health assesssment

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Presentation Transcript

PHYSICAL EXAMINATION(Head-to-Toe) : 

PHYSICAL EXAMINATION(Head-to-Toe)

Slide 2: 

ANTERIOR BODY LANDMARKS

Slide 3: 

POSTERIOR BODY LANDMARKS

ASSESSMENT OF THE SKIN, HAIR, & NAILS : 

ASSESSMENT OF THE SKIN, HAIR, & NAILS

Slide 5: 

? Page 5 COMMON SKIN VARIATIONS FRECKLES

Slide 6: 

? Page 6 COMMON SKIN VARIATIONS VITILIGO

Slide 7: 

? Page 7 COMMON SKIN VARIATIONS STRIAE

Slide 8: 

? Page 8 COMMON SKIN VARIATIONS SEBORRHEIC KERATOSIS

Slide 9: 

? Page 9 COMMON SKIN VARIATIONS SCAR

Slide 10: 

? Page 10 COMMON SKIN VARIATIONS MOLE (NEVUS)

Slide 11: 

? Page 11 COMMON SKIN VARIATIONS CUTANEOUS TAG

Slide 12: 

? Page 12 COMMON SKIN VARIATIONS CUTANEOUS HORN

Slide 13: 

? Page 13 COMMON SKIN VARIATIONS CHERRY ANGIOMAS

Slide 14: 

? Page 14 ABNORMAL FINDINGS ALBINISM

Slide 15: 

? Page 15 ABNORMAL FINDINGS ERYTHEMA

Slide 16: 

? Page 16 ABNORMAL FINDINGS PALLOR

Slide 17: 

? Page 17 ABNORMAL FINDINGS CYANOSIS (peripheral)

Slide 18: 

? Page 18 ABNORMAL FINDINGS CYANOSIS (central)

Slide 19: 

? Page 19 ABNORMAL FINDINGS JAUNDICE

Slide 20: 

? Page 20 PRIMARY SKIN LESIONS MACULE Less than 1 cm [circumscribed border] Example: Cherry angioma

Slide 21: 

? Page 21 PRIMARY SKIN LESIONS PATCH More than 1 cm [irregular border] Example: Vitiligo

Slide 22: 

? Page 22 PRIMARY SKIN LESIONS PAPULE Less than 0.5 cm [circumscribed border] Example: Wart

Slide 23: 

? Page 23 PRIMARY SKIN LESIONS PLAQUE More than 0.5 cm [may coalesce] Example: Seborrheic keratosis

Slide 24: 

? Page 24 PRIMARY SKIN LESIONS NODULE 0.5 to 2 cm [circumscribed] Example: Lipoma

Slide 25: 

? Page 25 PRIMARY SKIN LESIONS TUMOR More than 1 to 2 cm [does not always have sharp borders] Example: Large lipoma

Slide 26: 

? Page 26 PRIMARY SKIN LESIONS VESICLE Example: Herpes simplex Less than 0.5 cm

Slide 27: 

? Page 27 PRIMARY SKIN LESIONS BULLA Example: Large burn blister More than 0.5 cm

Slide 28: 

? Page 28 PRIMARY SKIN LESIONS WHEAL Example: Urticaria (hives)

Slide 29: 

? Page 29 PRIMARY SKIN LESIONS PUSTULE Example: Acne vulgaris

Slide 30: 

? Page 30 PRIMARY SKIN LESIONS CYST Example: Epidermoid cyst

Slide 31: 

? Page 31 EROSION Example: Aphthous ulcer (canker sore) SECONDARY SKIN LESIONS

Slide 32: 

? Page 32 ULCER Example: Pressure ulcer (advanced stage) SECONDARY SKIN LESIONS

Slide 33: 

? Page 33 SCAR (CICATRIX) Example: Surgical site SECONDARY SKIN LESIONS

Slide 34: 

? Page 34 FISSURE Example: Tinea pedis (Athlete’s foot) SECONDARY SKIN LESIONS

Slide 35: 

? Page 35 SCALES Example: Psoriasis SECONDARY SKIN LESIONS

Slide 36: 

? Page 36 CRUST Example: Ruptured vesicles of herpes simplex SECONDARY SKIN LESIONS

Slide 37: 

? Page 37 KELOID Example: Keloid of ear piercing SECONDARY SKIN LESIONS

Slide 38: 

? Page 38 ATROPHY Example: Aged skin SECONDARY SKIN LESIONS

Slide 39: 

