higher education

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Access - The Demand Supply Gap:

India has 421 Universities and 20,918 Colleges GRE in India – 11.3%, average of 25% in developed countries. Total enrolment in Higher Education is 1.86 crore Expected to reach 2.2 crore by 2012 if India achieves 15 % GER NKC - Creation of 1,500 colleges & Univ. to reach 15% GER by 2015 Growth of Higher education needed as per five year plan – 37% Growth of Higher education increase/year – 11%* Demand for Higher education increase/year – 20%* Human resource demand is increasing/year – 18%* Shortfall in no. of seats required and available - 45 %* Thus there is a Gap between the Aspiration and the Availability Urgent need to meet the rising demand for higher education hence India surely needs more Higher Edu. Institutions Access - The Demand Supply Gap 1 * Source: Derived from Planning commission Documents & MHRD Educational Statistics

Access - The Demand Supply Gap Contd..:

Strange Phenomena in India Skill development India over the next five years will have surplus of un-trained and under-educated people - 1.3 million * India will fall short of real talent by about - 5.3 million * We will have a surplus that we will not need and a deficit that we cannot fulfill Further crises to be caused by mismatch between jobs available and skill shortage Thus there is a Gap between the Needs of the Industry and the Availability * Source- Boston Study Group, 2008 Access - The Demand Supply Gap Contd.. 2

Government Initiatives - (XIth Plan):

30 Central Universities –including one in each of the 16 States so far uncovered Strengthening of 6000 colleges and 150 Universities not receiving UGC grant Establishment of 373 New Degree Colleges Expansion and up gradation of 200 State Technical Institutions; Up gradation of Technical Institutions/Department of 7 Universities 8 New IITs; 7 new IIMs; 5 IISERs, 2 SPAs, 20 new IIITs - as far as possible in the PPP mode. 10 new NITs 50 centers for training and research in frontier areas Government Initiatives - (XIth Plan) 3

Government Initiatives - (XIth Plan) Contd…:

Increasing capacity of existing IITs & IIMs by 200% Strengthening of existing polytechnics 1000 new polytechnics – 300 by State Govt, 300 in PPP mode, 300 by Pvt. Sector. 50,000 Skill Development Centres. National Education Mission through ICT Incentivising State Govt. for expansion / upgradation of existing and new universities/professional institutions. Greater public and the private sector interface in Higher and Technical education Foreign collaborations, bilateral agreements & opening doors for quality foreign education providers Government Initiatives - (XIth Plan) Contd… 4

The Big Question :

With Rs. 40,000 crores of investment only for 2.5% of the relevant age group - not going to solve the purpose of Higher education (Edge 2008). Already in the second years of the XIth plan – nothing concrete seen on the ground yet Current framework of Pvt. Channel not encouraging in generating a highly scalable supply 23 Private Universities & 70 Private Deemed University able to Enroll not more then One Million (no great numbers expected) Foreign Education providers Act still languishing and in its current framework may not be the right Catalyst Skill Development is critical University education is not for all . Industry requires skilled manpower With SDM initiative not much has taken off keeping in view employability & acceptability by the industry . The Access & Quality Issues still continue…….. The Big Question 5

For Scalability & Fulfilling Aspirations of the people & Needs of the Industry/Economy:

For Scalability & Fulfilling Aspirations of the people & Needs of the Industry/Economy 6 Skill Development Traditional Hr. Education Training / Re-training Higher Education (Post Class X & XII)

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