AIR (PREVENTION OF POLLUTION) ACT

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Air (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Act, 1981 : 

www.afterschoool.tk AFTERSCHO?OL's MATERIAL FOR PGPSE PARTICIPANTS 1 www.afterschoool.tk AFTERSCHO?OL's MATERIAL FOR PGPSE PARTICIPANTS Air (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Act, 1981 AFTERSCHO?OL – DEVELOPING CHANGE MAKERS CENTRE FOR SOCIAL ENTREPRENEURSHIP PGPSE PROGRAMME – World’ Most Comprehensive programme in social entrepreneurship & spiritual entrepreneurship OPEN FOR ALL FREE FOR ALL

Air (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Act, 1981 : 

www.afterschoool.tk AFTERSCHO?OL's MATERIAL FOR PGPSE PARTICIPANTS 2 www.afterschoool.tk AFTERSCHO?OL's MATERIAL FOR PGPSE PARTICIPANTS Air (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Act, 1981 Dr. T.K. Jain. AFTERSCHO?OL Centre for social entrepreneurship Bikaner M: 9414430763 tkjainbkn@yahoo.co.in www.afterschool.tk, www.afterschoool.tk

Objectives of the act … : 

www.afterschoool.tk AFTERSCHO?OL's MATERIAL FOR PGPSE PARTICIPANTS 3 Objectives of the act … The Act is designed to prevent and control air pollution. It is applicable all over India. The act gives powers to the boards for ensuring that there are proper systems for prevention of air pollution.

What is air pollutant : 

www.afterschoool.tk AFTERSCHO?OL's MATERIAL FOR PGPSE PARTICIPANTS 4 What is air pollutant air pollutant‘ [section 2(a)]. Air Pollutant‘ means any solid, liquid or gaseous substance, including noise, present in atmosphere in such concentration as may tend to be injurious to human beings, living creatures or plants or property or environment [section 2(a)]. Air Pollution means presence of air pollutants in the air. [section 2(b)]. Thus, it covers noise pollution also. Emission has been defined as any solid or liquid or gaseous substance, coming out of chimney, duct or fuel or any other outlet [section 2(j)]. Chimney is any structure with an opening or outlet form or through which any air pollutant may be emitted [section 2(h)]

What is a control equipment? : 

www.afterschoool.tk AFTERSCHO?OL's MATERIAL FOR PGPSE PARTICIPANTS 5 What is a control equipment? Control Equipment means any apparatus, device, equipment or system to control the quality and manner of emission of any air pollutant. It includes any device used for securing the efficient operation of any industrial plant [section 2(i)].

What is Industrial Plant? : 

www.afterschoool.tk AFTERSCHO?OL's MATERIAL FOR PGPSE PARTICIPANTS 6 What is Industrial Plant? Industrial Plant‘ means any plant used for any industrial or trade purpose and emitting any air pollutant into the atmosphere [section 2(k)]. Thus, even an equipment used for trade or business is covered if it emits air pollutant.

What is air pollution control area? : 

www.afterschoool.tk AFTERSCHO?OL's MATERIAL FOR PGPSE PARTICIPANTS 7 What is air pollution control area? State Government, after consultation with State Board, by notification, can declare any area as air pollution control area‘. Such area can be added, deleted or altered by notification. State Government can prohibit burning of any material (other than fuel) in such area; if it is likely to cause air pollution. It can also order that (a) only approved fuel should be used in such area (b) only approved appliance be used for burning of any fuel or for generating or consuming any fume, gas or particulate matter. Such approval of fuel or appliance can be given by State Board [section 19 of Air Act].

Standards regarding vehicles… : 

www.afterschoool.tk AFTERSCHO?OL's MATERIAL FOR PGPSE PARTICIPANTS 8 Standards regarding vehicles… State Government, after consulting State Board, may give necessary instructions to the registering authorities under Motor Vehicles Act in connection with maintenance of standards for emission of air pollutants. Such authority is bound to act on such instructions [section 20].

