orissa flood

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Name – Rishabh gupta Class – IX B Roll no. - 10 Subject – S.S.T.

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T opic ORISSA FLOOD

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Orissa floods: 2,600 villages submerged, 11 lakh affected Flood's fury in Mahanadi and other rivers has wreaked havoc in Orissa submerging about 2,600 villages spread over 19 districts and leaving eight dead as the state government today stepped up relief and rescue operations for 11 lakh affected people. The floods, which claimed eight lives and left three others missing so far, have snapped road communications at several places in Puri, Kendrapara, Cuttack, Jagatsinghpur, Sambalpur, Boudh and Sonepur districts, official sources said. With low lying areas submerged by flood waters, about 61,000 people have been evacuated and sheltered in safe places as government intensified relief work for about 11 lakh people in 2,600 villages of 19 districts. As 13.66 lakh cusec water flowed from the flooded Mahanadi through Mundali near Cuttack, a large number of breaches were created in the river system in the thickly populated delta region, sources said. The situation is likely to improve by tomorrow as the water level at Hirakud dam fell to 628.41 feet following reduced inflow into the reservoir, water resources department secretary Suresh Mohapatra said.

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With water flow into Hirakud reservoir dropping to 7.55 lakh cusec, 16 gates of the dam were closed leaving 43 open through which about 8.9 lakh cusec water was being discharged, a senior official said. Though the volume of water flow in Mahanadi and other rivers has dropped, the situation is likely to remain critical for the next two days as it would be difficult for excess water to be released into the sea due to high tide on account of full moon tomorrow, Mohapatra said. A naval ship from Vishakhapatnam with a helicopter and relief material is set to join the operation, while a chopper meant for anti-naxal drive was kept ready for air dropping of food and other essentials, Special Relief Commissioner (SRC) P K Mohapatra said. Air dropping of food packets was necessary in areas cut off due to breaches in river banks and embankments and submergence by water, the SRC said. As water level at several places including Naraj, Jobra, Alipingala and Daleighai remained above the danger mark, about 11,000 houses have so far been damaged due to floods, sources said. As many as 152 relief camps with free kitchens have been opened in Angul, Balasore, Bargarh, Boudh, Cuttack, Jagatsinghpur, Jharsuguda, Mayurbhanj, Puri, Sambalpur and Subarnapur districts. The state government has also requested the defence ministry to come to its rescue if the situation worsens, Mohapatra said, adding that 1,400 boats including 200 mechanised vessels were pressed into service.

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The state government has also issued directions to district collectors to close schools in their respective areas in view of the situation. About 500 weak points have been identified on river banks and embankments of which 28 are prone to breach. Engineers and experts have been camping there to keep vigil, they said. The situation is expected to stabilise tomorrow following respite from rainfall in upper catchment of river Mahanadi in Chhattisgarh.

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Orissa floods may worsen; 20 lakh affected 3 helicopters pressed into service for dropping food packets The major flood in rivers Brahmani and Baitarani has affected more than 20 lakh people in 10 districts of Orissa while many areas in the worst-affected Jajpur district have remained cut off. Special Relief Commissioner's office said 17 persons died, mostly drowned, some of snakebite and in wall collapse — while two persons were reported missing in Angul and Keonjhar districts. The highest flood casualty has been reported from Jajpur where six persons died. Four persons are reported to have lost their lives in Sundargarh district. Besides, 10 persons were stated to be missing when the country boat they were travelling in overturned in Brahmani, under Gaandia block of Dhenkanal district on Sunday. The body of Aswini Kanungo, missing member of the Orissa Disaster Rapid Action Force, was retrieved in Dhamanagar area under Bhadrak district. As thousands of villagers were encircled by floodwaters and relief teams were finding it difficult to reach them, the State government pressed three helicopters into service for dropping food packets. With the flood situation apprehended to worsen, two more helicopters would be used for rescue and relief operations. Chief Minister Naveen Patnaik reviewed the flood situation here on Sunday and asked the district administration to step up relief operations. Bari Block in Jajpur district is the worst affected region. Special Relief Commissioner P.K. Mohapatra said: “Close to one lakh persons have been shifted. Alert has been sounded in all low-lying areas in Jajpur and Kendrapara districts. Those who were reluctant to leave their homes were being forcibly evacuated to safer places.”

