976, when its ownership was transferred to the Government of India.

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The purpose was to allow RBI to concentrate on its central banking function and allow IDBI to grow into a developmental agency. After the public issue of equity shares and sale of a part of Government’s shareholding in July 1995, Government’s shareholding in IDBI has been reduced to 72.14%. IDBI is now the principal financial institution for cordinating the working of institutions engaged in financing, promoting or developing industry,

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assisting the development of such institutions and providing credit and other facilities for the development of industry. Thus the role of IDBI may be stated as under: As an apex financial institution, it coordinates the working of other financial institutions. (2) It assists in the development of other financial institutions. (3) It provides credit to large industrial concerns directly. (4) It undertakes other activities for the development of industry.


Objectives The main objectives of IDBI is to serve as the apex institution for term finance for industry in India. Its objectives include (1) Co-ordination, regulation and supervision of the working of other financial institutions such as IFCI , ICICI, UTI, LIC, Commercial Banks and SFCs. (2) Supplementing the resources of other financial institutions and thereby widening the scope of their assistance. (3) Planning, promotion and development of key industries and diversifications of industrial growth.


Function The IDBI has been established to perform the following functions- (1) To grant loans and advances to IFCI, SFCs or any other financial institution by way of refinancing of loans granted by such institutions which are repayable within 25 year. (2) To grant loans and advances to scheduled banks or state co-operative banks by way of refinancing of loans granted by such institutions which are repayable in 15 years.

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(3) To grant loans and advances to IFCI, SFCs, other institutions, scheduled banks, state co-operative banks by way of refinancing of loans granted by such institution to industrial concerns for exports (4) To discount or rediscount bills of industrial concerns. (5) To underwrite or to subscribe to shares or debentures of industrial concerns. (6) To subscribe to or purchase stock, shares, bonds and debentures of other financial institutions.

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( 7) To grant line of credit or loans and advances to other financial institutions such as IFCI, SFCs, etc. (8) To grant loans to any industrial concern. (9) To guarantee deferred payment due from any industrial concern. (10) To guarantee loans raised by industrial concerns in the market or from institutions

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(11) To provide consultancy and merchant banking services in or outside India. (12) To provide technical, legal, marketing and administrative assistance to any industrial concern or person for promotion, management or expansion of any industry. (13) Planning, promoting and developing industries to fill up gaps in the industrial structure in India. (14) To act as trustee for the holders of debentures or other securities


Subsidiaries The following are the subsidiaries of IDBI. Small Industries Development Bank of India (SIDBI) (2) IDBI Bank Ltd. (3) IDBI Capital Market Services Ltd. (4) IDBI Investment Management Company

Capital Structure and Operations:

Capital Structure and Operations As on September 30,1996, The authorized Capital of IDBI was Rs.2000 crores. Issued, subscribed and paid up share capital was Rs.828.76 crores. Reserves were Rs.6309 crores. Loan funds were Rs.35450 crores. The total outstanding loans, investments and guarantee of IDBI stood at Rs.39,221 crore as on 31st March 1996.

Industrial Credit and Investment Corporation of India (ICICI):

Industrial Credit and Investment Corporation of India (ICICI) Industrial Credit and Investment Corporation of India was established as a joint stock company in the private sector in 1955. Its share capital was contributed by banks, insurance companies and foreign institutions including the World Bank. Its major shareholders now are Unit Trust of India, Life Insurance Corporation of India and General Insurance Corporation and its subsidiaries.


Objectives The ICICI has been established to achieve the following objectives: (I) To assist in the formation, expansion and modernization of industrial units in the private sector; (ii) To stimulate and promote the participation of private capital (both Indian and foreign) in such industrial units; (iii) To furnish technical and managerial aid so as to increase production and expand employment opportunities;


Functions The primary function of ICICI is to act as a channel for providing development finance to industry. In pursuit of its objectives of promoting industrial development, ICICI performs the following functions:- (i) It provides medium and long-term loans in Indian and foreign currency for importing capital equipment and technical services. Loans sanctioned generally go towards purchase of fixed assets like land, building and machinery

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(ii) It subscribes to new issues of shares, generally by underwriting them; (iii) It guarantees loans raised from private sources including deferred payment; (iv) It directly subscribes to shares and debentures; (v) It provides technical and managerial assistance to industrial units;

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(vi) It provides assets on lease to industrial concerns. In other words, assets are owned by ICICI but allowed to be used by industrial concerns for a consideration called lease rent. (vii) It provides project consultancy services to industrial units for new projects. (viii) It provides merchant banking services


