distribution-pattern-and-enumeration-of-various-plant-species-inrangar

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Citation: Naresh K Avinash KJ Venkateshwar C. Distribution Pattern and Enumeration of Various Plant Species in Rangareddy District - Telangana State. Res Rev Biosci. 2017121:115. © 2017 Trade Science Inc. 1 Distribution Pattern and Enumeration of Various Plant Species in Rangareddy District - Telangana State Naresh K Avinash KJ and Venkateshwar C Department of Botany University College of Science Osmania University Hyderabad Telangana India Corresponding author: Naresh K Department of Botany University College of Science Osmania University Hyderabad Telangana India Tel: 040 2768 2444 E- mail: ksnaresh822gmail.com Received: April 10 2017 Accepted: April 19 2017 Published: April 27 2017 Introduction Ranga reddy district lies between 160ˈ30ˈˈ and 180ˈ20ˈˈ of North latitudes and 77ˈ30ˈˈ and 79ˈ30ˈˈ of East longitudes. The total geographical area of the district is 7493 sq. Km. Taking 20 th position in the state of Andhra Pradesh. The district has 1055 villages and 5 towns with a population of 25.52 lakhs 15 th in position in Andhra Pradesh. The district is bounded on the north by Medak district on south by Mahaboobnagar district on east by Nalgonda district of Andhra Pradesh and on west by Bidar district of Karnataka. The district is divided into 37 revenue mandals and 3 revenue divisions namely Vikarabad Chevella and Hyderabad East. The main towns of Ranga Reddy district are HayatNagar Tandur Ibrahimpatnam Medchal and Vikarabad. The major soils of the district may be categorised into red earths comprising loamy sands dubha sandy loams chalaka and sandy clay loams. The red earth cover 70 percent of the area while the red and black soil comprising clay Abstract Rangareddy is one of the districts of Telangana state which is known for its low nutrient soils supporting growth of some of the inferior plants species 2016 Feb - 2017 Feb. This research have emphasized on dividing the vegetation found in the district in to two categories that is forest vegetation and non- forest vegetation. The vegetation found in the field area was further divided in to various groups depending on morphological characters shown by them. A vast exploration was conducted wher e in the researcher have visited various niches to observe the versatility seen in the respective regions. It has been found that the field area is inhabited by various types of plants belonging to families like Leguminosae 109 Poaceae 70 Cyperaceae 56 Euphorbiaceae 33 Asteraceae 32 Acanthaceae 24 Rubiaceae 19 Convolvulaceae 17 Lamiaceae 17 and Asclepiadaceae 14. During the studies the predominant of the plants observed belonged to Leguminosae family. This study can be further preceded by doing a detailed analysis of the soil for its physicochemical characters which specifically supported the growth of Leguminosae membe rs. Keywords: Morphology Vegetation Plant collection Rangareddy Enumeration Medicinal plants

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www.tsijournals.com | April- 2017 2 loams clays and salty clays cover 20 per cent. The remaining 10 percent of the area is covered by mixed soils. The red loamy sand which occurs on strongly sloping terrain is also found to large extent. Quartz is the principal mineral of this district and its estimated reserve is about 5 million tonnes. Feldspar clay amethyst and lateritic is also present. Lime stone is found in plenty in Tandur. The estimated reserve of the cement grade lime stone in the block is 173 million tonnes. Granite building and road material is also abundant. The climate of the district is characterized by a hot summer and generally dry weather except during south- west monsoon season. The year may be divided into four seasons i.e. winter December - February summer March - May south- west monsoon season June - September and post- monsoon season October - November. The average annual rainfall in the district in the district is 802.1 mm bulk of which comes from south- west monsoon from June to September. May is the hottest month with means daily temperature at 39.6°C. With the onset of monsoon in