The Commonwealth Government (1935-1941)

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The Commonwealth Government (1935-1941): 

The Commonwealth Government (1935-1941) Chapter XIII

PowerPoint Presentation: 

September 15, 1935 A national elections for the new official of the soon to government of the Commonwealth of the Philippines.

3 Main Political Parties:: 

3 Main Political Parties: Nationalist Party – Manuel Quezon and Sergio Osmena (Pres. And Vice Pres.) National Socialist Party – Gen. Emilio Aguinaldo and Meliza Repubican Party – Bishop Gregorio Aglipay and Norberto Nabong

PowerPoint Presentation: 

November 15, 1935 Quezon and Osmena were elected President and Vice President by an overwhelming majority.

PowerPoint Presentation: 

Manuel L. Quezon was sworn in as president of the Philippine Commonwealth by Chief Justice Ramon Avancena. Vice-President Sergio Osmena and the members of the National Assembly were also sworn in.

PowerPoint Presentation: 

The executive, the legislative , and the judicial branches of the government were now all in the hands of the Filipinos.

Quezon’s Policies: 

Quezon’s Policies “ more government and less policies” Manuel Quezon He adopted programs with regard to social justice, education, and economic betterment to provide domestic stability.

Quezon’s Policies: 

Quezon’s Policies He shall build a government that will be just, honest, efficient and strong in order to satisfy not only the passing needs of the hour but also the exacting demands of the future.

Quezon’s Policies: 

Quezon’s Policies He created the Government Survey Board Program of government: To make changes in all 3 branches of the government: To extend the civil service To classify and standardize government positions To appoint American advisers on education, taxation, military affairs and others .

Quezon’s Policies: 

Quezon’s Policies New offices and bureaus were created like: Council of National Defense Board of National Relief Mindanao and Sulu Commission Civil Board Appeals

Social Justice Program: 

Social Justice Program

Social Justice Program: 

Social Justice Program Court of Industrial Relations - this was established to settle disputes between employers and laborers, questions involving labor, minimum wages, working conditions and other matters affecting their relations

Social Justice Program: 

Social Justice Program National Rice and Corn Corporation – this was created to stabilize the price of the rice with the aim of protecting producers and consumers and to serve as an agency of the government to meet local our national emergencies in case of a rice shortage.

Social Justice Program: 

Social Justice Program Agricultural and Industrial Bank and farmer’s cooperative – these were established to afford easier terms in applying for and acquiring farm lands. National Sugar Board – this was established to conduct survey of the sugar industry and to assist the government in its efforts to solve the social problems confronting the country.

Social Justice Program: 

Social Justice Program National Relief Administration – this was established to coordinate under its sole management the different relief activities of the government with those being undertaken by private relief institutions.

Social Justice Program: 

Social Justice Program Commonwealth Act. No. 20 – Quezon authorized the institution of expropriation proceedings and/or acquire large landed estates to resell them at nominal cost and under easy terms to tenants.

Administrative Undertaking of Quezon: 

Administrative Undertaking of Quezon

Administrative Undertaking of Quezon: 

Administrative Undertaking of Quezon Education Free primary education to be given to Filipino children. Created the National Council of Education (NCE) headed by Dr. Rafael Palma. Vocational education was taught in rural high schools.

Administrative Undertaking of Quezon: 

Administrative Undertaking of Quezon Education National Assembly passed the Private School Law designed to upgrade private educations in the Philippines . Pres. Quezon recommended the Assembly the creation of Office of Adult Education . -Its duties: teach Filipino to read, write, citizenship training and to inform people on vocational and cultural matters.

Administrative Undertaking of Quezon: 

Administrative Undertaking of Quezon Filipinos should have their own national language and not a borrowed one so he proposed the creation of Institute of National Language. - Its duties: Studying various languages& dialects. Institute recommended Tagalog as the National Language

Industrial and Agricultural Program: 

Industrial and Agricultural Program

Industrial and Agricultural Program: 

Industrial and Agricultural Program Agricultural sector of the economy increased and developed rapidly and as a result: more lands were cultivated to increase farm production. Irrigation System was improved and more plant and granaries were built to accommodate the farmers’ produce.

Industrial and Agricultural Program: 

Industrial and Agricultural Program The Commonwealth was committed not only to social justice but also to full economic development. National Assembly created the National Economic Council . - Primary duty : to advise the government on economic and financial matters including the improvement of industry, trade and commerce. - Purpose : to supervise and operate needed industries such as food and mining.

Industrial and Agricultural Program: 

Industrial and Agricultural Program National Power Corporation (NAPOCOR) was organized to develop the water resources to provide cheap power for use in industries and houses.

Public Welfare: 

Public Welfare The primary concern of Quezon’s administration. He commended the assembly of health institutions to strengthen and upgrade their services and to discuss matters affecting the health of the people.

Public Welfare: 

Public Welfare Transportation and Communication To help promote economic growth, he improved transportation and communication facilities of the country. Good roads and bridges were built to speed up transportation. To improve rural and commercial aviation, the National Assembly passed Act No. 168 creating the Bureau of Aeronautics (BA).

Public Welfare: 

Public Welfare Women’s Suffrage One of the most significant achievements of the Commonwealth: granting to the women the right to vote Filipino women gained the right to vote and to run for public office Carmen Planas: first woman councilor of Manila Mrs. Elisa Ochoa: first woman Representative to the Philippine Congress.

Public Welfare: 

Public Welfare Security Concerns The first important concern of the Commonwealth government: national defense

Public Welfare: 

Public Welfare National Defense Act (NDA) – the first law to be enacted by that body. This law established the Philippine Army (PA) - Its duties: organizing, training, and maintaining internal peace and order and the protection of the country from external attack. -To supplement the regular training program, preparatory military training would be given in the elementary, high school and college levels. Gen. MacArthur served as the military adviser

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