Subsidiaries 1.ICICI Securities and Finance Co. Ltd. 2. ICICI Assets Management Co. Ltd. 3. ICICI Investors Services Ltd. 4. ICICI Banking Corporations Ltd. 5. Credit Rating Information Services of India Ltd. (CRISIL)

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6 . Technology Development and Information Company of India Ltd.(TDICI) 7. Programmers for the Advancement of Commercial Technology. 8. `Programmer for Acceleration of Commercial Energy Research (PACER)

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Financial assistance granted and disbursed by ICICI over the years have grown steadily. ICICI has disbursed a total financial assistance of Rs.4225 crores during the three months period from Ist April 1998 to 30th June 1998. The total amount sanctioned during this period is Rs.9135 crore.

State Financial Corporations (SFCs) :

State Financial Corporations (SFCs) To meet the financial needs of small and medium enterprises, the government of India passed the State Financial Corporation Act in 1951, empowering the State governments to establish development banks for their respective regions. Under the Act, SFCs have been established by State governments to meet the financial requirements of medium and small sized enterprises. There are 18 SFCs at present.


Objectives (1) Provide financial assistance to small and medium industrial concerns. These may be from corporate or co-operative sectors as in case of IFCI or may be partnership, individual or joint Hindu family business. Under SFCs Act, “industrial concern” means any concern engaged not only in the manufacture, preservation or processing of goods, but also mining, hotel industry, transport maintenance of machinery, setting up or development of an industrial area or industrial estate, etc.

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(2) Provide long and medium-term loan repayable ordinarily within a period not exceeding 20 years. (3) Grant financial assistance to any single industrial concern under corporate or co-operative sector with an aggregate upper limit of rupees Sixty lakhs . In any other case (partnership, sole proprietorship or joint Hindu family) the upper limit is rupees Thirty lakhs .

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(4) Provide Financial assistance generally to those industrial concerns whose paid up share capital and free reserves do not exceed Rs.3 crore. (5) To lay special emphasis on the development of backward areas and small scale industries .

Functions of State Financial Corporation (SFCs):

Functions of State Financial Corporation (SFCs) (1) Grant of loans and advances to or subscribe to debentures of industrial concerns repayable within a period not exceeding 20 years, with option of conversion into shares or stock of the industrial concern. (2) Guaranteeing loans raised by industrial concerns which are repayable within a period not exceeding 20 years. (3) Guaranteeing deferred payments due from an industrial concern for purchase of capital goods in India.

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(4) Underwriting of the issue of stock, shares, bonds or debentures by industrial concerns. (5) Subscribing to, or purchasing of, the stock, shares, bonds or debentures of an industrial concern subject to a maximum of 30 percent of the subscribed capital, or 30 percent of paid up share capital and free reserve, whichever is less. (6) Act as agent of the Central government, State government, IDBI,IFCI or any other financial institution in the matter of grant of loan or business of IDBI, IFCI or financial institution.

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(7) Providing technical and administrative assistance to any industrial concern or any person for the promotion, management or expansion of any industry. (8) Planning and assisting in the promotion and development of industries.

Venture capital funding :

Venture capital funding Venture capital is a means of equity financing for rapidly-growing private companies. Finance may be required for the start-up, development/expansion or purchase of a company. Venture Capital firms invest funds on a professional basis, often focusing on a limited sector of specialization (eg. IT, infrastructure, health/life sciences, clean technology, etc.).

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The goal of venture capital is to build companies so that the shares become liquid (through IPO or acquisition) and provide a rate of return to the investors (in the form of cash or shares) that is consistent with the level of risk taken. venture capital financing, the venture capitalist acquires an agreed proportion of the equity of the company in return for the funding. Equity finance offers the significant advantage of having no interest charges. It is "patient" capital that seeks a return through long-term capital gain rather than immediate and regular interest payments, as in the case of debt financing.

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Indian Private Equity and venture Capital association (IVCA) Indian Private Equity and Venture Capital Association (IVCA) is a member based national organization that represents venture capital and private equity firms, promotes the industry within India and throughout the world and encourages investment in high growth companies. IVCA members comprise venture capital firms, institutional investors, banks, incubators, angel groups, corporate advisors, accountants, lawyers, government bodies, academic institutions and other service providers to the venture capital and private equity industry.

Name of the Venture Capital Fund in India.:

Name of the Venture Capital Fund in India. Aavishkaar India Micro Venture Capital Fund Aditya Birla Private Equity Trust Axis Venture Capital Trust BTS India Private Equity Fund Canbank Venture Capital Fund Green India Venture Fund

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