June there is appreciable drop in temperature. By the beginning of November decrease in day and night temperature is rapid. December is the coldest month with mean daily maximum temperature of 28.6°C and mean daily minimum temperature sometimes drops down to 70°C. The chief river of the district is the Musi which in the Anantagiri hills near Sivareddypet village in Vikarabad Mandal. It flows almost due eastpassing through the middle of Hyderabad city into Nalgonda district where it joins the Krishna river near Vadalpalle. Another river called Kanga rises in Vikarabad taluk and it drains a number of villages in the east while Tandur and Vikarabad taluks. Review of Literature A total of 1945 taxa including 163 cultivated taxa 1 spread over 1891 species belonging to 794 genera and 147 families occur in Telangana state. The largest families are Fabaceae Leguminosae 273 species 191+40+42 Poaceae 208 species Cyperaceae 126 species Euphorbiaceae 118 Asteraceae 84 Acanthaceae 60 Rubiaceae 50 Malvaceae 47 Lamiaceae 42 Convolvulaceae 39 Asclepiadaceae 36 and Scrophulariaceae 29. Orchidaceae one of the top ten families in Flora of India is represented by only 12 species in the State of Telangana. Largest genera are Cyperus 42 species Euphorbia 29 Crotalaria 28 Fimbristylis 25 species Indigofera 20 Ficus 18 Ipomoea 18 Acacia Eragrostis and Phyllanthus 17 species each. Medicinal plants which are being used by folklore communities on reproductive disorders in the Vikarabad Mandal of Ranga Reddy District AP. as reported by Dr. N. Ramkrishna and CH. Saidulu The field survey was carried out covering different seasons over a period of one year 2008 - 2009 in the Vikarabad Mandal by covering 30 habitation and villages of ranga reddy district. The present study recorded 18 species of medicinal plants belonging to 16 genera under 13 families used in reproductive disorders of human beings. 3 species each was identified by the study belong to the families Moraceae and Ceasalpianaceae. 2 species recorded from Papilionaceae and one species each from the families of Apocynaceae Burseraceae Capparidaceae Cucurbitaceae Gentianaceae Hypoxidaceae Liliaceae Malvaceae Menispermaceae and Zygophyllaceae. Out of these total numbers of plant species 9 are trees 4 herbs 3 climbers and 2 shrubs. Geography of Ranga Reddy District in Telangana is determined by its location at the central portion of the Deccan plateau. www.indianetzone.com/44/geography_ranga_red

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www.tsijournals.com | April- 2017 3 It is on record that in 1900s Ranga Reddy District with its low shrubby jungles was the home of leopards bears hyenas and occasionally tigers while in the more opened plains the antelope were in plenty. The game reserves for the ruling family in the erstwhile Hyderabad State and were stocked with them for the exclusive enjoyment of the nobles. Now the forests have receded into narrow pockets and so also the game. Blackbuck Chital or Spotted deer and Sambar can still be seen in Rasanam Rasanam Dharur Gingurthi Tattepalli Nagulpalle and Thirumalapur Thirmapur Goka feasal war Rangampally Naskal Forest blocks Wild boar is found all over the forests. Jackal and fox are common even now in the open. Also Peacock and jungle fowl are seen in Ananthagiri block. Partridges and wild pigeons are common. In the cold season wild duck geese teal and snipe can be seen in the small and large tanks of the District. Aim and Objectives To identify the total plant species in Rangareddy district and prepare the herbarium for future reference. 1. Identify and collection of plant species. 2. Collection of forest and non- forest plants. 3. Plants were collected in either flowering or fruiting stages. 4. Each collection of individual species was labelled with field numbers in quadruplicate. 