AROMATIC AND MEDICINAL CROPS

Views:
 
Category: Education
     
 

Presentation Description

No description available.

Comments

Presentation Transcript

ADVANTAGES OF AROMATIC AND MEDICINAL CROPS. :

ADVANTAGES OF AROMATIC AND MEDICINAL CROPS. Prepared by: UMESH BABU K R AK(S) 961 AGRICO SHIMOGA email: ub.holalkere@gmail.com

INTRODUCTION::

INTRODUCTION : Medicinal and aromatic plants are important for human health. These plants have been used from the prehistoric times to present day. These plants based medicines are consumed in all civilizations. It is believed that the herbal medicine can give good effect to body without causing side effects to human’s life. Besides, the usage of medical plants has been increasing as an important role that can support the economic system. The medical and aromatic plants for health are used as herbal treatments and therapies that can be new habits for culture .

ADVANTAGES OF AROMATIC CROPS.:

ADVANTAGES OF AROMATIC CROPS.

ADVANTAGES OF AROMATIC CROPS::

ADVANTAGES OF AROMATIC CROPS: Prominent among the aroma bearing plants are Lavender, Rose, Clarysage, Peppermint, Rosemary, Artemisia annua, Tagetes minuta and Geranium oils. The essential oils derived from these plants form the backbone of perfumery, cosmetic industry. These oils rank among the top ten essential oils used in aromatherapy throughout the world.

PowerPoint Presentation:

LAVENDER OIL: Lavender oil (Lavendula angustifolia syn. Lavendula officinalis), growing in highlands of Kashmir, is steam distilled from flowering tops. Cherished and keenly sought for perfumery, skincare and hair care. Promotes calmness, reduces inflammation/fights infection and promotes skin healing. Lavender oil helps in wound healing, reduces pain and supports healthy tissue growth. In the relief of headaches especially migraine, fainting and dizziness. Lavender oil is second to none. A balancing oil that stimulates, energizes and much more. Other value added products of lavender are lavender water, lavender concrete and absolute. Recently Lavender Park has been established in Pahalgam by Regional Research Laboratory- Srinagar.

PowerPoint Presentation:

LAVENDER OIL LAVENDER FLOWER

PowerPoint Presentation:

SINGLE PLANT OF LAVENDER ROSE: (Rosa damascena). The Rose is not as a symbol of beauty, love and purity but is one of the oldest and most valuable sources of rose oil, rose concrete, rose absolute and rose water. They are highly expensive materials for perfumery, flavour and cosmetic industries due to their characteristics rose odour with a distinctive floral tonality. THE ROSE: (Damask Rose) It is not only a symbol of beauty, love and purity but one of the best materials for production of high quality rose oil, rose concrete, rose attar and rose water. Low content of oil in rose petals and highly fragrant intensive rose oil commands a very high price. It has anti depressant, antiseptic, antiviral, laxative and tonic properties. A wonderful skin toner especially for dry, sensitive or aging skin. It has a calming effect for grief, resentment anger and depression.

PowerPoint Presentation:

SINGLE PLANT OF LAVENDER ROSE THE ROSE

PowerPoint Presentation:

CLARYSAGE OIL: Clarysage oil obtained by steam distillation of fresh flowering tops. A short growing season, lower in essential oil yield but the quality is splendid. A sweet herbaceous, tenacious oil with ambergris undertones. Building block for many fragrance compositions. High in esters which are quite useful for calming and balancing nervous system. It is anti-depressant, soothing. A powerful muscle relaxant, antiseptic, anti bacterial, aids in the regeneration of skin cells wrinkles and an aphrodisiac.

PowerPoint Presentation:

CLARYSAGE OIL CLARYSAGE FLOWER

PowerPoint Presentation:

ROSEMARY : (Rosemarinus Officinalis Linn) It is an evergreen woody herb with a characteristic herbaceous, woody and balsamic aroma. The plant has several medicinal properties like carminative, stomachic, spasmodic and well known antioxidant properties. Leaves have a special use in culinary purpose. Rosemary oil has an inspiring and regenerating effect on hair and stimulates the brain. Excellent antiseptic and antimicrobial action. Quite useful in rheumatism and brain. ARTEMISIA ANNUA OIL: Artemisia annua oil commonly known as wormwood is obtained from the steam distillation of aerial parts of the plant. A sweet, fragrant oil with wormwood aroma. Essential oil is reported to have antibacterial and antioxidant properties. Artemisinin isolated from the plant is used for drug resistant malaria.