Prior permission necessary for setting up of any industry… : 

www.afterschoool.tk AFTERSCHO?OL's MATERIAL FOR PGPSE PARTICIPANTS 9 Prior permission necessary for setting up of any industry… No person can establish any industry in air pollution control area without previous consent of the State Board. Application should be in prescribed form, accompanied by necessary fees. A person already operating industry in the control area, has to apply for the permission with the necessary fees to the state board within three months. After making necessary enquiries, the board may grant the consent subject to certain conditions or the consent may be refused. The consent can be subject to conditions. Such permission or refusal should be within four months. The State Board can cancel this consent, if the person fails to fulfil the conditions, only after giving the opportunity to the person of being heard.

Restraint on emitting air pollutants… : 

www.afterschoool.tk AFTERSCHO?OL's MATERIAL FOR PGPSE PARTICIPANTS 10 Restraint on emitting air pollutants… Person operating any industrial plant shall not allow emission of air pollutants in excess of the standards laid down by State Board [section 22 of Act]. State Board can apply to court (Judicial Magistrate or Metropolitan Magistrate) for restraining persons form causing air pollution. The court can give the order as it deems fit. Court can order a person restraining him from discharging air pollutants. Court can authorise Board to implement the said direction [section 22A of Act].

Responsibility on occupier to inform, if there is excess pollution… : 

www.afterschoool.tk AFTERSCHO?OL's MATERIAL FOR PGPSE PARTICIPANTS 11 Responsibility on occupier to inform, if there is excess pollution… Where in any area, the emission of air pollutants is in excess or the standards laid down by State Board (or is likely to increase), the person in charge of the premises, shall inform the fact to State Board or agencies or authorities necessary. The Board shall take necessary remedial measures to mitigate the emission of such air pollutants. The expenses incurred for mitigating the emission can be recovered from the person concerned [section 23 of Act].

Approved laboratories… : 

www.afterschoool.tk AFTERSCHO?OL's MATERIAL FOR PGPSE PARTICIPANTS 12 Approved laboratories… State Government can establish approved State Air Laboratories. It can also appoint persons with prescribed qualifications as Government Analysts‘. State Board can also appoint persons with prescribed qualifications as Board Analysts‘ for analysis of samples.

Authorities… : 

www.afterschoool.tk AFTERSCHO?OL's MATERIAL FOR PGPSE PARTICIPANTS 13 Authorities… The Act envisages Central Board as well as State Pollution Control Boards in each State. [In Union Territories, Environment Control Committees have been formed, which also have Chairman & Secretary].

COMPOSITION OF CENTRAL BOARD : 

www.afterschoool.tk AFTERSCHO?OL's MATERIAL FOR PGPSE PARTICIPANTS 14 COMPOSITION OF CENTRAL BOARD (IT IS THE SAME BOARD CONSTITUTED UNDER WATER (PREVENTION AND CONTROL) OF PLLUTION ACT 1974 A full time chairman having knowledge relating to environment pollution (appointed by center) Upto 5 officials to represent central govt. Upto 5 officials as representing state boards with upto 2 to represent local authorities Upto 3 non-officials to represent fisheries, agriculture, industry etc. Upto 2 persons to persons to represent corporate sector (by centre) A full time member secretary, having qualification and experience in science, engineering, management etc.

COMPOSITION OF STATE BOARD… : 

www.afterschoool.tk AFTERSCHO?OL's MATERIAL FOR PGPSE PARTICIPANTS 15 COMPOSITION OF STATE BOARD… IT IS THE SAME BOARD CONSTITUTED UNDER WATER (PREVENTION AND CONTROL) OF PLLUTION ACT 1974 A full time chairman having knowledge relating to environment pollution (appointed by center) Upto 5 officials to represent state govt. Upto 5 officials as representing local authorities Upto 3 non-officials to represent fisheries, agriculture, industry etc. Upto 2 persons to persons to represent corporate sector (nominated by state govt. ) A full time member secretary, having qualification and experience in science, engineering, management etc.