5. Collection of medicinally important plants. Material and Methods Forests and vegetation Rangareddy district cannot boast of any important timber yielding forests because of low rainfall and comparatively inferior soil condition aggravated by the ever increasing biotic interference. The soils have very little plant nutrients and so they support only inferior type of forests. The forest area in the district is 72795.32 hectares against the geographical area of 7 56289.33 hectares. The forest area covers about 9.7 per cent of the total geographical area of the district as against the minimum 33.3 percent desirable according to National Forest Policy. The forests of Rangareddy can be classified under Tropical Dry Deciduous forests based on the classification of champion and Seth in 1968. The forests can be categorized into 4 types namely Teak forests: In these forests Tectona grandis is predominant constituting 40 percent of tree population. The forest blocks showing these forests include Mohammadabad Kothapalli Kanmankalva Kusumasamudram and Anana sagar beats of Mohammadabad range Anantagiri Rudraram and Dharur blocks in Vikarabad range. However due to illegal and indiscriminate felling of Teak trees these forests are being reduced to mixed and open type at an alarming rate. Dry mixed deciduous forests: These forests are characterized by less proportion of teak with the predominance of other trees like Anogeissus latifolia Madhuca indica T. Bellairica Dalbergia paniculata Pterocarpus marsupium etc. These types

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www.tsijournals.com | April- 2017 4 of forests are present in Rangammagudem Kondapur and Gadirayal beats of Mohammadabad range Pargi tandur and Vikarabad of Vikarabad range. This stratum comprises of species like the following TABLE 1. TABLE 1. List of large tree members some imp. examples S. No Botanical Name Family Vernacular Name Medicinally useful part 1. Anogeissu slatifolia Combretaceae Sirimanu Bark 2. Boswellia serrata Bursaraceae Guggilam Whole plant 3. Bombax ceiba Malvaceae Buruga Bark 4. Buchnania lanzan Anacardiaceae Morrhi Bark fruits 5. Coreya arborea Lecythidiaceae Budatha dadima Bark 6. Chloroxylon swietenia Rutaceae Billudu Whole plant 7. Dalbergia paniculata Fabaceae Kondapachari Leaves bark 8. Dalbergia latifolia Fabaceae Jittegi Bark 9. Diospyros melanoxylon Ebenaceae Tuniki Whole plant 10. Garuga pinnata Bursaraceae Konda vepa Bark 11. Gmelina arborea Verbenaceae Gummuduteku Root and bark 12. Haldina cordifolia Rubiacae Pasupu kadamba Bark and leaves 13. Lannea coromandelica Anacardiaceae Ajashrungi Bark and leaves 14. Miliusato mentosa Anonaceae Nalla dadduga Mature fruits 15. Pterocarpus marsupium Santalaceae Erra chandanam Heart wood leaves 16. Semecarpus anacardium Anacardiaceae Jeedi Whole plant 17. Sterculi aurens Sterculiaceae Kavili Gum 18. Strychnos potatorum Loganiacae Chilla ginja Seeds roots fruits 19. Tectona grandis Verbenaceae Teku Whole plant 20. Terminalia arjuna Combretaceae Tellamaddi Bark 21. Terminalia elliptica Combretaceae Inumaddi Bark and fruit This stratum comprises of species like the following: TABLE 2. TABLE 2. List of tree members some imp. examples S. No Botanical Name Family Vernacular Name Medicinally useful part 1. Bauhinia racemosa Ceasolpinaceae Tella are chettu Bark and flower 2. Dolichandrone falcate Bignoniaceae Chittivoddi Bark leaves fruits 3. Butea monosperma Fabaceae Moduga Bark flowers 4. cassia fistula Ceasolpinaceae Relachettu Bark and fruit 5. Diospyros Montana Ebenaceae Kakavulimidi Fruits 6. Holarrhenapubescens Apocyanaceae Girimallika Root and bark 7. Nyctanthesarbortristis Oleaceae Parijathamu Leaves and seeds 8. Streblus asper Moraceae Barrenka Stem bark latex 9. Acacia leucocephala Mimosaceae Tellatumma Bark and pods 10. Cordia obliqua. Boraginaceae Iriki Fruits

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www.tsijournals.com | April- 2017 5 Common shrubs seen in these forests are as follows: TABLE 3. TABLE 3. List of shrubs some imp. examples S. No Botanical Name Family Vernacular Name Medicinally useful part 1. Alangium salvifolium Alangiaceae Udugu Ankol root bark 2. Bridelia retusa Phyllanthaceae Kora maddi Bark 3. Canthium parviflorum Rubiaceae Balusu Leaves 4. Catuna regumspinosa Rubiaceae Marrga Fruit and bark 5. Pavetta indica Rubiaceae Papidi Roots and leaves 6. Premna latifolia Verbenaceae Nelli Roots 7. Ziziphus xylopyrus Rhamnaceae Kottachettu Leaves bark roots Common herbs seen in these forests are as follows TABLE 4. TABLE 4. List