? Page 39 LICHENIFICATION Example: Contact Dermatitis SECONDARY SKIN LESIONS

Slide 40: 

? Page 40 VASCULAR SKIN LESIONS PETECHIAE

Slide 41: 

? Page 41 VASCULAR SKIN LESIONS ECCHYMOSIS

Slide 42: 

? Page 42 VASCULAR SKIN LESIONS HEMATOMA

Slide 43: 

? Page 43 VASCULAR SKIN LESIONS CHERRY ANGIOMA

Slide 44: 

? Page 44 VASCULAR SKIN LESIONS SPIDER ANGIOMA

Slide 45: 

? Page 45 VASCULAR SKIN LESIONS TELANGIECTASIS (VENOUS STAR)

Slide 46: 

? Page 46 CONFIGURATION OF SKIN LESIONS LINEAR

Slide 47: 

? Page 47 CONFIGURATION OF SKIN LESIONS ANNULAR

Slide 48: 

? Page 48 CONFIGURATION OF SKIN LESIONS ZOSTERIFORM

Slide 49: 

? Page 49 CONFIGURATION OF SKIN LESIONS DISCRETE

Slide 50: 

? Page 50 CONFIGURATION OF SKIN LESIONS POLYCYCLIC

Slide 51: 

? Page 51 CONFIGURATION OF SKIN LESIONS CONFLUENT

Slide 52: 

? Page 52 PRESSURE ULCER STAGING STAGE 1

Slide 53: 

? Page 53 PRESSURE ULCER STAGING STAGE 2

Slide 54: 

? Page 54 PRESSURE ULCER STAGING STAGE 3

Slide 55: 

? Page 55 PRESSURE ULCER STAGING STAGE 4

Slide 56: 

? Page 56 TYPES OF WOUNDS ABRASION

Slide 57: 

? Page 57 TYPES OF WOUNDS INCISION

Slide 58: 

? Page 58 TYPES OF WOUNDS LACERATION

Slide 59: 

? Page 59 TYPES OF WOUNDS PUNCTURE

Slide 60: 

? Page 60 TYPES OF WOUNDS AVULSION

Slide 61: 

? Page 61 TYPES OF WOUNDS AMPUTATION

Slide 62: 

? Page 62 PHYSICAL EXAMINATION Skin, Hair & Nails Putting it all Together: Practice documenting this skin lesion.

Slide 63: 

? Page 63 PHYSICAL EXAMINATION Skin, Hair & Nails DOCUMENTATION: Clustered vesicles about 4 mm in diameter each c an erythematous base

Slide 64: 

? Page 64 PHYSICAL EXAMINATION Skin, Hair & Nails Practice documenting this skin lesion.

Slide 65: 

? Page 65 PHYSICAL EXAMINATION Skin, Hair & Nails DOCUMENTATION: Diffused erythematous maculopapular rashes

Slide 66: 

? Page 66 PHYSICAL EXAMINATION Skin, Hair & Nails Practice documenting this skin lesion.

Slide 67: 

? Page 67 PHYSICAL EXAMINATION Skin, Hair & Nails DOCUMENTATION: Laceration approximately 5 cm c copious sanguineous/bloody drainage; surrounding tissue is erythematous & edematous

Slide 68: 

? Page 68 COMMON HAIR VARIATIONS MALE PATTERN BALDNESS

Slide 69: 

? Page 69 ABNORMAL FINDINGS ALOPECIA

Slide 70: 

? Page 70 ABNORMAL FINDINGS PATCHY HAIR LOSS

Slide 71: 

? Page 71 ABNORMAL FINDINGS PEDICULOSIS CAPITIS

Slide 72: 

? Page 72 ABNORMAL FINDINGS TINEA CAPITIS

Slide 73: 

? Page 73 ABNORMAL FINDINGS HIRSUTISM

Slide 74: 

? Page 74 ABNORMAL FINDINGS NAIL CLUBBING

Slide 75: 

? Page 75 ABNORMAL FINDINGS BEAU’S LINES

Slide 76: 

? Page 76 ABNORMAL FINDINGS SPOON NAILS

Slide 77: 

? Page 77 ABNORMAL FINDINGS PITTED NAILS

Slide 78: 

? Page 78 ABNORMAL FINDINGS PARONYCHIA

ASSESSMENT OF THE HEAD & FACE : 

ASSESSMENT OF THE HEAD & FACE

Slide 80: 

? Page 80 ABNORMALITIES of the HEAD & FACE ACROMEGALY (Coarse Facial Features)