Composition of board….(detailed) : 

www.afterschoool.tk AFTERSCHO?OL's MATERIAL FOR PGPSE PARTICIPANTS 16 Composition of board….(detailed) (a) a Chairman, being a person, having a person having special knowledge or practical experience in respect of matters relating to environmental protection, to be nominated by the State Government: Provided that the Chairman my be either whole-time or part-time as the State Government may think fit; (b) such number of officials, not exceeding five, as the State Government may think fit, to be nominated by the State Government to represent that government; (c) such number of persons, not exceeding five, as the State Government may think fit, to be nominated by the State Government from amongst the members of the local authorities functioning within the State; (d) such number of non-officials, not exceeding three, as the State Government may think fit, to be nominated by the State Government to represent the interest of agriculture, fishery or industry or trade or labour or any other interest, which in the opinion of that government, ought to be represented; (e) two persons to represent the companies or corporations owned, controlled or managed by the State Government, to be nominated by that Government; 9[(f) a full-time member-secretary having such qualifications knowledge and experience of scientific, engineering or management aspects of pollution control as may be prescribed, to be appointed by the State Governments Provided that the State Government shall ensure that not less than two of the members are persons having special knowledge or practical experience in, respect of matters relating to the improvement of the quality of air or the prevention, control or abatement of air pollution. (3) Every State Board constituted under this Act shall be a body corporate with the name specified by the State Government in the notification issued under sub-section (1), having perpetual succession and a common seal with power, subject to the provisions of this Act, to acquire and dispose of property and to contract, and may by the said name sue or be sued.

WHO IS OCCUPIER? : 

www.afterschoool.tk AFTERSCHO?OL's MATERIAL FOR PGPSE PARTICIPANTS 17 WHO IS OCCUPIER? SECTION 2(M): any person who has control over the affairs of the factory or the premises and includes in relation to any substance, the person in possession of the substance.

What is a chimney? : 

www.afterschoool.tk AFTERSCHO?OL's MATERIAL FOR PGPSE PARTICIPANTS 18 What is a chimney? Sec. 2(h): it includes any structure with an opening or outlet from or through which any air pollution may be emitted.

What is approved fuel? : 

www.afterschoool.tk AFTERSCHO?OL's MATERIAL FOR PGPSE PARTICIPANTS 19 What is approved fuel? Sec. 2(d) : any fuel approved by the state board for the purposes of this act.

What is approved appliance? : 

www.afterschoool.tk AFTERSCHO?OL's MATERIAL FOR PGPSE PARTICIPANTS 20 What is approved appliance? Sec. (2(c) ) : any equipment or gadget used for thee burning of any combustible material or for generating or consuming any fume, gas or particular matter and approved by the state board for the purpose of this Act.

Powers and functions of central board (sec. 16, part III) : 

www.afterschoool.tk AFTERSCHO?OL's MATERIAL FOR PGPSE PARTICIPANTS 21 Powers and functions of central board (sec. 16, part III) (a) advise the Central Government on any matter concerning the improvement of the quality of air and prevention, control or abatement of air pollution; (b) plan and cause to be executed a nation-wide programme for the prevention! control or abatement of air pollution; (c) co-ordinate the activities of the State Boards and resolve disputes among them;

Powers and functions of central board (sec. 16, part III) : 

www.afterschoool.tk AFTERSCHO?OL's MATERIAL FOR PGPSE PARTICIPANTS 22 Powers and functions of central board (sec. 16, part III) (d) provide technical assistance and guidance to the State Boards, carry out and sponsor investigations and research relating to problems of air pollution and prevention, control or abatement of air pollution. (dd) perform such of the function of any State Board as may be specified in an order made under Sub-section (2) of Section 18. (e) plan and organize the training of persons engaged or to be engaged in programmes for the prevention, control and abatement of air pollution on such terms and conditions as the Central Board may specify.