of herbs some imp. examples S. No Botanical Name Family Vernacular Name Medicinally useful part 1. Anisochilu scarnosus Lamiaceae Rodda Whole plant 2. Abelmoschus ficulneus Malvaceae Nallabenda Leaves 3. Biophytum sensitivum Oxalidaceae Jala pupa Whole plant 4. Spermacoce articularis Rubiaceae Madanaku Leaves aerial parts 5. Crotalaria Fabaceae Janumu Roots and seeds 6. Desmodium gangticum Plantaginaceae Deyyamjeda Flowers 7. Polygala spp. Polygalaceae Paruppukikkirai Root bark leaves Plants occurring near water courses include the following: TABLE 5. TABLE 5. List of plants near water courses some imp. examples S. No Botanical Name Family Vernacular Name Medicinally useful part 1. Hygrophila auriculata Acanthaceae Enugu palleru Stem flower root 2. Caesulia axillaris Asteraceae Tellajiluga Leaves stem seeds 3. Commelina benghalensis Commeliniaceae Ennoddulagaddi Flowering spathe Climbers and stragglers constitute a rich flora in the district. These include the following TABLES 6- 8. TABLE 6. List of climbers some imp. examples S. No Botanical Name Family Vernacular Name Medicinally useful part 1. Ampelocissus latifolia Vitaceae Adaviteegadraksha Leaves 2. Cissus vitiginea Vitaceae Nallatheege Stem bark 3. Hemidesmus indicus Asclepediaceae Sugandipaala Root 4. Cayratia trifolia Vitaceae Pulimada Whole plant 5. Celastrus paniculatus Celastraceae Kasaratheega Stem bark seeds 6. Cocculus hirsutus Menispermaceae Dusratheega Stem leaves 7. Gymnema sylvestre Apocyanaceae Podapatri Leaves stem 8. Pergularia daemia Asclepediaceae Gutugudu Leaves 9. Wattaka volubilis Asclepediaceae Dudipaala theega Shoot tip 10. Derris scandens Fabaceae Chiruthali baadu Stem 11. Paracalyx scariosus Fabacaeae Rangevaada Root 12. Rivea hypocrateriformis Convolvulaceae Neeru boddi Roots

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www.tsijournals.com | April- 2017 6 13. Bauhinia vahlii Ceasolpinaceae Addachettu Flower buds bark TABLE 7. List of grasses and sedges some imp. examples S. No Botanical Name Family Vernacular Name Medicinally useful part 1. Mnesithea granularis Poaceae Naali punuku Whole plant 2. Heteropogon contortus Poaceae Nalla etegaddi Leaves 3. Cymbopogon citratus Poaceae Nimma gaddi Leaves 4. Cyperus spp Poaceae Tunga gaddi Tubers TABLE 8. List of parasites and epiphytes some imp. examples S. No Botanical Name Family Vernacular Name Medicinally useful part 1. Cassytha filiformis Lauraceae Akasha valli Whole plant 2. Dendrophthoe falcata Loranthaceae Jeevakam Whole plant 3. striga spp. Scropulariaceae Rathi badamika Aerial parts 4. Vanda tessellate Orchidaceae Chitti veduri Roots Scrub jungle: Scrub jungle is situated at the foot of the hills where the surface soil is very shallow and layers of sandy or gravely loam which is eroded in exposed regions. The vegetation of the scrubs us characterized by shrubs and sub shrubs like TABLE 9. TABLE 9. List of scrub jungle plants some imp. examples S. No Botanical Name Family Vernacular Name Medicinally useful part 1. Capparis zeylanica Capparidaceae Adonda Stem and leaves 2. Mimosa rubicaulis Mimosaceae Kodimudusu Roots and leaves 3. Mimosa pudica Mimosaceae Attipatti Leaves 4. Ziziphus oenoplia Rhamnaceae Pariki Bark and leaves 5. Opuntia stricta Cactaceae Nagajemudu Fruit 6. Carissa spinarum Apocyanaceae Kavali Unripe fruit root 7. Lantana camara Verbenaceae Sisakammari Roots and flowers 8. Maytenus emarginata Celastraceae Chinni tuppa Stem leaves 9. Dichrostachys cinerea Mimosaceae Velthuru Stem 10. Dodonaea viscose Sapindaceae Pulcheru Whole plant These forests are distributed throughout the district more so in areas bordering Karnataka. Dry savannahs These forests are characterized by the presence of species like the following TABLE 10. TABLE 10. List of dry savannahs some imp. examples S. No Botanical Name Family Vernacular name Medicinally useful part 1. Cassia ariculata Ceasolpinaceae Tangedu Bark and roots 2. Lantana camara Verbenaceae Sisakammari Stem and leaves 3. Cymbopogon citratus Poaceae Nimmagaddi leaves 4. Heteropogon contortus Poaceae Nalla ete gaddi Roots and leaves Non forest vegetation The non- forest vegetation includes terrestrial vegetation and aquatic vegetation.

