Fairy Tales

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types of fairy tales in literature

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FAIRY TALES: 

FAIRY TALES

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A fairy tale or fairy story is a fictional story that may feature folkloric characters (such as fairies, goblins, elves, trolls, witches, giants, and talking animals) and enchantments, often involving a far-fetched sequence of events

The name "fairy tale" was first ascribed to them by Madame d'Aulnoy : 

The name "fairy tale" was first ascribed to them by Madame d'Aulnoy In cultures where demons and witches are perceived as real, fairy tales may merge into legendary narratives, where the context is perceived by teller and hearers as having historical actuality. However, unlike legends and epics, they usually do not contain more than superficial references to religion and actual places, persons, and events; they take place "once upon a time" rather than in actual times.

The older fairy tales were intended for an audience of adults as well as children, : 

The older fairy tales were intended for an audience of adults as well as children, Talking animals and the presence of magic seem to be more common to the fairy tale than fairies themselves.

The fairy tale, told orally, is a sub-class of the folktale. Many writers have written in the form of the fairy tale : 

The fairy tale, told orally, is a sub-class of the folktale. Many writers have written in the form of the fairy tale The characters and motifs of fairy tales are simple and archetypal: princesses and goose-girls; youngest sons and gallant princes; ogres, giants, dragons, and trolls; wicked stepmothers and false heroes; fairy godmothers and other magical helpers, often talking horses, or foxes, or birds; glass mountains; and prohibitions and breaking of prohibitions.

Fairy tales with very similar plots, characters, and motifs are found spread across many different cultures. : 

Fairy tales with very similar plots, characters, and motifs are found spread across many different cultures. The oral tradition of the fairy tale came long before the written page. Tales were told or enacted dramatically, rather than written down, and handed down from generation to generation. Because of this, the history of their development is necessarily obscure.The oldest known written fairy tales stem from ancient Egypt, 1300 BC, and fairy tales appear, now and again, in written literature throughout literate cultures, as in The Golden Ass .

WHAT ARE THE AIMS OF FAIRY TALES?: 

WHAT ARE THE AIMS OF FAIRY TALES? A fairy tale provides examining the human condition from the simple framework, Some authors seek to recreate a sense of the fantastic in a contemporary discourse , Some writers use fairy tale forms for modern issues; this can include using the psychological dramas implicit in the story,

THE NOTABLE FIGURES WHO HAVE EMPLOYED FAIRY TALES;: 

THE NOTABLE FIGURES WHO HAVE EMPLOYED FAIRY TALES; Oscar Wilde, A. S. Byatt, Jane Yolen, Terri Windling, Donald Barthelme, Robert Coover, Margaret Atwood, Kate Bernheimer, Espido Freire, Tanith Lee, James Thurber, Kelly Link, Donna Jo Napoli, Cameron Dokey, Robert Bly, Gail Carson Levine, Jasper Fforde …

SOME FAIRY TALES: 

SOME FAIRY TALES -Cinderalla The Golden Bird The Fox Sister The Frog King Hansel and Gretel Grimm's Fairy Tales Hans Christian Andersen, for Andersen fairy tales Joseph Jacobs, for collected fairy tale Andrew Lang's Fairy Books Fairy Tales, a book by e. e. cummings Italian Folktales by Italo Calvino Tales of Brother Goose by Brett Nicholas Moore

SOME EXAMPLES OF FAMOUS FAIRY TALES: 

SOME EXAMPLES OF FAMOUS FAIRY TALES

The Ass in the Lion's Skin: 

The Ass in the Lion's Skin An Ass once found a Lion's skin which the hunters had left out in the sun to dry. He put it on and went towards his native village. All fled at his approach, both men and animals, and he was a proud Ass that day. In his delight he lifted up his voice and brayed, but then every one knew him, and his owner came up and gave him a sound cudgelling for the fright he had caused. And shortly afterwards a Fox came up to him and said: "Ah, I knew you by your voice."   Fine clothes may disguise, but silly words will disclose a fool.

The Sick Lion: 

The Sick Lion A Lion, unable from old age and infirmities to provide himself with food by force, resolved to do so by artifice. He returned to his den, and lying down there, pretended to be sick, taking care that his sickness should be publicly known. The beasts expressed their sorrow, and came one by one to his den, where the Lion devoured them. After many of the beasts had thus disappeared, the Fox discovered the trick and presenting himself to the Lion, stood on the outside of the cave, at a respectful distance, and asked him how he was. "I am very middling," replied the Lion, "but why do you stand without? Pray enter within to talk with me." "No, thank you," said the Fox. "I notice that there are many prints of feet entering your cave, but I see no trace of any returning."   He is wise who is warned by the misfortunes of others.

Alice's Adventures in Wonderland  Lewis Carroll : 

Alice's Adventures in Wonderland   Lewis Carroll Introduction   All in the golden afternoon Full leisurely we glide; For both our oars, with little skill, By little arms are plied, While little hands make vain pretense Our wanderings to guide.   Ah, cruel Three! In such an hour, Beneath such dreamy weather, To beg a tale, of breath too weak To stir the tiniest feather! Yet what can one poor voice avail Against three tongues together?  

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Imperious Prima Flashes forth Her edict to "begin it"-- In gentler tones Secunda hopes "There will be nonsense in it"-- While Tertia interrupts the tale Not more than once a minute.   Anon, to sudden silence won, In fancy they purse The dream-child moving through a land Of wonders wild and new, In friendly chat with bird or beast-- And half believe it true.   And ever, as the story drained The wells of fancy dry, And faintly strove that weary one To put the subject by, "The rest next time--" "It is next time!" The happy voices cry.  

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Thus grew the tale of Wonderland: Thus slowly, one by one, Its quaint events were hammered out-- And now the tale is done, And home we steer, a merry crew, Beneath the setting sun.   Alice! a childish story take, And with a gentle hand Lay it where Childhood's dreams are twined In Memory's mystic band, Like pilgrim's withered wreath of flowers Plucked in a far-off land.

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