Slide 81: 

? Page 81 ABNORMALITIES of the HEAD & FACE CUSHING’S SYNDROME (Moon Face)

Slide 82: 

? Page 82 ABNORMALITIES of the HEAD & FACE PAGET’S DISEASE (Acorn-shaped, Enlarged Skull)

Slide 83: 

? Page 83 ABNORMALITIES of the HEAD & FACE BELL’S PALSY (One-sided facial drooping)

Slide 84: 

? Page 84 ABNORMALITIES of the HEAD & FACE PARKINSON’S DISEASE (“Mask-like” Face)

Slide 85: 

? Page 85 ABNORMALITIES of the HEAD & FACE CACHEXIA (“Sunken” Face)

EYE ASSESSMENT : 

EYE ASSESSMENT

Slide 87: 

? Page 87 ABNORMAL FINDINGS EXOPHTHALMOS

Slide 88: 

? Page 88 ABNORMAL FINDINGS SUNKEN EYEBALLS

Slide 89: 

? Page 89 ABNORMAL FINDINGS ECTROPION

Slide 90: 

? Page 90 ABNORMAL FINDINGS ENTROPION

Slide 91: 

? Page 91 ABNORMAL FINDINGS CHALAZION

Slide 92: 

? Page 92 ABNORMAL FINDINGS HORDEOLUM (Stye)

Slide 93: 

? Page 93 ABNORMAL FINDINGS BLEPHARITIS

Slide 94: 

? Page 94 ABNORMAL FINDINGS PTOSIS (Drooping Eyelid)

Slide 95: 

? Page 95 ABNORMAL FINDINGS LAGOPHTHALMOS

Slide 96: 

? Page 96 ABNORMAL FINDINGS EYE TRAUMA

Slide 97: 

? Page 97 ABNORMAL FINDINGS CONJUNCTIVITIS (“Pink Eye”)

Slide 98: 

? Page 98 ABNORMAL FINDINGS PINGUECULA

Slide 99: 

? Page 99 ABNORMAL FINDINGS SUBCONJUNCTIVAL HEMORRHAGE

Slide 100: 

? Page 100 ABNORMAL FINDINGS EPISCLERITIS

Slide 101: 

? Page 101 ABNORMAL FINDINGS PALLOR (Pale Palpebral Conjunctivae)

Slide 102: 

? Page 102 ABNORMAL FINDINGS DACRYOCYSTITIS

Slide 103: 

? Page 103 ABNORMAL FINDINGS DACRYOCYSTITIS

Slide 104: 

? Page 104 ABNORMAL FINDINGS ARCUS SENILIS

Slide 105: 

? Page 105 ABNORMAL FINDINGS CORNEAL SCAR

Slide 106: 

? Page 106 ABNORMAL FINDINGS PTERYGIUM

Slide 107: 

? Page 107 ABNORMAL FINDINGS CATARACT

Slide 108: 

? Page 108 ABNORMAL FINDINGS HYPHEMIA

Slide 109: 

? Page 109 ABNORMAL FINDINGS HYPOPYON

Slide 110: 

? Page 110 ABNORMAL FINDINGS MIOSIS

Slide 111: 

? Page 111 ABNORMAL FINDINGS ANISOCORIA

Slide 112: 

? Page 112 ABNORMAL FINDINGS MYDRIASIS

Slide 113: 

? Page 113 ABNORMAL FINDINGS STRABISMUS (TROPIA)

Slide 114: 

? Page 114 ABNORMAL FINDINGS EXOTROPIA

Slide 115: 

? Page 115 ABNORMAL FINDINGS ESOTROPIA

Slide 116: 

? Page 116 NORMAL PEDIATRIC VARIATION PSEUDOSTRABISMUS

Slide 117: 

? Page 117 ABNORMAL FINDINGS NYSTAGMUS

Slide 118: 

The Six Screening Ishihara Plates * Write on the table the corresponding number seen on each plate; if a number could not determined, indicate “spots”.

Slide 119: 

Ishihara Test Interpretation

Slide 120: 

Quick Ishihara Color Vision Screening

Slide 121: 

Interpretation The individual with normal color vision will see a 5 revealed in the dot pattern. An individual with Red/Green (the most common) color blindness will see a 2 revealed in the dots.

