Modal Auxiliary

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Functions of modal auxiliary

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Modal Auxiliary:

Modal Auxiliary Prepared by Ms. K.Rajalakshmi Therich selvam

Modals :

Modals A modal is a helping verb. It expresses a mood. It comes before the main verb generally. The Modals are : Shall – Should. Will – would Can – Could May – Might Must, need, dare, used to, ought to.

Functions of Modal auxiliary:

Functions of Modal auxiliary Shall – Futurity, Compulsion. Ex – I shall go to Chennai tomorrow. You shall do it. Should – Compulsion. Ex – You should submit the Record today. Will – Futurity, Certainty. Ex – Prem will come soon. I will pass the exam.

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Would – Habitual action, wish. Ex – I would get up at 6 am. I would like to dance. Can – Present ability, asking for help, offering help. Ex – She can dance well. Can you help me. We can lift this. Could – Past ability, request. Ex – He could walk for a long distance. Could you help me?

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May – Polite request, possibility. Ex – May I come in sir. It may rain today. Might – Possibility Ex – He might do it. Must – need, obligation Ex – You must take rest. We must obey law. Need – Necessity Ex – Need I come there?

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Dare – boldness, anger Ex – I dare not do such things. How dare you talk like this? Used to – Past habits. Ex – I used to walk for one hour every morning. Ought to – Moral obligation. Ex – We ought to help the poor.

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Fill in the blanks with suitable Modal auxiliary. A good teacher _______ make even boring lessons interesting. In the army soldiers ________ obey their officers. The patient is very critical, but who knows he __________ recover. I _______ smell something burning in the kitchen. It _______ be the meat in the oven. _______ I come in sir? Yes, of course You __ .

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6. One ______ always keep his promises. 7. All citizens _______ obey the laws of the land. 8. Visit us tomorrow. My mother ______ be happy to see you. 9. Don’ t worry. This _____ happen to anyone. 10. ______ God bless you. 11. Law makers _______ not be a law breakers. 12. God ________ not be everywhere. So he made ‘mothers’. 13. Give me a fish I _____ live for a day. Teach me to fish, I ________ live for a life time. 14. You _______ not study all the essays. 15. I _______ to play with marbles and tops.

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Answers A good teacher _____ can __ make even boring lessons interesting. In the army soldiers ___ must / should _____ obey their officers. The patient is very critical, but who knows he __ may / can ________ recover. I ____ can ___ smell something burning in the kitchen. It ___ may ____ be the meat in the oven. __ May _____ I come in sir? Yes, of course You _can_ . One ____ must __ always keep his promises. All citizens _____ must __ obey the laws of the land. Visit us tomorrow. My mother ____ will_ _ be happy to see you. Don’ t worry. This _ may ____ happen to anyone. ____ May __ God bless you. Law makers ___ should ____ not be a law breakers. God _____ may / can ___ not be everywhere. So he made ‘mothers’. Give me a fish I __ will ___ live for a day. Teach me to fish, I ___ can _____ live for a life time. You ___ need ____ not study all the essays. I _____ used __ to play with marbles and tops.

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