PowerPoint Presentation:

ROSEMARY ARTEMISIA ANNUA OIL

PowerPoint Presentation:

MARIGOLD: (Tagetus minuta) The oil is a valuable commercial product largely used in blending high grade perfumes. The herb is also used as stomachic, carminative, diuretic and diaphoretic. The oil gets easily polymerized within 4 to 5 months of its distillation due to these acyclic ketones and should be stored in amber colored bottles. They should be filled upto brim and protected from the heat and light. The oil is used in the treatment of foot diseases. The oil also exhibits bronchodilatory, tranquilising. Hypertensive, spasmolytic and anti inflammatory activities.

PowerPoint Presentation:

MARIGOLD

PowerPoint Presentation:

PEPPERMINT: (MENTHA PIPERITA) Mints have played an important part in human society for a long period. There are 30 species of mint and all species of the Genus Mentha are aromatic. Peppermint oil is largely used as a flavouring agent for confectionary and liquors as well as for both pastes and mouth washes. It is also used in easing intestinal irritation. The oil has pleasant cooling properties and muscle relaxing properties. Peppermint extracts have shown to have antiviral activity. The oil is traditionally used in connection with arthritis, asthma, bad breath, bronchitis, fatigue, fevers, headaches, nausea and travel sickness.

PowerPoint Presentation:

PEPPERMINT

PowerPoint Presentation:

MELISSA OFFICINALIS: It is a medicinal plant with a long history in traditional medicine. It has well known antioxidant properties due to the presence of rosmarinic acid and other polyphenols. It also contains an essential oil but extremely in low yields. ECHINACEA ANGUSTIFOLIA: (Family- Asteraecae ) commonly known as purple cone flower has along tradition in the adjuvant therapy of infections and chronic inflammations. It is said to stimulate unspecific ally the immune system. It is also used to combat cough, cold, flu and sore throat. Active constituents are polysaccharides, flavonoids, caffeic acid derivations, polyacetylens and alkamides. It is among the best selling medicinal herb in the world and has a excellent cost benefit ratio.

PowerPoint Presentation:

MELISSA OFFICINALIS ECHINACEA ANGUSTIFOLIA

PowerPoint Presentation:

INULA RACEMOSA: Inula racemosa commonly known as poshkar mool. Its roots   find use in ISM for cardiac, asthma, cough, pulmonary infections and skin diseases and as adulterant for saussurea costus roots. Roots contain sesquiterpenes, alantolactone iosalantolactone alantolides, β–sitosterol, daucosterol. Isoalantolactene, the major lactone reported to have antifungal properties against human pathogenic fungi . DIOSCOREA  DELTOIDEA: Dioscorea deltoidea is the richest and purest   source of diosgenin.  It forms the back bone of steroidal industry. Diosgenin is used as an intermediate in the synthesis of life Saving drugs, corticosteroids, sex hormones and oral contraceptives .

PowerPoint Presentation:

INULA RACEMOSA DIOSCOREA   DELTOIDEA

PowerPoint Presentation:

PYRETHRUM: ( Chrysanthemum cinerariaefolium ) Pyrethrum is one of the safest insecticides known. It has a very low mammalian toxicity and is rapidly metabolized. It possesses instaneous “knock down effect”. The active constituents’ namely total pyrethrins are extracted from pyrethrum flowers for production of pyrethrum extract. About 70% of world production finds its way into fly sprays and insecticidal aerosols, anti mosquito creams, 20% is used in mosquito repellent coils and the balance in other formulations. BELLADONNA: Belladonna leaf and root and their various preparations are used in pharmaceutical industry.It is also the raw material for production of tropane alkaloids like atropine and hyosymine for pharmaceutical industry besides its use in ISM.

PowerPoint Presentation:

PYRETHRUM BELLADONNA

PowerPoint Presentation:

PODOPHYLLUM HEXANDRUM: Podophyllum hexandrum Royle, commonly known as May apple belonging to the family Berberidaceae is an endangered medicinal plant. Podophyllotoxin drawn from the rhizome of Podophyllum hexandrum and has been used in dermatological infections like condylomata accuminata . Podophyllotoxin and its chemical derivatives, teniposide and etoposide are widely used as potent chemotherapeutic agents for a variety of tumours including small cell carcinoma, testicular cancer and malignant lymphoma.