Slide 122: 

Snellen Chart

Slide 123: 

Snellen E Chart

Slide 124: 

? Page 124 ABNORMAL FINDINGS AMBLYOPIA

Slide 125: 

The Pocket Snellen Chart

Slide 126: 

The Rosenbaum Card

EAR ASSESSMENT : 

EAR ASSESSMENT

Slide 128: 

? Page 128 VARIATIONS IN CONFIGURATION OF EARLOBE ATTACHED EARLOBE

Slide 129: 

? Page 129 VARIATIONS IN CONFIGURATION OF EARLOBE SOLDERED EARLOBE

Slide 130: 

? Page 130 ABNORMAL FINDING LOW-SET EARS

Slide 131: 

? Page 131 NORMAL VARIATION DARWIN’S TUBERCLE

Slide 132: 

? Page 132 ABNORMALITIES OF THE EXTERNAL EAR & EAR CANAL TOPHI

Slide 133: 

? Page 133 ABNORMALITIES OF THE EXTERNAL EAR & EAR CANAL POSTAURICULAR CYST

Slide 134: 

? Page 134 ABNORMALITIES OF THE EXTERNAL EAR & EAR CANAL MALIGNANT LESION

Slide 135: 

? Page 135 ABNORMALITIES OF THE EXTERNAL EAR & EAR CANAL OTITIS EXTERNA

Slide 136: 

? Page 136 ABNORMALITIES OF THE EXTERNAL EAR & EAR CANAL FOREIGN BODY

Slide 137: 

? Page 137 ABNORMALITIES OF THE EXTERNAL EAR & EAR CANAL IMPACTED CERUMEN

Slide 138: 

? Page 138 ABNORMALITIES OF THE EXTERNAL EAR & EAR CANAL EXOSTOSIS

Slide 139: 

? Page 139 COMMON ABNORMALITIES OF THE TYMPANIC MEMBRANE ACUTE OTITIS MEDIA

Slide 140: 

? Page 140 SEROUS OTITIS MEDIA COMMON ABNORMALITIES OF THE TYMPANIC MEMBRANE

Slide 141: 

? Page 141 PERFORATED TYMPANIC MEMBRANE COMMON ABNORMALITIES OF THE TYMPANIC MEMBRANE

ASSESSMENT OF THE NOSE & SINUSES : 

ASSESSMENT OF THE NOSE & SINUSES

Slide 143: 

? Page 143 ABNORMALITIES OF THE NOSE EPISTAXIS

Slide 144: 

? Page 144 DEVIATED SEPTUM ABNORMALITIES OF THE NOSE

Slide 145: 

? Page 145 PERFORATED SEPTUM ABNORMALITIES OF THE NOSE

Slide 146: 

? Page 146 NASAL POLYP ABNORMALITIES OF THE NOSE

ASSESSMENT OF THE MOUTH & PHARYNX : 

ASSESSMENT OF THE MOUTH & PHARYNX

Slide 148: 

? Page 148 ABNORMAL FINDINGS CIRCUMORAL PALLOR

Slide 149: 

? Page 149 BLUISH (CYANOTIC) LIPS ABNORMAL FINDINGS

Slide 150: 

? Page 150 REDDISH LIPS ABNORMAL FINDINGS

Slide 151: 

? Page 151 CHEILOSIS ABNORMAL FINDINGS

Slide 152: 

? Page 152 HERPES SIMPLEX ABNORMAL FINDINGS

Slide 153: 

? Page 153 CLEFT LIP ABNORMAL FINDINGS

Slide 154: 

? Page 154 DENTAL CARIES ABNORMAL FINDINGS

Slide 155: 

? Page 155 MALOCCLUSION ABNORMAL FINDINGS

Slide 156: 

? Page 156 GINGIVITIS ABNORMAL FINDINGS

Slide 157: 

? Page 157 RECEDING GUMS ABNORMAL FINDINGS

Slide 158: 

? Page 158 GINGIVAL HYPERPLASIA ABNORMAL FINDINGS

Slide 159: 

? Page 159 APHTHOUS ULCER (“Canker Sore”) ABNORMAL FINDINGS

Slide 160: 

? Page 160 KOPLIK’S SPOTS ABNORMAL FINDINGS

Slide 161: 

? Page 161 FISSURED TONGUE ABNORMAL FINDINGS

Slide 162: 

? Page 162 BLACK, HAIRY TONGUE ABNORMAL FINDINGS

Slide 163: 

? Page 163 SMOOTH, REDDISH, SHINY TONGUE W/O PAPILLAE (“BEEFY RED TONGUE”) ABNORMAL FINDINGS

Slide 164: 