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www.tsijournals.com | April- 2017 7 Terrestrial vegetation: It includes all waste lands hedges roadsides villages and cultivated lands. i.e. waste lands roadsides and villages. Ipomoea carnea is predominant in waste lands especially along roadsides and hedges of fields. Other plants which are generally distributed in waste lands are as follows: TABLE 11. TABLE 11. List of terrestrial vegetation in waste lands some imp. examples S. No Botanical Name Family Vernacular Name Medicinally useful part 1. Ipomoea carnea Convolvulaceae Lottapeece Stem and leaves 2. Croton bonplandianum Euphorbiaceae Alpa bedi soump Root latex stem 3. Acalypha indica Euphorbiaceae Muripenda Whole plant 4. Achyranthes aspera Amaranthaceae Uttareni Leaves and spike 5. Boerhavia diffusa Nyctaginaceae Punarnava Roots 6. Alternanthera sessilis Amaranthaceae Dubbaku tuttura Whole plant 7. Tribulus terrestris Zygophyllaceae Chinna pallere Dry fruits 8. Cassia occidentalis Ceasolpinaceae Adavi tangedu Bark and leaves 9. Ziziphus mauritiana Rhamnaceae Regu chettu Bark 10. Calotropis procera Asclepediaceae Tella jilledu Leaves and latex 11. Amaranthus viridis Amaranthaceae Chilaka thotakura Root and leaves 12. Martynia annua Martyniaceae Deyyam gollu Fruits 13. Solanum surrattense Solanaceae Ramulka Whole plant Along roadsides and villages following trees are generally present. They are as follows TABLES 12- 14: TABLE 12. List of terrestrial vegetation in roadsides and villages some imp. examples S. No Botanical Name Family Vernacular Name Medicinally useful part 1. Acacia nilotica Mimosaceae Nalla tumma Bark and pods 2. Albizia lebbeck Mimosaceae Dirisena Bark 3. Annonas quamosa Annonaceae Seethaphal Bark leaves 4. Borassus flabellifer Arecaceae Thati chettu Young root and flower stalk 5. Casssia siamea Ceasolpinaceae Sima tangedu Leaves 6. Dalbergia sissoo Fabaceae Irugudu chettu Bark and leaves 7. Delonix elata Ceasolpinaceae Chitti keshwarm Roots 8. Delonix regia Ceasolpinaceae Erra turai Seed coat 9. Millingtonia hortensis Bignoniaceae Pedda malle Roots 10. Pongamia pinnata Fabaceae Kanugu Bark leaves flowers 11. Peltophorump terocarpum Ceasolpinaceae Konda chintha Bark fruits 12. Samanea saman Mimosaceae Nidra ganneru Inner bark 13. Phoenix sylvestris Arecaceae Eetha chettu Fruits leaves 14. Tamarindus indica Solanaceae Chintha chettu Bark fruits stem 15. Azadirachta indica. Meliaceae Vepa chettu Whole plant TABLE 13. List of terrestrial vegetation in hedges some imp. examples S. No Botanical Name Family Vernacular Name Medicinally useful part 1. Abutilon indicum Malvaceae Botla benda Bark and leaves 2. Caesalpinia pulcherrima Ceasolpinaceae Rathna gandhi Whole plant 3. Caesalpinia Bonduc Ceasolpinaceae Gachakai Kernel 4. Caesalpinia decapetala Ceasolpinaceae Gadda korinda Roots stem pods 5. Canthium parviflorum Rubiaceae Balusu Whole plant 6. Catunaregam spinosa Rubiaceae Marrga Seeds

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www.tsijournals.com | April- 2017 8 7. Euphorbia tirucalli Euphorbiaceae Chemudu chettu Milky juice 8. Lawsonia inermis Lythraceae Mydaku Seeds and bark 9. Parkinsonia aculeata Fabaceae Seema thumma Leaf fruit stem TABLE 14. List of terrestrial vegetation in cultivated fields some imp. examples S. No Botanical Name Family Vernacular Name Medicinally useful part 1. Cyperus rotundus Poaceae Tunga Rhizome 2. Eclipta prostrata Asteraceae Gunta galagara Leaves 3. Digera muricata Amaranthaceae Chenchali chettu Leaf and root 4. Echinochloa colona Poaceae Othagaddi Seeds 5. Cynodon dactylon Poaceae Garika gaddi Whole plant 6. Eleusine indica Poaceae Kuruchodi gaddi Leaves 7. Leucas aspere Lamiaceae Thummi Leaves 8. Cleome spp. Cleomaceae Kukka vaminta Stem and leaves 9. Rothia indica Fabaceae