Muslim Journalists

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Muslim Journalists in Subcontinent :

Evolution of press during post Independence war ERA Muslim Journalists in Subcontinent

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1853 Number of Urdu newspapers 35 1858 This number reduced to 12 Anglo Indians and Hindus got more British Support The Muslim press was tried to completely wiped out

Sir Syed Ahmed Khan 1817 –1898:

Sir Syed Ahmed Khan 1817 –1898

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The Loyal Muhammadan of India (pamphlet) Scientific Society Magazine 1866 –published for 32 years It was first weekly then became quarterly Two columns –English and Urdu Muhammadan Social Reformer 1870 published for 6 years No regular periodicity, published as per need Its was a digest and mainly news part focused on Muslims educational activities while Essays were also published on important issues

First issue of the journal Muhammadan Social Reformer dated 24 December 1870, it was a pioneering publication initiated by Sir Syed to promote liberal ideas in Muslim society:

First issue of the journal Muhammadan Social Reformer dated 24 December 1870, it was a pioneering publication initiated by Sir Syed to promote liberal ideas in Muslim society

Features and Impact of Sir Syed’s journalism:

Features and Impact of Sir Syed’s journalism Features: True and Objective reporting Education, information, guidance Development reporting Inculcating Rational thinking Sir Syed’s own statement in survey report on Muhammadan Social Reformer Impact : produced an educated class of Muslims Created soft corner for Muslims among ruling class

Maulanan Muhammad Ali Johar:

Maulanan Muhammad Ali Johar Born in Rajpur State, UP in 1878 Topped in Graduation at Ali Garh University Study Abroad, UK, BA Hons in Modern History Chief Education Officer in Rampur Baroda Civil Services Articles in Times of India Weekly Comrade 1911 Brilliant language, Journalism platform for Muslims

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To provide up to date point of view of Muslims to the ruling class Literally material and impressive editorials Promotion of Two-Nation Theory Khilafat Movement ‘Article choice of Turks’ Daily Hamdard in 1913

Maulana Abul Kalam Azad 1888 –1958:

Maulana Abul Kalam Azad 1888 –1958

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In the field of journalism , he was publishing a poetical journal ( Nairang -e- Aalam ) and was also editor of a weekly ( Al- Misbah ), in 1900, at the age of twelve and, in 1903, brought out a monthly journal, Lissan -us- Sidq , which soon gained popularity.

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Revolutionary and journalist Azad developed political views considered radical for most Muslims of the time and became a full-fledged Indian nationalist. He fiercely criticised the British for racial discrimination and ignoring the needs of common people across India. He also criticised Muslim politicians for focusing on communal issues before the national interest and rejected the All India Muslim League 's communal separatism. Azad developed curiosity and interest in the pan-Islamic doctrines of Jamal al-Din al-Afghani and visited Afghanistan , Iraq , Egypt , Syria and Turkey .

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But his views changed considerably when he met revolutionary activists in Iraq and was influence by their fervent anti-imperialism and nationalism . Against common Muslim opinion of the time, Azad opposed the partition of Bengal in 1905 and became increasingly active in revolutionary activities , to which he was introduced by the prominent Azad initially evoked surprise from other revolutionaries, but Azad won their praise and confidence by working secretly to organise revolutionaries activities and meetings in Bengal, Bihar and Mumbai (then Bombay).

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Azad established an Urdu weekly newspaper in 1912 called Al- Hilal and openly attacked British policies while exploring the challenges facing common people. Espousing the ideals of Indian nationalism, Azad's publications were aimed at encouraging young Muslims into fighting for independence and Hindu-Muslim unity. His work helped improve the relationship between Hindus and Muslims in Bengal, which had been soured by the controversy surrounding the partition of Bengal and the issue of separate communal electorates .

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With the onset of World War I , the British stiffened censorship and restrictions on political activity. Azad's Al- Hilal was consequently banned in 1914 under the Press Act . Azad started a new journal, the Al- Balagh , which increased its active support for nationalist causes and communal unity. In this period Azad also became active in his support for the Khilafat agitation to protect the position of the Sultan of Ottoman Turkey , who was the caliph for Muslims worldwide.

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With his popularity increasing across India, the government outlawed Azad's second publication under the Defence of India Regulations Act and arrested him. The governments of the Bombay Presidency , United Provinces , Punjab and Delhi prohibited his entry into the provinces and Azad was moved to a jail in Ranchi , where he was confined until 1 January 1920.

Maulana Hasrat Mohani Syed Fazl ul Hasan (1875–1951):

Maulana Hasrat Mohani Syed Fazl ul Hasan (1875–1951)

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Mohani graduated from Aligarh Muslim University, where some of his colleagues Molana Mohammad Ali Johar , Molana Shaukat Ali were also studying. Hasrat Mohani participated in the struggle for Indian Independence and was jailed for many years by British authorities. He was the first person in Indian History who demanded 'Complete Independence' ( Azadi -e- Kaamil ) in 1921 when he presided over an annual seesion of All India Muslim League.

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He was not only a practising Muslim but also a strong supporter of the communist philosophy, as he could see that British could be possibly defeated by following its principles. Therefore, he was among the founders of The Communist Party of India. He was also imprisoned for promoting anti-British ideas especially for publishing an article against British policies in Egypt, in his magazine 'Urdu-e- Mualla

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'. Afterwards, unlike some Urdu poets, notably Josh Malihabadi and Nasir Kazmi , and many Muslim leaders, he chose to live in India rather than move to Pakistan after independence (1947)in order to represent left over Indian Muslims on various platforms. In recognition for his efforts, he was made a member of the constituent assembly which drafted the Indian constitution. But unlike other members, he never signed it since he saw hypocrisy towards Muslim minorities in it (he was a Muslim himself).

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Maulana died on 13 May, 1951 in Lucknow , India. Hasrat Mohani Memorial Society was founded by Maulana Nusrat Mohani in 1951. In Karachi, Pakistan , a Memorial Hall and Library have been established by Hasrat Mohani Memorial Society (Regd.) Every year, on his death anniversary, a memorial meeting is conducted by this Trust as well as many other organisations in India and Pakistan. Also Hasrat Mohani Colony , at Korangi Town in Karachi , Pakistan , was named after Maulana Hasrat Mohani .

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