PPT Ernestine Wiedenbach

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The Helping Art of Nursing Ernestine Wiedenbach Patty Whaley, RN, BSN

Ernestine Wiedenbach:

Ernestine Wiedenbach Introduction Migrated to the United States in 1909 at 9 years old from Germany Bachelor of Liberal Arts from Wellesley College RN from Johns Hopkins School of Nursing Masters of Public Health Nursing from Teachers College at Columbia University Certificate of Nurse-Midwife from New York School for Midwives Developed The Helping Art of Clinical Nursing, defining nursing practice Clinical practice areas included nurse-midwife and public health Died in 1996

Ernestine Wiedenbach:

Ernestine Wiedenbach Wiedenbach established the nurse-midwifery program at Yale University She taught at Yale along with Ida Orlando and Virginia Henderson There she also met James Dickoff and Patricia James, professors of the philosophy department, Dickoff and James would provide lectures to the nursing staff on theory Ernestine Wiedenbach along with Virgina Henderson and Ida Orlando are known as the pioneers of nursing theory. Contributions to Nursing

Ernestine Wiedenbach:

Ernestine Wiedenbach With her experience in public health and nurse-midwifery she published articles in many journals She has published books on topics including nursing communication, nursing theory, nursing philosophy, and family-centered maternal nursing Components of Wiedenbach’s nursing philosophy are incorporated into the professional philosophy statement of the American College of Nurse Midwives Defined nursing practice through her theory which has led to subsequent theory development Contributions to Nursing continued

Ernestine Wiedenbach:

Ernestine Wiedenbach Wiedenbach’s theory is based on identifying a patient’s need-of-help through nursing interaction and nursing action. The process of identifying a patient’s need for help involves a philosophical/holistic approach as well as nursing knowledge and experience. This process answers the question: How do nurses help patients meet their needs, mainly the need-of-help? This is known as central purpose. Introduction to the Helping Art Theory

Ernestine Wiedenbach:

Ernestine Wiedenbach Introduction to the Helping Art Theory

Ernestine Wiedenbach:

Ernestine Wiedenbach Wiedenbach’s theory defines professional nursing practice. The nursing process defined as a three step process in the Helping Art Theory Introduction to The Helping Art Theory

Ernestine Wiedenbach:

Ernestine Wiedenbach Introduction to The Helping Art Theory

Ernestine Wiedenbach:

Ernestine Wiedenbach Components of The Helping Art Theory Concepts: art nurse caring patient judgment purpose, knowledge philosophy of nursing need-for-help Theory Overview

Ernestine Wiedenbach:

Ernestine Wiedenbach Components of The Helping Art Theory continued Assumptions: “Reverence for gift of life” (Wiedenbach, 1970, pg. 1058). “Respect for dignity, worth, autonomy & individuality of each human being” (Wiedenbach, 1970, pg. 1058). “Resolution of act dynamically in relation to one’s beliefs” (Wiedenbach, 1970, pg. 1058). “The human being strives towards self-direction and relative independence” (Wiedenbach, 1970, pg.1058).

Ernestine Wiedenbach:

Ernestine Wiedenbach Components of The Helping Art Theory continued Propositions: Practice Discipline Action Directed Nurse-directed, Patient-directed, or mutual Knowledge Driven Explore, Clarify, and Validate Perceptions

Ernestine Wiedenbach Critique of Theory:

Ernestine Wiedenbach Critique of Theory Wiedenbach’s theory is a grand theory prescriptive theory micro-theory theory based on interaction

Ernestine Wiendenbach:

Ernestine Wiendenbach Critique of Theory Chinn and Kramer Model for Theory Evaluation Clarity Simplicity/Complexity Generalizability Accessibility Importance

Ernestine Wiendenbach:

Ernestine Wiendenbach Research Articles Effective Nursing Interventions of Pain during Labou r Among Primi Mothers by Bharathi (2012) The Theoretical Basis for Nurse-Midwifery Practice in the United States: A Critical Analysis of Three Theories by Cragen (2004) (research on Wiedenbach is limited) Theory in practice

Ernestine Wiendenbach:

Ernestine Wiendenbach Please refer to transcript in discussion are for reference page. Thank You Reference Page