Nucha kura Whole plant Aquatic vegetation: The rivers tanks ponds ditches streams canals stagnant water and moist places are the site of aquatic plants which may be classified as follows TABLES 15- 17. TABLE 15. List of submerged hydrophytes some imp. examples S. No Botanical Name Family Vernacular Name Medicinally useful part 1. Hydrilla verticillata Hydrochritaceae Poonaachu Whole plant 2. Limnophila indica Scropulariaceae Burada bakkena Leaves 3. Ottelia alismoides Hydrochritaceae Erukula thaamra Leaves 4. Aponogeton natans Aponogetonaceae Nanna puvvumokka Whole plant 5. Monochoria vaginails Pantederiaceae Nirakancha Leaves TABLE 16. List of floating hydrophytes some imp. examples S. No Botanical Name Family Vernacular Name Medicinally useful part 1. Nymphaea nouchali Nympheaceae Neeli tamara Rhizome 2. Nelumbo nucifera Nympheaceae Tamara Leaves and flowers 3. Pistia stratiotes Araceae Antara tamara Leaves and roots TABLE 17. List of 3 emergent hydrophytes some imp. examples S. No Botanical Name Family Vernacular Name Medicinally useful part 1. Aeschynomene indica Fabaceae Tella jeeluga Whole plant 2. Ammannia baccifera Lythraceae Agni vendrapaaku Leaves 3. Bacopa monnieri Scrophulariaceae Brahmi Leaves and stem 4. Cleome chelidonil Cleomaceae Konda avaalu Whole plant 5. Echinochloa crusgalli Poaceae Othagaddi Shoot and root 6. Hygrophila auriculata Acanthaceae Enugu palleru Whole plant 7. Typha angustata Typhaceae Dabbu jambu Leaves and roots 8. Sopubia delphinifolia Scrophulariaceae Dudhali chettu Whole plant Besides these Terminalia arjuna is common along river banks. Eleocharis spp. Eriocaulon spp. Ischaemum pilosum Oryza rufipogon Sacciolepis interrupts. Schoenoplectus spp. is common in marshy localities.

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www.tsijournals.com | April- 2017 9 Results and Discussion Intensive explorations were conducted in different parts of the district during different seasons of the year for a period of 2016- 2017. Exploration trips were regularly made in every season and in all the representative localities of the district from floristic point of view covered all topographical zones and noted the seasonal changes of the vegetation 2. Plants were collected in either flowering or fruiting stages and if available both the stages with good vegetation growth were collected. Each collection of individual species was labelled with field numbers in quadruplicate after nothing the details of plant description such as habit habitat flower colour smell relative abundance of the plant and its distribution on a standard field note book. Details about the altitude soil and rocks are also entered in the field note book. Care was also taken in collecting the bulbs corms rhizomes tubers etc. In case of plants in vegetative stages in a particular field trip localities of these plants were carefully marked in the field note book 3. These could be easily spotted in the flowering and fruiting stages at later dates. Floristical analysis A total of 698 wild and naturalized species belonging to 409 genera and 110 families have been enumerated. Of these angiosperms constitute 693 species while Pteridophytes constitute 4 species. The ratio of Monocotyledons to Dicotyledons is 1:5.23 of families 17:89 1:4.17 of genera 77:328 and 1:3.2 of species 160:529. The ratio of genera to species in Angiosperma is 1:1.68. In British India it is 1:7. This pattern of distribution of genera and species confirms the general rule that smaller the area smaller the genus- species ratio. The family leguminosae with 109 species comprising Papilionaceae with 74 species Caesalpiniaceae 23 and Mimosaceae 19 is dominant in Ranga Reddy district. Cyprus is the largest genus with 16 species followed by Fimbristylis 14 Cassia 10 Eragrastis 9 Euphorbia 9 Indigofera 9 Ipomoea 9 Crotalaria 7 Grewia 7 and Phyllanthus 4- 6. TABLE 18. Dominant ten families in Rangareddy District Telangana State S. No. Name of the Family No. of Species 1 Leguminosae 109 2 Poaceae 70 3 Cyperaceae 56 4 Euphorbiaceae 33 5 Asteraceae 32 6 Acanthaceae 24 7 Rubiaceae 19 8 Convolvulaceae 17 9 Lamiaceae 17 10 Asclepiadaceae 14

