George H.W. Bush : George H.W. Bush Foreign Policy The Fall of the Soviet Empire : The Fall of the Soviet Empire The Soviets were forced to deal with an economic crisis.
Their economy was disintegrating; it never delivered on its promise of a “workers’ paradise”.
This downfall caught the U.S. by surprise. Cold War thaw : Cold War thaw On November 9, 1989, East Germany dismantled the Berlin Wall, eventually leading to a re-unified democratic Germany. The Soviet Union : The Soviet Union Soviet leader Mikhail Gorbachev introduced the concepts of glasnost (openness) and perestroika (economic liberalization).
Soviet Union withdrew from Afghanistan and also held free elections for the first time. Soviet Union/Russia : Soviet Union/Russia The Soviets elected Boris Yeltsin to replace Gorbachev and he dismantled the U.S.S.R. and replaced it with 11 republics. The Persian Gulf War : The Persian Gulf War Saddam Hussein, the leader of Iraq, invaded a small oil-rich country, Kuwait.
He also placed troops on the Saudi Arabian border to repel any possible attacks.
A coalition, led by George Bush, organized Operation Desert Storm. Operation Desert Storm : Operation Desert Storm Congress authorized Bush to use force in Iraq, thus beginning the Persian Gulf War.
The war effort was led by Colin Powell, and General Norman Schwarzkopf. The Persian Gulf War : The Persian Gulf War The conflict lasted a mere six weeks but George Bush refused to oust Saddam Hussein from power in Iraq.
Instead, the United Nations imposed several restrictions on Iraq.
No-fly zone over certain parts of Iraq
Complete dismantling of their nuclear and biological weapon developments.