PowerPoint Presentation:

PODOPHYLLUM HEXANDRUM

ADVANTAGES OF MEDICINAL CROPS.:

ADVANTAGES OF MEDICINAL CROPS.

MEDICINAL CROPS:

MEDICINAL CROPS The medicinal herbs in Indian curry have been known for their anti-inflammatory powers for centuries. In more recent studies, Indian herbs and curry spices were also found to have other medicinal benefits for the treatment of cancer, Alzheimer's disease , heart disease, diabetes, indigestion, flu and cold, fever, and many more. Curry is actually a summary name for a collection of spices. It is a combination of natural herbs like turmeric, cardamom, ginger, coriander, cumin, black pepper, chili pepper, cloves, fenugreek, fennel, etc.

PowerPoint Presentation:

TURMERIC: Its benefits are known as anti-inflammatory, antiseptic, and digestive aid . It is also said to help with arthritis pain, and recently new found turmeric benefits include the fighting of cancers. Curcumin was found to slow the growth of cancer cells by inhibiting the enzyme aminopeptidase N (APN), which is responsible for tumor invasion and spreading. Cancers that are believed to improve from curcumin are breast cancer, colon cancer , stomach cancer , and even blood cancer. Other turmeric benefits include treating Alzheimer's disease, multiple sclerosis, and radiation burns. Health stores sell turmeric in pill form as dietary supplement as well. Curcumin has not shown any known side effects so far, according to Ho Jeong Kwon, professor of Bioscience and Biotechnology at Sejong University, Seoul.

PowerPoint Presentation:

TURMERIC

PowerPoint Presentation:

CUMIN: The cumin seeds are medicinal herbs that can aid indigestion, nausea, morning sickness, and diarrhea. Cumin is also known to relieve flatulence and colic, and it is used as cold remedy due to its antiseptic properties. The whole cumin plant acts as a tonic and mild stimulant. The medicinal spice cumin is used in most Indian curry spice mixes and in the Middle East. It has a very unique and powerful taste. CORIANDER: Once used as aphrodisiac in Egypt, coriander seeds are the dry fruits of the cilantro plant or Chinese parsley plant. Coriander is used to ease migraines and digestive upsets, and as medicine for a cold. Coriander seeds are also used as herbal treatment for clearing the body of mercury, lead, and aluminum.

PowerPoint Presentation:

CUMIN CORIANDER

PowerPoint Presentation:

FENUGREEK: A widely known medical herbs use for fenugreek is stimulating the milk production in nursing mothers, which can be increased by up to 900%, based on an article on www.breastfeeding.org. Not just used in Indian herbs, fenugreek has many great medical benefits and is used around the world: it helps relieving digestive cramps, menstrual pain, and can reduce fever. It is also said to assist in treating diabetes.

PowerPoint Presentation:

FENUGREEK

PowerPoint Presentation:

GINGER: Ginger is a real power medicinal plant among the medical herbs with uses like suppressing nausea and vomiting, reducing fever and coughing, treating inflammation, congestion, cold, diarrhea, indigestion, and flatulence. Ginger can be blood thinning and cholesterol lowering. It is also proven to kill salmonella bacteria and can be used as food preservative. Ginger is used in curry spices in India, Thailand, and other parts of Asia. Take a look at this soothing ginger tea recipe as a great aromatic herbal flu remedy for the cold season.

PowerPoint Presentation:

GINGER

PowerPoint Presentation:

FENNEL: This liquorices-tasting medicinal herb eases indigestion and reduces bloating. The medicinal benefits of fennel tea include the calming of an upset stomach. In Indian curry spices, fennel seeds are used to improve the eyesight, and studies have shown that it can treat glaucoma. Fennel is also part of a tasty after-meal mouth refresher in India, as it overpowers the sometimes pungent tastes of other spices in Indian meals.

PowerPoint Presentation:

FENNEL

PowerPoint Presentation:

CHILI: Chili peppers have their spice from a component called capsaicin, which has been used as pain reliever and blood circulation aid for ages. It can ease arthritic swelling and pain, and relieve joint aches. Chili also stimulates the mucus and clears the sinuses, which assists in fighting flu and cold symptoms. Of all the herbs and spices, chili peppers have among the highest dose of vitamin C that boosts the immune system. CAYENNE PEPPER: Has also been used as herbal treatment to stop bleeding of an open wound. It further increases the metabolism and fat-burning capabilities of the body.