? Page 164 LEUKOPLAKIA ABNORMAL FINDINGS

Slide 165: 

? Page 165 CARCINOMA OF TONGUE ABNORMAL FINDINGS

Slide 166: 

? Page 166 CANDIDA ALBICANS INFECTION (THRUSH) ABNORMAL FINDINGS

Slide 167: 

? Page 167 TORUS PALATINUS NORMAL VARIATION

Slide 168: 

? Page 168 CLEFT PALATE ABNORMAL FINDING

Slide 169: 

? Page 169 TONSILLITIS ABNORMAL FINDING

NECK ASSESSMENT : 

NECK ASSESSMENT

Slide 171: 

? Page 171 ABNORMAL FINDING THYROID ENLARGEMENT

BREAST ASSESSMENT : 

BREAST ASSESSMENT

Slide 173: 

? Page 173 ABNORMAL FINDING RETRACTED BREAST TISSUE

Slide 174: 

? Page 174 ABNORMAL FINDING DIMPLING

Slide 175: 

SUPERNUMERARY NIPPLE NORMAL VARIATION

Slide 176: 

? Page 176 ABNORMAL FINDINGS PEAU D’ ORANGE

Slide 177: 

? Page 177 ABNORMAL FINDINGS PAGET’S DISEASE (crusty, red, scaly nipples)

Slide 178: 

? Page 178 ABNORMAL FINDINGS GYNECOMASTIA

ASSESSMENT OF THE CHEST & LUNGS : 

ASSESSMENT OF THE CHEST & LUNGS

Slide 180: 

? Page 180 ABNORMAL FINDINGS ‘TRIPOD’ POSITION (characteristic of a patient w/ COPD)

Slide 181: 

? Page 181 ABNORMAL RESPIRATION PATTERNS APNEA

Slide 182: 

? Page 182 ABNORMAL RESPIRATION PATTERNS APNEUSTIC

Slide 183: 

? Page 183 ABNORMAL RESPIRATION PATTERNS BIOT’S

Slide 184: 

? Page 184 ABNORMAL RESPIRATION PATTERNS CHEYNE-STOKES

Slide 185: 

? Page 185 ABNORMAL RESPIRATION PATTERNS KUSSMAUL’S

ABDOMINAL ASSESSMENT : 

ABDOMINAL ASSESSMENT

Slide 187: 

ABDOMINAL CONTOURS

Slide 188: 

? Page 188 ASCITES ABNORMAL FINDING

Slide 189: 

PHYSICAL EXAMINATION ASSESSMENT OF THE ABDOMEN Striae INSPECTION Abdomen

Slide 190: 

ASSESSING SHIFTING DULLNESS

Slide 191: 

? Page 191 UMBILICAL HERNIA ABNORMAL FINDINGS

Slide 192: 

? Page 192 EPIGASTRIC HERNIA ABNORMAL FINDINGS

Slide 193: 

? Page 193 DIASTASIS RECTI ABNORMAL FINDINGS

Slide 194: 

? Page 194 INCISIONAL HERNIA ABNORMAL FINDINGS

Slide 195: 

? Page 195 HEPATOMEGALY ABNORMAL FINDINGS

Slide 196: 

? Page 196 SPLENOMEGALY ABNORMAL FINDINGS

Slide 197: 

? Page 197 ABDOMINAL AORTIC ANEURYSM ABNORMAL FINDINGS

RECTAL ASSESSMENT : 

RECTAL ASSESSMENT

Slide 199: 

? Page 199 EXTERNAL HEMORRHOID ABNORMALITIES OF THE ANUS & RECTUM

Slide 200: 

? Page 200 PERIANAL ABSCESS ABNORMALITIES OF THE ANUS & RECTUM

Slide 201: 

? Page 201 ANAL FISSURE ABNORMALITIES OF THE ANUS & RECTUM

Slide 202: 

? Page 202 ANORECTAL FISTULA ABNORMALITIES OF THE ANUS & RECTUM

Slide 203: 

? Page 203 RECTAL PROLAPSE ABNORMALITIES OF THE ANUS & RECTUM

Slide 204: 

? Page 204 PILONIDAL CYST ABNORMALITIES OF THE ANUS & RECTUM

ASSESSMENT OF THE MALE GENITALIA & PROSTATE : 

ASSESSMENT OF THE MALE GENITALIA & PROSTATE

Slide 206: 

? Page 206 SYPHILITIC CHANCRE ABNORMALITIES OF THE PENIS

Slide 207: 