Powers and functions of central board (sec. 16, part III) & state board (sec 17) : 

www.afterschoool.tk AFTERSCHO?OL's MATERIAL FOR PGPSE PARTICIPANTS 23 Powers and functions of central board (sec. 16, part III) & state board (sec 17) (f) organise through mass media a comprehensive programme regarding the prevention, control or abatement of air pollution; (g) collect, compile and publish technical and statistical data relating to air pollution and the measures devised for its effective prevention, control or abatement and prepare manuals, codes or guides relating to prevention, control or abatement of air pollution; (h) lay down standards for the quality of air., (i) collect and disseminate information in respect of matters relating to air pollution, + other functions as necessary

Powers to entry to information… : 

www.afterschoool.tk AFTERSCHO?OL's MATERIAL FOR PGPSE PARTICIPANTS 24 Powers to entry to information… any person empowered by a State Board in this behalf shall have a right to enter, at all reasonable times with such assistance as he considers necessary, any place--- (a) for the purpose of performing any of the functions of the State Board entrusted to him : (b) for the purpose of determining whether and if so in what manner, any such functions are to be performed or whether any provisions of this Act or the rules made thereunder or any notice, order, direction or authorisation served, made, given or granted under this Act is being or has been complied with

Penalties… : 

www.afterschoool.tk AFTERSCHO?OL's MATERIAL FOR PGPSE PARTICIPANTS 25 Penalties… If any factory violates provisions of section 21(running a factory not permitted), sec. 22(providing information required under the act), the offender shall be punishable with imprisonment for a term which shall not be less than two years but which may extend to seven years and with fine.]

Powers to take samples… : 

www.afterschoool.tk AFTERSCHO?OL's MATERIAL FOR PGPSE PARTICIPANTS 26 Powers to take samples… A State Board or any officer empowered by it in this behalf shall have power to take, for the purpose of analysis, samples of air or emission from any chimney, flue or duct or any other outlet in such manner as may be prescribed. The result of any analysis of a sample of emission taken under the above provision, shall not be admissible in evidence in any legal proceeding unless the provisions regarding procedure of taking sample is followed, which is mentioned in next slide.

Procedure while taking sample (sec. 26) : 

www.afterschoool.tk AFTERSCHO?OL's MATERIAL FOR PGPSE PARTICIPANTS 27 Procedure while taking sample (sec. 26) (a) serve on the occupier or his agent, a notice, then and there, in such form as may be prescribed, of his intention to have it so analysed; (b) in the presence of the occupier or his agent, collect a sample of emission for analysis; (c) cause the sample to be placed in a container or containers which shall be marked and sealed and shall also be signed both by the person taking the sample and the occupier or his agent; (d) send, without delay, the container to the laboratory established or recognised by the State Board under section 17 or, if a request in that behalf is made by the occupier or his agent when the notice is served on him under clause (a), to the laboratory established or specified under sub-section (1) of section 28.

Analysis of findings… : 

www.afterschoool.tk AFTERSCHO?OL's MATERIAL FOR PGPSE PARTICIPANTS 28 Analysis of findings… Where a sample of emission has been sent for analysis to the laboratory established or recognised by the State Board, the Board analyst appointed under sub-section (2) of section 29 shall analyse the sample and submit a report in the prescribed form of such analysis in triplicate to the State Board. On receipt of the report under sub-section (1), one copy of the report shall be sent by the State Board to the occupier or his agent referred to in section 26, another copy shall be preserved for production before the court in case any legal proceedings are taken against him and the other copy shall be kept by the State Board.

Meetings of the board… : 

www.afterschoool.tk AFTERSCHO?OL's MATERIAL FOR PGPSE PARTICIPANTS 29 Meetings of the board… For the purposes of this Act, a Board shall meet at least once in every three months and shall observe such rules of procedure in regard to the transaction of business at its meetings as may be prescribed: Provided that it, in the opinion of the Chairman, any business of an urgent nature is to be transacted, he may convene a meeting of the Board at such time as he thinks fit for the aforesaid purpose.

Board may constitute a committee… : 

www.afterschoool.tk AFTERSCHO?OL's MATERIAL FOR PGPSE PARTICIPANTS 30 Board may constitute a committee… A Board may constitute as many committees consisting wholly of members or partly of members and partly of other persons and for such purpose or purposes as it may think fit. A committee constituted under this section shall meet at such time and at such place, and shall observe such rules of procedure in regard to the transaction of business at its meetings, as may be prescribed.