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Bari Block in Jajpur district is the worst affected region. Special Relief Commissioner P.K. Mohapatra said: “Close to one lakh persons have been shifted. Alert has been sounded in all low-lying areas in Jajpur and Kendrapara districts. Those who were reluctant to leave their homes were being forcibly evacuated to safer places.” Brahmani was flowing at 23.60 metres at Jenapur against the danger level of 23 metres on Sunday afternoon. The Water Resource department said flow would continue to remain at the higher level for some more time. However, floods in Baitarani have receded to below the danger level at Anandpur and Akhuapada. The current floods soon after the recent ones in the Mahanadi have hit 3,128 villages in 10 districts. More than 1000 villages have been completely marooned. Flood waters have submerged houses up to the roof in many villages of Jajpur district.

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Orissa flood toll hits 59, Bihar in bad state A second spell of floods in Orissa, within 15 days of the first, has killed 17 people in the last three days, taking the official toll to 59. Experts described the floods this month as the worst Orissa has faced in three decades, more destructive than those in 1982 and 2008. The state on Sunday stepped up relief operations in 10 districts reeling under the floods, which began on September 23 after a depression over the Bay of Bengal triggered heavy rains. According to officials, the floods have affected more than 2.1 million people in 3,128 villages. “We have engaged six helicopters to air-drop relief materials and for rescue operations. About five teams from the National Disaster Response Force will join the operations from Monday,” said state special relief commissioner PK Mohapatra On Orissa’s request, defence minister AK Antony directed the air force to deploy more helicopters to speed up rescue and relief operations. The first flood spell on September 9 had hit 19 of the state’s 30 districts. The state had then sought R2,121 crore central government assistance. Meanwhile, the flood situation in five districts of Bihar worsened with the discharge of 9.58 lakh cusecs (cubic feet per second) of water into the Sone river from the Bansagar Dam in Madhya Pradesh and the Rihand Dam in Uttar Pradesh in the last 24 hours.

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Train services were affected with floodwater inundating tracks at several places. Chief minister Nitish Kumar asked officials to keep a close watch on the situation in Bhagalpur, Khagaria and Katihar districts along the Ganga, which has swollen due to the Sone water. Heavy downpour in the catchments areas of the Sone led to the collapse of several mud houses. Rohit Kumar, 8, was killed and his sister Gudia, 6, was injured when their mud house collapsed in Rohtas block.

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Orissa flood: 17 dead, 21 lakh hit in 10 districts Orissa continued to reel under one of the worst floods in recent memory, as rising floodwater in 3,128 villages across 10 districts claimed 17 lives, while affecting more than 21.6 lakh people. The floods in Baitarani, Brahmani, Budhabalanga and Subarnarekha river systems, which came less than a week after the massive floods in Mahanadi river system, have marooned over 1,100 villages, mostly in Bhadrak, Jajpur, Kendrapara and Keonjhar districts. Though water-levels in Baitarani came down, Brahmani continued to rise menacingly. The flood in Mahanadi river system in the second week of September affected 3.4 million people in 19 districts, causing a loss of Rs 2,122 crore to the State. Officials at the State Emergency Centre said that during the last 48 hours, five choppers from Air Force, Navy and the State’s own choppers have air-dropped 9,009 food packets worth 360 quintals in marooned villages of Bhadrak, Jajpur, Keonjhar and Kendrapara. Besides, 10 teams of NDRF (307 men with 60 boats and other accessories) have been deployed for the rescue and relief operations. These teams have already started evacuating the marooned people to safer places. Dhamnagar block in Bhadrak, Bari block in Jajpur district, Rajnagar, Aul and Rajkanika blocks in Kendrapara district have been severely hit, as all communication channels to these pockets had been disrupted. Officials said the Central team that would reach Orissa on Monday to assess the damage. Antony asks IAF to provide full support Defence Minister A K Antony has asked the Indian Air Force (IAF) to provide full support to Orissa government’s requirement for deployment of choppers in flood relief operations in the state.

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Bibliography Internet 2. Books 3. Newspaper

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