? Page 207 HERPES PROGENITALIS ABNORMALITIES OF THE PENIS

Slide 208: 

? Page 208 GENITAL WARTS ABNORMALITIES OF THE PENIS

Slide 209: 

? Page 209 PHIMOSIS ABNORMALITIES OF THE PENIS

Slide 210: 

? Page 210 PARAPHIMOSIS ABNORMALITIES OF THE PENIS

Slide 211: 

? Page 211 HYPOSPADIAS ABNORMALITIES OF THE PENIS

Slide 212: 

? Page 212 EPISPADIAS ABNORMALITIES OF THE PENIS

Slide 213: 

? Page 213 HYDROCELE ABNORMALITIES OF THE SCROTUM

Slide 214: 

? Page 214 SCROTAL HERNIA ABNORMALITIES OF THE SCROTUM

Slide 215: 

? Page 215 TESTICULAR TUMOR ABNORMALITIES OF THE SCROTUM

Slide 216: 

? Page 216 CRYPTORCHIDISM ABNORMALITIES OF THE SCROTUM

Slide 217: 

? Page 217 EPIDIDYMITIS ABNORMALITIES OF THE SCROTUM

Slide 218: 

? Page 218 ORCHITIS ABNORMALITIES OF THE SCROTUM

Slide 219: 

? Page 219 SMALL TESTES ABNORMALITIES OF THE SCROTUM

Slide 220: 

? Page 220 TORSION OF SPERMATIC CORD ABNORMALITIES OF THE SCROTUM

Slide 221: 

? Page 221 VARICOCELE ABNORMALITIES OF THE SCROTUM

Slide 222: 

? Page 222 SPERMATOCELE ABNORMALITIES OF THE SCROTUM

Slide 223: 

? Page 223 BENIGN PROSTATIC HYPERTROPHY ABNORMAL FINDINGS

Slide 224: 

? Page 224 CANCER OF THE PROSTATE ABNORMAL FINDINGS

ASSESSMENT OF THE FEMALE GENITALIA : 

ASSESSMENT OF THE FEMALE GENITALIA

Slide 226: 

? Page 226 ABSCESS OF BARTHOLIN’S GLAND ABNORMAL FINDINGS

Slide 227: 

? Page 227 GENITAL WARTS ABNORMAL FINDINGS

Slide 228: 

? Page 228 SYPHILITIC CHANCRE ABNORMAL FINDINGS

Slide 229: 

? Page 229 GENITAL HERPES SIMPLEX ABNORMAL FINDINGS

Slide 230: 

? Page 230 CYSTOCELE ABNORMAL FINDINGS

Slide 231: 

? Page 231 RECTOCELE ABNORMAL FINDINGS

Slide 232: 

? Page 232 UTERINE PROLAPSE ABNORMAL FINDINGS

MUSCULOSKELETAL ASSESSMENT (BACK & EXTREMITIES) : 

MUSCULOSKELETAL ASSESSMENT (BACK & EXTREMITIES)

Slide 234: 

? Page 234 KYPHOSIS ABNORMAL FINDINGS

Slide 235: 

? Page 235 LORDOSIS ABNORMAL FINDINGS

Slide 236: 

? Page 236 SCOLIOSIS ABNORMAL FINDINGS

Slide 237: 

? Page 237 BOUTONNIÈRE & SWAN-NECK DEFORMITIES (Chronic Rheumatoid Arthritis) ABNORMAL FINDINGS

Slide 238: 

? Page 238 HEBERDEN’S & BOUCHARD’S NODES (Osteoarthritis) ABNORMAL FINDINGS

NEUROLOGIC ASSESSMENT : 

NEUROLOGIC ASSESSMENT

Slide 240: 

LEVELS OF CONSCIOUSNESS

Slide 241: 

* The client who scores 10 or lower needs emergency attention; the client w/ a score of 7 or lower is generally considered to be in a coma. Highest score = 15 (alert) Lowest score = 3 (deep coma)

Slide 242: 

DECORTICATE POSTURE

Slide 243: 

DECEREBRATE POSTURE

Slide 244: 

PHYSICAL EXAMINATION ASSESSMENT OF PATHOLOGIC REFLEXES Brudzinki’s sign INSPECTION & PALPATION Neurologic

Slide 245: 

PHYSICAL EXAMINATION ASSESSMENT OF PATHOLOGIC REFLEXES Kernig’s sign INSPECTION & PALPATION Neurologic