Board may associate persons / bodies for its work… : 

www.afterschoool.tk AFTERSCHO?OL's MATERIAL FOR PGPSE PARTICIPANTS 31 Board may associate persons / bodies for its work… A Board may associate with itself in such manner, and for such purposes, as may be prescribed, any person whose assistance or advice it may desire to obtain in performing any of its functions under this Act. A person associated with the Board under sub-section (1) for any purpose shall have a right to take part in the discussions of the Board relevant to that purpose, but shall riot have a tight to vote at a meetings of the Board and shall not be a member of the Board for any other purpose

Appeals against the state board… : 

www.afterschoool.tk AFTERSCHO?OL's MATERIAL FOR PGPSE PARTICIPANTS 32 Appeals against the state board… Any person aggrieved by an order made by the State Board under this Act may, within thirty day from the date on which the order is communicated to him, prefer an appeal to such authority (hereinafter referred to as the Appellate Authority – 3 member body constituted) as the State government may think fit to constitute :

Laboratories. : 

www.afterschoool.tk AFTERSCHO?OL's MATERIAL FOR PGPSE PARTICIPANTS 33 Laboratories. Central Government can establish Central air Laboratory and specify its functions. State Government can establish State Air Laboratory or authorise any laboratory or institute for that purpose.

About AFTERSCHO?OL : 

www.afterschoool.tk AFTERSCHO?OL's MATERIAL FOR PGPSE PARTICIPANTS 34 About AFTERSCHO?OL PGPSE - World’s most comprehensive programme on social entrepreneurship – after class 12th Flexible – fast changing to meet the requirements Admission open throughout the year Complete support from beginning to the end – from idea generation to making the project viable.

Branches of AFTERSCHO?OL : 

www.afterschoool.tk AFTERSCHO?OL's MATERIAL FOR PGPSE PARTICIPANTS 35 Branches of AFTERSCHO?OL PGPSE programme is open all over the world as free online programme. Those who complete PSPSE have the freedom to start branches of AFTERSCHO?OL A few branches have already started - one such branch is at KOTA (Rajasthan).

Workshop on social entrepreneurship : 

www.afterschoool.tk AFTERSCHO?OL's MATERIAL FOR PGPSE PARTICIPANTS 36 Workshop on social entrepreneurship We conduct workshop on social entrepreneurship – all over India and out of India also - in school, college, club, association or any such place - just send us a call and we will come to conduct the workshop on social entrepreeurship. These workshops are great moments of learning, sharing, and commitments.

FREE ONLINE PROGRAMME : 

www.afterschoool.tk AFTERSCHO?OL's MATERIAL FOR PGPSE PARTICIPANTS 37 FREE ONLINE PROGRAMME AFTERSCHO?OL is absolutely free programme available online – any person can join it. The programme has four components : 1. case studies – writing and analysing – using latest tools of management 2. articles / reports writing & presentation of them in conferences / seminars 3. Study material / books / ebooks / audio / audio visual material to support the study 4. business plan preparation and presentations of those plans in conferences / seminars

100% placement / entrepreneurship : 

www.afterschoool.tk AFTERSCHO?OL's MATERIAL FOR PGPSE PARTICIPANTS 38 100% placement / entrepreneurship AFTERSCHO?OL has the record of 100% placement / entrepreneurship till date Be assured of a bright career – if you join AFTERSCHO?OL

Pursue professional courses along with PGPSE : 

www.afterschoool.tk AFTERSCHO?OL's MATERIAL FOR PGPSE PARTICIPANTS 39 Pursue professional courses along with PGPSE AFTERSCHO?OL permits you to pursue distance education based professional / vocational courses and gives you support for that also. Many students are doing CA / CS/ ICWA / CMA / FRM / CFP / CFA and other courses along with PGPSE. Come and join AFTERSCHO?OL