PowerPoint Presentation:

CARDAMOM: Cardamom stimulates digestion and works against fever. It's medicinal benefits include the treatment of infections of the teeth and gum, congestion of the lungs, and inflammation of the eyelids. Cardamom is one of the Indian herbs also used to break up kidney and gall stones, and reportedly can work as antidote for snake and scorpion venom. In some countries, the medicinal spice cardamom is used to treat digestion problems.

PowerPoint Presentation:

CARDAMOM

PowerPoint Presentation:

CLOVES: They are medicinal herbs that can relieve tooth pain, stomach upsets, vomiting, and diarrhea. Cloves can assist in digestive treatments by warming the abdominal area in a topical application of clove oil. The oil is also used to treat skin disorders like acne and pimples, and to sooth skin burns and irritations.

PowerPoint Presentation:

BLACK PEPPER: Black Pepper is loaded with antioxidants and relieves many pains including headaches, joint pain, and toothaches. It's medicinal benefits also include curing constipation and diarrhea (if used in moderate amounts). Black pepper is further used as medicinal remedy for gangrene, heart disease, indigestion, insect bites, insomnia, lung disease, and sunburn.

PowerPoint Presentation:

GARLIC: Garlic is a natural wonder drug among the medicinal herbs that is said to be antibacterial, antiviral, and antifungal. It has medical powers like lowering blood pressure and high cholesterol, which can prevent heart disease. It is also assumed to work against cancer and assist with diabetes treatments. Garlic is further used for hoarseness and coughs in fighting a cold or flu. Additional qualities of garlic include being antiseptic, antimicrobial, and antifungal in treating intestinal worms, parasites, and fungal infections.

PowerPoint Presentation:

CURRY LEAVES: Curry leaves are natural herbs also called Sweet Neem leaves, and they are used in Indian curries, rasam, and sambar dishes. Curry leaves offer medicinal benefits with their herbal tonic qualities. These spices can also be used as mild laxative, indigestion aid, and for burns and bruises. The root of the curry plant can be used to assist with kidney pain.

COMMON MEDICINAL PLANTS IN INDIA:

COMMON MEDICINAL PLANTS IN INDIA

PowerPoint Presentation:

Common Indian Name   Botanical Name English Name Contents/Alkaloids    Amala  Emblica officinalis  Amla Tannin, Vitamin-C    Arjuna  Terminalia arjuna Arjuna Arjunetin, Lactones   Ashwagandha Withania somnifera Winter cherry Withanin, Somniferine   Aloe  Aloe Vera  Aloe    Aloins, Aloitic acid, Barbadoes aloes   Anar Punica granatum     Pomegranate ellagic acid, ellagitannins , punicic acid   Brahmi Bacopa monnieri bacopa, Indian pennywort Bacosaponin   Dhania     Coriander Coriander  oxalic acid , calcium

Conti…:

Conti… Common Indian Name   Botanical Name English Name Contents/Alkaloids Geloy Tinaspora cordifolia   Cordifol,Tinosporidine Harad Terminalia chebula Chebulic myroblan Anthraquinones, Tannins, Chebulic acid Kucchila Strychnos nuxvomica Nux vomica Strachnine and Brucine Lasun  Allium sativum Garlic Alayal Sulphate Neem Azadirachta indica Margosa Azadirachtin Pappli Piper longum Lindipipper Piperine Safed Musali Chlorophytum borivilianum   Carbohydrates, Protein, Saponins

Conti…:

Conti… Common Indian Name   Botanical Name English Name Contents/Alkaloids Geloy Tinaspora cordifolia   Cordifol,Tinosporidine Harad Terminalia chebula Chebulic myroblan Anthraquinones, Tannins, Chebulic acid Kucchila Strychnos nuxvomica Nux vomica Strachnine and Brucine Lasun  Allium sativum Garlic Alayal Sulphate Neem Azadirachta indica Margosa Azadirachtin Pappli Piper longum Lindipipper Piperine

PowerPoint Presentation:

THANK YOU email: ub.holalkere@gmail.com

authorStream Live Help