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Edit Comment Close By: avgtdash (27 month(s) ago) plz allow me download the video Saving..... Post Reply Close Saving..... Edit Comment Close Premium member Presentation Transcript Solving a Global Problem : 11/08/2009 MBM Environmental Consulting Ltd Turning Waste into Energy The LTC System Solving a Global Problem The Problem Part 1 : 11/08/2009 MBM Environmental Consulting Ltd The Problem Part 1 Energy vs. Resources vs. Climate vs. Nutrition ? Energy demand increases with growing economy. ? Resources are limited or running out. Emission and pollution must be reduced. Renewable energy must not interfere with the food chain. Reliable, locally available power plants of different capacity are often needed. The Problem Part 2 : 11/08/2009 MBM Environmental Consulting Ltd The Problem Part 2 Waste volume increases with growing economy. Very limited recycling possibilities. Disposal is no solution. Waste causes high expenses and pollution when handled inappropriately. Contains a high, normally unused energy volume. Wouldn’t it be a good idea to get rid of the waste, but to reclaim its energy volume? Waste, a growing Problem Methods of Waste Management : 11/08/2009 MBM Environmental Consulting Ltd Methods of Waste Management Basic Technologies for Waste Management Waste deposit in form of landfill. Waste incineration with or without power generation. Biogas plants with power or gas generation. Newest: LTC Process (Low Temperature Conversion) with power, gas or fuel generation. Methods of Waste Management : 11/08/2009 MBM Environmental Consulting Ltd Methods of Waste Management Waste deposit or landfill Waste is deposited simply on a land area with some precautions taken into account. ? Cheap in the beginning, fast solution, no special technology needed. ? Land area must always be growing. ? High risk of ground water, river and air pollution. ? High costs of ownership, e.g. in case of pollution typically US$ 100-200 Mil for decontamination. ? No return on investment (ROI). ? Strictly forbidden in some countries because of heavy environmental problems. Methods of Waste Management : 11/08/2009 MBM Environmental Consulting Ltd Methods of Waste Management Waste incineration ? Reduces waste volume by 90%. ? Residing ashes are less toxically and leachable than the original waste. ? Can produce electric power using steam turbines. ? High temperature process resulting in production of fine particles, dioxin, furans, SO2, NOx comparable to a coal power plant. ? Expensive flue gas cleaning is required. ? Ashes contain hazardous heavy metals. ? ROI typically not before 25-30 years. Methods of Waste Management : 11/08/2009 MBM Environmental Consulting Ltd Methods of Waste Management Biogas Power Plants Waste is degraded by bacteria Low investment for small plants. Can be used for organic material only, municipal waste must be presorted. Dangerous handling, explosive process gas! High volumes of wastewater and digestate that need further treatment. Low electric efficiency, unstable gas mixture. Calculation of ROI very uncertain. Methods of Waste Management : 11/08/2009 MBM Environmental Consulting Ltd Methods of Waste Management LTC Low Temperature Conversion Low Temperature Conversion of organic material, plastics etc. to strong process gas. ? Reduces waste volume by 95%, residues can be recycled, such as for road construction. ? Practically no pollution, no need to clean fuel gas. ? Very high electric efficiency up to 55%. ? Fast return on investment (ROI), long lifetime, simple operation. ? Process gas can be stored for peak times of power consumption. Technical Conclusion : 11/08/2009 MBM Environmental Consulting Ltd Technical Conclusion The LTC Process fits best the needs of municipal waste management. The technology is easily scalable to higher capacity. The effect of this low temperature process on the environment is negligible, whereas all the other technologies show significant or even heavy impact. From the economical point of view, the LTC process gives the fastest return on investment (ROI), allowing reallocation of funds for new LTC projects early (Capacity increase!). The LTC Process : 11/08/2009 MBM Environmental Consulting Ltd The LTC Process The Process consists of 6 Steps: 1.) Pretreatment of the incoming waste. 2.-4.) Decomposition and gasification of the waste using different process steps. 5.) Refinement of the resulting gas to high energy methane (CH4) 6.) Power generation using a gas turbine. The LTC Process : 11/08/2009 MBM Environmental Consulting Ltd The LTC Process Top Features of the Process are: Proven technology with high lifetime Low running costs and high efficiency Capable of processing any organic waste Excellent Return on Investment (ROI, typically less that 7 years) High efficiency and low emissions Highly scalable starting at 25 tons a day Financial Aspects : 11/08/2009 MBM Environmental Consulting Ltd Financial Aspects Waste cannot only create energy, but also attract investors with long term revenues. Direct private investments will be done using advanced project finance techniques with zero-risk. Investments can be extended or even replaced by additional funding, such as funds at the stock market. MBM will set up and manage the fund. Financial Aspects : 11/08/2009 MBM Environmental Consulting Ltd Financial Aspects Advanced Project Financing Solution (PF) After setting up a project finance strategy, direct private investment capital will be held or guaranteed by a trusted bank. An independent institution will check and test thepower plant after start of operation. Only after approval, the manufacturer gets the money from the guaranteeing bank. Financial Aspects : 11/08/2009 MBM Environmental Consulting Ltd Financial Aspects Fund Solution(Example) At the stock market additional 300% of the privateinvestment are funded for a time span until ROI. The LTC waste power plant will have 300% more capacity. The additional capacity pays the cost for the funding. After time of ROI, the income is 300% higher until the end of lifetime of a LTC system (> 25 years). Overall Conclusion : 11/08/2009 MBM Environmental Consulting Ltd Overall Conclusion The LTC Process fulfills best the sum of all demands: Very effective Waste utilization, residues can be recycled. Highly efficient and reliable power generation. Avoids the hazardous effects of other waste utilization technologies to the environment. Practically no pollution. Reliable and long time durable. Very interesting technology for investors. You do not have the permission to view this presentation. In order to view it, please contact the author of the presentation.