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www.tsijournals.com | April- 2017 10 Conclusion As it is been already mentioned about the nutritive value of the soil supported growth of inferior varieties of plants and it is also been seen that the varieties found were limited when compared with other areas. In this we conclude the flora of Rangareddy district contains mostly herbaceous shrubby and tree members are showing dominant flora 7- 10. The past work conducted in 2000- 2001 year that results are similar to present work but some plants are in endemic stage and some exotic plants are exhibited they are shown above table TABLE 18. Acknowledgement I would like to thank the funding agency that is UGC – CAS- I SAP- II for its timely support 11- 17. It is a privilege to work under the guidance of my co- ordinator Prof. C. Venkateshwara Department of botany Osmania University who has been a guiding and motivating spirit for doing my work effectively. I would render my special thanks to the Department of Botany Osmania University for providing space to assimilate the work in written form 18- 20. REFERENCES 1. Pullaiah T. Flora of Telangana – The 29 th state of India. 201594:1- 8. 2. Swamy J. Floristic studies on Pocharam Wildlife Sanctuary Telangana State PhD Thesis Osmania University. 2015. 3. Biksham G Hash CT Sharma S et al. Biodiversity ICRISAT Patancheru India. WWF- ICRISAT Hyderabad. 2010. 4. Ramana M. Flora of Hyderabad District. Ph.D. Thesis Osmania University Hyderabad. 2010. 5. Biksham G Hash CT Sharma MM. Biodiversity ICRISAT Patancheru India. WWF- ICRISAT Hyderabad. 2010. 6. Anonymous. State of Environment Report of Hyderabad- 2009. Environment Protection Training and Research Institute Hyderabad. 2010. 7. Padmarao P Ramachandra Reddy P. Ethnomedicinal survey on plant drugs for cattle from Rangareddy District Andhra Pradesh. J Swamy Bot Club 200017:39. 8. Pullaiah T Karuppusamy S Sandhya Rani S. The district Floras of Andhra Pradesh. Proc Andhra Pradesh Akad Sci. 2008 12:34- 47. 9. Pullaiah T Muralidhara Rao D. Flora of Eastern Ghats. Regency Publications New Delhi. 20021 10. Reddy NCM Padmavathe R Shailaja R et al. Our Trees. Municipal Corporation of Hyderabad and Centre for Environment Education Hyderabad. 2002. 11. Pullaiah T Sandhya Rani S. Trees of Andhra Pradesh. Regency Publications New Delhi. 1999. 12. Pullaiah T Silar MM. Flora of Rangareddy District. Regency Publications New Delhi. 1999.

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www.tsijournals.com | April- 2017 11 13. Padmarao P Ramachandra Reddy P. A note on folklore treatment of bone fractures from Rangareddy Distritct Andhra Pradesh. Ethanobotany. 999 111:107. 14. Pullaiah T Prabhakar C Prasad Rao BR. Flora of Medak District. Daya Publishing House Delhi. 1998. 15. Pullaiah T Prasad Rao BR. Flora of Nizamabad. Bishen Singh Mahendra Pal Singh Publishing House Dehra Dun. 1994. 16. Pullaiah T Prasanna PV Obulesu G. Flora of Adilabad District Andhra Pradesh. CBS Publishers and Distributors New Delhi. 1992. 17. Chakraverty RK Jain SK. Beautiful trees and shrubs of Calcutta. Botanical Survey of India Calcutta. 1984. 18. Gambel JS Fischer CEC. Flora of the Presidency of Madras Reprited edition BSI Calcutta. 1957:3. 19. Khan MS. Forest flora of Hyderabad State Govt. Press Hyderabad 1953. 20. Campbell AC. Glimpses of the Nizam’s Dominions. London. 1898.

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